The V5 tag, which was developed in St Andrews, is used widely to tag proteins to enable their identification and purification.
The Ryan Laboratory developed 2A protein co-expression technology for biomedicine and biotechnology.
Research into the effects of naval sonar on marine mammals has had international impacts on the environment, public policy, and commerce.
Research into the accurate measurement of marine mammal populations and distributions resulted in important changes in marine policy.
Research on the distribution, abundance and sensitivity to disturbance of marine predators has been translated into environmental and economic benefits.
The Sea Mammal Research Unit (SMRU) in St Andrews designs, builds and supplies instrumentation and software essential for marine mammal tracking.