MAKLER, JACOB [SSNE 5433]

Surname
MAKLER, MACKLIER, MAKELEER, MACLEAN
First name
JACOB, JAMES
Title/rank
BURGESS
Nationality
SCOT
Region
STOCKHOLM, MULL, DUNDEE
Religion
LUTHERAN

Text source

In 1609, James Maclean (Mackler) took the oath to become a burgess of Stockholm on the 8 of May where he was noted as a silk merchant. In 1611 he entertained 3 Scottish merchants from Danzig - amongst them Peter Maklien, most likely a Maclean himself. James' surname is usually noted as "Makler" in Swedish sources, although he is often given as the uncle of John/Hans Maclean, 1st Baronet Duart [SSNE 1631]. The family connection between these two is unclear. In 1612, when James again entertained 2 Scots who had arrived from Germany and were to settle in Sweden, he was described as a "German" merchant, and indeed the Mackliers have long been viewed as a German family. This description probably refers rather to the fact that he was a member of the German church in Stockholm, as many foreigners were, rather than his actual nationality. In 1613 a Jakop Machleer was noted as paying 6 öre on the taxation list for Stockholm. This is most likely the same man. A set of his accounts exist for the year 1620 in Uppsala University Library. From 1621-1628 however it appears that James lived at Nya Lodose (a trading town which predated Gothenburg), although it is usually believed that this was the aforementioned John. However, in 1624 James Spens [SSNE 1642] specifically named 'James MacLeer' as a responsible person to whom Spens' salary from the Swedish government could be paid (in the absence of Spens' first choice, a merchant named Sanderson). On 7 June 1631, James Maclean was made a burgess and guild brother of the city of Dundee in Scotland. The following year the Swedish Riksrad records note him as a burgess in Gothenburg in 1632, but probably this just means that Maclean, a burgess, was in Gothenburg. John Durie [SSNE 1243] stayed at Maclean's house in Stockholm between July 1636 and June 1638. Either James or John acted as a royal supplier to Queen Maria Eleanora in Stockholm from 1623-4, although it is more likely to have been James. James traded in silks, lead, iron, hops and wine. He was also a city councillor in Stockholm, and by 1640 had become one of Stockholm's most important burgesses. He led a petition regarding the reform of coinage that year. He also served on a government commission for rewards and pensions to be granted to Scottish officers who had served in the Swedish army. Indeed, when Field Marshal Alexander Leslie [SSNE 1] requested arms and ammunition as his pension, James not only acted as "middle-man" in 1638, but he further supplied items to him in 1645. Two years later both Patrick Ruthven [SSNE 3413] and James King [SSNE 2814] requested James' assistance in obtaining outstanding pensions. James Maclean married three times, firstly to a woman whose name is not known, but who was buried in the German church on 31 October 1613. His second wife was Lunetta Raverding, with whom he had two children, although only one survived. The mother died giving birth to her daughter also named Lunetta [SSNE 5434] on 20 August 1616. Lunetta married fellow-Scot Richard Clerck [SSNE 4138] who later became a Swedish vice-admiral, on 13 January 1633. Lunetta died on 4 June 1634. James then adopted one of John's daughters, Isabella, who died shortly afterwards on 5 September 1639. Maria Gubbertz, was his third wife. Maria was buried in Nicolai church on 13 September 1657. Between 1634 and 1657, James buried seven people in Maria Kyrka including his wife (26/3/1639): Niece (6/9/1639): Servant (19/09/39): 2x girls (22 & 23/09/1639): Thomas Horn (31/08/1644) and a beggar's child (28/09/1650). James' relationship with John Maclean was further strengthened when Maria's sister married John in 1629, at a time when the two Macleans became business partners. James was still trading in 1653 as in Colonel David Ramsay's [SSNE 3307] will, dated at Stockholm on 29 March that year, he was noted as a Scottish creditor. James is also noted as trading in silks in 1655. Maclean died in 1663. It is not known if the Stockholm burgess, Johan Maclean [SSNE 7423] was a relative.

 

Sources: Swedish Riksarkiv, Anglica 5, 26 April 1624; Stockholm Stadsarkiv: Borgare i Stockholm, Register 1601-1650, p.48; Stockholms Stadsarkivet, Maria Församling, Register över Döda, 1654-1655, pp.211; J.N.M. Maclean, The Macleans of Sweden (Edinburgh, 1971); Svenska Riksradets Protokoll, (Stockholm, 1880),II, p.184; Stockholms stads tänkeböcker, 1608-1613(Stockholm, 1964), vii, pp. 41, 284, 319; Vagsböcker, vols 1611-1655, Stockholm Stadsarkiv; Ämbetsböcker, 1419-1659, vol. 66-69, and Mantalslängd 1645 and 1652, Stockholm Stadsarkiv; Register över döda m. fl. enligt Tyska församlingens räkenskaper, no.1 (1590-1680), and no.2 (1627-1680), Stockholm Stadsarkiv; St Nicolai kyrkas i Stockholm vigselbok, ed F.U. Wrangel, vols.1-2 (Stockholm, 1894 and 1897); Swedish Krigsarkiv, Reduktionskollegii, Akt.n. 332 and also same archive, Rikets skuldbok, 1621-1673; Uppsala University Library, Handskrifts index, Lum-Man, Makleer, Jacob, Räkning 1620, x.255:d; Svenskt Biografiskt Lexicon, vol.xxiv; Register till Sveriges Ridderskaps och Adels Riksdags-Protokoll (17 vols, Stockholm, 1910), vol. for 1660 (1), 235, 237; vol for 1660 (2), 218, 271; Svenska Riksradets Protokoll, vol. VIII, p.544; G. Westin, John Durie in Sweden 1636-1638, (Uppsala,1934-6), pp.10, 104, 105, 130, 140; Steve Murdoch, Network North: Scottish Kin, Commercial and Covert Associations in Northern Europe, 1603-1746 (Brill, Leiden, 2006), pp.19, 29-30, 180, 222-223, 234, 238, 247, 298. For his status as a guild-brother burgess of Dundee we thank Dr David Dobson who got the information from the Dundee Burgess Roll.

Service record

SWEDEN, STOCKHOLM
Arrived 1609-05-08
Departed 1620-12-31
Capacity BURGESS, purpose MERCANTILE
SWEDEN, NYA LODOSE, GOTHENBURG
Arrived 1621-01-01
Departed 1628-12-31
Capacity MERCHANT, purpose MERCANTILE
SWEDEN, STOCKHOLM
Arrived 1629-01-01
Departed 1663-12-31
Capacity BURGESS, purpose MERCANTILE
 
Departed 1663-12-31
Capacity CIVIC, COUNCILLOR, purpose CIVIC, MERCANTILE, TRADE, COMMERCE