First name

Text source

Henry Muschamp served as a captain in the regiment of James Spens [SSNE 1642] until 1629. Thereafter he was promoted to major in 1630 and a lieutenant colonel by 1631. When Spens left for Scotland for new levies in November 1630, the regiment was taken over by colonel James Lumsden, who led it until the end of 1631, when he himself left for Scotland to raise a regiment by his own (which was deployed at the Weser-region from 1632 onwards). Therefore the regiment, still called 'Spens', was led by Henry Muschamp as lieutenant-colonel in the absence of the other officers.

The Swedish Intelligencer notes that Lieutenant Colonel Muschamp commanded his troops at Oxenfurt within the town while Sergeant Major Monipenny commanded the troops outside the town which faced down the army of General Tilly in 1631. From the Swedish Discipline we also learn that he took part at Breitenfeld. The author of "The Modern History of the World" and Sydnam Poyntz both noted him as the English 'Colonel Mustein' who died at Nordlingen in September 1634; There were many individuals by the name of Muschamp in Scottish regiments or elsewhere in Sweden, although those for whom we can establish nationality are usually English born - like Thomas Muschamp [SSNE 3168], or of mixed Scots-English heritage like his daughters Isabella [SSNE 6329] and Margaretha [SSNE 6327]. His brother was Captain Robert Muschamp [SSNE 3163] who died on the same day.


R. Monro, His Expedition with a worthy Scots Regiment called Mac-Keyes (2 vols., London, 1637), II, The List of the Scottish Officers in Chiefe and pp. 33, 66, 125, 159; The Swedish Intelligencer: The Second Part (London, 1632), p.27; The Swedish Discipline (London, 1632), part III, p. 24; The Modern History of the World. Or An Historical Relation of the most memorable passages in Germany, and else-where, since the beginning of this present Yeere 1635 (London, 1635), A3-A4; A.T.S. Goodrick (ed.), The Relation of Syndam Poyntz, 1624-1636 (London, 1908), p.111; Swedish Krigsarkiv, Muster Roll, 1625/3,5,6; 1626/3-9; 1629/22; 1630/37; 1632/28.


Swedish Krigsarkiv, 0035:0418 Karl Viggo Key Samlingen.

Henry Muschamp 28 May 1630. Language and orthography Swedish.
Synopsis. I Henry Muschamp, Major over a regiment of Scots have
received in Gavle [a town north of Uppsala] two sets of monthly wages from 1
May until 21 of the same month. I do so as my under officer is ill and
unable to attend muster. etc... dated in Stockholm 28 May 1630.

Henry Muschamp 24 December 1629. A short note with conteporary translation. Original Swedish. The language of translation and orthography is Scots. Dated Uppsala, 24 December 1629. The translation reads: "I haue receivit 20 Suedins dollers. H. Muschamp"

We thank Dr Bernd Warlich for the following reference: Peter ENGERISSER, Von Kronach nach Nördlingen. Der Dreißigjährige Krieg in Franken, Schwaben und der Oberpfalz 1631-1635 (Weißenstadt, 2004), p.342. We also thant Peter Engerisser himself for highlighting more references from Monro and confirming that Muschamp and Musten/Mustein were all the same man (below): Robert Monro always refers to him as "Musten" except on List II, where he has "Henry Muschamp, ... slaine at Nerling". - Monro II-33: "...Lievetenant Colonell Musten, being appointed to command the musketiers of Lumsdells Regiment..." (April 1631, Frankfurt/Oder). - Monro II-66: "...Colonell Lumsdell was hurt at first, and Lievetenant Colonell Musten also..." (Breitenfeld 1631). - Monro II-125: "...Lord Spences Regiment, led by Lievetenant Colonell Musten..." (Munich, May 1632) - Monro II- 159: "...he (Gustavus Adolphus) expressed his affection to me and to Lievetenant Colonell Musten..." (Donauwörth, Oct. 1632). As known, Henry Muschamp died at the battle of Nordlingen on Sept. 6, 1634, as a colonel of the regiment (still called) Spens.

Service record

Departed 1634-09-06, as COLONEL
Capacity OFFICER, purpose MILITARY