Surname First Name
KINNEMOND, KINNINMONTH, KINNIMOND, KINNINMOND THOMAS, TOMAS
Title/Rank Nationality
COLONEL SCOT
Region Social Status
CALENSK, CALENSH NOBILITY
Education Religion
 
Service Record
COUNTRY LOCATION ARRIVED RANK A DEPARTED RANK B CAPACITY PURPOSE
SWEDEN OSTGOTA INFANTRY 1628-01-01 ENSIGN 1639-12-31 LT. COLONEL OFFICER MILITARY
SWEDEN AUGSBURG 1633-01-01 MAJOR 1633-12-31 MAJOR OFFICER CIVIC
SWEDEN KOPORIE 1637-01-01 LT. COLONEL 1637-12-31 LT. COLONEL OFFICER MILITARY
SWEDEN VIBORG, FINLAND 1640-01-01 LT. COLONEL 1657-12-31 COLONEL OFFICER MILITARY
SWEDEN Nyenm├╝nde 1640-04-10 GOVERNOR MILITRY
SWEDEN DUNAMUNDE GARRISON 1649-01-01 COMMANDANT 1649-12-31 COMMANDANT COMMANDANT AND OFFICER MILITARY
 
Text Source

Thomas Kinnemond (d. 1657), Swedish Colonel and nobleman, was born in Scotland at a place noted in the Swedish peerage lists as Calensk or Calensh. Although it is uncertain who his parents were, it is known that he and his brother Patrick [SSNE 2838] emigrated to Sweden in the 1620s, before entire Scottish regiments began to take service in Sweden, and so the brothers served with Swedish troops. Thomas Kinnemond served first as an ensign in Johan Baner's Östergötland infantry regiment in 1628, where he subsequently became a lieutenant under Erik Handrquote's command in 1629. He became city major in Augsburg in 1633. He had lost a leg during battle at Leipsig in 1631. Not much is known of Kinnemond's movements until 1637 when he was appointed chief of court at the castle in Koporie, in Ingermanland before he became governor of Nyenmünde in 1640 and lieutenant colonel of a squadron of Viborg. From 1648 it was decided that he would be awarded a 1500 riksdaler annual pension. He became a full colonel in 1649 and was the colonel in chief of the Viborg regiment by 1651. During this time he also served as the commandant at Nyenmunde fort, and Dunamunde fort which became known as Kinnemunde. In 1650 he was naturalised and ennobled, as was his brother, post-mortem, in a wave of ennoblements authorised by Queen Kristina of Sweden. His social standing was further enhanced by the land in Livonia which he inherited through his uncle, John[SSNE 2828], who had also taken Swedish service. In 1651 Kinnemond became a colonel and commandant at Dunnamunde fort, which he himself had constructed. In 1655 he was the colonel of the Viborg area regiment. It is not known when he married Christina Scott [SSNE 6248], the daughter of Colonel James Scott [SSNE 1638] and his wife Margaret Gibson [SSNE 2834], although his choice of a Scottish wife implies that his ties to Scotland were still strong. They had seven children, of which only two survived. His son Patrick [SSNE 2840] also entered Swedish service while his daughter Christina [SSNE 6247] married the Scotish officer James Bennet [SSNE 1612]. He died in 1658. ........................................................................ Swedish Riksarkiv, P. Sondén, Militärachefer I svenska arméen och deras skrivelser; Swedish Krigsarkiv, Muster Roll, 1628/13,14; 1629/9,10,12,13,15,17; 1630/7,8; 1631/5; 1633/7; 1640/11; 1641/10,16; 1642/9; 1643/14; 1645/19; 1647/11,12; 1648/15; 1649/9; 1650/6; 1651/4,10; 1654/5; 1655/7; Swedish Krigsarkiv, katalog over rullor, vol.7, p.673; Several letters can be found in 'Krigskollegium Kancelliet; Adressatregistratur till Krigskollegiets Registratur 1631-1654' including 5/9/1644, 25/11/1648, 4/11/1652, and 26/7/1654; G. Elgenstierna, Svenska Adelns Ättartavlor, vol. 4, pp.15 and 126, vol. 11, p.431; H. Marryat, One Year in Sweden, including a visit to the isle of Gotland (London, 1862), p.491.

© 1995 - Steve Murdoch & Alexia Grosjean.
Published to the internet by the University of St Andrews, November 2004
ISSN 1749-7000