KINNEMOND, THOMAS [SSNE 2832]

Surname
KINNEMOND, KINNINMONTH, KINNIMOND, KINNINMOND
First name
THOMAS, TOMAS
Title/rank
COLONEL
Nationality
SCOT
Region
CALENSK, CALENSH
Social status
NOBILITY

Text source

Thomas Kinnemond was a Swedish Colonel and nobleman. He was born in Scotland at a place noted in the Swedish peerage lists as Calensk or Calensh. Although it is uncertain who his parents were, it is known that he and his brother Patrick [SSNE 2838] emigrated to Sweden in the 1620s, before entire Scottish regiments began to take service in Sweden, and so the brothers served with Swedish troops. Thomas Kinnemond served first as an ensign in Johan Baner's Östergötland infantry regiment in 1628, where he subsequently became a lieutenant under Erik Handrquote's command in 1629. He became city major in Augsburg in 1633. He had lost a leg during battle at Leipsig in 1631. Not much is known of Kinnemond's movements until 1637 when he was appointed chief of court at the castle in Koporie, in Ingermanland before he became governor of Nyenmünde (Neumunde, Livonia) in 1640 and lieutenant colonel of a squadron of Viborg. During this time he continued as the commandant at Nyenmünde fort, and also the nearby Dünamunde fort which became known as 'Kinnemunde' due to his construction of it. From 1648 it was decided that he would be awarded a 1500 riksdaler annual pension. He became a full colonel in 1649 and was the colonel in chief of the Viborg regiment by 1651.  

In 1650 he was naturalised and ennobled, as was his brother, post-mortem, in a wave of ennoblements authorised by Queen Kristina of Sweden. His social standing was further enhanced by the land in Livonia which he inherited through his uncle, John Kinnemond [SSNE 2828], who had also taken Swedish service. In 1655 he remained the colonel of the Viborg area regiment, though he appears to have retired that year. 

It is not known when he married Christina Scott [SSNE 6248], the daughter of Colonel James Scott [SSNE 1638] and his wife Margaret Gibson [SSNE 2834], although his choice of a Scottish wife implies that his ties to Scotland were still strong. They had seven children, of which only two survived. His son Patrick [SSNE 2840] also entered Swedish service while his daughter Christina [SSNE 6247] married the Scottish officer James Bennet [SSNE 1612]. Tomas died in 1657.

Sources: Swedish Riksarkiv, P. Sondén, Militärachefer I svenska arméen och deras skrivelser; Swedish Krigsarkiv, Muster Roll, 1628/13,14; 1629/9,10,12,13,15,17; 1630/7,8; 1631/5; 1633/7; 1640/11; 1641/10,16; 1642/9; 1643/14; 1645/19; 1647/11,12; 1648/15; 1649/9; 1650/6; 1651/4,10; 1654/5; 1655/7; Swedish Krigsarkiv, katalog over rullor, vol.7, p.673; Several letters can be found in 'Krigskollegium Kancelliet; Adressatregistratur till Krigskollegiets Registratur 1631-1654' including 5/9/1644, 25/11/1648, 4/11/1652, and 26/7/1654.

See also: Riksarkivets ämnessamlingar. Personhistoria https://sok.riksarkivet.se/bildvisning/A0069790_00209#?c=&m=&s=&cv=208&xywh=3049%2C576%2C2599%2C1498

See also: G. Elgenstierna, Svenska Adelns Ättartavlor, vol. 4, pp.15 and 126, vol. 11, p.431; H. Marryat, One Year in Sweden, including a visit to the isle of Gotland (London, 1862), p.491.

 

Thanks to Vsevolod Malinovskii for his input into this record.

Service record

SWEDEN, OSTGOTA INFANTRY
Arrived 1628-01-01, as ENSIGN
Departed 1639-12-31, as LT. COLONEL
Capacity OFFICER, purpose MILITARY
SWEDEN, AUGSBURG
Arrived 1633-01-01, as MAJOR
Departed 1633-12-31, as MAJOR
Capacity OFFICER, purpose CIVIC
SWEDEN, KOPORIE
Arrived 1637-01-01, as LT. COLONEL
Departed 1637-12-31, as LT. COLONEL
Capacity OFFICER, purpose MILITARY
SWEDEN, VIBORG, FINLAND
Arrived 1640-01-01, as LT. COLONEL
Departed 1657-12-31, as COLONEL
Capacity OFFICER, purpose MILITARY
SWEDEN, Nyenmünde RIGA
Arrived 1640-04-10, as GOVERNOR
Departed 0000-01-01
Purpose MILITRY
SWEDEN, DUNAMUNDE GARRISON, RIGA
Arrived 1649-01-01, as COMMANDANT
Departed 1649-12-31, as COMMANDANT
Capacity COMMANDANT AND OFFICER, purpose MILITARY