Defending Scotland against the Kaiser


Allan Kilpatrick, Historic Environment Scotland


School 1, St Salvator’s Quadrangle

St Andrews University Archaeology Society

This talk will look at the archaeological evidence for the First World War in Scotland. During the War much of Scotland had extensive military occupation; best known is the Royal Naval bases at Scapa Flow and Rosyth. This activity has left traces from the coast batteries and defensive positions, training sites, PoW camps and airfields and even transport. Using information gained from recent fieldwork together with illustrated material from the Historic Environment Scotland own collections and from The National Archives, this brief overview should provide an insight into the quantity, quality and importance of the archaeological remains of the First World War found across Scotland.