LUMSDEN, ROBERT [SSNE 514]

Surname
LUMSDEN, LUMSDEL, LUMISDEN. LUMSDALE, LUMSDAIL
First name
ROBERT
Title/rank
COLONEL AND GOVERNOR
Nationality
SCOT
Region
FIFE, AIRDRIE
Social status
OFFICER

Text source

Robert Lumsden (fl. 1628- 1651) of Stravithie, was a son of Robert Lumsden of Airdrie in Fife and Isabel Cor (sometimes erroneously described as a French woman), daughter of Clement Cor. Robert was a brother of Colonel James Lumsden [SSNE 3003] and Major William Lumsden [SSNE 515]. He appears to have entered Danish service as a lieutenant colonel in Colonel Donald Mackay's [SSNE 93](Lord Reay) regiment in 1628. He later served as a lieutenant colonel in the Green Regiment in Swedish service from 1630-1632 where his troops were united with Colonel John Hepburn's [SSNE 2660], and other Scottish troops. James Lumsden recommended him as a replacement for himself as commandant of Osnabruck, but the Swedish general Johan Baner did not take well to this idea. He described Robert as incapable and unqualified, and that his appointment would pose a danger to the Swedish forces there. Robert took part in the battle of Vlotho on 17 October 1638 along with General James King and Elector Karl Ludwig of the Palatinate. Robert and the elector's brother (Prince  Rupert) were captured but eventually released in March or April 1639 after, among other things, attempts by James Lumsden to release his brother. It is uncertain when he returned to Scotland, although he was probably still in (or had returned to) Swedish service in 1643. By 1644 Robert was a major general in the army of the Solemn League and Covenant under Lord Callander. He also sat on parliamentary war committees in 1647 as Major General Robert Lumsden of Montquhanie. When General Monck stormed Dundee in September 1651, Robert Lumsden, who had been acting as governor of city, was killed.

Sources: R. Monro, His Expedition with the worthy Scots regiment called Mackeyes (London, 1632), II, List of the Scottish Officers in Chief; Swedish Riksarkiv, P. Sondén, Militärachefer i svenska arméen och deras skrivelser; DNB; T. Riis, Should Auld Acquaintance Be Forgot (Odense, 1988), II, p.131; J. Mackay, 'Mackay's Regiment' in Transactions of the Gaelic Society of Inverness, VIII, 1879, p.188; T. Fischer, The Scots in Germany (Edinburgh, 1902); Lt. Col. H.W. Lumsden, Memorials of the families of Lumsdaine, Lumisden or Lumsden (Edinburgh, 1889). 

Dr Bernd Warlich kindly provided information from Günther ENGELBERT/Hubert SALM, eds., Das Kriegsarchiv des Kaiserlichen Feldmarschalls Melchior von Hatzfeldt, 1593-1658 (Düsseldorf, 1993), nos. 218, 257, 207. 

Dr Aonghas Maccoinnich provided the information on Isabel Cor.

English Civil War

Service record

DENMARK-NORWAY, MACKAY'S REGIMENT
Arrived 1628-01-01, as LT. COLONEL
Departed 1628-10-04, as LT. COLONEL
Capacity OFFICER, purpose MILITARY
SWEDEN, GREEN REGIMENT, ROBERT LUMSDEN
Arrived 1630-01-01, as LIEUTENANT COLONEL
Departed 1643-12-31, as COLONEL
Capacity OFFICER, purpose MILITARY
SWEDEN, PRISON
Arrived 1638-10-17
Departed 1639-04-30
Capacity PRISONER, purpose MILITARY, MISC
STUART KINGDOMS, ARMY OF THE SOLEMN LEAGUE, MARSTON MOOR
Arrived 1644-01-20, as MAJOR GENERAL
Capacity OFFICER, purpose MILITARY
SCOTLAND, DUNDEE
Departed 1651-09-01, as GOVERNOR
Capacity OFFICER, purpose MILITARY