LYALL, HENRY [SSNE 182]

Surname
LYALL, LYELL, LEYELL, LEIJELL, LEISEL
First name
HENRY, HENRIK, HENDRICH, HINRICH
Title/rank
CAPTAIN
Nationality
SCOT
Social status
OFFICER

Text source

Henry Leyell was a Scotsman who entered Swedish military service around 1569 as by that year he was listed on a muster roll. He was one of the 23 signatories of a Latin petition to spare Gilbert Balfour's [SSNE 1703] life in 1576. He was a royal page to King Johan III by 1578, and his favourable relationship with the king resulted in rights to property. Leyell submitted an account for his troop of Scottish horse for the dates 1582-1594 which the Crown presumably could not afford to pay. Leyell thus received some farms in Småland and Östergötland in 1578 and 1581 from King Johan III in pawn for his outstanding salary. With this land entitlement Leyell was obliged to provide armed service to the Crown if necessary. Apparently the land was promised to him permanently in 1581 if he established a mine on it. In 1587 he received a donation of the lands in exchange for a reduction of 1000 daler from his claim. Letters from Leyell are dated from Narva 1591-1596, and one of his properties included land in Estonia. He also had some right to a house that had formerly belonged to one Thomas Michee [SSNE 3063] in Stockholm as in October 1594 he pawned the house. Gohult in Kalmar was named as his residence in 1596, 1603 and 1605. However, Leyell took King Sigismund III of Poland and Sweden's side in his fight with Duke Karl (Sigismund's uncle) while in command of his unit of Scottish cavalry of 290 men in Estonia from 1591. As a result, Leyell lost his Swedish lands by 1597 as Karl claimed them for himself. There was still a musterroll of Leyell's troop in 1597. Leyell apparently fled from Finland to Estonia in 1599, and by 1609 he was in Danzig. It is not improbable that this Henry Leyell is the same as the Ambassador to Poland in 1603 cf [SSNE 2404]. Leyell died sometime between 1609 and 1616.

 

Sources: Swedish Riksarkiv and Swedish Krigsarkiv, Stockholm Militieräkenskaper 1537-1619, 1582, 1583, 1584, 1585, 1586, 1587, 1588, 1589, 1590, 1591, 1592, 1593, 1594; G. Arteus, Till Militärstatens Förhistoria: Krig, professionalisering och social förändring under Vasasönernas regering (Stockholm, 1986), p.175; Svenskt Biografiskt Lexikon, XXII; T. Fischer, The Scots in Sweden (Edinburgh, 1907), p.50, 62; Erik Brännman, Frälseköpen under Gustav I Adolfs regering (Lund, 1950), pp.38-40, 51, 144. See also Federley, Kunglig Majestät, Svenska Kronan och Furstendömet Estland, 1592-1600; D. Almqvist, Stockholms stads tänkeböcker från år 1592, (Stockholm, 1939), p.265; Carl von Linné 'Nemesis Divina' (1770), p.287. We thank Peter Leyel for this last reference. 

 

Dr Aonghas Macconinnich has kindly brought our attention to the following source which is probably this same man: National Records of Scotland, DI 53/13, 18 October 1602. [There is no pagination in these volumes, Fife diligence papers].

"Action by Captain Henry Lyell against Clement Cor, merchand burgess of Edinburgh ‘as bro[the]r & air at the leist because himself as air or exer at the leist universall intromettor wt the guids & geir of umqle Captaine David Cor or John Cor his brother burgess of our bruch forsaid.’ Clement Cor was pursued by Captain Lyell for 9700 merks. "

Service record

SWEDEN, STOCKHOLM, KALMAR
Arrived 1569-01-01
Departed 1603-12-31
Capacity PAGE, OFFICER, purpose MILITARY, ROYAL SERVICE
SWEDEN, ESTONIA
Arrived 1591-01-01, as CAPTAIN
Departed 1596-12-31, as CAPTAIN
Capacity OFFICER, purpose MILITARY
SWEDEN, FINLAND, ESTONIA
Arrived 1599-01-01
Capacity OFFICER, purpose MILITARY
, DANZIG
Arrived 1603-01-01
Departed 1609-12-31
Capacity DIPLOMAT? REFUGEE, purpose DIPLOMACY?