DRUMMOND, JAKOB [SSNE 1622]

Surname
DRUMMOND, DROMOND
First name
JAKOB, JAMES, JACOB
Title/rank
COMMANDANT
Nationality
SCOT
Social status
NOBILITY

Text source

James Drummond was born in Scotland. James Drummond was the brother of Thomas Drummond [SSNE 2418].

James Drummond appears to have arrived in Sweden by 1609 (see Karl Viggo Key). It is not known exactly when he entered Swedish military service, but he is said to have enlisted as a private in the Kalmar regiment.

In 1630 James Drummond was listed as an ensign, and later a lieutenant in 1631. His promotion continued and he served as a captain in Andreas Dynn's recruited infantry squadron in 1632. In 1635 he became a major in David Drummond's [SSNE 2396] recruited infantry regiment. In 1636 he became lieutenant colonel and between 1637-40 he was lieutenant colonel with his own company in a recruited regiment. Drummond moved to the Kalmar regiment by 1640 where he became a lieutenant colonel. He was serving under Colonel Thuw Bremen's from 1641-3. By 1642 he was suffering some financial difficulties as the Crown had mistakenly withdrawn some of his fully paid-up property, and he was still seeking compensation for lost income. From 1644-5 he is said in some sources [Elgenstierna] to have acted as commandant at Femern, though this awaits substantiation. On 10 November 1644 Drummond requested to take over the regiment when Colonel Bremen indicated he was about to demit office. He had waited sometime for such a promotion as Lennart Torstensson had nominated him for a colonelcy as early as 11 May 1642. 

James Drummond married, circa 1653, Elisabeth Clerk [SSNE 2836], daughter of Admiral John Clerk [SSNE 4159], although this parentage is possibly not certain, given the three distinct Clerck families active and living in Stockholm in the first half of the seventeenth century. When widowed Elisabeth Clerk then married Jacob Sinclair [SSNE 3504]. James Drummond's and Elisabeth Clerk's son, Johan Drummond [SSNE 2410], was ennobled and introduced under nr.445 in 1649 on the merit of his father's military successes.  James Drummond is often confused with his namesake [SSNE 2406].

According to some sources, James Drummond died in 1645 before any promotion was conferred, and he was later buried in Nicolai Kyrka on 9 October.

Sources: Swedish Krigsarkiv, Muster Roll,1630/9, 14; 1631/6,23-27; 1632/5,24; 1633/23-25; 1635/13,33,35,36; 1636/16-23; 1637/13,14; 1638/5; 1640/6,17,18,20; 1641/3,7,17-24; 1642/6; 1643/7; 1644/8; 1645/9; 1646/7; Stockholm Stadsarkiv, Nicolai församling döda, 1627-1680, p.63; Krigasarkiv (KrA), Karl Viggo Key samlingen (unfoliated), 21 April 1609; KrA, Krigskolleg Brevböker, 1629-1677. No. 1685. Wrangel to Krigskollegium, 10 November 1644. 

S. Hedar, Kammarkollegiets Protokoll med bilagor, vol.3 (Stockholm, 1941), p.12; Swedish Riksarkiv, P. Sondén, Militärachefer i svenska arméen och deras skrivelser; Swedish Riksarkiv, Axel Oxenstiernas Brefvexling, E589; Several letters can be found in 'Krigskollegium Kancelliet: Adressatregistratur till Krigskollegiets Registratur 1631-1654' including "fullmakt att vara öv.löjt under Thuw Bremens reg (kungl fullmakt) 26/2/1640"; "att begiva sig ut till sitt reg, som i Tyskland ligger 31/8/1641"; Svenska Adelns Ättartavlor, vol. 2, p.328; Personhistorisk Tidskrift (Stockholm, 1900), p.193; F. Rudelius, Kalmar Regementes Personhistoria 1623-1927 (2 vols., Norrköping, 1952) I, p.59.

Service record

SWEDEN,
Arrived 1609-04-21
Purpose Misc
SWEDEN, KALMAR REGIMENT
Arrived 1630-01-01, as ENSIGN
Departed 1634-12-31, as CAPTAIN
Capacity OFFICER, purpose MILITARY
SWEDEN, DAVID DRUMMOND
Arrived 1635-01-01, as MAJOR
Departed 1637-12-31, as MAJOR
Capacity OFFICER, purpose MILITARY
SWEDEN, JAMES DRUMMOND
Arrived 1638-01-01, as LT. COLONEL
Departed 1639-12-31, as LT. COLONEL
Capacity OFFICER, purpose MILITARY
SWEDEN, KALMAR REGIMENT
Arrived 1640-01-01, as LT. COLONEL
Departed 1645-05-31, as LT.COLONEL
Capacity OFFICER, purpose MILITARY
SWEDEN, FEMERN (Fehmern)
Arrived 1644-01-01, as COMMANDANT
Departed 1645-12-31, as COMMANDANT
Capacity COMMANDANT, purpose MILITARY