The SDG Web PageMy PictureMy e-mail addressMITPY3001: EPISTEMOLOGY

Semester 1: September 2003-January 2004.

Number of students: 60 (approx)


Course Organiser and Lecturer: Patrick Greenough

Seminar instructor: Patrick Greenough.


LECTURES

Lecture 1. The Rock of Fallibilism and the Whirlpool of Scepticism: the Dilemma of Epistemology. (Week 1)

Lecture 2. Knowledge, Fallibilism, and False Evidence. (Week 2)

Lecture 3. Evidence One Does Not Possess. (Week 3)

Lecture 4. Thermometers, Barometers, and Truth-tracking: Reliabilism from Russell to Nozick. (Week 4)

Lecture 5. Relevant and Irrelevant alternatives: the Reliabilist Response to the Sceptic. (Week 5)

Lecture 6. From Old Reliabilism to New Reliabilism: Better Safe than Sensitive. (Week 6)

Lecture 7. Chicken Sexers, Pottery Experts, and Clairvoyants: the Internalism-Externalism Debate. (Week 8)

Lecture 8. Easy Knowledge, Useless Knowledge: is Knowing Really a Virtuous State? (Week 9)

Lecture 9. Good Knowledge, Bad Knowledge: Anti-Anti-Luck Epistemology. (Week 10)

Lecture 10. Ignorance in the Epistemology Seminar: the Case for Contextualism. (Week 11)

Lecture 11. Meta-epistemic Scepticism and the End of Epistemology. (Week 12)


LECTURES: TIME AND PLACE

Day: Tuesdays.

Time: 12 noon.

Place: Upper College Hall (Note this is a change.)

Please note:


SEMINARS

 


SEMINAR SCHEDULE

Seminar 1. (week 2): Knowledge, Fallibilism, and False Evidence.

Set Reading:

Additional Reading:

Seminar 2. (week 3): Evidence One Does Not Possess.

Set Reading:

Additional Reading:

Seminar 3. (week 4): Thermometers, Barometers, and Truth-tracking: Reliabilism from Russell to Nozick.

Set Reading:

Additional Reading:

Seminar 4. (week 5): Relevant and Irrelevant Alternatives: the Reliabilist Response to the Sceptic.

Set Reading:

Seminar 5. (week 6): From Old Reliabilism to New Reliabilism: Better Safe than Sensitive.

Set Reading:

Seminar 6. (week 8): Chicken Sexers, Pottery Experts, and Clairvoyants: the Internalism-Externalism Debate.

Set Reading:

Seminar 7. (week 9): Easy knowledge, Useless Knowledge: is Knowing Really a Virtuous State?

Set Reading:

Seminar 8. (week 11): Good knowledge, Bad knowledge: Anti-Anti-Luck Epistemology.

Set Reading:

Seminar 9. (week 12): Ignorance in the Epistemology Seminar: the Case for Contextualism.

Set Reading:

Additional reading:


SEMINAR GROUPS

Group 1: Thursdays 9am -10am, Room G01, Edgecliffe.

Group 2: Thursdays 10am-11am, Room G01, Edgecliffe

Group 3: Thursdays 11am-12pm, Room G01, Edgecliffe.

Group 4: Thursdays 12pm-1pm, Room G01, Edgecliffe.

Group 5: Fridays 11am-12pm, Room 104, Edgecliffe.

Group 6: Fridays 12pm-1pm, Room 104, Edgecliffe.


HANDOUTS


ASSESSMENT

Please Note: It is expected that you will be familiar, and will comply, with the regulations given in the booklet:

Honours Programmes In Philosophy: Information for Students 20032005.


WHAT WE EXPECT OF YOU

Please note: You should consult your email every few days as it is assumed by all course lecturers, seminar instructors, and tutors that email is the default method of communication.


COURSE PROJECT

    1. A Critical Notice of a particular book on epistemology (2500-3000 words).
    2. Two short essays (1250-1500 words each).
    3. One extended essay (2500-3000 words).
    4. One essay (2000 words) and one short book review (1000 words)

(A Critical Notice is sometimes known as a review article--it's more or less an extended and highly evaluative review and typically has footnotes, sections, and a bibliography.)

PLEASE NOTE:

    1. Your name
    2. Your preferred option (from 1-4 above)
    3. The title or titles of your Critical Notice, review, or essay(s).
    4. A short summary (about 100 words) of your course project

FURTHER DETAILS:


THE COURSEPACK

  1. Edmund Gettier (1963): 'Is Justified True Belief Knowledge?', Analysis 23, pp. 121-23.
  2. Richard Feldman (1973): 'All Alleged Defect in Gettier Counterexamples', Australasian Journal of Philosophy, 52, pp. 68-9.
  3. Stephen Hetherington (1996): 'False Evidence', Chapter 11 of his Knowledge Puzzles, Boulder: Westview Press.
  4. John Pollock (1986): Contemporary Theories of Knowledge, pp. 180-93.
  5. Stephen Hetherington (1996): 'Defeasibility', Chapter 9 of his Knowledge Puzzles, Boulder: Westview Press.
  6. Stephen Hetherington (1996): 'Social Defeasibility', Chapter 10 of his Knowledge Puzzles, Boulder: Westview Press.
  7. Robert Nozick (1981): 'Knowledge', from his Philosophical Explanations, pp. 172-85.
  8. Stewart Cohen (1992): 'Relevant Alternatives', in Dancy and Sosa (eds): A Companion to Epistemology, Blackwells.
  9. Alvin Goldman (1992): 'Reliabilism', in Dancy and Sosa (eds): A Companion to Epistemology, Blackwells.
  10. Robert Nozick (1981): 'Scepticism', from his Philosophical Explanations, pp.197-217.
  11. Ernest Sosa (1999): 'How to Defeat Opposition to Moore', in J. E. Tomberlin (ed.) Epistemology, Philosophical Perspectives 13, Blackwells.
  12. Earl Conee and Richard Feldman (2000): 'Internalism Defended', American Philosophical Quarterly,
  13. Linda Zagzebski: Excerpts from Virtues of the Mind, pp. 134-7, pp. 166-84.
  14. Stephen Hetherington (1998): 'Actually Knowing', The Philosophical Quarterly, 48, pp. 453-469.
  15. Keith DeRose (1995): 'Solving the Sceptical Problem', The Philosophical Review, 104, pp 1-7, pp. 17-52.
  16. David Lewis (1996): 'Elusive Knowledge', Australasian Journal of Philosophy, 74, pp. 549-67


ADDITIONAL READING: SEMINAR BY SEMINAR


ADDITIONAL READING: GENERAL


PHILOSOPHICAL DICTONARIES:

NOTE: If you haven't done so already, it is absolutely ESSENTIAL that you but a dictionary of Philosophy. Try one (or two) of: 

Please Note: Many of the books recommended for reading during the course should be available from the Philosophy Class Library, as well as from the University Library. We recommend that you learn to use the Philosophy Class Library system, since many of the books you will need to consult will be on restricted access. The Departmental Librarian, Mrs Read, is very helpful and will be glad to assist you.


ELECTRONIC RESOURCES FOR EPISTEMOLOGY

http://pantheon.yale.edu/~kd47/e-page.htm

http://www.ucs.louisiana.edu/~kak7409/EpistemologicalResearch.htm

http://www.epistemelinks.com/Main/Topics.aspx?TopiCode=Epis

http://whatisthematrix.warnerbros.com/rl_cmp/phi.html


GENERAL ELECTRONIC RESOURCES

 ENCYCLOPAEDIAS:

DICTIONARIES:

DATABASES:

(Note: no password required for local access; contact jmy@st-and.ac.uk for password for remote access.)

ON-LINE JOURNALS:

http://www-library.st-andrews.ac.uk/External/Journals/philosophy.html

VERY USEFUL WEB LINKS:


JARGON-BUSTING: CONSTRUCT YOUR OWN GLOSSARY

Accessibilism

Anti-luck epistemology

Bad knowledge

Belief

Cartesian scepticism

Causal theory of knowledge

Certainty

Closure

Conditional theory of knowledge

Contextualism

Defeasibility

Defeasibility analysis of knowledge

Defeater 

Defeater defeater

Discrimination

Dreaming scepticism

Easy knowledge

Error

Error scepticism

Evidence

Evidentialism

Externalism about knowledge

Externalism about evidence and justification

External world scepticism

Factivity of knowledge

Factivity of justification

Fallibilism about Justification

Fallibilism concerning knowledge

Foundationalism

Gettier cases

Generality problem

Good knowledge

Gradualism

Ignorance

Illusion

Incorrigibility

Indubitability

Infallibilism

Indefeasibility

Internalism about knowledge

Internalism about evidence and justification

Irrelevant alternative

Irrevisability

JTB analysis of knowledge

Justification

KK principle

Know-how

Know-that

Knowledge

Lucky knowledge

Mentalism

Meta-epistemic scepticism

Misleading evidence

Modal epistemology

Moral versus epistemic luck

No-false evidence analysis of knowledge

Omnsicience

Practical knowledge

Propositional knowledge

Reason

Relevant Alternatives theory of knowledge

Reliabilism

Reliability, local

Reliability, global

Rule of attention

Safety condition

Scepticism

Sensitivity to falisty

Sensitivity to truth

Social defeasibility

Subjunctive conditional

Telos of belief

TB analysis of knowledge

Tracking

Tripartite analysis of knowledge

Truth condition

Virtue

Virtue epistemology

 


FEEDBACK


HOW TO WRITE A PHILOSOPHY ESSAY

Jim Pryor's Guidelines on Writing a Philosophy Paper

Andrew Pyle's On Writing a Philosophy Essay.


HOW TO SUCCEED IN EXAMS


UNIVERSITY COURSES ON: note-taking, essay-writing, and exam technique.


PAST PAPERS AND MOCK EXAMS

http://exams.st-andrews.ac.uk/exams/

Note: Since course co-ordinators often change from year to year, there is no guarantee that the content and format of past papers will resemble future exams. Katherine Hawley taught epistemology in 2002-3, and it's for this reason that I've written four mock exams to give you some idea of what to expect. These are are to be found at:

Four mock exams


© Patrick Greenough 2003.

If you have any suggestions as to how this site might be improved then please email me.



Philosophy at St Andrews

Last modified: 7th December 2004. The SDG Web PageMy PictureMy e-mail addressMIT