I obtained my doctorate from the University of St Andrews in 2011. A book based on this work, Jihadi Culture on the World Wide Web is, at the time of writing, imminently forthcoming from Bloomsbury. The study aims to explore the idea that ‘jihadi’ online communities should be approached first as online communities, without automatically assuming their relevance to violent or ‘terrorist’ acts in the material world.

My work is broadly concerned with two main interests: first, I continue to be interested trying to explore the notion of so-called ‘violent extremism’ – presumably meaning the establishment of forms of (sub) cultural commitment specifically premised on the idea or representation of violence – as a phenomenon of interest in its own right, potentially with its own internal logic, such that the occasional emergence of actual violent behaviour from such situations may be more the result of the failure of the normal ways ‘violent extremist’ subcultures are engaged with than the logical (though obviously not inevitable) conclusion of some ‘radicalizing’ process.

Second, I am increasingly interested in broader questions about how far Internet and new media technology may after all possess an underlying ‘language’ which may after all transcend the seemingly successful attempts by states and cultures to shape the medium according to their own interests. As such, I am at the early stages of what is intended to be a new project focusing on how the Internet’s encounter with a particularly distinctive case – that of Saudi Arabia – may help to inform a more complex understanding of what, if anything, is universal about the Internet as a technology.

CSTPV, Room 238

T: (0)1334 462970


Jihadi Culture on the World Wide Web, New York: Bloomsbury, 2013     New


Edited Books

(With Alison Watson, Gillian Duncan and Orla Lynch), State Terrorism and Human Rights: International Responses Since the End of the Cold War, London: Routledge, 2013

(With Emma Leonard), Globalizing Somalia: Multilateral, International and Transnational Repercussions of Conflict, New York: Bloomsbury, 2013

Journal Articles

(With Sarah Marsden) ‘Radical Distinctions: A Comparative Study of Two Jihadist Speeches’, Critical Studies on Terrorism (forthcoming, December 2013)

(With Sarah Marsden) ‘“Forest Jihad”: Assessing the Evidence for “Popular Resistance Terrorism”’, Studies in Conflict and Terrorism (forthcoming, January 2013)

(With Donald Holbrook and Max Taylor), [“Terroristic” Content: Towards a Grading Scale](–4145-b3d3-c4702b98a9f9.html), Terrorism and Political Violence. (25: 2), 2013, 202–223

‘Online Arguments against Al-Qaeda: An Exploratory Analysis’, Perspectives on Terrorism (6:1), 2012

‘Relocating the Virtual War’, Defence Against Terrorism Review (2:1), 2009, 31–50

‘Conceptualising Online Terrorism’, Perspectives on Terrorism (2:7) 2008

Book Chapters

‘Cyber-Jihad: Ideology, Affordance and Latent Motivations’, in Max Taylor and P.M. Currie (eds). Terrorism and Affordance, London: Bloomsbury, 2012

‘When Are Terrorists Hackers: Technology, Affordance and Practice’, in Max Taylor and P.M. Currie (eds). Terrorism and Affordance, London: Bloomsbury, 2012

‘Terrorism, the Internet and the United Nations’ in Pauline Reich and Eduardo Gelbstein (eds) Law Policy and Technology: Cyberterrorism,Information Warfare, Digital and Internet Immobilisation IGI Global,2011

‘Radicalisation & Internet Propaganda by Dissident Republican groups in Northern Ireland since 2008’, with John Nalton and Max Taylor in Dissident Irish Republicanism, eds. Max Taylor and Mark Currie,Continuum 2011

‘Violent Radical Content and the Relationship between Ideology and Behaviour: Do Counter Narratives Matter?’ Countering Violent Extremist Narratives, National Coordinator for Counterterrorism, the Hague,Netherlands, 2010

Policy Reports

‘Report on non-legislative measures to combat the use of the Internet for terrorist purposes’, with J.Ryan (lead author) et. al. Special report for the European Commission, accepted by the Commission December, 2010

‘Report of the United Nations Counter Terrorism Implementation Task Force on Countering the Use of the Internet for Terrorist Purposes’, United Nations Counter Terrorism Implementation Task Force, 2009

Book Reviews

Nacos, Brigitte L. Bloch Elkon, Yaeli, and Shapiro, Robert &. (2011) Selling Fear: Counterterrorism, the Media and Public Opinion, International Journal of Public Opinion Research, (24:1) 104–105, 2012

Weimann, Gabriel.Terror on the Internet, The New Arena, The New Challenges, International Journal of Public Opinion Research, Vol 19,No. 3, 2007