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International Pathway to Medicine January 2022 entry

The International Pathway to Medicine (January intake) offers students the potential to move on to a degree in medicine at the University of St Andrews. 

This is a programme with four semesters of study starting in January 2022 and finishing in June 2023. During the first two semesters, you will focus on studying sciences and learning to present and interact effectively in an academic environment. You will also start to reflect on how you can build knowledge about medicine. In the following semesters, you study modules focusing on the academic knowledge and skills required to study medicine.

The interactive teaching and learning experiences will help students understand what it means to study medicine and to be a doctor. 

The programme has a high success rate. Over the past three years, an average of over 93% of students passed the International Pathway to Medicine programme, and an average of more than 75% of foundation students moved onto the BSc Medicine at St Andrews.

Get more information

Course type

International Pathway to Medicine

This is the University's own Pathway to Medicine programme which prepares international students for undergraduate study in the UK, and at the University of St Andrews in particular.

Course duration

18 months, full time

Course dates

Year 1
Start date: 13 January 2022
End date: 5 August 2022

The schedule for this programme differs slightly from the standard University semester dates. All weeks from the programme start date to end date are teaching, in-class revision or assessment weeks, other than the following:

  • February vacation: 21 February to 25 February 2022. 

Year 2
September 2022 to May 2023.

Information about all programmes from previous years of entry can be found in the archive.

This course is for:

International students who are academically able, but whose high school qualification is not recognised for application to an undergraduate degree at St Andrews. Foundation students typically use English as an additional language. 

Who can apply

Do I need to have studied this subject before?

Applicants must have studied sciences throughout high school and be able to offer strong grades in English, Chemistry, Biology, and Physics or Mathematics.

Entry requirements

Academic requirements

Typical Medicine IFP and International Pathway to Medicine academic requirements (PDF) are listed alphabetically by country. If your qualification is not shown here, please email for details about the grades needed from your high school system.

You can demonstrate that you have met the academic requirements with a high school transcript from your final year at school. Any high school qualification you use as evidence of your academic ability should be from the last year you attended high school and dated within the previous three years.

You should apply before your final results are available, as the University can make you a conditional offer based on your past exam performance and predicted grades.

English language requirement

All foundation applicants must submit a Secure English Language Test (SELT) as evidence of their English language ability, unless they have a UK passport.

See a list of approved English language tests and required scores for International Foundation programmes.

You do not need to have your result when you apply, as this can be a condition of any offer made by the University.

Application requirements

The University requires you to provide the following documents as part of your application:

  • your most recent high school transcript
  • a personal statement outlining why you wish to study medicine at St Andrews and reflecting on your life and learning experiences to explain why you feel you would be successful on this programme
  • an academic reference from your high school on their letterhead, or from a school email
  • your official English language test report.

You will also be required to have an interview with a member of IE staff for admission to the programme.

Application deadline

The deadline for applications is 30 November 2021. You only need to provide your most recent high school transcript and personal statement when you first apply so that the University can consider your application. Your academic reference and your English language evidence can be provided later.

How to apply

Course information

The International Pathway to Medicine (January intake) is an 18-month programme with four semesters. It combines science and medicine to provide international students with a route onto the medicine degree at the University of St Andrews.

You will enjoy a friendly and supportive learning environment where you will study in small groups to accelerate your learning and adaptation to the new culture. You will have access to a personal tutor to support you in your studies, help you to manage your time effectively and become an independent and reflective learner.

The course aims to ensure that students develop the analytical approach to learning and communication skills which are required to study medicine in a British university. The structure of the programme provides students with dedicated support in the first year when it is most needed, but progressively enables students to work more independently and collaboratively as they will do on their medical degree programme.

In the second year, the programme will also introduce you to courses in medical ethics and clinical communication skills, as well as medical-related sciences.

As an International Pathway to Medicine student, you will:

  • enhance your school science for degree-level study
  • learn about practical science
  • get to know the School of Medicine before you become a degree student
  • develop your English for academic purposes by writing extended, critically assessed and academically referenced essays and lab reports.

Distinctive features of this programme include:

  • UCAT preparation
  • preparation for multiple mini interviews (MMIs)
  • a reflective report on a scenario. 

Classes integrate science and English language learning through a focus on writing laboratory reports, structuring essays, critical thinking and scientific methods of investigation.

By the end of Year 1 students will:

  • demonstrate an overall appreciation of the body of knowledge of sciences required to study medicine
  • demonstrate an understanding of differences between explanations based on evidence, research and other sources, and the importance of this difference in the study of sciences and medicine
  • present and evaluate arguments, information and ideas that are routine to science and medicine and more general contexts
  • select and use standard ICT applications to process, obtain and combine information for presentation of assessed and non-assessed work
  • understand a wider range of demanding, long texts related to science, medicine, and society, and recognise implicit meaning
  • use language flexibly and effectively for social and academic purposes.

By the end of Year 2 students will:

  • demonstrate an overall appreciation of the body of philosophies related to the study of medicine
  • demonstrate knowledge that is embedded in the main theories, concepts and principles of the philosophies related to the study of medicine and apply that knowledge in practical contexts
  • undertake critical analysis, evaluation and synthesis of ideas, concepts, information and issues that are within the common understandings of health and medicine
  • demonstrate awareness of own and others’ roles, responsibilities and contributions when carrying out and evaluating tasks related to the study of medicine
  • convey complex information to a range of audiences such as fellow students, medical professionals, and patients
  • exercise autonomy and initiative in some activities in their learning
  • manage, under guidance, ethical and professional issues in accordance with current professional codes related to the medical profession.


The modules listed here are the typical modules students must take in order to complete their International Pathway to Medicine programme. The choice of academic subjects depends on timetabling, and some subject combinations may not be available for 2022 entry.

Semester 1 (January to May 2022)

All students will study the same four compulsory modules:

  • Communicating in Academic Contexts 1: students will learn how to communicate effectively in a number of spoken academic contexts.

  • Research and Writing for Pathway to Medicine/Science 1: aims to explore a range of academic functions, features of academic style and organisation, and academic grammar and vocabulary in order to improve your overall academic literacy. You will learn how to evaluate the reliability of texts and develop your own academic voice.

  • Foundation Inorganic and Physical Chemistry: includes lectures on the structure, stereochemistry and nomenclature of simple organic compounds, fundamental organic reaction mechanisms, organic functional groups and their reactions, introductory bioorganic chemistry, and organic spectroscopy.

  • Foundation Physiology 1: introduces the students to how the human body functions in systems. Students look at how these systems are built from the molecular and cellular perspective along with tissues and organs. This allows students to appreciate how the body systems are maintained and controlled in normal and adverse conditions.

Semester 2 (June to August 2022)

All students will study the same four compulsory modules:  

  • Communicating in Academic Contexts 2: develops your presentation skills, which will be essential for your academic careers and beyond.

  • Research and Writing for Pathway to Medicine: introduces students to the similarities and differences between reflective writing and other forms of academic writing. This will be useful for the reflective clinical report.

  • Foundation Organic Chemistry (Summer): students develop their existing knowledge and understanding of patterns in the periodic table, structure and bonding in elements and compounds, reaction kinetics, equilibria and acid base chemistry, redox reactions and electrochemical cells, and chemical calculations using the mole concept.

  • Foundation Physiology 2: expands on knowledge acquired in Semester 1 of Year 1 of the Physiology module.

Semester 3 (September to December 2022)

All students will study the same three compulsory modules in Semester 3:

  • Foundations for Medicine 1: focuses on academic research and writing skills along with seminar and project skills. You will also have sessions on effective communication and attend workshops with simulated and real patients in the School of Medicine. Students also study medical ethics in order to transition into first-year medicine with an understanding of how medical ethics link to clinical practice and medical professionalism.

  • Introductory Inorganic and Physical Chemistry: covers the origin of the elements, atoms and the Periodic Table, shapes and properties of molecules, chemistry of the elements, properties of solutions, thermochemistry, thermodynamics and kinetics.

  • Biology 1: introduces students to molecular and cellular biology. It covers cell diversity and the origins of life, cellular structures and fundamental processes.

Multiple Mini Interviews (MMIs) workshops

There will be MMI workshops to prepare for the MMIs held by the School of Medicine in Semester 4. These workshops will look at the various interview stations so that students can develop their interview skills and MMI performance.

Semester 4 (January to May 2023)

All students will study the same three compulsory modules:

  • Foundations for Medicine 2: builds on the skills studied in Semester 3 to enhance confidence and competence in communication. In Semester 4, students will also have a series of lectures introducing them to important themes in Medicine; these are delivered by staff from the School of Medicine.

  • Human Biology: covers all the key physiological systems within the topic areas, with an overarching focus on how disease affects these systems.

  • Organic and Biological Chemistry 1: includes lectures on the structure, stereochemistry and nomenclature of simple organic compounds, fundamental organic reaction mechanisms, organic functional groups and their reactions, introductory bioorganic chemistry, and organic spectroscopy.

The modules listed here are indicative, and there is no guarantee they will run for 2022 entry. Take a look at the most up-to-date modules in the module catalogue.


Teaching format

Classes take place Monday to Friday between 9am and 6pm. You will spend approximately 16 hours per week on focused learning activities. During this time, you will experience a mixture of live and recorded lectures, and live online or face-to-face seminars or tutorials.

Class sizes are likely to be between 14 and 16 students.

As well as your timetabled classes, you will be expected to complete approximately 20 to 25 hours of independent study each week. As a fully matriculated student, you have access to the University’s libraries and study areas, but you will also work with the University's online learning tools (Moodle and Microsoft Teams).

Students are expected to do the following to prepare for classes and consolidate their learning:

  • read and take notes from online or paper textbooks, articles, and other online sources as required
  • undertake additional research and self-study through the University library and online
  • complete a range of homework tasks, individually and in groups
  • engage with feedback on both formative and summative assessments.

In Year 2 of the International Pathway to Medicine, students are introduced to simulated and real patients throughout the programme and are given opportunities to explore how to communicate effectively with people from diverse backgrounds with a variety of health conditions.

Students are also encouraged to volunteer with a local charity during the programme.

The University’s student services team can help students who have additional needs resulting from disabilities, long-term medical conditions or learning disabilities. More information can be found on the students with disabilities web page.


There are assessments as part of each module. These include:

  • end-of-module examinations
  • lab and clinical reports
  • academic essays
  • reflective writing
  • integrated skills exams (which include reading and writing on a topic)
  • leading and participating in seminars
  • presentations
  • patient interviews.

Meet us in your country

Staff of the University of St Andrews are always pleased to meet prospective students in person. We visit many schools, colleges and higher education fairs to talk about the University and provide support and information for those thinking about applying.

Meet us in your country

Join us for one of our information events where you can find out about different levels of study and specific courses we run. 

Online information events


Tuition fees

The tuition fee for 2022 entry is: £41,910 (£20,060 for Year 1 and £21,850 for Year 2)

The all-inclusive fee package includes:

  • access to all University facilities
  • the use of course books, handouts and other course materials
  • a transfer from Edinburgh or Glasgow airport, or Leuchars train station, when you first arrive.

Accommodation fees

The International Education Institute recommends that you request an en suite single room with either a self-catered or catered package as this ensures you have a place close to your classes and with other foundation students. 

University accommodation is guaranteed for foundation students.

See fees and further information on the IFP accommodation web page

Funding and scholarships

IFP January Scholarship

If you are coming to study an International Foundation or International Pathway to Medicine programme in January 2022, and you receive your offer on or before Friday 30 July 2021, you will be eligible to apply for this scholarship. Successful candidates receive £2,000 towards the cost of their foundation tuition fees. The deadline for applications is Sunday 22 August 2021. Find out more about the IFP January Scholarship.

Kinnessburn Scholarship

Students who move onto a degree at St Andrews may be eligible to apply for the prestigious Kinnessburn Scholarship. This scholarship is awarded annually in June and provides a partial fee waiver for each year of study on an undergraduate programme at St Andrews.

Your future

Requirements to progress from Year 1 to Year 2

To progress from Year 1 of the International Pathway to Medicine programme (January entry) to Year 2, students must pass all modules in the year and achieve an overall GPA of 11.0 or above across all modules. Results are graded on the University's 20-point scale.

In addition, students must achieve a competitive score in UCAT in the year of entry onto Year 2 of the International Pathway to Medicine (September entry). This is a requirement of the School of Medicine for entry onto the BSc Medicine (A100). If this condition is not met in the year of entry to Year 2, the competitive score on UCAT can also be achieved in the year of graduation from the International Pathway to Medicine programme, prior to entry onto BSc Medicine (A100).

Additional information

Resit scores may be used to meet the overall GPA requirement for movement onto Year 2 of the programme.

Students are expected to undertake a period of clinical observation before starting Year 2.

Students who do not meet the progression requirements from Year 1 to Year 2 may exceptionally be allowed to continue onto Year 2 of the International Pathway to Medicine programme, but with no automatic right to move onto the BSc in Medicine (A100) at St Andrews following completion of the programme. Progression in these circumstances will be at the discretion of the Director of Foundation Studies. Any students who progress under these circumstances will be encouraged and supported to explore other institutions where they can continue their studies after completing the programme.

Requirements to move from Year 2 onto the BSc in Medicine (A100)

To progress onto the BSc in Medicine (A100) at St Andrews, students must have met the progression requirements from Year 1 to Year 2, and then must pass all modules in Year 2, achieving:

  • an average grade of 11.0 or above at first sitting across the following modules:
    • Foundations for Medicine 1 (IE1101)
    • Foundations for Medicine 2 (IE1201)
    • Human Biology (IE1252)
  • a grade of 12.0 or above at first sitting in each of the following modules:
    • Biology 1 (BL1101)
    • Introductory Inorganic and Physical Chemistry (CH1401)
    • Organic and Biological Chemistry 1 (CH1601)

Results are graded on the University's 20-point scale.

School of Medicine requirements

Students must also meet the following entry requirements of the School of Medicine:

  • A competitive score in UCAT, achieved in the year of entry onto Year 2 of the International Pathway to Medicine (January entry). If this condition is not met, the competitive score on UCAT can also be achieved in the year of graduation from the International Pathway to Medicine (January entry), prior to entry onto BSc Medicine (A100).
  • Satisfactory performance on the multiple mini interviews with the School of Medicine.
  • Applicants who use English as an additional language and who cannot provide their English language ability through their school-leaving qualifications must achieve 7.0 in all four components of the International English Language Testing Service (IELTS) exam, to be taken at one sitting. This is irrespective of any other English qualification achieved. The final four consecutive years of secondary or high school education in an English-medium school may in some cases be considered as evidence of English language ability. This will be considered on a case by case basis. IELTS scores have a recommended two-year validity period, and this time limit will be applied.
  • Fulfilment of the 'fitness to practise' criteria listed on the School of Medicine entry requirements web page

Additional information

Provided that you meet the above entry requirements for the School of Medicine at the University of St Andrews, you will be given an unconditional offer to enter first year of the BSc Medicine (A100).

The programme director for the International Pathway to Medicine programme (January entry) is required to comment on your fitness to practise Medicine at the end of your studies, when you are considered for the BSc Medicine degree. Under the School of Medicine’s policy, any concerns about your health or previous conduct or both may be considered at the time of application or prior to entry to the medical course. For more information, please refer to the entry requirements for BSc Medicine.

Studying a Science degree instead of BSc Medicine (A100)

Students who do not move on to medicine but meet the academic requirements for the Faculty of Science may be able to study a science degree at the University. Such requests will be considered on a case-by-case basis, taking into account both student performance and capacity within the relevant subject area. Students can also apply to secure a place at another institution. Programme directors will assist with advice and UCAS applications as necessary to work towards the best possible outcome for you.

Join a live question and answer session

The International Education Institute offers question and answer sessions (Q&A) to prospective foundation students who would like more information about St Andrews, university life and the application process at the University.


International Foundation programmes

International Education Institute
University of St Andrews
Kennedy Gardens
St Andrews 
KY16 9DJ

Phone: +44 (0)1334 46 2255

International Education Institute


Admission to the University of St Andrews is governed by our admissions policy.

Information about all programmes from previous years of entry can be found in the archive.

Curriculum development

As a research intensive institution, the University ensures that its teaching references the research interests of its staff, which may change from time to time. As a result, programmes are regularly reviewed with the aim of enhancing students' learning experience. Our approach to course revision is described online.

Tuition fees

The University will clarify compulsory fees and charges it requires any student to pay at the time of offer. The offer will also clarify conditions for any variation of fees. The University’s approach to fee setting is described online.