disease is endemic in many areas within the developing world. Areas
where - in comparison with developed countries - higher proportions
of the population derive their livelihoods from agriculture and areas
where large animal agriculture comprises a comparatively higher proportion
of national gross domestic product: those most affected can least afford
it. Outbreaks of FMDV in developed countries may, however, also cause
huge economic losses through the direct effects on agriculture / agricultural
suppliers - but also through major effects on the tourism sector of
the economy. In the case of the UK 2001 outbreak losses measured in
billions, rather than millions, of pounds. The message is clear: infectious
agents combined with global trading and tourism means food security
in the developed world is closely coupled with food security in the
Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) has funded
a major new collaborative project 'The Molecular Biology of FMDV Replication:
Towards New Methods of FMDV Disease Control'.
goal of this project is to bring about a transformation in the way FMDV
will be controlled in the future by directly addressing the new 'vaccinate
to live' policy.
project will integrate the work of academics at the Pirbright Institute
with those from the Universities of St Andrews, Leeds, Edinburgh and
Dundee, each partner contributing distinct, but complementary, areas
of research experience and expertise.