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Research quality

Pen beside questionnaire: Excellent, Good, Fair, Poor 

The Research Assessment Exercise (RAE) evaluates the quality of research undertaken by British higher education institutions (HEI). Each subject area is given a rank by a peer review panel which influences the amount of funding each HEI receives.

The RAE 2008 demonstrated that St Andrews has significantly expanded its complement of world class research since 2001.

Details of the current assessment exercise can be found on the REF 2021 page.

RAE 2001

Research Assessment
Exercise 2001

The University of St Andrews topped the Research Assessment Exercise (RAE) 2001 league tables in Scotland and was placed in the top 10 UK-wide.

RAE 2008

Research Assessment
Exercise 2008

The University of St Andrews was placed 14th in the UK and second in Scotland for the quality of its research in the Research Assessment Exercise (RAE) 2008 results.

REF 2014

Research Excellence
Framework 2014

The Research Excellence Framework (REF) 2014 is the most recent system for assessing the quality of research in UK higher education institutions (HEIs), replacing the Research Assessment Exercise (RAE).  Submissions were made 29 November 2013 - a summary of the REF submission data for the sector is available on the REF website. The outcomes were published on 18 December 2014. The submissions and results for all HEIs are available at