The Research Excellence Framework (REF) is the UK’s system for assessing the quality of research in UK higher education institutions. It was first carried out in 2014, replacing the Research Assessment Exercise (RAE).
The REF outcomes are used to calculate funding for universities' research. Results are also used to inform strategic decisions about national research priorities. Results from the REF are important for:
- research funding (Research Excellence Grant)
- national and international league tables.
REF 2021 dates
- Publication period: 1 January 2014 to 31 December 2020
- Assessment period for impact: 1 August 2013 to 31 July 2020
- Census date for staff in post: 31 July 2020
- Submission date: 27 November 2020
- Assessment by panels: 2021
- Publication of outcomes: December 2021
The sub-panels will assess the submitted work, with the overall quality profiles comprising three sub-profile areas:
- Research outputs: 60%
- Impact: 25%
- Environment: 15%
The overall quality profile as well as each sub-profile will be based on a 5-point scale (1* to 4* and Unclassified).
Previous REF and RAE results
You can find details on the University of St Andrews results from previous REF and RAE awards on the research excellence pages.