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Professor Mary Orr

Prof Mary OrrContact Details

mmo@st-andrews.ac.uk
Phone: 01334 463658
Office: Buchanan 122

Module surgery hours:
Monday 11-12:30

Full research profile

Research and Teaching

Professor Mary Orr is Buchanan Professor of French at the University of St Andrews, and DoPG for the School of Modern Languages, but returns to the department which formed her initial research interests (MA French and German, St Andrews) and shaped her early career (Lecturer in French, 1990-1994) by way of a PhD in French (Cambridge, Queens’ College, on intertextuality in the works of 1985 Nobel Prize Winner for Literature, Claude Simon) and temporary lectureships in French (University of Wales, Swansea; Christ Church, Oxford and Queens’ College Cambridge). Departing the French Department at St Andrews for a Readership and then Personal Chair at the University of Exeter, Mary was then appointed Professor of French at the University of Southampton in 2005, and served until September 2016 as its Humanities Director of Postgraduate Research (2007-2009), Director of Research for Modern Languages (2005-6; 2008-9; 2013-2016) and Director of its Institute of Language and Culture (2013-16).

In the interdisciplinary research spirit of European Renaissance scholar George Buchanan after whom the Buchanan Chair of French is named, Mary Orr’s current research interests intersect the literature, history and science of the French long nineteenth-century, and its twentieth- and twenty-first century legacies. Mary’s research interests in the ‘intertextuality’ of cultural practices – its theories, debates, contexts and media – are centred in French and European literary-cultural studies from the nineteenth century to the present. The majority of her research publications concentrate on prose forms -- the experimental novel; short fiction; travel and scientific writing – covering canonical exponents such as Flaubert and Claude Simon, metropolitan French contemporary women’s writing and, latterly, the fascinating intertextuality of early and mid-nineteenth-century French natural science and dissemination of scientific ideas in national, cross-Channel and international contexts through literary and artistic representations. Her three most recent monographs (Flaubert’s Tentation: Remapping Nineteenth-Century French History of Religion and Science (OUP, 2008); Intertextuality: debates and contexts (Cambridge: Polity, 2003) and Flaubert: writing the masculine (Oxford: OUP, 2000) reflect the interdisciplinary nature of her work in French studies. She is currently preparing the first monograph study of Sarah Bowdich (Lee), 1791-1856 deriving from her Leverhulme Research Fellowship project (2010-2012), ‘A Remarkable Woman In Science: Sarah Bowdich Lee, 1791-1856'.

Mary Orr's undergraduate teaching focuses on French literature and culture from the nineteenth century to the present. Her courses, such as her final year module ‘Flaubert’s France’, enable students better to understand big pictures (multiple contexts, parallel histories, generic developments) and important details (close reading, cross-reference, intertextuality, intermediality). She also contributes to the Comparative Literature programme.

As the supervisor of more than 12 successful PhDs in French and Comparative Literature (in the long nineteenth century to the present), Mary Orr welcomes initial contacts from prospective PhD students in these fields wishing to discuss projects in her fields of research expertise – (i) modern French prose fiction (the novel, the short story, juvenile and scientific travel writing); (ii) women’s writing including of science, and (iii) intertextuality/the interfaces of nineteenth-century culture and science in French, cross-Channel and European contexts.

Publications

Narratives of French Modernity: Themes, Forms, Metamorphoses: Essays in Honour of David Gascoigne
Milne, L. C. (ed.) & Orr, M. M. (ed.) 2011 Oxford: Peter Lang. 353 p. (Modern French Identities)
Research output: Book/ReportBook

Flaubert's Tentation: remapping nineteenth-century French histories of religion and science
Orr, M. 13 Nov 2008 Oxford University Press. 366 p.
Research output: Book/ReportBook

From Goethe to Gide: feminism, aesthetics and the literary canon in France and Germany, 1770-1936
Orr, M. (ed.) & Sharpe, L. (ed.) 2005 University of Exeter Press.
Research output: Book/ReportBook

Intertextuality: Debates and Contexts
Orr, M. Jun 2003 Polity Press. 256 p.
Research output: Book/ReportBook

Flaubert: Writing the Masculine
Orr, M. 1 Mar 2000 University of Exeter Press.
Research output: Book/ReportBook

Flaubert's Madame Bovary: Representations of the Masculine
Orr, M. 1 Jul 1999 Peter Lang.
Research output: Book/ReportBook

Claude Simon: the intertextual dimension
Orr, M. 1 Mar 1993 University of Glasgow French and German Publications.
Research output: Book/ReportBook

 

Mémoires scientifiques ou pacte biographique?: Le cas des Mémoires du baron Cuvier (1833) de Mistress Lee, ou la réécriture des savoirs
Orr, M. M. 2018 Biolographes. Seginger, G. & Klinkert, T. (eds.). Honoré Champion
Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Mainstream or tributary? The question of 'Hibernian' fishes in William Thompson's 'The Natural History of Ireland' (1856)
Orr, M. M. 2018 Proceedings of History of Ireland Conference 2016. Kelly, M. (ed.). Liverpool University Press, Vol. Nature and the Environment
Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

'Science' (1k word 'keyword')
Orr, M. 2017 Travel Writing: 100 Keywords. Forsdick, C., Kinsley, Z. & Walchester, K. (eds.). Anthem Press
Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Objet petit « Ah! » : Backstory dramas and sentimental histories in Flaubert's 'L'Éducation sentimentale' and Beckett's 'La dernière bande'
Orr, M., Campmas, A. & Asibong, A. 2017 Flaubert, Beckett, NDiaye: The Aesthetics, Emotions and Politics of Failure. Brill
Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

'Correspondances' de Baudelaire: une relecture de ce qui ne s'accorde pas
Orr, M. 2016 Hommage a Michael Pakenham. Murphy, S. (ed.). Classiques Garnier
Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Le role du cochon dans 'La Tentation': animal fantastique, mise en abyme, ou adynaton classique?
Orr, M. 1 Nov 2014 Voir, croire, savoir : Les épistémologies de la création chez Gustave Flaubert. de Biasi, P-M., Herschberg Pierrot, A. & Vinken, B. (eds.). de Gruyter, p. 151-164 14 p.
Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Cultural memory in question: Flaubert's "La Legende de saint Julien l'hospitalier" and the genres of collective memory
Orr, M., Harrow, S. & Watt, A. 8 Mar 2012 Mapping Memory in Nineteenth-Century French Literature and Culture. Rodopi, p. 259-275 17 p. (369)
Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

The metamorphoses of forms in Tournier's 'Roi des Aulnes' and Pierrette Fleutiaux's 'Métamorphoses de la reine'
Orr, M. 4 Mar 2011 Narratives of French Modernity: Themes, Forms and Metamorphosis. Milne, L. & Orr, M. (eds.). Peter Lang, p. 229-249 21 p.
Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Education, education, education: the space of the museum as showcase for thinking its public
Orr, M. Jan 2011 Institutions and Power in Nineteenth-Century French Literature and Culture. Griffiths, K. & Evans, D. (eds.). Rodopi, Vol. 363, p. 201-217 17 p. (Faux Titre)
Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Epitaphs on stones: Louis Bouilhet's Les Fossiles and the afterlife of memory
Orr, M. 2011 ‘ When familiar meanings dissolve …’: Essays in French Studies in Memory of Malcolm Bowie. Segal, N. & Rye, G. (eds.). Peter Lang, p. 285-308 24 p.
Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Introduction
Milne, L. C. & Orr, M. M. 2011 Narratives of French Modernity: Themes, Forms and Metamorphoses: Essays in Honour of David Gascoigne. Peter Lang, p. 1-38 39 p.
Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Towards a feminist revisionism of an aesthetics of mastery: Harold Bloom, neo-romanticism and the critical sublime
Orr, M. & Shears, J. (ed.) Mar 2010 Reading, writing and the influence of Harold Bloom. Rawes, A. & Shears, J. (eds.). Manchester University Press, p. 156-175 20 p.
Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Alexander von Humboldt's Cosmos and Flaubert's Tentation de Saint Antoine: remapping frontiers in literary science
Orr, M. M. 2010 Patterns of Knowledge: Essays in Honour of Martina Lauster. Schmitt, R. & Von Hoff, G. (eds.). MV Wissenschaft
Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Intertextuality: old debates in new contexts
Orr, M. 2009 Semiotic Encounters: Text, Image and Trans-Nation. Saeckel, S., Goebel, W. & Hamdy, N. (eds.). Brill, p. 15-30 16 p.
Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Women and daughters of genius: Mrs Barbara Hofland and Mlle Clémentine Cuvier
Orr, M. 2007 Translators , Interpreters , Mediators : Women Writers 1700-1900. Dow, G. (ed.). Peter Lang, Vol. 25, p. 143-158 16 p.
Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Kristeva and the trans-missions of the intertext: signs, mothers and speaking in tongues
Orr, M. 2007 Third Wave Feminism: A Critical Exploration. Gillis, S., Howie, G. & Munford, R. (eds.). Palgrave Macmillan, p. 30-45 16 p.
Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Flaubert et la critique anglophone
Orr, M. 2006 Gustave Flaubert tome 5: Dix ans de critique, notes inédites de Flaubert sur l'Esthétique de Hegel. Leclerc, Y. & Seginger , G. (eds.). Lettres Modernes Minard, p. 133-145 13 p.
Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Flaubert's Cautionary Tales and the Art of the Absolute
Orr, M. 2005 From Goethe To Gide: Feminism, Aesthetics and the Literary Canon in France and Germany, 1770-1936. Orr, M. & Sharpe, L. (eds.). University of Exeter Press, p. 113-128 16 p.
Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Postscript
Orr, M. & Sharpe, L. (ed.) 2005 From Goethe To Gide: Feminism, Aesthetics and the Literary Canon in France and Germany, 1770-1936. Orr, M. & Sharpe, L. (eds.). University of Exeter Press, p. 199-204 6 p.
Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Death and the post mortem in Flaubert's Works
Orr, M. 2004 The Cambridge Companion to Flaubert. Unwin, T. (ed.). Cambridge University Press, p. 105-121 17 p.
Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Provincial transfers and French cultures: Flaubert's voyage aux Pyrénées et en Corse
Orr, M. 2003 Visions / Revisions: Essays on Nineteenth-Century French Culture. Harkness, N., Rowe, P., Unwin, T. & Yee, J. (eds.). Peter Lang, p. 72-92 21 p.
Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

The Garden of Forking Paths: intertextuality and Le Jardin des Plantes
Orr, M. 1 Jun 2002 Claude Simon: A Retrospective. Duffy, J. H. & Duncan, A. (eds.). p. 118-134 17 p.
Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Words and actions: feminists in masculinities theory
Orr, M. 2000 Feminisms and Women's Movements in Contemporary Europe. Bull, A., Diamond, H. & Marsh, R. (eds.). Palgrave Macmillan, p. 64-78 15 p.
Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

East or West? Flaubert's La Tentation de Saint Antoine: or the Question of Orthodoxy
Orr, M. 2000 (Un)Faithful Texts? : Religion and Modern Literature in French. Cooke, P. & Lee, J. (eds.). New Orleans: University Press of the South, p. 79-91 13 p.
Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Reversible roles: gender trouble in 'Madame Bovary' and 'New Lamps for Old'
Orr, M. 1999 New Approaches In Flaubert Studies. Williams, T. & Orr, M. (eds.). Edwin Mellen Press, p. 49-64 16 p.
Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Plotting Shakespeare: the undercover structures of historical drama
Orr, M. 1995 Shakespeare and France. Maguin, J. & Klein, H. (eds.). Edwin Mellen Press, p. 169-180 12 p.
Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Commitment and the self in Paul Nizan
Orr, M. 1995 Autobiography and the Existential Self: Studies in Modern French Writing. Keefe, T. & Smyth, E. (eds.). p. 101-112 12 p.
Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Flaubert's Egypt: crux and crucible for textual identity
Orr, M. 1995 Travellers in Egypt. Starkey, P. & Starkey, J. (eds.). Cambridge University Press, p. 189-200 12 p.
Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Lire Enfance ou l'enfantement du texte
Orr, M. 1992 Ecritures autobiographiques et romanesques. Henry, C. (ed.). p. 81-95 15 p.
Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Crossing divides: Miss X or the wolf woman
Orr, M. 1992 Tea and Leg-Irons: New Feminist Readings from Scotland. Gonda, C. (ed.). Robert Hale Ltd., p. 156-172 17 p.
Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

The generative image: an exploration of Claude Simon's La Chevelure de Bérénice
Orr, M. 1985 Claude Simon: New Directions. Duncan, . A. B. (ed.). Scottish Academy Press, p. 131-139 9 p.
Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

 

The stuff of translation and independent female scientific authorship: the case of "Taxidermy..." anon. (1820)
Orr, M. 31 Jul 2015 In : Journal of Literature & Science. 8, 1, p. 27-47 21 p.
Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Amplifying women's intelligence through travel: Inna's Tale in ‘The Booroom Slave’ (1828) by Sarah Bowdich
Orr, M. Jul 2015 In : Forum for Modern Language Studies. 51, 3, p. 269-286 18 p.
Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Women peers in the scientific realm: Sarah Bowdich (Lee)'s expert collaborations with Georges Cuvier, 1825-33
Orr, M. 20 Mar 2015 In : Notes and Records of the Royal Society. 69, 1, p. 37-51 15 p.
Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

New observations on a geological hotspot track: Excursions in Madeira and Porto Santo (1825) by Mrs T. Edward Bowdich
Orr, M. 23 Aug 2014 In : Centaurus. 56, 3, p. 135-166 32 p.
Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Adventures in Australia (1851) by Mrs R. Lee: reading for girls at home and abroad
Orr, M. 6 Jun 2014 In : Women's Writing. 21, 2, p. 148-165 18 p.
Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Fish with a different angle: The Fresh-Water Fishes of Great Britain by Mrs Sarah Bowdich (1791–1856)
Orr, M. 3 Apr 2014 In : Annals of Science. 71, 2, p. 206-240 35 p.
Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Reflections on a British ‘Re-civilising’ Mission: Sarah (Bowdich) Lee's Playing at Settlers, or the Faggot House
Orr, M. 1 Dec 2012 In : International Research in Children's Literature. 5, 2, p. 135-150 16 p.
Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Flaubert: Shifting Perspectives: Introduction
Green, A. (ed.), Orr, M. (ed.) & Unwin, T. (ed.) 1 Apr 2011 In : Dix-Neuf. 15, 1, p. 1-14 14 p.
Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Arsenic and old plush? Sinister deaths in Un Cœur simple by Gustave Flaubert
Orr, M. 2011 In : French Studies Bulletin. 32, 120, p. 62-65 4 p.
Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

'Le Cosmos' d'Alexandre von Humboldt et 'La Tentation de saint Antoine' de Gustave Flaubert: deux oeuvres de toute une vie
Orr, M. 15 Dec 2010 In : Flaubert: Revue Critique et Genetique. 4
Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

La Tentation de saint Antoine [The Temptation of Saint Anthony] by Gustave Flaubert
Orr, M. 1 Apr 2007 In : The Literary Encyclopedia. p. 1-3 3 p.
Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Pursuing proper protocol: Sarah Bowdich's purview of the sciences of exploration
Orr, M. 1 Jan 2007 In : Victorian Studies. 49, 2, p. 277-285 9 p.
Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Keeping it in the family: the extraordinary case of Cuvier's daughters
Orr, M. 2007 In : Geological Society Special Publication. 281, 1, p. 277-286 10 p.
Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Still life and moving death in Flaubert's L'Éducation sentimentale
Orr, M. 1 Sep 2005 In : Dix-Neuf. 5, 1, p. 16-27 12 p.
Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hunting legendary monsters in Flaubert’s La Légende de Saint Julien l’Hospitalier
Orr, M. 2005 In : French Studies Bulletin. 26, 95, p. 15-19 5 p.
Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Costumes of the Flesh: The Male Body on Display in Flaubert's Salammbô
Orr, M. 1 Oct 2003 In : Romance Studies. 21, 3, p. 169-177 9 p.
Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Omissions or missions? Missing ph(r)ases in key translations
Orr, M. 2002 In : French Studies Bulletin. 23, 84, p. 13-15 3 p.
Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

For better for worse? NI language students compared with their peers in Britain
Orr, M. 1999 In : Journal of the Modern Language Association of Northern Ireland. p. 92-96 5 p.
Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Stasis and ecstasy: La Tentation de Saint Antoine or the texte bouleversant
Orr, M. M. 1998 In : Forum for Modern Language Studies. XXXIV, 4, p. 335-344 10 p.
Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

The Cloaks of Power: Custom and Costume in Flaubert's Salammbô
Orr, M. 1 Sep 1997 In : Nottingham French Studies. 36, 2, p. 24-33 10 p.
Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Reflections on “Bovarysme”: the Bovarys at Vaubyessard
Orr, M. 1996 In : French Studies Bulletin. 17, 61, p. 6-8 3 p.
Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Les Trois Contes et leur identité intertextuelle: figures, figurations, transfigurations
Orr, M. 1995 In : French Studies in Southern Africa. 23, p. 76-83 8 p.
Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Capes and copes: revelations of the Veiled Man in Flaubert?s Salammbô
Orr, M. 1995 In : Perversions. 6, p. 120-139 20 p.
Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Reading the other: Flaubert’s L’Education Sentimentale revisited
Orr, M. 1992 In : French Studies. XLVI, 4, p. 412-423 12 p.
Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Intertextual bridging: Across the Genre Divide in Claude Simon's Les Géorgiques
Orr, M. 1990 In : Forum for Modern Language Studies. XXVI, 3, p. 231-239 9 p.
Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Literature in Literature in Claude Simon's La Bataille de Pharsale
Orr, M. 1 Dec 1988 In : Romance Studies. 6, 2, p. 65-76 12 p.
Research output: Contribution to journalArticle