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Dr Marine Ganofsky, Lecturer

Dr Marine GanofskyContact Details

mg216@st-andrews.ac.uk
Phone: 01334 462947
Office: Buchanan 404

Module surgery hours:
Tuesday, Thursday 2-3pm

Full research profile

Research

My research focuses on the French eighteenth century in all its richness and complexity, but I am especially interested in the pleasure-seekers of the period, from its philosophes to its rakes: I have written on Condillac as well as on Casanova, on the libertine art of love as well as on its erotic ceremonies, on rococo architecture as well as on voluptuous clairs-obscurs, on Fragonard as well as on Laclos.

There are currently three main strands to my research:

  • Libertine nights: My first long-term project continues and extends the work done during my PhD at the University of Cambridge. In this research, I focus on the erotic pleasures enjoyed under cover of darkness during the Age of Enlightenment. I am now finishing editing that thesis into what will be my first book: A la faveur de la nuit: Night in Eighteenth-Century French Libertine Fiction. Beyond the erotic indulgences they represent for their readers, the nocturnes of libertine fiction offer an amplified echo of the socio-cultural changes which were transforming the understanding and experience of night for a growing number of men and women in the French eighteenth century. These fearless, happy nocturnes capture the period's emancipation from superstitions and traditions. They illustrate its conquest of night-time in favour of both social encounters and erotic intimacy. They reflect its re-invention of darkness less as a limit than as an exciting repository of mysteries waiting to be discovered. Between the solar triumph of Louis XIV's classicism and the vespertine angst of Romanticism, the idea of night no longer only summoned up images of human powerlessness and fear. Instead, it came to evoke at once sex, release, dark desires, and tantalising mysteries. Somewhere during the Age of Enlightenment, the nocturnal also became associated with the erotic. This book explains why.
  • L’idée de volupté au siècle des Lumières: My second project revolves around 'la volupté', that quintessence of pleasure, in the Age of Enlightenment. In 1862, the Goncourt brothers held voluptuousness as a symbol of the French eighteenth century: « Volupté ! c’est le mot du dix-huitième siècle ; c'est son secret, son charme, son âme. Il respire la volupté, il la dégage. » Voluptuousness was often defined as a superior, more refined form of sensuous enjoyment within the century’s hierarchy of pleasures. Crucially, it was regarded as a delight touching at once the flesh and the spirit, relying on the charms of imagination and therefore, to a certain extent, also on illusions, a most interesting detail in the context of the Lumières' search for truths. From the rakish Regency of Philippe d'Orléans to the Revolution of 1789, I explore the evolution in the definitions and conceptualisations of voluptuousness. Through the lens of etymology, literature, philosophy, visual arts, architecture, and socio-cultural history, I peruse the period’s obsession with happiness in the here-and-now rather than with salvation in the hereafter, whilst a historiographical approach also helps me explain how and why the French eighteenth century has indeed entered History, for better or worse, as "le siècle de la volupté".
  • Jardins des délices au Siècle des Lumières: I am also interested in the link between gardens and pleasures, from the model of the sentimental pastoral to the sublime landscape gardens of the late eighteenth century. I focus especially on the literary and visual trope of gardens or parks as settings for libertine temptations and transgressions. A close look at the representation of gardens in libertine literature and rococo paintings reveals that this half natural-half artificial space often serves as a mirror image of galantes seductions and affairs, themselves poised between raw instincts and refined control, for the sake of pleasure.

My work therefore aims at highlighting the fact that the French Age of Enlightenment, which would find its paradise in the here and now ("Le paradis terrestre est où je suis." Voltaire), was also the age of happiness. This is why I am thrilled to have the chance to share some of my passion and literary discoveries with a wider audience in 2016 by editing three little known but wonderful libertine short stories for the Collection Dix-huitième Siècle: Meusnier de Querlon's Les Soupers de Daphné and Les Dortoirs de Lacédémone as well as Cailhava d'Estendoux's Le Souper des petits-maîtres.

In parallel to these three strands of research, I have the pleasure of co-directing collaborative research projects on virtue in the Age of Enlightenment and on the alleged lightness of the French eighteenth century.

Here in St Andrews, I am in charge of the St Andrews Early Modern Society which provides a network for all scholars across the Schools of our university with an interest in the period stretching from the end of the Middle Ages to the start of the industrial revolution.

Teaching

After lecturing at New College at the University of Oxford and at the University of Kent, I joined the University of St Andrews in January 2014. I teach French literature, history, and language at all levels. My own classes revolve around the early modern period, whether it is to address the notion of classicism from Ronsard to Laclos, study journeys in Voltaire’s Candide, or examine literary revolutions in eighteenth-century France.

I have also created two modules inviting students to explore some of the most fascinating mysteries of the French eighteenth century: FR4123: Libertinage and libertine literature and FR4125: The French Age of Enlightenment. In these modules, the emphasis is put on the students' independent research and interpretation of the material, as indeed they are encouraged to explore the topic of libertinage or of the Enlightenment from the perspective of their choice.

I would be delighted to supervise students on any topic relating to the long eighteenth century, to erotic literature, to nights or gardens in arts, as well as, more widely, to the discourses on, and representation of, pleasures.

Publications

Night in French Libertine Fiction
Ganofsky, M. Jun 2018 Oxford: Oxford University Studies in the Enlightenment.
Research output: Book/ReportBook

Petits soupers libertins: Meusnier de Querlon, Les Soupers de Daphné (1740) Bastide, Le Souper (1758) Mercier, Les Petits Soupers (1781) Restif de la Bretonne, Le Souper fin (1789) Cailhava, Le Souper des petits-maîtres. Ouvrage moral (vers 1770) Bernard, À la volupté. Épître à M. *** (vers 1775)
Ganofsky, M. 2016 Paris: Publications de la Société Française d’Étude du Dix-huitième Siècle. 280 p. (Collection Dix-huitième siècle, dirigée par Hélène Cussac et Marcel Dorigny)
Research output: Book/ReportAnthology

 

‘The libertine novel’
Ganofsky, M. 2019 The Cambridge History of the Novel in Frencht. Watt, A. (ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)

‘Virtue and invisibility: libertine variations on the myth of Gyges’
Ganofsky, M. 2016 Virtue and the Enlightenment. Fowler, J. & Ganofsky, M. (eds.).
Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)

‘Le paradis artificiel de la légèreté dans les arts libertins : l’exemple d’Angola de La Morlière’
Ganofsky, M. 2016 , in Le Siècle de la légèreté : émergences d’un paradigme du XVIIIe siècle français. Ganofsky, M. & Perras, J-A. (eds.).
Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)

À la faveur de la nuit: Figures féminines de la nuit dans l’Histoire de ma vie de Casanova
Ganofsky, M. 2016 Casanova «Écrire à tort et à travers». Brin, R. (ed.). Paris: Classiques Garnier, p. 69-84 15 p. (Série Le dix-huitième siècle, dirigée par Jacques Berchtold et Catriona Seth)
Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)

‘L’Histoire de ma vie de Casanova: le libertinage comme rencontre entre le profane et le sacré ?’
Ganofsky, M. 2011 Amour divin, amour mondain, dans les écrits du for privé, de la fin du Moyen Age à 1914. Daumas, M. (ed.). Pau: Editions Cairn, p. 111-126
Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

‘Pandore et les désirs: Le mythe d’Hésiode conjugué dans Les Liaisons dangereuses
Ganofsky, M. 2011 Pandora und die mythische Genealogie der Frau / Pandore et la généalogie mythique de la Femme, ed. by Heinz-Peter Preuβer, Françoise Rétif and Juliane Rytz. Heidelberg: Universitätsverlag Winter, p. 105-118
Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

‘Don Juan et les séducteurs: présence et absence de Don Juan dans le roman libertin du dix-huitième siècle’
Ganofsky, M. 2010 Don Juan, ed. by Florence Fix and Laurence LeDiagon-Jacquin. Paris: Murmure, p. 248-259
Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)

 

Dominique Vivant Denon: Point de lendemain [No Tomorrow], 1777
Ganofsky, M. 9 Mar 2017 In : The Literary Encyclopedia.
Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Claude Prosper Jolyot de Crébillon: Les égarements du cœur et de l’esprit [The Wayward Heart and Head], 1736-1738
Ganofsky, M. 9 Mar 2017 In : The Literary Encyclopedia.
Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

La suspension du temps dans Point de lendemain: lecture sensualiste d’un nocturne libertin
Ganofsky, M. 2017 In : Dix-huitième siècle. 49, p. 311-327
Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sacred or profane pleasures? Erotic ceremonies in eighteenth-century French libertine fiction
Ganofsky, M. Jul 2015 In : Religion in the Age of Enlightenment. 5, p. 231-258
Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Illustrating narrative seduction: the example of Choderlos de Laclos's Les Liaisons Dangereuses in the illustrated edition of 1796
Ganofsky, M. Mar 2015 In : Journal for Eighteenth-Century Studies. 38, 1, p. 1-27 27 p.
Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Libertine clairs-obscurs: the enticement of the shadows
Ganofsky, M. Dec 2014 In : Journal for Eighteenth-Century Studies. 37, 4, p. 499-515 17 p.
Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

 

Cyril Francès, Casanova: la mémoire du désir, Europe des Lumières, 29 (Paris: Classiques Garnier, 2014)
Ganofsky, M. 2015 In : French Studies. 69, 3, p. 392 393 p.
Research output: Contribution to journalBook/Film/Article review

Daniel Brewer ed.,The Cambridge Companion to the French Enlightenment (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014)
Ganofsky, M. 2015 In : Forum for Modern Language Studies. 51, 3, p. 351
Research output: Contribution to journalBook/Film/Article review

Sarah Tindall Kareem, Eighteenth-Century Fiction and the Reinvention of Wonder (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014)
Ganofsky, M. 2015 In : Forum for Modern Language Studies. 51, 3, p. 354
Research output: Contribution to journalBook/Film/Article review

Françoise Lavocat ed., Le Mariage et la loi dans la fiction narrative avant 1800 (Louvain: Peeters, 2014)
Ganofsky, M. 2015 In : Forum for Modern Language Studies. 51, 2, p. 235
Research output: Contribution to journalBook/Film/Article review

Nicolas-Edme Rétif de la Bretonne, Ingénue Saxancour ou La Femme séparée, ed. Mary S. Trouille (London: MHRA, 2014)
Ganofsky, M. 2015 In : Forum for Modern Language Studies. 51, 1, p. 87
Research output: Contribution to journalBook/Film/Article review

Madame de Souza, Eugénie et Mathilde, ou Mémoires de la famille du Comte de Revel, ed. Kirsty Carpenter ( London: MHRA, 2014)
Ganofsky, M. 2015 In : Forum for Modern Language Studies. 51, 1, p. 87-88
Research output: Contribution to journalBook/Film/Article review

Angelica Goodden, Rousseau’s Hand: The Crafting of a Writer (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013)
Ganofsky, M. Oct 2014 In : Forum for Modern Language Studies. L, 4, p. 506 507 p.
Research output: Contribution to journalBook/Film/Article review

Cian Duffy, The Landscape of the Sublime, 1700-1830: Classic Ground (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013)
Ganofsky, M. Oct 2014 In : Forum for Modern Language Studies. L, 4, p. 504 505 p.
Research output: Contribution to journalBook/Film/Article review

Nina Kushner, Erotic Exchanges: The World of Elite Prostitution in Eighteenth-Century Paris (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2013)
Ganofsky, M. 2014 In : French History. 28, 4, p. 565 566 p.
Research output: Contribution to journalBook/Film/Article review

Nicholas D. Paige, Before fiction, the Ancien Régime of the Novel (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2011)
Ganofsky, M. 2013 In : Modern Language Review. 108, 4
Research output: Contribution to journalBook/Film/Article review

Jacques Berchtold ed., Espaces, objets du roman au XVIIIe siècle: Hommage à Henri Lafon (Paris: Presses Sorbonne Nouvelle, 2009)
Ganofsky, M. 2012 In : French Studies. LXVI, 1, p. 93-94
Research output: Contribution to journalBook/Film/Article review

Shane Agin ed., Sex Education in the Eighteenth Century, SVEC 2011:09 (Oxford: Voltaire Foundation, 2011)
Ganofsky, M. 2012 In : French Studies. LXVI , 4, p. 567
Research output: Contribution to journalBook/Film/Article review