Dr Chris Ogden, Senior Lecturer


Chris Ogden is Senior Lecturer in Asian Security. He received his PhD in Politics and International Relations from the University of Edinburgh in July 2011.

Chris has previously taught at the Universities of Edinburgh, Glasgow and Durham, and the Chinese University of Hong Kong (where he is a Visiting Scholar) He is recognised as a Fellow of the UK's Higher Education Academy (HEA), and is a Senior Research Associate with the Foreign Policy Centre (FPC) in London.

Research areas

Chris' research interests concern the relationship between national identity, security and domestic politics in South Asia (primarily India) and East Asia (primarily China), as well as the analytical uses of social psychology in International Relations.



  • (2019) A Dictionary of China's Politics and International Relations (Oxford: Oxford University Press). [under contract]
  • (2019) A Dictionary of India's Politics and International Relations (Oxford: Oxford University Press). [under contract]
  • (2017) Indian National Security [Oxford India Short Introductions(Delhi: Oxford University Press). [contracted]
  • (2017) China and India: Asia's Emergent Great Powers(Cambridge: Polity).
    '... with clarity and verve, Ogden demonstrates an extraordinary mastery of the subject. His magisterial analysis makes a unique and invaluable contribution to the field' (Sumit Ganguly, Indiana University at Bloomington)
    '... an indispensable guide to how the re-emergence of China & India will transform 21st century IR; ... rightly argues (that) their distinctive political identities will shape their foreign policy' (Ian Hall, Griffith University)
  • (2016) (ed.) New South Asian Security: Six Core Relations Underpinning Regional Stability (Delhi: Orient BlackSwan).
    '... makes a compelling case that there is a need for … a makeover in adversarial thinking. Such Ogden-initiated thinking needs (to) be furthered through creatively charting the path forward' (Ali Ahmed, in The Book Review)
    '... an alternative inter-subjective understanding of the South Asian security framework, ... do(es) a remarkable job of underlining important theoretical strands' (Medha Bisht, South Asian University, in Strategic Analysis)
    '… a welcome addition to the discourse on regional security in South Asia, … attempts a new approach that may inspire upcoming scholars and academics to explore unconventional methods in their studies and analyses’ (S.D. Muni, in India Quarterly)
  • (2014) Indian Foreign Policy: Ambition & Transition (Cambridge: Polity).  [in Turkish from August 2017]
    '... an excellent comprehensive textbook; ... arguably the best introduction to Indian FP available for readers today' (Rahul Mukherji, Heidelberg University, in Pacific Affairs Review)
    '... classic textbooks are still rare, ... a sophisticated, highly readable account ... (that is) bound to become the new standard textbook on Indian foreign policy' (Arndt Michael, University of Friedburg, in Political Studies Review)
    '... systematic & original, ... required reading ... for anyone who seeks a more profound understanding of the dynamics & drivers of India’s foreign policy' (Simona Vittorini, SOAS, in Commonwealth & Comparative Politics)
    '... a valuable and much needed textbook, that offers students of foreign policy an intelligent and balanced introduction to where India has been, and where it might be going' (Rahul Sagar, Princeton University)
  • (2014) Hindu Nationalism and the Evolution of Contemporary Indian Security: Portents of Power (Delhi: Oxford University Press).
    '... by far the ablest study on the Parivar’s priorities on Indian security. His conclusion seems almost prophetic’ (A.G. Noorani, in Frontline)
    '... offers a detailed theoretical apparatus ... (and) helps shift our understanding, ... meticulous ... persuasive ... (and) convincing' (Pallavi Raghavan, Centre for Policy Research, in India Seminar)
    '... until now much of the assessment of the BJP/NDA security policy has been impressionistic ... Ogden’s work is a start in treating the subject with the seriousness it deserves' (Rajesh Rajagopalan, JNU, in The Book Review)
  • (2013) (ed.) Handbook of China's Governance and Domestic Politics (London: Routledge).
    '... an excellent handbook ... I do not know of a book that better fulfills this goal, ... (provides) a smorgasbord of concise, clear, engaging & accessible chapters'  (Teresa Wright, California State University, in Pacific Affairs)
    '... laudable & ambitious ... heartily recommended as an introduction to a range of important topics, and as an excellent overview of the relevant issues & institutions' (Jens Hein, Chatham House, in International Affairs)


Book chapters

Policy briefings

Invited comment, analysis and interviews

Book reviews



  • Foreign Policy Analysis & International Security (on China) (IR1006)
  • Foreign Policy of Modern China (IR3046)
  • Indian Foreign Policy (IR4545)
  • Critical Security Studies (IR5036) - module convener
  • Emergent Great Powers (IR5040).

Research students

First PhD supervisor

  • Fayaz Kacho (2016-) 'Implications of Militarization on Democratic Institutions and Inter Community Relations: A Case Study of Kashmir'.
  • Piyanat Soikham (2014-) 'India’s Soft Power: Look East Policy towards Thailand and ASEAN'.

Second PhD supervisor

  • James McMordie (2015-) 'Neoclassical Realism and European Responses to the Ukraine Crisis' (2nd PhD Supervisor with Dr Beasley).

Previous PhD supervisions

  • Tim Steinecke (2015) 'National Oil Companies & State Actors: India and Malaysia in Sudan / South Sudan'. 
  • Matthew Funaiole (2014) 'History & Hierarchy: The Foreign Policy Evolution of Modern Japan'.

External PhD examinations

  • Tseng Lan-Shu (2015) 'The Transformation of Sino-Indian Relations, 1988-2013', University of Nottingham, November 20.
  • Avinash Paliwal (2015) 'Sources of Change in India’s Afghan Policy, 1996-2014', King’s College London, March 27.
  • Ananya Chatterjee (2015) 'India's Defence and Security Policies Since 1991', University of Reading, March 26.
  • Phan-Orn Powcharoen (2014) 'Rationality or Irrationality? Deterrence in the Survival Strategy of the North Korean Regime', Durham University, June 9.

PhD supervision topics

Chris is especially interested in supervising research by high calibre applicants relating to:

  • the international relations, foreign and security policies, and domestic politics of India and/or China (and their interplay with South Asia and/or East Asia as a whole)
  • projects utilising constructivist theoretical perpspectives centred upon norms, identities and social psychology.

Further information

Editorial positions

  • Journal article reviewer
  • Manuscript reviewer
  • Special section reviewer

Panel convener

  • (2016) 'Understanding India's International Rise', 24th European Conference on South Asian Studies (ECSAS), University of Warsaw, July 29.
  • (2016) 'Evaluating India's International Emergence', 24th IPSA World Congress of Political Science, Poznan, July 26.
  • (2012) 'India's Emergence as a Great Power', 26th British Association for South Asian Studies (BASAS) Annual Conference, SOAS, April 14. 
  • (2010) 'South Asia's Changing Security Environment and the Role of Identity', 21st European Conference on Modern South Asian Studies (ECMSAS), University of Bonn, July 26-29.
  • (2007) 'Indian Security: Past-Present-Future', 32nd British International Studies Association (BISA) Annual Conference, University of Cambridge, December 17.

Invited guest lecturer

  • (2016) 'The Rise of China', Monthly Seminar Series, University of the Third Age (Solihull Central Branch), June 30.
  • (2015) 'Conceptualising Great Power: Material, Institutional and Ideational Sources', Power: Back to the Future? Symposium, Catholic University of Louvain, April 29.
  • (2014) ‘The Consequences of China’s Economic Rise’, Politics, Philosophy and Economics (PPE) Society, George Watson’s College, Edinburgh, December 15.
  • (2014) 'South Asia and the War on Terror', Centre for South Asian Studies (CSAS) Seminar Series, University of Edinburgh, November 27.
  • (2014) 'The BJP and the Evolution of Indian Foreign Policy [Book Launch]', Centre for South Asian Studies (CSAS) Seminar Series, University of Edinburgh, November 18.
  • (2014) 'Uncertain Transition: Corruption, Legitimacy and India’s Contemporary Ascent', Global Insecurities Centre, University of Bristol, April 30.
  • (2014) 'Careers in Academia', Theory & Practice (Department of Politics and International Relations), University of Edinburgh, March 17.
  • (2013) 'China and the Pursuit of Great Power in Asia', China Studies Centre, University of Sydney, November 28.
  • (2013) 'India’s International Rise: Dynamics and Trajectories', Australia India Institute, University of Melbourne, November 21.
  • (2013) 'Evaluating Greatness: the Case of Asia's Largest Powers', East Asian Institute, National University of Singapore, October 4.
  • (2013) 'Emerging Powers - the Rise of India and China', Royal College of Defence Studies, Defence Academy of the United Kingdom, September 26.
  • (2013) 'Conceptions of India as a Great Power', Government Department, St. Lawrence University, New York, March 19. 
  • (2012) 'Self-Projection: India and the International System', International Relations Research Group, University of Edinburgh, December 3.
  • (2012) 'Great Power Aspiration & Indian Conceptions of International Society', ESRC Seminar Series, King's College London, November 2.
  • (2012) 'This House Fears the Rise of China', University of St Andrews Union Debating Society, October 4. [Public Debate]
  • (2012) 'China's International Relations', Confucius Institute Lecture Series, University of Manchester, June 27. [Public Lecture]
  • (2011) 'The Rise of China', Transatlantic Seminar Series, University of Edinburgh, November 11.
  • (2011) 'Assessing the Behemoth - China as a Great Power', Scottish Centre for Chinese Social Science Research, University of Glasgow, November 10. 
  • (2010) 'A Lasting Legacy? - the 1998-2004 National Democratic Alliance and Domestic Indian Politics', Centre for South Asian Studies (CSAS) Seminar Series, University of Edinburgh, October 7.
  • (2009) 'New South Asian Security: India, Pakistan and the United States since 1998', School of Government & International Affairs, Durham University, May 13. [Public Lecture]
  • (2009) 'The BJP and Indian Foreign Policy: Origins, Ideology and Agendas', Centre for South Asian Studies (CSAS) Seminar Series, University of Edinburgh, March 12.

Invited panel chair/invited conference participant

  • (2012) 'Contesting International Orders: the China Challenge (I), Visions of a Chinese International Order', BISA-ISA Joint International Conference, Edinburgh, June 22. [Panel Chair]
  • (2011) '1st Asan Plenum: Our Nuclear Future', Asan Institute for Policy Studies, Seoul, June 13-15. [Conference Participant]
  • (2010) 'War & Governance', PhD Showcase in Politics and IR, University of Edinburgh, April 22. [Panel Chair]

Paper presenter

  • (2016) 'Trump and the World', IR Monday Seminar Series, University of St Andrews, December 5.
  • (2012) 'Reshuffling the International Order: China’s Transition and the World', BISA-ISA Joint International Conference, Edinburgh, June 21.
  • (2012) 'Parameters of Greatness: Weighing Up India's Rise', 26th British Association for South Asian Studies (BASAS) Annual Conference, SOAS, April 14. 
  • (2011) 'A Normalised Dragon? Constructing China's Security Identity', 24th Association of Chinese Political Studies (ACPS) International Symposium, King's College London, June 18.
  • (2011) 'Rules of Engagement: an Ideational Analysis of India-China Relations', School of International Relations Research Seminar, University of St Andrews, February 14.
  • (2010) 'Overcoming the Past: the Role of Myth and Memory in the India-Pakistan Relationship', 21st European Conference on Modern South Asian Studies (ECMSAS), University of Bonn, July 29.
  • (2010) 'Examining Ideational Sources of Security in South Asia', 21st European Conference on Modern South Asian Studies (ECMSAS), University of Bonn, July 28.
  • (2010) 'Identity, Norms and National Security in India', 24th British Association for South Asian Studies (BASAS) Annual Conference, University of Warwick, March 30.
  • (2009) 'Defining (Indian) Security Identity', International Politics Research Group, University of Edinburgh, November 10.
  • (2009) 'From 1947 to 26/11: Tracing the Pakistan-Terrorism Nexus in Indian National Security', 23rd British Association for South Asian Studies (BASAS) Annual Conference, University of Edinburgh, April 1.
  • (2008) 'The Impact of the BJP on the Political Dimension of India's Security Identity', 2nd PhD Seminar on South Asian Studies, University of Ghent, September 19.
  • (2008) '"Fate has Marked us for Big Things": India's Great Power Aspiration', 20th European Conference on Modern South Asian Studies (ECMSAS), University of Manchester, July 10.
  • (2007) 'Post-Colonial, Pre-BJP: Parameters of Indian Security Culture until the 1990s', 32nd BISA Annual Conference, University of Cambridge, December 17.
  • (2007) 'Necessary Dialectics: Identity Dependence in Indo-Pakistani Foreign Relations', Europe and Global Politics - 57th Political Studies Association (PSA) Annual Conference, University of Bath, April 13.
  • (2006) 'Fear and Loathing: Pakistan as the "Other" in Indian Cultural Security', Contentious Politics - European Consortium of Political Research (ECPR) 1st Graduate Conference, University of Essex, September 8.
  • (2006) 'Cultural Politics of Fear: Differentiation, Threat Perception and Security', Overturning Orthodoxies - Centre for Peace & Conflict Studies (CPCS) Graduate Workshop, University of St. Andrews, April 21.


Chris is available for comment, interview, analysis or consultancy on the following topics:

  • Asian great power politics (the 21st century rise of China/India)
  • Chinese foreign policy, domestic governance and politics (including peripheral relations with Japan, North Korea, India and South East Asia)
  • India's security and foreign policy practices (including current and historical relations with Pakistan, China, the United States and South Asia)
  • the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), electoral politics and nationalism in India
  • international relations and security practice in South Asia and East Asia
  • India's nuclear programme and development.


Peer Reviewer


  • Associate Fellow
    • 'Around the Caspian', EU Grant, (from 2015 with Professor Fawn).
  • Fellow
  • Honorary Fellow
  • Member
  • Senior Research Associate
  • Visiting Scholar