Dr Chris Ogden, Senior Lecturer
Chris Ogden is Senior Lecturer in Asian Security. He received his PhD in Politics and International Relations from the University of Edinburgh in July 2011.
Chris has previously taught at the Universities of Edinburgh, Glasgow and Durham, and the Chinese University of Hong Kong (where he is a Visiting Scholar) He is recognised as a Fellow of the UK's Higher Education Academy (HEA), and is a Senior Research Associate with the Foreign Policy Centre (FPC) in London.
Chris' research interests concern the relationship between national identity, security and domestic politics in South Asia (primarily India) and East Asia (primarily China), as well as the analytical uses of social psychology in International Relations.
- (2019) A Dictionary of China's Politics and International Relations (Oxford: Oxford University Press). [under contract]
- (2019) A Dictionary of India's Politics and International Relations (Oxford: Oxford University Press). [under contract]
- (2017) Indian National Security [Oxford India Short Introductions] (Delhi: Oxford University Press). [contracted]
- (2017) China and India: Asia's Emergent Great Powers(Cambridge: Polity).
'... with clarity and verve, Ogden demonstrates an extraordinary mastery of the subject. His magisterial analysis makes a unique and invaluable contribution to the field' (Sumit Ganguly, Indiana University at Bloomington)
'... an indispensable guide to how the re-emergence of China & India will transform 21st century IR; ... rightly argues (that) their distinctive political identities will shape their foreign policy' (Ian Hall, Griffith University)
- (2016) (ed.) New South Asian Security: Six Core Relations Underpinning Regional Stability (Delhi: Orient BlackSwan).
'... makes a compelling case that there is a need for … a makeover in adversarial thinking. Such Ogden-initiated thinking needs (to) be furthered through creatively charting the path forward' (Ali Ahmed, in The Book Review)
'... an alternative inter-subjective understanding of the South Asian security framework, ... do(es) a remarkable job of underlining important theoretical strands' (Medha Bisht, South Asian University, in Strategic Analysis)
'… a welcome addition to the discourse on regional security in South Asia, … attempts a new approach that may inspire upcoming scholars and academics to explore unconventional methods in their studies and analyses’ (S.D. Muni, in India Quarterly)
- (2014) Indian Foreign Policy: Ambition & Transition (Cambridge: Polity). [in Turkish from August 2017]
'... an excellent comprehensive textbook; ... arguably the best introduction to Indian FP available for readers today' (Rahul Mukherji, Heidelberg University, in Pacific Affairs Review)
'... classic textbooks are still rare, ... a sophisticated, highly readable account ... (that is) bound to become the new standard textbook on Indian foreign policy' (Arndt Michael, University of Friedburg, in Political Studies Review)
'... systematic & original, ... required reading ... for anyone who seeks a more profound understanding of the dynamics & drivers of India’s foreign policy' (Simona Vittorini, SOAS, in Commonwealth & Comparative Politics)
'... a valuable and much needed textbook, that offers students of foreign policy an intelligent and balanced introduction to where India has been, and where it might be going' (Rahul Sagar, Princeton University)
- (2014) Hindu Nationalism and the Evolution of Contemporary Indian Security: Portents of Power (Delhi: Oxford University Press).
'... by far the ablest study on the Parivar’s priorities on Indian security. His conclusion seems almost prophetic’ (A.G. Noorani, in Frontline)
'... offers a detailed theoretical apparatus ... (and) helps shift our understanding, ... meticulous ... persuasive ... (and) convincing' (Pallavi Raghavan, Centre for Policy Research, in India Seminar)
'... until now much of the assessment of the BJP/NDA security policy has been impressionistic ... Ogden’s work is a start in treating the subject with the seriousness it deserves' (Rajesh Rajagopalan, JNU, in The Book Review)
- (2013) (ed.) Handbook of China's Governance and Domestic Politics (London: Routledge).
'... an excellent handbook ... I do not know of a book that better fulfills this goal, ... (provides) a smorgasbord of concise, clear, engaging & accessible chapters' (Teresa Wright, California State University, in Pacific Affairs)
'... laudable & ambitious ... heartily recommended as an introduction to a range of important topics, and as an excellent overview of the relevant issues & institutions' (Jens Hein, Chatham House, in International Affairs)
- (2017) 'India-ASEAN Security Perspectives: Past and Present', Social Science Asia, X (X): XX-XX. (forthcoming)
- (2013) 'A Normalized Dragon: Constructing China’s Security Identity’, Pacific Focus, 28 (2): 243-268.
- (2013) 'Beyond Succession - China's Internal Security Challenges', Strategic Analysis, 37 (2): 191-200.
- (2013) 'Tracing the Pakistan-Terrorism Nexus in Indian Security Perspectives: From 1947 to 26/11', India Quarterly, 69 (1): 35-50.
- (2012) 'A Lasting Legacy: The BJP-Led National Democratic Alliance and India's Politics', Journal of Contemporary Asia, 42 (1): 22-38.
- (2010) 'Norms, Indian Foreign Policy and the 1998-2004 National Democratic Alliance', The Round Table, 99 (408): 303-315.
- (2009) 'Post-Colonial, Pre-BJP: The Normative Parameters of India's Security Identity, 1947-1998', Asian Journal of Political Science, 17 (2): 215-237.
- (2008) 'Diaspora Meets IR's Constructivism: An Appraisal', Politics, 28 (1): 1-10.
- (2016) 'Shared Regional Values and Trajectories', in Chris Ogden (ed.) New South Asian Security: Six Core Relations Underpinning Regional Stability (Delhi: Orient BlackSwan), 133-147.
- (2016) 'Recasting South Asian Security', in Chris Ogden (ed.) New South Asian Security: Six Core Relations Underpinning Regional Stability (Delhi: Orient BlackSwan), 1-13.
- (2015) 'Great Power Aspiration and Indian Conceptions of International Society', in Jamie Gaskarth (ed.) China, India and the Future of International Society (Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield), 53-70.
- (2013) 'China’s Transition and the World', in Chris Ogden (ed.) Handbook of China's Governance and Domestic Politics (London: Routledge), 264-269.
- (2013) 'The Importance of China', in Chris Ogden (ed.) Handbook of China's Governance and Domestic Politics (London: Routledge), xiv-xviii.
- (2011) 'De Facto Nuclear States: India - The (Accepted) Gatecrasher', in Harsh V. Pant (ed.) Handbook of Nuclear Proliferation (London: Routledge), 149-160.
- (2011) 'India and Nuclear Weapons', in David Scott (ed.) Handbook of India's International Relations (London: Routledge), 290-300.
- (2011) 'International "Aspirations" of a Rising Power', in David Scott (ed.) Handbook of India's International Relations (London: Routledge), 3-13.
- (2017) 'The Coming Storm: US-China Relations Under Trump', Foreign Policy Centre, January 11.
- (2014) 'Carpe Diem: India’s 2014 General Elections and the BJP-led NDA', Foreign Policy Centre, March 26.
- (2013) 'High Stakes Gambit: Regional Positions on the North Korea Nuclear Crisis', Foreign Policy Centre, April 15.
- (2012) 'China and India’s Common Challenges En Route to Great Power', Foreign Policy Centre, December 12. [+ Confluence reprint].
- (2010) 'India-China Relations and the Emergence of Af-Pak', Foreign Policy Centre, June 1.
- (2009) 'India's BJP Contemplate Their Future', Foreign Policy Centre, October 29.
Invited comment, analysis and interviews
- (2017) 'Analysis: China and India’s Shared Pathway to Great Power', The Diplomat, April 6.
- (2017) 'Analysis: The US-China-India Triad: Shifting Power Balances', King's College London Dialogue, February.
- (2017) 'Comment: North Korea: On the Trail of the Dear Brother's Assassins', The Scotsman, February 18.
- (2017) 'Comment: What To Know About the Killing of Kim Jong Nam', Newsweek, February 16.
- (2017) 'Comment: The Great North Korea Hoax?', Daily Star, February 13.
- (2017) 'Analysis: Agenda - Donald Trump’s Hostility towards China Could End in a Full-Blown Conflict', The Herald (Glasgow), January 18, 17. [print]
- (2016) 'Interview: Kim's Nukes Can Hit Europe: Worst Fears About North Korea Proved by Photo', Daily Star, December 17.
- (2016) 'Comment - Real Reason for North Korea Nuke Test Revealed: Kim in Crazy Final Gamble', Daily Star, September 9.
- (2016) 'Comment - China Being "Forced To Lash Out At America" As Citizens Demand All-Out War', Daily Star, August 20.
- (2016) 'Live Radio Interview - China and the South China Sea', tbs eFM radio [SouthKorea], July 14.
- (2016) 'Interview: Iran's Development of Commercial Relations with the East is more Reliable than with the West', Tasnim News [Iran], May 22. [in Persian]
- (2016) 'Comment - North Korea Ready to Risk it All on Apocalyptic Nuclear Strike as Country Crumbles', Daily Star, April 25.
- (2016) 'Comment - "North Korea Has 20bn Oil Stash" and Could Use it to Start Nuclear Apocalypse', Daily Star, January 24.
- (2015) 'Comment - India: Anger Grows at Home While Modi Pays Visit to the UK', The National, November 13.
- (2015) 'Comment - Money on the Agenda as Modi Visits the UK', Deutsche Welle, November 12.
- (2015) 'Interview - Expert: Although the BRICS Economies are Slowing Down, Their Political Strength will Rise', Sputnik International News, November 12.
- (2015) 'Comment - Rock Star Reception Lined Up for Visit of Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi', The Guardian, November 11.
- (2015) 'Analysis - Stability in South Asia: Terrorism Will Persist', The Cipher Brief, November 9.
- (2015) 'Comment - Experts Stress Importance of Abe Apology', China Daily, August 13.
- (2015) 'Response - India’s Neighbourhood Policy Post-2014', Foreign Policy Research Centre (FPRC) Journal (New Delhi), 21 (1): 37-38.
- (2015) 'Comment - China-Myanmar Relations', Radio France, March 17, 11:47-12:42.
- (2015) 'Analysis - Time for None of the Above', openDemocracy, January 5. [cited by the Parliamentary Political and Constitutional Reform Committee report on 'Voter Engagement in the UK', February 5 2015]
- (2014) 'Comment - China’s Marshall Plan: All Silk Roads Lead to Beijing?', World Politics Review, December 9.
- (2014) 'Blog - UK-India Relations: The Courtier and the Courted', London School of Economics and Political Science, October 6.
- (2014) 'Interview - India / China Border Issues',Radio France, September 19.
- (2014) 'Comment - UK Forges Close Cyber Ties with China Despite "Endemic Espionage"', The Guardian, June 18.
- (2014) 'Interview - [Chinese Encirclement, G7 Don't Care]', Mirror Evening [China], June 4.
- (2014) 'Blog - What Kind of Great Power Does India Wish to Become?', Polity Press, June 2.
- (2014) 'Comment - [Indian Election: Modi with "Gujarat Model"]', Sanlian Lifeweek [China], May 27.
- (2014) 'Comment - Modi and the BJP Set to Cruise to Election Victory', The National [United Arab Emirates], May 16.
- (2014) 'Analysis - How Narendra Modi Will Tackle Israel, Russia, Pakistan - and Obama', International Business Times, May 16.
- (2014) 'Comment - India Election: Exit Polls Show Big Win for BJP After Record Turnout', The National [United Arab Emirates], May 12.
- (2014) 'Analysis - Indian Elections: BJP Victory to Bring a More Vocal India', International Business Times, May 12.
- (2014) 'Comment / Interview - [India: Right Turn in the Middle of a Crisis]', To Vima [Greece], April 13.
- (2014) 'Interview - IR Professor Interview Series', St Andrews Foreign Affairs Review, February 21.
- (2013) 'Comment - Dialogue with British Scholars: Assessing the Sino-British Rapprochement', UK-Chinese Times, December 6.
- (2013) 'Live TV Interview - India-Pakistan Relations', Channel NewsAsia, September 29.
- (2013) 'Comment - [Did India "Kidnap" Bhutan Election?]', Sanlian Lifeweek [China], July 23.
- (2013) 'Comment - India-China Standoff Over Kashmir "Intrusion" By Beijing Troops', International Business Times, April 25.
- (2013) 'Analysis - World Should Be Worried About the Possible Results of this Sabre-Rattling [Korean Nuclear Crisis]', The Scotsman, April 5, 7.
- (2013) 'Interview - North Korea Nuclear Crisis: "Caught By Rhetoric"', St Andrews Radio, April 4, 28:52-41:36.
- (2013) 'Interview - China and the Pacific: Cooperation or Confrontation?', Bu Er Magazine, Issue 1, 31-32.
- (2012) 'Comment - China: Corruption Embedded in Socio-Political Culture - British Expert', The Voice of Russia, November 21.
- (2012) 'Comment - Våbenkapløb i Gang Mellem Kina og Indien [Arms Race Between China and India]', Danish Broadcasting Corporation, April 13.
- (2012) 'Comment - Drift and Decline in Indo-UK Trade', The Hindu Business Line, January 29.
- (2011) 'Op-Ed - Strong US-EU Ties Key to Balancing Asia', Atlantic-Community, November 15. [cited in Atlantic-Community Memo 36].
- (2011) 'Editorial - Defying the Modus Operandi: Anna Hazare, Corruption and Politics in India', e-International Relations, September 12.
- (2010) 'Analysis - Wen's Delhi Visit - China, India and Embryonic Multipolarity', Opinion Asia, December 21.
- (2010) 'Analysis - Emerged India: Enter a Great Power', openDemocracy, November 11.
- (2010) 'Interview - India and Britain: Natural Allies but No "Special" Bond Yet', Asian Affairs, November Issue.
- (2010) 'Analysis - Something Special? Perspectives on a New Era of UK-India Relations', Opinion Asia, August 7.
- Diplomacy & Statecraft (invited) (2017)
- Commonwealth & Comparative Politics (invited) (2016)
- Contemporary South Asia (invited) (2015; 2013)
- Intelligence and National Security (invited) (2013)
- International Institute for Asian Studies / NewAsiaBooks (2012)
- International Affairs (2008)
- East Asia: An International Quarterly (invited) (2004).
- Foreign Policy Analysis & International Security (on China) (IR1006)
- Foreign Policy of Modern China (IR3046)
- Indian Foreign Policy (IR4545)
- Critical Security Studies (IR5036) - module convener
- Emergent Great Powers (IR5040).
First PhD supervisor
- Fayaz Kacho (2016-) 'Implications of Militarization on Democratic Institutions and Inter Community Relations: A Case Study of Kashmir'.
- Piyanat Soikham (2014-) 'India’s Soft Power: Look East Policy towards Thailand and ASEAN'.
Second PhD supervisor
- James McMordie (2015-) 'Neoclassical Realism and European Responses to the Ukraine Crisis' (2nd PhD Supervisor with Dr Beasley).
Previous PhD supervisions
- Tim Steinecke (2015) 'National Oil Companies & State Actors: India and Malaysia in Sudan / South Sudan'.
- Matthew Funaiole (2014) 'History & Hierarchy: The Foreign Policy Evolution of Modern Japan'.
External PhD examinations
- Tseng Lan-Shu (2015) 'The Transformation of Sino-Indian Relations, 1988-2013', University of Nottingham, November 20.
- Avinash Paliwal (2015) 'Sources of Change in India’s Afghan Policy, 1996-2014', King’s College London, March 27.
- Ananya Chatterjee (2015) 'India's Defence and Security Policies Since 1991', University of Reading, March 26.
- Phan-Orn Powcharoen (2014) 'Rationality or Irrationality? Deterrence in the Survival Strategy of the North Korean Regime', Durham University, June 9.
Chris is especially interested in supervising research by high calibre applicants relating to:
- the international relations, foreign and security policies, and domestic politics of India and/or China (and their interplay with South Asia and/or East Asia as a whole)
- projects utilising constructivist theoretical perpspectives centred upon norms, identities and social psychology.
Journal article reviewer
- Contemporary Politics
- Cambridge Review of International Relations;
- Contemporary South Asia
- Cooperation and Conflict
- European Journal of International Relations
- Foreign Policy Analysis
- Global Constitutionalism
- International Affairs
- International History Review
- International Relations
- International Relations of the Asia-Pacific
- Journal of Current Chinese Affairs
- Journal of Terrorism Research
- National Defence University (NDU) of Pakistan
- Pacific Review
- Politics, Religion & Ideology
- Review of International Studies
- Security Studies
- Journal of Global Studies
- Terrorism and Political Violence.
Special section reviewer
- (2016) 'Understanding India's International Rise', 24th European Conference on South Asian Studies (ECSAS), University of Warsaw, July 29.
- (2016) 'Evaluating India's International Emergence', 24th IPSA World Congress of Political Science, Poznan, July 26.
- (2012) 'India's Emergence as a Great Power', 26th British Association for South Asian Studies (BASAS) Annual Conference, SOAS, April 14.
- (2010) 'South Asia's Changing Security Environment and the Role of Identity', 21st European Conference on Modern South Asian Studies (ECMSAS), University of Bonn, July 26-29.
- (2007) 'Indian Security: Past-Present-Future', 32nd British International Studies Association (BISA) Annual Conference, University of Cambridge, December 17.
Invited guest lecturer
- (2016) 'The Rise of China', Monthly Seminar Series, University of the Third Age (Solihull Central Branch), June 30.
- (2015) 'Conceptualising Great Power: Material, Institutional and Ideational Sources', Power: Back to the Future? Symposium, Catholic University of Louvain, April 29.
- (2014) ‘The Consequences of China’s Economic Rise’, Politics, Philosophy and Economics (PPE) Society, George Watson’s College, Edinburgh, December 15.
- (2014) 'South Asia and the War on Terror', Centre for South Asian Studies (CSAS) Seminar Series, University of Edinburgh, November 27.
- (2014) 'The BJP and the Evolution of Indian Foreign Policy [Book Launch]', Centre for South Asian Studies (CSAS) Seminar Series, University of Edinburgh, November 18.
- (2014) 'Uncertain Transition: Corruption, Legitimacy and India’s Contemporary Ascent', Global Insecurities Centre, University of Bristol, April 30.
- (2014) 'Careers in Academia', Theory & Practice (Department of Politics and International Relations), University of Edinburgh, March 17.
- (2013) 'China and the Pursuit of Great Power in Asia', China Studies Centre, University of Sydney, November 28.
- (2013) 'India’s International Rise: Dynamics and Trajectories', Australia India Institute, University of Melbourne, November 21.
- (2013) 'Evaluating Greatness: the Case of Asia's Largest Powers', East Asian Institute, National University of Singapore, October 4.
- (2013) 'Emerging Powers - the Rise of India and China', Royal College of Defence Studies, Defence Academy of the United Kingdom, September 26.
- (2013) 'Conceptions of India as a Great Power', Government Department, St. Lawrence University, New York, March 19.
- (2012) 'Self-Projection: India and the International System', International Relations Research Group, University of Edinburgh, December 3.
- (2012) 'Great Power Aspiration & Indian Conceptions of International Society', ESRC Seminar Series, King's College London, November 2.
- (2012) 'This House Fears the Rise of China', University of St Andrews Union Debating Society, October 4. [Public Debate]
- (2012) 'China's International Relations', Confucius Institute Lecture Series, University of Manchester, June 27. [Public Lecture]
- (2011) 'The Rise of China', Transatlantic Seminar Series, University of Edinburgh, November 11.
- (2011) 'Assessing the Behemoth - China as a Great Power', Scottish Centre for Chinese Social Science Research, University of Glasgow, November 10.
- (2010) 'A Lasting Legacy? - the 1998-2004 National Democratic Alliance and Domestic Indian Politics', Centre for South Asian Studies (CSAS) Seminar Series, University of Edinburgh, October 7.
- (2009) 'New South Asian Security: India, Pakistan and the United States since 1998', School of Government & International Affairs, Durham University, May 13. [Public Lecture]
- (2009) 'The BJP and Indian Foreign Policy: Origins, Ideology and Agendas', Centre for South Asian Studies (CSAS) Seminar Series, University of Edinburgh, March 12.
Invited panel chair/invited conference participant
- (2012) 'Contesting International Orders: the China Challenge (I), Visions of a Chinese International Order', BISA-ISA Joint International Conference, Edinburgh, June 22. [Panel Chair]
- (2011) '1st Asan Plenum: Our Nuclear Future', Asan Institute for Policy Studies, Seoul, June 13-15. [Conference Participant]
- (2010) 'War & Governance', PhD Showcase in Politics and IR, University of Edinburgh, April 22. [Panel Chair]
- (2016) 'Trump and the World', IR Monday Seminar Series, University of St Andrews, December 5.
- (2012) 'Reshuffling the International Order: China’s Transition and the World', BISA-ISA Joint International Conference, Edinburgh, June 21.
- (2012) 'Parameters of Greatness: Weighing Up India's Rise', 26th British Association for South Asian Studies (BASAS) Annual Conference, SOAS, April 14.
- (2011) 'A Normalised Dragon? Constructing China's Security Identity', 24th Association of Chinese Political Studies (ACPS) International Symposium, King's College London, June 18.
- (2011) 'Rules of Engagement: an Ideational Analysis of India-China Relations', School of International Relations Research Seminar, University of St Andrews, February 14.
- (2010) 'Overcoming the Past: the Role of Myth and Memory in the India-Pakistan Relationship', 21st European Conference on Modern South Asian Studies (ECMSAS), University of Bonn, July 29.
- (2010) 'Examining Ideational Sources of Security in South Asia', 21st European Conference on Modern South Asian Studies (ECMSAS), University of Bonn, July 28.
- (2010) 'Identity, Norms and National Security in India', 24th British Association for South Asian Studies (BASAS) Annual Conference, University of Warwick, March 30.
- (2009) 'Defining (Indian) Security Identity', International Politics Research Group, University of Edinburgh, November 10.
- (2009) 'From 1947 to 26/11: Tracing the Pakistan-Terrorism Nexus in Indian National Security', 23rd British Association for South Asian Studies (BASAS) Annual Conference, University of Edinburgh, April 1.
- (2008) 'The Impact of the BJP on the Political Dimension of India's Security Identity', 2nd PhD Seminar on South Asian Studies, University of Ghent, September 19.
- (2008) '"Fate has Marked us for Big Things": India's Great Power Aspiration', 20th European Conference on Modern South Asian Studies (ECMSAS), University of Manchester, July 10.
- (2007) 'Post-Colonial, Pre-BJP: Parameters of Indian Security Culture until the 1990s', 32nd BISA Annual Conference, University of Cambridge, December 17.
- (2007) 'Necessary Dialectics: Identity Dependence in Indo-Pakistani Foreign Relations', Europe and Global Politics - 57th Political Studies Association (PSA) Annual Conference, University of Bath, April 13.
- (2006) 'Fear and Loathing: Pakistan as the "Other" in Indian Cultural Security', Contentious Politics - European Consortium of Political Research (ECPR) 1st Graduate Conference, University of Essex, September 8.
- (2006) 'Cultural Politics of Fear: Differentiation, Threat Perception and Security', Overturning Orthodoxies - Centre for Peace & Conflict Studies (CPCS) Graduate Workshop, University of St. Andrews, April 21.
Chris is available for comment, interview, analysis or consultancy on the following topics:
- Asian great power politics (the 21st century rise of China/India)
- Chinese foreign policy, domestic governance and politics (including peripheral relations with Japan, North Korea, India and South East Asia)
- India's security and foreign policy practices (including current and historical relations with Pakistan, China, the United States and South Asia)
- the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), electoral politics and nationalism in India
- international relations and security practice in South Asia and East Asia
- India's nuclear programme and development.
- (2013) 'Exploring the Past, Present and Future Trajectories of Chinese National Security', Carnegie Trust Research Grants, £2,190.00.
- (2012) Professional Development Funding, Centre for Academic, Professional and Organisational Development (CAPOD), £200.00.
- (2012) 'Past as Prologue - Investigating the Origins of Chinese Foreign Policy', Santander Early Career Researcher Grant, £1,000.00.
- (2011) 'The Role of Identity in China's Security and Foreign-Policy Making', Carnegie Trust Research Grants, £2,120.00.
- (2005-10) Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) 1+3 Quota Studentship, University of Edinburgh, £64,000.00 [+ tuition fees].
- (2005-09) Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) 1+3 Quota Studentship, University of Birmingham, £64,000.00 [+ tuition fees]. [declined]
- (2005-07) Commonwealth Scholarship & Fellowship Plan (CSFP), Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU) Delhi, £15,000.00 [+ tuition fees]. [declined]
- Global Challenges Research Fund (GCRF)
- Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) [UK]
- Horizon 2020 [European Commission]
- Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (SSHRC) of Canada.
- 'Around the Caspian', EU Grant, (from 2015 with Professor Fawn).
- Higher Education Academy (HEA), UK (from November 2012).
- Centre for South Asian Studies (CSAS), University of Edinburgh (from September 2011).
- Association of Chinese Political Studies (ACPS)
- British Association of South Asian Studies (BASAS)
- European Association for South Asian Studies (EASAS)
- Genesys Network
- International Studies Association (ISA)
- PSA Specialist Group Politics and Policy in South East And East Asia
- Scottish Centre for China Research - University of Glasgow.
Senior Research Associate
- Foreign Policy Centre, London (from March 2014).
- Chinese University of Hong Kong (from June 2015).