Dr Hazel Cameron, Lecturer


Hazel Cameron is a lecturer within the School of International Relations. She was awarded her PhD at the University of Liverpool in December 2009; her thesis was titled External Institutional Bystanders to Genocide: Cast Study Rwanda. She took up her current post at the University of St Andrews in February 2011. Her previous teaching experience was within the School of Law, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, the Department of Politics, University of Stirling and the Department of Applied Social Science, University of Stirling.

Hazel has written a monograph of her doctoral research titled Britain's Hidden Role in the Rwandan Genocide, which is a systematic and detailed socio-legal analysis of the policies of the British Government towards civil unrest in Rwanda throughout the 1990s, culminating in genocide in 1994. It was shortlisted for the Socio-Legal Studies Association (SLSA) Hart Book Prize 2014.

Hazel Cameron is co-editor of the journal Genocide Studies International and is affiliated to the International State Crime Initiative (ISCI), a community of scholars working to advance current understandings of state crime. The International State Crime Initiative is based at King's College London and partnered with University of Hull, University of Ulster and the Harvard Humanitarian Initiative. 

Research areas

Hazel's research interests include:

  • state crime
  • state responsibility
  • global elite bystanders to international crime
  • mass violence.  

Hazel's ongoing research is a study of 'Impunity in Harare', which focuses on state crimes within the borders of Zimbabwe committed by various actors during the period spanning the British self-governing colony of Southern Rhodesia (1953 to 1965); the period of independence, civil war and the government of Ian Smith in Rhodesia; post-independence Zimbabwe and the government of Robert Mugabe (1980 to 1999); economic challenges, hyperinflation, farm invasions, and electoral violence (1999 to 2008).

She is currently researching atrocities that took place in the Matabeleland region of the newly independent Zimbabwe when 10,000 to 20,000 people were massacred. The state sanctioned killings were carried out by the Fifth Brigade of the Zimbabwe National Army. The massacres were largely ignored by the international community, despite being widely reported at the time by the press. These crimes against humanity, which also included torture, forced starvation, disappearances, displacements, and rape are commonly referred to as Gukurahundi.



  • Cameron, H., (2018), Wilful Blindness: British Complicity in Gukurahundi, London, Hurst & Co.
  • Cameron, H., (2012), Britain's Hidden Role in the Rwandan Genocide: The Cat's Paw, London, Routledge
  • The book was shortlisted for the Socio-Legal Studies Association (SLSA) Hart Book Prize 2014.


  • Cameron, H., (Forthcoming 2017), ‘British policy towards the Matabeleland Massacres, Zimbabwe 1983: A Conspiracy of Silence?’ International History Review
  • Cameron, H. (2015). The French Connection: Complicity in the 1994 Genocide in Rwanda. African Security, 8(2), 96-119.
  • Cameron, H., (2012), 'British State Complicity in Genocide: Rwanda 1994' State Crime Journal, Volume 1, Issue 1
  • Cameron, H., (2012), 'J. Stearns, Dancing in The Glory of Monsters: The Collapse of the Congo and the Great Wars of Africa', State Crime, 1:2
  • Cameron, H., (2011), 'Germany's Genocide of the Herero: Kaiser Wilhelm II, His General, His Settlers, His Soldiers by Jeremy Sarkin', The Round Table: The Commonwealth Journal of International Affairs, 100: 416  
  • Cameron, H., (2010), ‘The Hidden Role of Britain in Rwandan State Violence’, Criminal Justice Matters, 82

Book chapters

  • Cameron, H., (forthcoming 2017), ‘The Role of Conflict in African Development’ in Tony Binns, Kenneth Lynch and Etienne Nel (eds) Handbook of African Development, London, Routledge
  • Cameron, H., (2016), ' The New Raw Resources Passing Through the Shadows' in Margaret Malloch and Paul Rigby (eds) Exploitation: The Complexities of Human Trafficking, Edinburgh, Edinburgh University Press



  • Theoretical approaches to International Relations (Lectures in Postcolonialism) (IR2005)
  • State, Power, Crime (IR3050)
  • Genocide (IR4530)
  • Civil War, Genocide and Transformation: Rwanda (IR5727 postgraduate module)
  • Comparative Genocide Studies (IR5729 postgraduate module).

PhD supervision topics


  • Genocide
  • Crimes against Humanity
  • State Crimes.

Dr Cameron is especially interested in receiving research proposals with a particular focus on state crime in the former Rhodesia and/or Zimbabwe.

Further information

Editorial positions

  • Co-Editor, Genocide, Studies International
  • Editorial Advisory Board, State Crime Journal
  • Editorial Advisory Board, International Journal for Crime, Justice and Social Democracy