Skip navigation to content

Rick Fawn


Room: 139

Office Hours on research leave in 1st semester

Tel: 2957




Regular teaching includes:


IR3104 The International Relations of Post-Communist Central and Eastern Europe  [Junior Honours Undergraduates]

IR4525 Ethno-national Conflict in the Post-Communist Space [Senior Honours Undergraduates]

IR4544 War and Peace in the Caucasus  [Senior Honours Undergradutes]

IR 5003 Regional Security [core module for MLitt in International Security]

IR5012/5212 Revolution and Change (now less frequently offered)

IR5029/5229 Peace and Conflict in Post-Communist Eurasia [principally for MECASS & CEES MLitts]

IR5527 Conflicts, Security and Democracy in the Greater Caucasus [principally for MECASS and CEES MLitts]

Contributions to subhonours and MLitt core modules.


Previously second-year convenor and M.Litt. and International Security Studies convenors.


Keywords: International security; foreign policy decision-making; nationalism and politics of Central and Eastern Europe; NATO and EU enlargement; post-communist regional cooperation initiatives; intergovernemental organizations and conflict and peace in post-communist Europe.

Professor Rick Fawn is a specialist on international security, with a geographic concentration on the former communist space. He has conducted research in and published on Central Europe, the Balkans, Russia, the Caucasus and Central Asia.  He has also made numerous invited briefings and contributions to governments, NGOs and media, and given many papers and invited lectures and keynote addresses in the UK and overseas. 

Professor Rick Fawn has received research grants from various bodies, including the two major grants from the European Union (FP7 and Horizon 2020); the British Academy, the Nuffield Foundation; the Open Society Institute; the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) Academy; The Foreign & Commonwealth Office; the Russell Trust; and the Carnegie Trust for the Universities of Scotland; and was the St Andrews lead and steering committee member of the 8-University 4.7GBP ESRC/AHRC-funded Centre of Excellence called the Centre for Russian and Central and East European Studies (CRCEES).

Current research includes: - comparative regionalism - contentious politics in the post-communist/former Soviet space - security and conflict/conflict resolution in the post-Soviet space - democratization and the (non)role of IOs

Member of the Middle East, Caucasus and Central Asia Studies Institute; Centre for Peace and Conflist Studies; and the Centre for Russian, Soviet and Central and Eastern European Studies at the University of St Andrews.

Currently Director of the Middle East, Caucasus and Central Asia Studies Institute (MECACS).


"Rick Fawn has delivered the defining study of the power politics, normative struggles and subtle tools of influence that characterize value-based organizations like the Council of Europe and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe. Fawn's theoretical precision, fascinating cases and eye for the unexpected turn reveal both how cynical states subvert the principled commitments of international organizations and how tactically astute bureaucrats and like-minded allies can counter their challenges. International Organizations and Internal Conditionality is a must-read for scholars and international policymakers engaged with the broader question of how regional organizations maintain normative commitments in the absence of hard material incentives."

- Alexander Cooley, Columbia University, USA

"Well researched and cogently reasoned, this book will undoubtedly be widely read and will make a lasting contribution to the theory as well as the practice of democratization and human rights promotion [...] Most of the IR literature on norm diffusion has focused on transnational networks and argumentation with officials at the national level. Fawn goes beyond this scholarship in a very important way: by inquiring into the processes whereby IOs, transnational civil society and the state engage one another. In order to do so he advances the concept of 'internal conditionality,' or the means through which normative influence is exerted by IOs."

- Douglas Blum, Providence College, USA

'It is a common error to give credit only to NATO and the European Union for the relative stability and good governance European nations enjoy today. Wider, ostensibly weaker groupings like the Council of Europe and Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) have also striven since Cold War times to spread Western standards to a growing range of neighbouring or newly-created states. This book for once gives these organizations their due, looking in detail at cases where they have applied overt and/or subtle pressures to remedy government abuses - with results more significant than many might expect.'
- Alyson Bailes, University of Iceland

'Rick Fawn ... has written an important book. His expertise in security and democratization processes in Central and Eastern Europe is demonstrated on each and every page.'
- Otto Spijkers, Public International Law, Utrecht University, Security and Human Rights, 2015

'the analysis contributes to the unveiling of a specific aspect of interactions among international and domestic actors, which has never been so carefully investigated before .... this book will remain a path-breaking investigation in the analysis of international and domestic interactions. In particular it succeeds in bringing new data and concepts to address the latest topics in democratisation studies, such as the presence of challenges or alternatives to Western norms'

-Europe-Asia Studies, 2015

'an informative read for all scholars and policy makers, and a "must read" for scholars with a special focus on international organisations, Europe and post-Soviet studies.'

- Political Studies Review, 2016

Previous books:

12. International Organizations and Internal Conditionality: Making Norms Matter (Palgrave Macmillan, 2013).

11.  Georgia: Revolution and War (Routledge, 2013, as editor).

10.  Historical Dictionary of the Czech State (co-authored with Jiri Hochman; 2010), 428pp.

9.   Globalising the Regional, Regionalising the Global (Cambridge University Press, 2009; as editor), 261pp.

8.  The Iraq War: Causes and Consequences (Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2006; co-edited with Raymond Hinnebusch), 357pp.

7. Ideology and National Identity in Post-communist Foreign Policies (Routledge, 2003, as editor), 241pp.

6.   Global Responses to Terrorism: 9/11, Afghanistan and Beyond (Routledge, 2003; co-edited with Mary Buckley), 334 pp.

5.  Realignments in Russian Foreign Policy (Routledge, as editor, 2003).

4.  Russia after Communism (Routledge, 2002, as co-editor with Stephen White).

3.  The Changing Geopolitics of Eastern Europe (Routledge, 2001; as co-editor with Andrew Dawson). 

2.  The Czech Republic: A Nation of Velvet (Routledge, 2000).

1.   International Society after the Cold War: Anarchy and Order Reconsidered  (Macmillan, 1996, as co-editor with Jeremy Larkins), 302 pp.





Selected refereed journal articles:

Rick Fawn, 'Visegrad’s place in the EU since accession in 2004: “Western” perceptions', International Issues & Slovak Foreign Policy Affairs No. 01-02 (2014), pp. 3-24.

Rick Fawn, 'Visegrad: Fit for Purpose?' Communist and Post-Communist Studies, Vol. 45, No. 3 (2013).

Rick Fawn and Robert Nalbandov, 'The Difficulties of Knowing the Start of War in the Information Age: Russia, Georgia and the War over South Ossetia, August 2008’, European Security, Vol. 21, No. 1 (March 2012), pp. 57-91.

Rick Fawn; ‘“Central Europe”: On the Move?’ Perspectives: The Review of International Affairs Vol. 18, No. 2, 2010, pp. 79-94.

Rick Fawn; "“Bashing About Rights”: Russia and the “New” EU States on Human Rights and Democracy Promotion"; Europe-Asia Studies; Vol. 61, No. 10 (2009), pp. 1777-1803.

Rick Fawn; "“Regions” and Their Study: Where From, What For and Where To"; Review of International Studies; 35:2009, pp. 5-34.

Rick Fawn and Oliver Richmond; ‘De facto States in the Balkans: Shared Governance versus Ethnic Sovereignty in Republika Srpska and Kosovo’,  Journal of Intervention and State-Building  Vol. 3, No. 2 (June 2009), pp. 205-38.

Rick Fawn,  ‘Visegrad: The Study and the Celebration’, Europe-Asia Studies, Vol. 60, No. 4 (June 2008), pp. 681-92.

Rick Fawn, ‘The Kosovo – and Montenegro – Effect’, International Affairs, Vol. 84, No. 2 (March 2008), pp. 269-94.

Rick Fawn, ‘No Consensus with the Commonwealth, No Consensus within Itself: Canada and the Iraq War’, The Round Table, Vol. 97, No. 397 (August 2008), pp. 519-34.

Rick Fawn, ‘Battle Over the Box: International Election Observation Missions, Political Competition and Retrenchment in the Post-Soviet Space’, International Affairs Vol. 82, No. 6 (November 2006), pp. 1133-53.      

Rick Fawn,  ‘Enlarging (the Debate on) Central Europe’, Slavonica Vol. 13, No. 2 (2007), pp. 168-75 (review article).

Rick Fawn,  ‘Alliance Behaviour, The Absentee Liberator, and the Influence of Soft Power’, Cambridge Review of International Affairs Vol. 19, No. 3 (September 2006), pp. 465-80.

Rick Fawn, ‘The Temelín Nuclear Power Plant and the European Union in Austrian-Czech Relations’, Communist and Post-Communist Studies Vol. 39, No. 1, 2006, pp. 101-19.

Rick Fawn,  ‘From Universal Ideology to Nationalist Doctrines: Post-Communist Foreign Policies in Perspective’, Journal of Communist Studies and Transition Politics Vol. 19, No. 3, 2003, pp. 1-41.

Rick Fawn, ‘Reconstituting a National Identity: Ideologies in Czech Foreign Policy after the Split, Journal of Communist Studies and Transition Politics Vol. 19, No. 3, 2003, pp. 204-228.

Rick Fawn, ‘Russia’s Reluctant Retreat from the Caucasus: Abkhazia, Georgia and the US after September 11’, European Security Vol. 11, No. 4 (Winter 2002), pp. 131-50.

Rick Fawn,  ‘The Media between Conflict and Consensus in Czech-Romani Affairs’, Journal of European Area Studies Vol. 10. No. 1 (May 2002), pp. 71-89.

Rick Fawn, ‘Correcting the Incorrigible?: Russia’s Relations with the West over Chechnya’, Journal of Communist Studies and Transition Politics Vol. 18, No. 1 (March 2002), pp. 1-19.

Rick Fawn, ‘Interests over Norms in Western Policy Towards the Caucasus: How Abkhazia is No One’s Kosovo’, European Security Vol. 10, No. 3 (Autumn 2001), pp. 84-108 (as co-author).

Rick Fawn, ‘Czech Attitudes towards the Roma: “Expecting More of Havel’s Country”?’, Europe-Asia Studies Vol. 48, No. 8 (December 2001), pp. 1193-1219.

Rick Fawn, ‘Death Penalty as Democratisation: Is the Council of Europe Hanging Itself?’ Democratization Vol. 8, No. 2 (Summer 2001), pp. 69–96.

Rick Fawn ‘The Elusive Defined? Visegrád Cooperation as the Contemporary Contours of Central Europe’, Geopolitics, Vol. 6, No. 1 (Summer 2001), pp. 47-68.

Rick Fawn, ‘Symbolism in the Diplomacy of Czech President Václav Havel’, East European Quarterly   Vol. XXXIII, No. 1 (March 1999), pp. 1–19.


Book Chapters


Selected book chapters:

Rick Fawn, 'Russian foreign policy and the promotion of alternative conceptions of democracy and human rights', in Shifting Power and Human Rights Diplomacy (Amnesty International, 2017)

Rick Fawn, 'International Commitments to International Election Observation in the Caucasus and Central Asia: The Interplay between Political Identity, Foreign Policy and Regional Affiliations,' in M. Ayoob and M. Ismayilov (eds) Identity and Politics in Central Asia and the Caucasus (London: Routledge, 2015), pp. 134-57.

Rick Fawn, 'The International Transformation and Re-regionalization of ‘Eastern Europe’ in Stephen White, Judy Batt and Paul G. Lewis (eds), Central and East European Politics 5 (Duke University Press, and Palgrave, 2013), pp. 119-38.

Rick Fawn, 'Regional Relations and Regional Security' in Sabrina P. Ramet (ed.), Central and Southeast European Politics since 1989 (Cambridge University Press, 2010), pp. 495-518.

Rick Fawn, 'Democracy or Deficiency? Parties, Coalitions and Politics in the Czech Republic', in Lars Johannsen and Karin Hilmer Pedersen (eds), Pathways: A Study of Six Post-Communist Countries (Aarhus, Denmark: University of Aarhus Press, 2009), pp. 117–37.

Rick Fawn,  ‘Chechnya, the Council of Europe and the Advocacy of Human Rights in the Toughest of Cases’, in Douglas W. Blum (ed.), Russia and the World: Globalization, Identity and Security (Washington, DC: Woodrow Wilson Center Press and Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2008), pp. 259-286.

Rick Fawn,  ‘Central and Eastern Europe: Independent Actors or Supplicant States?’, in Fawn and Hinnebusch (eds), The Iraq War: Causes and Consequences (Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2006), pp. 83-101.

Rick Fawn, ‘The Iraq War of 2003: unfolding and unfinished’, in Fawn and Hinnebusch (eds), The Iraq War (Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2006), pp. 1-18.

Rick Fawn,  ‘The East’, in Hans Mouritzen and Anders Wivel (eds), The Geopolitics of Euro-Atlantic Integration (Routledge, 2005), pp. 128-48.

Rick Fawn, ‘From Ground Zero to the War in Afghanistan’, in Buckley and Fawn (eds), Global Responses to Terrorism (Routledge, 2003), pp. 11-24.

Rick Fawn, ‘Canada: Reluctant Moral Middle Power’, in Buckley and Fawn (eds), Global Responses to Terrorism (Routledge, 2003), pp. 79-89

Rick Fawn, ‘Perceptions in Central and Southeastern Europe’, in M. Buckley and S. Cummings (eds), Kosovo: Perceptions of War and its Aftermath (London and New York: Continuum, 2001), pp. 136-55.

Rick Fawn and James Mayall, ‘Recognition, Self-determination and Secession in Post-Cold War International Society’, in Fawn and Larkins (eds) International Society After the Cold War (Macmillan, 1996), pp. 193–219.

Rick Fawn, ‘Central Europe since the Revolutions of 1989: States, Economies and Culture in a Time of Flux’, in John Macmillan and Andrew Linklater (eds), Boundaries in Question: New Directions in International Relations (London and New York: Pinter, 1995), pp. 69-86.

Some other publications, including policy briefs:

What Does the Russian-Armenian Joint Military Force Mean for Security in the South Caucasus? (Tbilisi: Georgian Institute of Politics, 2016)

'Trouble in the neighbourhood? The understated but essential roles for Visegrad', in Adam Hug (ed.), Trouble in the Neighbourhood? The future of the EU's Eastern Partnership (London: The Foreign Policy Centre, 2015).

Working together to improve human security in the South Caucasus rapporteur report on policy conference sponsored by the UK Foreign Office and Swiss Ministry of Foreign Affairs (as incoming Chairmanship of the OSCE), published January 2014, available at:

External Diplomatic Perceptions of Visegrad Cooperation, funded by the International Visegrad Fund, published October 2013, available at:

Security in the South Caucasus, rapporteur’s report for Wilton Park conference co-organised by the British Foreign Office and the Georgian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, April 2012, 10pp, available through the download link at:

XIX or XXI century? Divergent perspectives and policies in Russian-British/Western security relations since the end of the Cold War,’ in Oрыт Bторй мировой войны для Европы XXI века (The Lessons of the Great Patriotic War for the 21th Century) (Moscow: Russian Academy of Sciences, 2011), pp. 118-31.

‘The EU’s newer human rights promoter – post-communist states and EU-Russian relations’, The EU-Russia Centre Review Issue Sixteen, November 2010, pp. 39-48. 

‘Kosovo’s Independence and the Future of Nagorno-Karabagh’, in Azerbaijan in the World (Baku: Azerbaijan Diplomatic Academy) Vol. 1, No. 3, 1 March 2008. 

‘The Velvet Revolution’, in J. Merriman and J. Winter (eds), Europe Since 1914: Encyclopedia of the Age of War and Reconstruction (New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 2006).

Author of and contributor or consultant to several policy papers for governments, non-governmental organizations and intergovernmental organizations.



Degree convenor, M.Litt. in Middle East, Caucasus and Central Asian Security Studies

Director, Institute of Middle East, Central Asia and Caucasus Studies.

Previous administrative duties have included:


Director of Teaching, School of International Relations.


Deputy Head and Acting Head of School, School of International Relations.


Director, Centre for Russian and Central and East European Studies.


Warden, McIntosh Hall.


Academic Council.


School Study-Aborad Coordinator.


School Library Representative.


Dean's representative on academic hiring committees.





Research grants from various bodies, including:

EU Horizon 2020: Around the Caspian

EU PF7 Marie Curie ITN grant jointly for St Andrews valued at 592,009 Euro / £482,000

the British Academy

the Foreign and Commonwealth Office

the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) Academy

the Nuffield Foundation

the Russell Trust

the Carnegie Trust for the Universities of Scotland

coordinator of the 8-University £4.7 million ESRC/AHRC-funded Centre of Excellence in Language-Based Area Studies, the Centre for Russian and Central and East European Studies

Editorial Positions


Editorial Board, Europe-Asia Studies


Editorial Board, New Perspectives: Interdisciplinary Journal of Central & East European Politics and International Relations


Associate Editor, Review of International Studies (2006-2010)


Editor and Associate Editor, Millennium: Journal of International Studies


Extensive refereeing of submissions for major journals and university presses in IR theory, international security, international organizations and norms, European security, Central and East European and Post-Soviet politics, security and nationalism .

Invited Talks, Lectures and Seminars


Numerous invited presentations, lectures, briefings and keynote addresses in the UK, USA, Europe and Asia, to universities, government agencies, NGOs, intergovernmental bodies and think tanks.

On average, one dozen invited lectures or policy-related presentations overseas each year.




Various invited media contributions to print media, radio and television, both UK and internationally.

Current Research Students

Single, co- or second supervision currently of 8 PhD candidates, genreally working on aspects of security, with particular reference to pan-European security institutions and/or post-communist conflicts.

PhD Supervision topics


Some successfully defended doctoral dissertations:

  • 'The State Application of Repressive and Reconciliatory Tactics in the North Caucasus (2007-2014)'
  • 'Foreign policy of the European Union towards the South Caucasus in 1992-2014'
  • 'Police reform and state-building in Georgia, Kyrgyzstan and Russia'
  • 'Petroleum Geopolitics: A Framework of Analysis'
    • ‘Opportunity, Ethnic Identity and Resources in Ethnic Mobilisation: The Cases of the Kurds in Iraq and the Abkhaz in Georgia’.
    •  ‘Constructing a Common EU Policy vis-à-vis the East: Managing Identity, Normativity, Morality and Interest in Talk’.
    • '"Transitions after Transitions": Coloured Revolutions and Organised Crime in Georgia, Ukraine and Kyrgyzstan'.
    • ‘Power, Civil Society and Contentious Politics in Post-Communist Europe’
    • 'Privatization in the Czech Republic: Six Case Studies'
    • 'Explaining the Break-up of Czechoslovakia'

    Back to staff list