Skip navigation to content

Ensuring Inclusive Practice

Why does this matter? 

  • The University has a responsibility to deliver quality teaching and learning to all their students. 
  • The student population reflects the increasing diversity of UK society and the success of HEIs in attracting international students. 
  • The diversity of students frames the learning experience. 
  • Inclusive practice maximises the value of this resource and enriches the experience for all. 
  • Students who acquire the skills to work productively with people from different backgrounds are likely to be attractive to potential employers. 
  • A proactive approach to inclusion is likely to reduce the time academics would otherwise spend working on a one-to-one basis with students who are experiencing problems with learning. 
  • Students have a legal right to teaching that does not discriminate against them on grounds of age, ethnicity, gender reassignment, pregnancy or maternity, religion or belief, sex, or sexual orientation.
  • Note that disabled students have a legal right to reasonable adjustments to ensure that their needs to access education are met.

Inclusive practice provided from the 'Academic adjustments for disabled students Guidance for staff'

Inclusive design and delivery of teaching is an anticipatory adjustment insofar as it obviates or minimises the need for individual reasonable adjustments. By anticipating the diverse needs of students, inclusive teaching removes barriers to participation and avoids the stigmatisation of disabled students who no longer need to request such adjustments.

While not mandatory or comprehensive, listed below are examples of inclusive practice in teaching:   
Face students when speaking 

  • Use a microphone where available 
  • Repeat students' questions clearly for other students to hear
  • Provide advance guidance on required reading 
  • Provide class materials in advance of the class and in a visually clear and customisable format 
  • Provide instructions or information in an accessible electronic format
  • Arrange classes in accessible locations 
  • Use lecture capture technology
  • Enable students to meet with staff in an accessible location
  • Minimise the use of unnecessary cultural references 
  • Use a mix of teaching strategies and activities 
  • Providing reading lists which distinguish between essential and desirable items
  • Providing instructions in written form for practical tasks such as experiments or classroom activities 


Advance HE (HEA guidance): Building inclusivity: engagment, community and belonging in the classroom 

The following table provides a checklist of key concerns (source: Advance HE):

Generic Checklist

a) Reflecting on your teaching practice:

You can increase the effectiveness of your teaching practice by reflecting on diversity, being aware of how your own background and identity are expressed in course design and teaching style, and understanding your reactions to particular individuals and communities to recognise your affinities and prejudices and consider how they affect students’ experiences of your course.

b) Encouraging interaction:

As students may be inclined to work with others from a similar background – which may be particularly true for students whose first language is not English – consider allocating teams for group work rather than allowing self-selection, asking groups to reflect on the process of shared projects as well as the task, and encouraging students to reflect on diversity issues in personal learning journals. 

c) Course content:

By explaining cultural references and using accessible language, illustrating points with examples that reflect the diversity of your students, recognising how the dynamics of relations between different groups have impacted on your subject field, and acknowledging which voices/issues are not represented you are more likely to engage and motivate all students. 

d) Flexible teaching and assessment methods:

By using a variety of teaching and assessment methods (essays, examinations, website and blog development, seminars, presentations, etc) each student will have the opportunity to enhance their strengths and challenge their less-developed learning skills. 

The response of your students to each activity will enable you to identify whether some methods work better for particular groups of students and to pinpoint any barriers to learning that might need to be addressed. 

e) Meeting disabled students’ access requirements:

It is important that you understand what reasonable adjustments your disabled students need in order to facilitate their learning, and adapt your teaching methods appropriately.

This might affect the rooms used, activities, lecture delivery, the format of materials, coursework and assessment methods. 

f) Accommodating other needs:

Students may request alternative arrangements for reasons other than disability.

For example, a student may ask to be allowed to breastfeed in a lecture – and you will need to decide what can be reasonably accommodated given the nature of the request and the impact on the activity and on other students. 

 Updated: 15 Oct 2019



Human Resources

University of St Andrews
The Old Burgh School

Abbey Walk
St Andrews
KY16 9LB
Scotland, United Kingdom

Tel: +44(0)1334 463096