Indications of dyslexia in adults
There are different levels of dyslexia, and the following lists below are examples. Experiencing these examples could lead to a lack of confidence, low self-esteem and can cause frustration.
- Discrepancy between general abilities and language skills.
- Level of work varies from day to day.
- Will report 'good days' and 'bad days.
- Poor short-term auditory memory.
- Confusions between left and right, or East and West
- Sequencing difficulties.
- Problems remembering the time, 'losing' time.
- Organisational difficulties.
- May not hear rhyme very well.
- May not understand humour.
- Takes spoken and written words literally - doesn't understand nuances.
- May take time to process conversation.
- Difficulties with word finding, pronunciation or articulation.
- Inaccurate self image,- "I must be careless" etc.
- Misreads words i.e. commuters for computers.
- Omits or confuses small words.
- Reads very slowly.
- Difficulties with reading comprehension and finds it hard to follow instructions in manuals/guidelines.
- Problems de-coding new scientific words.
- Loses place in a line of words.
- Dislikes reading long or detailed reports.
- A 'quick forgetter' rather than a 'slow learner'.
- Poor strategies for 'rehearsal' of information into long-term memory.
- Difficulties memorising facts, new terminology etc.
Writing and Spelling:
- May have severe handwriting problems.
- Difficulties with listening and taking notes - both sound interference and short term auditory memory problems.
- Difficulties in copying from the board/overhead projector.
- Reversals e.g. reading from a calculator.
- Often severe and persistent spelling problems.
- Has a difficulty in getting ideas on paper and so written work fails to adequately express student's understanding, ideas or vocabulary.
- Forgets telephone numbers - dials incorrectly.
- Forgets car registration numbers.
- Difficulty remembering dates, maths, formulae, working with foreign coinage.
- May make frequent mistakes with a calculator.
- Difficulty filling in cheques i.e. getting numbers and their names to tally.
- Difficulty with time - forgets appointments, late for meetings, wrong venue.
- May forget to pay bills.
Problems with alphabetical order - phone books, dictionaries, filing systems etc.
Difficulties remembering series of instructions, messages, loses track of content of lectures, meetings etc.
Left/right confusion, giving directions, reading maps, finding car in car.
Source: Dyslexia Scotland