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Elena Marushiakova has worked in the field of Romani studies for more than 3 decades and published widely on Roma in Bulgaria, Balkans and Central and Eastern Europe. Her major publications (in co-authorship with Vesselin Popov) include the first-ever monographs on Roma history and ethnography of the Roma in Bulgaria (1997) and on the Gypsies in the Ottoman Empire (2000); alongside a book on Roma in the Black Sea region (2008) and book on Gypsies in Central Asia and Caucasus (2016). Elena Marushiakova and Veselin Popov are editors and authors of 4 volumes with Roma Folklore and Oral History, as well as many other books, articles and book chapters, assessment studies and catalogues for museum exhibitions.
Elena Marushiakova started her professional career at the Ethnographic Institute at Slovak Academy of Sciences, followed by work at the Institute of Ethnology and Folklore Studies with Ethnographic Museum at of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, where she chaired the Department of Balkan Ethnology. After 1989 she co-founded with Veselin Popov the Minority Studies Society Studii Romani and created also Roma Heritage Museum Fund at National Ethnographical museum in Sofia (1995) and initiated the first museum exhibition about Gypsies in Bulgaria and also the First international museum exhibition “Roma/Gypsies in Central and Eastern Europe” in 1998/1999 in Budapest. From 2001 till 2004 she conducted research of Gypsies in Former Soviet Union in framework of the Complex Research Programme “Difference and integration” of the Universities of Leipzig and Halle. From 2013 till 2014 she was Professor Fellow in International Research Centre Work and Human Lifecycle in Global History at the Humboldt University of Berlin and in 2016 in Imre Kertész Kolleg at Friedrich Schiller University Jena.
Elena Marushiakova is President of the Gypsy Lore Society, the world’s oldest organization of Romani studies. She is also a member of a number of other professional organisations including Central Eurasian Studies Society; the International Council of Museums - International Committee for Museums Ethnography; and the International Council for Traditional Music. She was also founding and Scientific Committee member of the European Academic Network on Romani Studies, which was established by the European Commission and the Council of Europe.
Elena Marushiakova is member of the editorial boards of the journals Romani Studies, Grazer Romani Studien, Studia Romologica and of the Book Series Nationalisms Across the Globe (Peter Lang). Dr. Elena Marushiakova is holder of 2009 Fulbright New Century Scholars Award from the Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs of the U.S. Department of State and the Council for International Exchange of Scholars.
In 2015 Elena Marushiakova was a Leverhulme Visiting Professor at the University of St. Andrews and in September 2016 she returns as holder of ERC advanced grant working as Principal Investigator.
The ERC advanced grant research project is entitled “Roma Civic Emancipation between the two World Wars”. The project’s main aim is to study the history of the Roma in the period between WWI and WWII, and the appearance and development of social and political projects proposed by Roma. The departing point of the research is the circumstances that Roma are not a hermetically isolated social and cultural system. They exist in two dimensions, both as separate ethnic communities and as a part of the macro-society in which they live within the respective nation-states. Together with members of the macro-society they experienced breakdowns of old Empires and the establishment of national states. On the vast territories of that what would became the Soviet Union they were included in the building of a new political system. In this time span Roma started to be politically institutionalized and subjected to a variety of controversial policy practices. The project looks at Roma not only as passive recipients of policy measures but also as active architects of their lives, so the aim is together with studying evidences reflecting state policies in regard to Roma to collect written heritage of Roma visionaries whose published and unpublished texts reflect the main stages in the development of the Roma movement and represent its different aspirations. The project is looking at Roma as an inseparable part of the mainstream history and Roma socio-political visions as part of the history of modern political thought in Europe. It will create a publicly accessible database of sources and manuscripts representing social and political endeavors of Roma. This will be a major contribution to the study of the history of Roma movements and state measures towards them in the Interwar period.
Marushiakova, Elena and Veselin Popov. 2016. Gypsies in Central Asia and Caucasus. London: Palgrave Macmillan.
Марушиакова, Елена и Веселин Попов. 2007. Студии Романи. Избрано. София: Парадигма.
Marushiakova, Elena, Udo Mischek, Vesselin Popov and Bernhard Streck. 2005. Dienstleistungsnomadismus am Schwarzen Meer. Zigeunergruppen zwischen Symbiose und Dissidenz. In Orientwissenschaftliche Hefte (16).
Марушиакова, Елена и Веселин Попов. 2000. Циганите в Османската империя. София: Литавра. [Translations: Marushiakova, Elena and Vesselin Popov. 2001. Gypsies in the Ottoman Empire. Hatfield: University of Hertfordshire Press; Marushiakova, Elena and Vesselin Popov. 2003. Romi u Turskom Carstvu. Subotica: Čikoš Holding; Marushiakova, Elena and Vesselin Popov. 2006. Osmanlı Imperatorluğu’nda Çingeneler. Istanbul: Homer; یلینا ماروشیاکوف٢٠٠٩ ا و فاسلین بو. تاریخ الغج. الغجر فی الدولة العثما نیة. وکالةسفنکس ،.]
Марушиакова, Елена и Веселин Попов. 1993. Циганите в България. София: Клуб ‘90. [Translation: Marushiakova, Elena and Vesselin Popov. 1997. Gypsies (Roma) in Bulgaria. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang.]
B. Collections of Folklore and Oral History
Marushiakova, Elena, Vesselin Popov and Birgit Igla, eds. 1998. Studii Romani. Vol. V-VI. The Snake’s Ring. The Language and Folklore of Erli from Sofia. // Студии Романи. Том V-VI. Змийският пръстен. Език и фолклор на Софийските Ерлии. Sofia: Litavra. [bilingual edition]
Marushiakova, Elena and Vesselin Popov, eds. 1997. Studii Romani. Vol. III-IV. The Song of the Bridge. // Студии Романи. Том III-IV. Песента за моста. Sofia: Litavra. [bilingual edition]
Marushiakova, Elena and Vesselin Popov, eds. 1995. Studii Romani. Vol. II. // Студии Романи. Том II. Sofia: Club ’90. [bilingual edition]
Marushiakova, Elena and Vesselin Popov, eds. 1994. Studii Romani. Vol. I. // Студии Романи. Том I. Sofia: Club ’90. [bilingual edition]
C. University Textbooks
Марушиакова, Елена и Веселин Попов. 2012. Цигани в Източна Европа. Курс лекции. София: Парадигма.
Кючуков, Христо, Елена Марушиакова и Веселин Попов. 2004. Христоматия по ромска култура. София: Иктус Принт.
Марушиакова, Елена, Веселин Попов и Христо Кючуков. 1994. Беседи за българските роми (циганите). София: МОН.
D. Illustrated Books and Catalogues
Марушиакова, Елена и Веселин Попов. 2012. Ромската етнокултура – минало и настояще. Каталог. София: Парадигма. [Translations: Marushiakova, Elena and Vesselin Popov. 2012. Roma Culture in Past and Present. Catalogue. Sofia: Paradigma; Marushiakova, Elena and Vesselin Popov. 2012. La cultura étnica de los Gitanos (Roma) – pasado y presente. Catálogo. Sofia: Paradigma; Marushiakova, Elena and Vesselin Popov. 2012. I Romani etnokultura – paluptnipe thaj akana. Katalogo. Sofia: Paradigma.]
Marushiakova, Elena, Udo Mischek, Vesselin Popov and Bernhard Streck. 2008. Zigeuner am Schwarzen Meer. Leipzig: Eudora Verlag.
Marushiakova, Elena and Vesselin Popov. 2000. Gypsies Roma in Times Past and Present. Photo-Book. // Цигани/Рома от старо и ново време. Фото-книга. Sofia: Litavra. [bilingual edition]
Marushiakova, Elena and Vesselin Popov. 1995. The Gypsies of Bulgaria. Problems of the multicultural museum exhibition. // Циганите на България. Проблеми на мултикултуралната музейна експозиция. Sofia: Club ’90. [bilingual edition]
E. Assessment Studies
Guy, Will, Andre Liebich and Elena Marushiakova. 2010. Improving the tools for the social inclusion and non-discrimination of Roma in the EU. Report. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.
Marushiakova, Elena and Vesselin Popov. 2007. Advancing Education of Roma in Bulgaria. Country Assessment and the Roma Education Fund’s Strategic Directions. Budapest: Roma Education Fund.
Marushiakova, Elena and Vesselin Popov. 2007. Roma and the Economy: The Promotion of Vocation and Education for Roma in Bulgaria. Recommendation Brochure. Berlin: Parabolis.
Marushiakova, Elena and Vesselin Popov. 2006. Educational and Vocational Training Programmes for Roma in Bulgaria. Recommendation Brochure. Berlin: Parabolis.
Marushiakova, Elena et al. 2001. Identity Formation among Minorities in the Balkans: The Cases of Roms, Egyptians and Ashkali in Kosovo. Sofia: Minority Studies Society “Studii Romani”.
F. Edited Books
Kyuchukov, Hristo, Elena Marushiakova and Vesselin Popov, eds. 2016. Roma: Past, Present, Future. München: Lincom Academic Publishers.
Marushiakova, Elena and Vesselin Popov, eds. 2016. Roma Culture: Myths and Realities. München: Lincom Academic Publishers.
Marushiakova, Elena, ed. 2008. Dynamics of National Identity and Transnational Identities in the Process of European Integration. Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.