CRUICKSHANK, GEORGE [SSNE 5087]
- CRUICKSHANK, CRUIKSHANK, CRUKSCHANK, KRUKSANG, KRUCKSZANG
- First name
- GEORGE, GEORGIUS
- Social status
Text sourceIn 1646 George Cruickshank, a merchant, provided a birthbrieve from Aberdeen dated 8 March 1636, paid 100 florins, an extra 14 florins instead of gunpowder and a long gun in order to become a citizen of Cracow. King Wladislaw IV intervened personally on Cruickshank's behalf to obtain citizen's rights for him although he was not a Catholic. He is also probably the same as the George Cruickshank noted as an elder of the Cracow Assembly in 1647, who had married a Miss Juger in 1641. He was one of several Scottish merchants in Poland ordered to liquidate his estate on behalf of the "King of England" in February 1651. On 1 March 1651 he had an estate worth 2000 Imperial thaler and so paid a tithe of 200 Imperial thaler in Cracow. This did not put him out of business however. It appears that George Cruickshank died in 1666 when Robert Chapman acted for his heir Janet Cruickshank (his sister) by George, Robert and John Cruickshank, burgesses of Aberdeen. Chapman's letter to the burgesses and Council of Aberdeen dated March 1667 seeking clarity on how best to get Janet the money has been reprinted in Aberdeen Council Letters.
A.F. Steuart, Papers relating to the Scots in Poland 1576-1793 (Edinburgh, 1915), p.44, pp.81-2, p.117; Cath. Civ. Crac. prim. ord. 1655-1794; L.B. Taylor (ed.), Aberdeen Council Letters, vol IV, 1660-1669 (Oxford, 1954), pp.301-302; A.B. Pernal and R.P. Gasse, The 1651 Polish Subsidy to the exiled Charles II, Oxford Slavonic Papers, vol xxxii (Oxford, 1999), p.21, p.35; Z. Guldon and L. Stepkowski, Szkoci i Anglicy w Koronie w polowie XVII wieku, Kieleckie Studia Historyczne, ii (1977); A. Bieganska, "In search of Tolerance, Scottish Catholics and Presbyterians in Poland", in Scottish Slavonic Review, 17 (1991),p.40.