DRUMMOND, WILLIAM [SSNE 3863]

Surname
DRUMMOND
First name
WILLIAM
Title/rank
4TH LORD MADERTY OF CROMLIX
Nationality
SCOT
Region
ROSS AND CROMARTY
Social status
NOBILITY

Text source

Sir William Drummond, the 4th Lord Maderty, sometimes styled "of Cromlix" fought against Oliver Cromwell, and later fled to the continent. In 1656 he went to Moscow as major general with Thomas Dalyell on the recommendation of King Charles II. In 1662 his forces defeated the Poles near Chausy, and thereafter he was promoted to lieutenant general and Governor of Smolensk. He was also granted an estate. In 1665 he was allowed to leave Russia on the request of King Charles and the following year he became the commander of the army in Scotland. In 1686 he was created Viscount of Strathallan and Lord Drummond of Cromlix. He is buried in Dunblane Cathedral.

DNB; Sir James Balfour Paul, The Scots Peerage (8 vols., Edinburgh, 1904-1911), VIII, p.220; G.P. Herd, 'General Patrick Gordon of Auchluchries - A Scot in Seventeenth Century Russian Service', Ph.D. thesis, Aberdeen, 1994; W. Barnhill and P. Dukes, 'North-east Scots in Muscovy in the seventeenth century' in Northern Scotland, vol. 1, no. 1, 1972, pp.49-63; D. Fedosov, The Caledonian Connection (Aberdeen, 1996).

Service record

RUSSIA, RUSSIAN ARMY
Arrived 1656-01-01, as LIEUT GENERAL
Departed 1665-12-31, as LT. GENERAL
Capacity OFFICER, purpose MILITARY
RUSSIA, SMOLENSK REGIMENTS
Arrived 1662-01-01
Departed 1665-12-31, as COMMANDANT
Capacity COMMANDANT, purpose MILITARY
SCOTLAND, SCOTLAND
Arrived 1665-12-31, as MAJOR GENERAL
Departed 1686-12-31, as MAJOR GENERAL
Capacity OFFICER, purpose MILITARY