Surname First Name
ROBERTSON, ROBERTSSON, ROBERTZONIUS, ROBBERTSON, ROBBERTSSON, RUDBETZSON, till VON STRUAN JAMES, JAKOB, JACOB ROBERT
Title/Rank Nationality
DOCTOR SCOT
Region Social Status
STRUAN, PERTH AND KINROSS NOBILITY
Education Religion
 
Service Record
COUNTRY LOCATION ARRIVED RANK A DEPARTED RANK B CAPACITY PURPOSE
SWEDEN ROYAL COURT, STOCKHOLM 1614-01-01 1651-12-31 MEDICAL DOCTOR ROYAL SERVANT, MEDICAL, MEDICINE
SWEDEN RIGA 1622-08-22 1623-11-22 DOCTOR MEDICAL
SWEDEN POMERANIA (Pommern) 1626-07-29 1630-12-31 DOCTOR MEDICAL
 
Text Source

Dr James Robertson was born in Scotland in 1566 the son of Patrick Robertson and Elizabeth Ramsay. He became a doctor of both philosophy and medicine. Robertson became both court and personal doctor to Gustav II Adolf of Sweden in 1614. He bought a house in Riga on 22 August 1622 and opened an apothecary in Stockholm the following year under the trade name of "Markatten" now on Stora Nygatan. By 21 June 1624 the monopoly of all medicines within the royal palace were given over to Robertson for a yearly sum of 200 rixdaler. It appears, that as was the case with many of of the Scottish officers in Swedish employment, payment for his services was not always forthcoming. In December 1623 James Spens [SSNE1642] wrote a letter to Chancellor Axel Oxenstierna asking him to entrust Doctor Robertson regarding some personal matters, implying that Spens and Robertson knew eachother rather well; Spens did this again in April 1624. Spens seemed to rely on writing in what he termed his 'own language' (Scots) to Dr Robertson in the knowledge that the Doctor would be able to supply a translation, whether written or orally, to Chancellor Axel Oxenstierna. In January 1625 Chancellor Axel Oxenstierna interceded on his behalf with Peder Anderson, treasury master, and requested that the outstanding sum of 391 daler be paid to the doctor. This personal privilege of monopoly was extended on 22 June 1625 to allow him to take on partners. This was confirmed again in 1626 when he also received a donation of goods from Gustav II Adolf. By 1629 Robertson had established his own business in Pomerania in partnership with Jacob du Rees. He obtained proof of his Scottish noble ancestry from King Charles I in 1630, who furnished a document from Edinburgh. He was introduced into the Riddarhus in 1634. After the death of Gustav II Adolf, Robertson became the personal doctor and 'arkiater' to Queen Kristina by 1645. He died on 3 December 1652, although one source notes a letter written by one J. Robertsson, Swedish nobleman dated Dorpt 26 ? 1656 regarding Adolf Robertson who had wounded his wife and then ended his life rotting alive on a rubbish heap. Robertson was married to Margareta Blom in 1620 (d.16 July 1646) and then, at the age of 84 to Anna Seitserf [SSNE 6241] in her first marriage. She was either the daughter of Major Alexander Seitserf or of captain John Seitserf of Scottish descent, and she was just 17. Robertson's daughter Elizabeth [SSNE 6262] married first to a German and then to the Scot John Orchartoun [SSNE 3229]. He also had the children Christina Jacobina [SSNE 3552](d.19 September 1679), Adolf [SSNE 6289] (d.1660) and Maria Eleonora [SSNE 6290], while the baptismal records for Nikolai Kyrka show Gustav, Margareta and Elisabet being baptised between December 1623 and October 1628. . ........................................................................... Swedish Riksarkiv, Anglica 5, 13 December 1623, and ibid, 26 April 1624; Stockholm Stadsarkiv, (Storkyrkan) Nikolai församling dopböker, 1623-1717, I, p.342; G. Elgenstierna, Svenska Adelns Ättartavlor, vol 6, p.376; Rikskansleren Axel Oxenstiernas skrifter och brefvexling, first series, III, p.3; Carl Forsstrand, En Stockholmslakare under forsta halften av 1600 talet Jakob Robertson livmedikus hos Gustav II Adolf (Stockholm 1925); H. Marryat, One Year in Sweden, including a visit to the isle of Gotland (London, 1862), p.495; P. Wieselgren, (ed.), De La Gardiska Archivet, part 10 (Lund, 1838), p.20, p.69; A. Levertin, C.F.V. Schimmelp-Fenning and K.A. Ahlberg (eds), Sveriges Apotekarhistoria (6 vols., Stockholm 1910-1949), I, pp.27-28; T. Fischer, The Scots in Sweden (Edinburgh, 1907), p.33; Steve Murdoch, Network North: Scottish Kin, Commercial and Covert Associations in Northern Europe, 1603-1746 (Brill, Leiden, 2006), p.259.

© 1995 - Steve Murdoch & Alexia Grosjean.
Published to the internet by the University of St Andrews, November 2004
ISSN 1749-7000