CRAWFORD, LAWRENCE [SSNE 1338]

Surname
CRAWFORD, CRAFOORD
First name
LAWRENCE
Title/rank
SERGEANT MAJOR GENERAL
Nationality
SCOT
Region
JORDANHILL, RENFREWSHIRE [NOW GLASGOW]
Social status
OFFICER

Text source

Lawrence Crawford was the sixth son of Hugh Crawford and Elizabeth Stirling. He was born in Jordanhill near Glasgow in 1611. 

Crawford served as a soldier both in King Christian IV of Denmark-Norway's army and in James Marquis Hamilton's army [SSNE 1348] which fought alongside Gustav II Adolf of Sweden. Later he served with Johan Skytte [SSNE 6280], the ethnic and naturalised Scot in 1635. He is also said to have served three years under Karl Ludwig (Charles Louis) of the Palatinate (possibly under Willam Lord Craven [SSNE 1339]). He subsequently returned to Great Britain and participated in the civil wars. In 1641 he commanded infantry in Ireland serving at Drogheda in 1642. He refused to fight against parliament and was forced to leave Ireland for refusing to abjure the Covenant in 1643. Thereafter he gained the rank of major general in 1644 of the Manchester's Western Association Army commanding his forces with distinction at Marston Moor. He was killed at the seige of Hereford.

 

Sources: Swedish Krigsarkiv, Muster Roll, 1635/26,29-31; ODNB: Steve Murdoch and Alexia Grosjean, Alexander Leslie and the Scottish Generals of the Thirty Years' War, 1618-1648 (London, 2014), pp.125-126, 130-132 and 138-140. B. McGrath, ‘The Recruiter returns to the Irish Parliament, 1642-1648’  in P. Little (ed.), Ireland in Crisis: War, Politics and Religion 1641-50. (Manchester University Press, Studies in Early Modern Ireland series, 2019),  pp 119-137.

 

With Thanks to Dr Bríd  McGrath for updating this entry.

 

English Civil War

Service record

DENMARK-NORWAY, DANISH ARMY
Arrived 1626-01-01, as SOLDIER
Departed 1628-10-31, as SOLDIER
Capacity SOLDIER, purpose MILITARY
SWEDEN [AND GREAT BRITAIN], SWEDISH ARMY, HAMILTON'S ARMY
Arrived 1631-06-08
Departed 1632-10-01
Capacity OFFICER, purpose MILITARY
SWEDEN, JOHN SKYTTE'S INFANTRY REGIMENT
Arrived 1635-01-01, as LIEUTENANT
Departed 1635-12-31, as LIEUTENANT
Capacity OFFICER, purpose MILITARY
PALATINATE, GERMANY [PROTESTANT PRINCES]
Arrived 1636-11-01
Departed 1638-10-17
Capacity OFFICER, purpose MILITARY
STUART KINGDOMS, IRELAND
Arrived 1641-01-01, as COMMANDER
Departed 1643-12-31, as COMMANDER
Capacity OFFICER, purpose MILITARY
STUART KINGDOMS, WESTERN ASSOCIATION, MARSTON MOOR
Arrived 1644-01-01, as SGT MAJ GENERAL
Departed 1644-12-31, as SGT MAJ GENERAL
Capacity OFFICER, purpose MILITARY