Christin Simons


Contact Details

Thesis Title: : The Success of Neutrality? The perception and recognition of the Scandinavian Asiatic Companies by the Great East India Monopoly rivals and indigenous Asian trading partners.
Supervisor: Professor Steve Murdoch


The purpose of this research is to analyse the development of strategies enabling smaller companies to subsist on the trade within China and Europe by means on the Scandinavian Asiatic Companies (SAC), more precisely the Swedish- and the Danish East India Company in the period of the 1730´s to the 1820´s. By investigating the perception and interaction of the relatively small SAC with competing companies like the European giants, the British East India Company (EIC) and the Dutch East India Company (VOC), I seek to establish the trading strategies, particularly those concerning ´neutrality´ which resulted in the successful East India trade of the Scandinavian companies in the 18th century. While work has been carried out on the economic, social and cultural aspects of the SAC, no-one has investigated the impact of perception by other companies on the success of the SAC. The major aim is to investigate in how far the perceptions as “smugglers”, “interlopers” but also as “diplomats” prove true and in how far this was used in evolving a strategy to survive in the China trade.



2016/17: University of St Andrews St Leonard’s Scholarship

2016/17: Chinese Scholarship Council (CSC) Scholarship

2017/18: Economic History Society Bursary Winner