Anne Rutten


Thesis title: Textual Communication in the Reigns of Robert II and Robert III of Scotland, 1371-1406
Supervisor: Dr Katie Stevenson


Anne obtained an undergraduate degree in English Language and Culture at Leiden University, during which she also attended Trinity College Dublin for a year as a Harting Scholar. She pursued her interest in the medieval period by completing a postgraduate research degree in Medieval Studies at Utrecht University and studied a semester abroad at the University of St Andrews.

Doctoral Research

Her PhD project focuses on Robert II and Robert III of Scotland, the first Stewart kings of Scotland. Rather than emphasising their use of family relations to govern the country, it draws attention to their communication, specifically their use of documents and other textual sources. The linguistic situation of fourteenth-century Scotland will be under consideration, together with the literacy or literacies in the different languages of the Scottish populace. Central to this project are the content and context of textual communication and whether these changed under the stress of other factors like external events, audience or intention. The self-representation of Robert II and Robert III in these documents also plays a large role, and how they positioned themselves to other parties in their textual community. This examination of the usage, results and effects of certain types of texts under Robert II and Robert III will lead to a re-evaluation of their reigns.


‘Speaking of the Senses: Non-Textual Knowledge in Mandeville’s Travels’; International Medieval Congress, University of Leeds, July 2015
‘The Power of Parchment: The Value of Documents in the Conflict between James II and the Black Douglases’; Communication and Exploitation of Knowledge: A Graduate Conference, Leiden University, February 2015
‘Wrath, Wasps, Wounds and Weakening: Christianity as a Cure in The Siege of Jerusalem’; LUCAS Graduate Conference, Leiden University, January 2015
‘No Bed to Lie In’: Judging the Papacy and Navigating Roman Spaces in the Book of Margery Kempe’; Masterclass: Urban Space in Medieval Rome 300-1600, Royal Netherlands Institute in Rome, June 2014


AD Links Foundation Scholarship (2015-2018)
Prins Bernhard Cultuurfondsbeurs (2015)