It is essential that the layout of the bibliography is logical and consistent.
(I) Section One of Bibliography – archival sources (if required)
The following order is recommended for the citation of archival sources, although the conventions of the repository or nature of the source may require a different form:
place, reference no of file, reference no of document, status of document, author, title, date, page no.
(Ii) Section Two of Bibliography – printed primary sources (if required)
Anglo-Saxon Charters, ed. and trans. A.J. Robertson (Cambridge, 1956).
The Grenville Papers: being the Correspondence of Richard Grenville, Earl Temple K.G., Friends and Contemporaries, ed. W.J. Smith, 4 vols (London, 1852-1853).
(III) Section Three of Bibliography – secondary sources: NB All entries should be organised alphabetically by surname of first-named author or editor.
For these different types of entries, please follow the following formats:
Klaus, Vaclav, The Threats to Liberty in the 21st Century, 6 May 2006, <http://www.hrad.cz/cms/en/prezident_cr/klaus_projevy/3485.shtml>[8 May 2006].
Book with Single Author
Colley, Linda, Captives: Britain, Empire and the World, 1600-1850 (London, 2002).
Book with Joint Authors
Burleigh, Michael and Wippermann, Wolfgang, The Racial State: Germany, 1933-1945 (Cambridge, 1991).
Edited Book with One Editor
Crew, David F. (ed.), Nazism and German Society, 1933-1945 (London, 1994).
Edited Book with Joint Editors
Oresko, Robert, Gibbs, G.C. and Scott, H.M. (eds), Royal and Republican Sovereignty in Early Modern Europe (Cambridge, 1997).
Chapter within a Book
Bahlcke, Joachim, ‘Calvinism and estate liberation movements in Bohemia and Hungary (1570-1620)’ in Karin Maag (ed.), The Reformation in Eastern and Central Europe (Aldershot, 1997), pp. 72-91.
Brandi, Karl, The Emperor Charles V, trans. C.V. Wedgwood (London, 1939).
Note: if you are using a later edition of a book, this should also be recorded:
Gilbert, Felix and Large, David Clay, The End of the European Era: 1890 to the Present (4th ed. New York, 1991).
McGinnis, Scott, ‘"Subtiltie" Exposed: Pastoral Perspective on Witch Belief in the Thought of George Gifford’, Sixteenth Century Journal 33 (2002), pp. 665-686.
Cheshire, J. ‘Early Victorian Stained Glass’, (PhD dissertation, University of Exeter, 1998).
You may find it useful to put together your bibliography before you start writing and then cut and paste individual entries into the footnotes.
The formatting of a footnote entry differs from that of an entry in the bibliography in that
The first citation must be full, but second and subsequent citations of the same work should be in abbreviated, but readily identifiable, form: usually author’s surname, short version of title and page reference. Retain the formatting as in the bibliography.
If consecutive references are to the same work use Ibid.
Notes on footnoting:
The final checking should be done with extreme thoroughness as marks can easily be lost through the impression of carelessness created by uncorrected errors, factual and textual.
The specific requirements in each dissertation module can vary. Students should ensure that they are fully aware of the following:
Footnoting and Bibliography
Unless directed otherwise by their supervisor, dissertation candidates should follow the footnoting and bibliographical instructions above.
Note also that in the dissertation footnotes should be numbered consecutively through each new chapter.
The layout and composition of the introductory pages will normally be as follows:
1. Title Page
This should include the following:
The full title of the work and a subtitle if wished, the title can take any form but should convey an impression of the conent of the thesis/project/dissertation (in the top half)
The name of the candidate (in the centre)
The name of the supervisor (in the form: Supervisor: Dr. Jane Smith)
A statement that ‘This thesis is submitted in partial fulfilment for the degree of M.A. Honours in the School of History, University of St Andrews’
The month and year.
2. Statement of Own Work and Word Count
The candidate must include the following signed statement, with the exact number of words given.
I, (name of candidate), attest that this dissertation, for submission to the School of History, St Andrews University, is entirely my own work.
It contains (exact word count) words.
(Signature of Candidate) (Date)
3. Table of Contents
This should give the titles and page references for the chapter, appendices, maps, diagrams, tables or other illustrations.
This should contain a statement of the candidate’s argument and should also include any general remarks on problems related to the subject not suitable for inclusion in the text
5. Abbreviations and/or List of Illustrations/Figures
When a book of article or periodical is to be cited frequently (say more than about ten times), then it may be convenient to cite it in an abbreviated form. Such abbreviated forms must be set out in the List of Abbreviations.
EHR English Historical Review
HJ Historical Journal
CSP Scot. Calendar of State Papers, Scottish
SCJ Sixteenth Century Journal
Maps, diagrams, and the like can be included here, or in the appendix. They are not required, but may be useful in some cases.