University of St Andrews



I specialize in interdisciplinary approaches towards energy issues, engaging with both natural and social scientists. I assess policy and activist viewpoints, as well as develop and promote new conceptual thinking such as energy justice. A range of external bodies including most notably the British Academy, ESRC, EPSRC and the Carnegie Trust has funded the development of my research agenda.


  • Director of the Arctic Research Centre
  • Director of Impact and Knowledge Exchange
  • Director of the MSc in Sustainable Energy
  • ESRC Peer Review College
  • Carnegie Research Assessor
  • Nuclear Consulting Group


Research Interests

I am involved in a wide range of energy-based academic and commercially funded research. I also retain a keen interest in complementary areas of research seeking to understand technology-society relationships (e.g. biofuels, biotechnology, micro-generation, third generation nuclear reactors). I list a brief selection of recently PI and Co-I funded projects ranging from one to six years in project duration;

  • National comparative analysis of Arctic energy resource development (more here)
  • Adaptation and resilience of the UK energy system to climate change (more here)
  • Discourses of energy justice in the United States and Europe (more here)
  • Conceptualizing energy injustice: Exploring injustices in energy production and consumption in Scotland (more here)
  • Going Nuclear? Exploring the multi-level politics of including nuclear energy in a low carbon future (more here)


Teaching Interests

  • SD4112 Global Energy Politics
  • SD5299, SD5023 Sustainable Energy
  • SD5001, SD5003 Sustainable Development
  • GG5002, GG5003 Advanced Research Methods and Design
  • SD5099, SD4299 Sustainable Development and Geography Dissertations
  • SD4221 Review Essays

Postgraduate Students

  • Caroline Damgaard (Urban energy systems)
  • Maria Pavlenko (Arctic energy)
  • Ryan Holmes (Arctic shipping)
  • Rika Hirose Haga (Nuclear and decommissioning)
  • Esther Lew (Climate change negotiations)
  • Ilinca Bajenaru (Urban governance)