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Old Testament Pseudepigrapha Classified Bibliography 2002

THE OLD TESTAMENT PSEUDEPIGRAPHA

HONOURS MODULE DI3216 (/5214)

UNIVERSITY OF ST. ANDREWS

ANNOTATED BASIC BIBLIOGRAPHY (2002)

compiled by Dr. James R. Davila

Abbreviations not explained in the text may be found in the _SBL Handbook of Style_, (ed. Patrick H. Alexander et al.; Peabody, Mass.: Hendrickson, 1999). The following bibliography primarily covers basic works in English for texts from the Old Testament Pseudepigrapha covered in DI3216/4216 in the Spring Semester of 2002. A few important editions of primary texts in French and German are also given.

CONTENTS OF THIS PAGE
0.0 General Bibliography
0.1 Methodology
0.2 Translations of the Old Testament Pseudepigrapha in Collections
0.3 Guide Series
0.4 On the Literature of the Second Temple Period
0.5 Literary Approaches and Ancient Exegesis
0.6 On Greek Translations of Semitic Originals
1.0 The Book of 1 Enoch and Related Material
1.1 The Book of Giants
1.2 The Book of the Watchers
1.3 The Animal Apocalypse
1.4 The Epistle of Enoch (Including the Apocalypse of Weeks)
2.0 The Psalms of Solomon
3.0 4 Ezra (2 Esdras 3-14)
4.0 2 Baruch
5.0 The Story of Zosimus/History of the Rechabites
6.0 The Life of Adam and Eve/Apocalypse of Moses
7.0 The Apocryphon of Ezekiel/4QPseudo-Ezekiel

  "The Pseudepigrapha in Christianity." In _Tracing the Threads: Studies in the Vitality of Jewish Pseudepigrapha_, 55-86. Edited by John C. Reeves. SBLEJL 6. Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1994. Required reading for anyone who wants to work seriously with the Old Testament Pseudepigrapha!

__________. "The Pseudepigrapha and Christianity Revisited: Setting the Stage and Framing Some Central Questions." _JSJ_ 32 (2001) 371-395. A follow-up to the above, also very useful and programmatic.

 

0.2 TRANSLATIONS OF THE OLD TESTAMENT PSEUDEPIGRAPHA IN COLLECTIONS

Charles, R. H. (ed.). _The Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha of the Old Testament in English, vol. 1, Apocrypha; vol. 2, Pseudepigrapha_. Oxford: Clarendon, 1913. Hereafter, "APOT."

Charlesworth, James H. (ed.). _The Old Testament Pseudepigrapha_, vol. 1, _Apocalyptic Literature and Testaments_, vol. 2, _Expansions of the "Old Testament" and Legends, Wisdom and Philosophical Literature, Prayers, Psalms, and Odes, Fragments of Lost Judeo-Hellenistic Works_. Garden City, N. Y.: Doubleday, 1983, 1985. Hereafter, "OTP."

Sparks, H. F. D. (ed.). _The Apocryphal Old Testament_. Oxford: Clarendon, 1984. Hereafter, "AOT."

 

0.3 GUIDE SERIES

Guides to Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press. Volumes published thus far include _2 Esdras_, _4 Maccabees_, _The Ascension of Isaiah_, _The Life of Adam and Eve and Related Literature_, _Sirach_, _Wisdom of Solomon_, _Jubilees_, _Joseph and Aseneth_, and _Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs_.

 

0.4 ON THE LITERATURE OF THE SECOND TEMPLE PERIOD

Boccaccini, Gabriele. _Beyond the Essene Hypothesis: The Parting of the Ways between Qumran and Enochic Judaism_. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1998.

Collins, John J. _The Apocalyptic Imagination: An Introduction to Jewish Apocalyptic Literature_. 2nd ed. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1998.

Himmelfarb, Martha. _Ascent to Heaven in Jewish and Christian Apocalypses_. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993.

__________. _Tours of Hell: An Apocalyptic Form in Jewish and Christian Literature_. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1983.

Horbury, William, et al. (eds.). _The Cambridge History of Judaism_, vol. 3, _The Early Roman Period_. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999.

Kraft, Robert A., and George W. E. Nickelsburg (eds.). _Early Judaism and Its Modern Interpreters_. The Bible and Its Modern Interpreters 2. Atlanta, Ga.: Scholars Press, 1986.

Nickelsburg, George W. E. _Jewish Literature Between the Bible and the Mishnah: A Historical and Literary Introduction_. London: SCM, 1981.

Sanders, Ed Parish. _Paul and Palestinian Judaism: A Comparison of Patterns of Religion_. London: S.C.M., 1977.

Schiffman, Lawrence H. and James C. VanderKam (eds.), _Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls_ (Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2000) (Hereafter, _EDSS_)

Sch<"u>rer, Emil. _The History of the Jewish People in the Age of Jesus Christ (175 B.C.-A.D. 135)_, vol. 3, parts 1-2. Revised edition edited by Geza Vermes, Fergus Millar, and Martin Goodman. Edinburgh: Clark, 1986.

Stone, Michael E. (ed.). _Jewish Writings of the Second Temple Period: Apocrypha, Pseudepigrapha, Qumran Sectarian Writings, Philo, Josephus_. CRINT 2.2. Philadelphia: Fortress, 1984.

VanderKam, James C. _An Introduction to Early Judaism_. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 2001.

 

0.5 LITERARY APPROACHES AND ANCIENT EXEGESIS

Fraade, Steven D. _Enosh and His Generation: Pre-Israelite Hero and History in Postbiblical Interpretation_. SBLMS 30. Chico, Ca.: Scholars Press, 1984.

Ginzberg, Louis. _The Legends of the Jews_. 7 volumes. Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society of America, 1936-1947. A vast collation of Jewish legend from rabbinic texts, much of the OT Pseudepigrapha, and other sources.

Kugel, James L. _In Potiphar's House: The Interpretive Life of Biblical Texts_. San Francisco: HarperSanFrancisco, 1990.

 

0.6 ON GREEK TRANSLATIONS OF SEMITIC ORIGINALS

0.61 Translation Technique of the Septuagint

Aejmelaeus, Anneli. _Parataxis in the Septuagint: A Study of the Renderings of the Hebrew Coordinate Clauses in the Greek Pentateuch_. Dissertationes Humanarum Litterarum 31. Helsinki: Suomalainen Tiedeakatemia: Akateeminen Kirjakauppa, 1982.

__________. _On the Trail of the Septuagint Translators: Collected Essays._ Kampen: Kok Pharos, 1993.

Evans, T. V. _Verbal Syntax in the Greek Pentateuch: Natural Greek Usage and Hebrew Interference_. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001.

Lee, J. A. L. _A Lexical Study of the Septuagint Version of the Pentateuch_. SBLSCS 14. Chico, Calif.: Scholars Press, 1983.

Olofsson, Staffan. The LXX Version: A Guide to the Translation Technique of the Septuagint. ConBOT 30. Stockholm: Almqvist & Wiksell, 1990.

__________. _God is My Rock: A Study of Translation Technique and Theological Exegesis in the Septuagint_. ConBOT 31. Stockholm: Almqvist & Wiksell, 1990.

Tov, Emanuel. _The Textual Use of the Septuagint in Biblical Research_. Jerusalem Biblical Studies 3. Jerusalem: Simor, 1981.

__________. _Textual Criticism of the Hebrew Bible_. Minneapolis: Fortress, 1992.

0.62 Semitic Background of the New Testament

Black, Matthew. _An Aramaic Approach to the Gospels and Acts with an Appendix on 'The Son of Man' by Geza Vermes_. 3rd ed. Oxford: Clarendon, 1967.

Casey, Maurice. _Aramaic Sources of Mark's Gospel_. SNTSMS 102. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998.

Fitzmyer, Joseph A. "The Study of the Aramaic Background of the New Testament." In _A Wandering Aramean: Collected Aramaic Essays_. SBLMS 25. Chico, Calif.: Scholars Press, 1979.

Howard, Wilbert Francis. "Appendix: Semitisms in the New Testament." In _A Grammar of New Testament Greek_, 2:411-85. By James Hope Moulton and Wilbert Francis Howard. 2 vols. Edinburgh: Clark, 1929.

Maloney, Elliott C. _Semitic Interference in Marcan Syntax_. SBLDS 51. Missoula, Mont.: Scholars Press, 1980.

Porter, Stanley E. "The Greek Language of the New Testament." In _Handbook to Exegesis of the New Testament_, 99-130. Edited by Stanley E. Porter. NTTS 25. Leiden: Brill, 1997.

Wilcox, Max. _The Semitisms of Acts_. Oxford: Clarendon, 1965.

0.63 Semitic Background of Greek Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha

Larson, Erik W. "The Translation of Enoch: from Aramaic into Greek." Ph.D. diss., New York University, 1995.

Wright, Benjamin G. _No Small Difference: Sirach's Relationship to Its Hebrew Parent Text_. SBLSCS 26. Atlanta, Ga.: Scholars Press, 1989.

 

1.0 THE BOOK OF 1 ENOCH AND RELATED MATERIAL

1.01 Translations

AOT 169-319

APOT 2:163-81

OPT 1:5-89. A good, if sometimes idiosyncratic, translation of the best Ethiopic text, but does not take sufficient account of the Greek and Aramaic evidence.

1.02 Editions and Commentaries

See also the APOT translation and commentary by Charles above.

Black, Matthew. _Apocalypsis Henochi Graece_. PVTG 3. Leiden : Brill, 1970. Greek texts of the surviving fragments of Enoch, English introductions and notes.

Black, Matthew in consultation with James C. VanderKam. _The Book of Enoch or 1 Enoch: A New English Edition_. SVTP 7. Leiden: Brill, 1985. A major commentary on the whole book of 1 Enoch.

Knibb, Michael A. in consultation with Edward Ullendorff. _The Ethiopic Book of Enoch: A New Edition in the Light of the Aramaic Dead Sea Fragments_. Oxford: Clarendon, 1978.

Milik, J. T. with the collaboration of Matthew Black. _The Books of Enoch: Aramaic Fragments of Qumran Cave 4_. Oxford: Clarendon, 1976. The _editio princeps_ of the Aramaic fragments.

Nickelsburg, George W. E. _1 Enoch: A Commentary on the Book of 1 Enoch_. Hermeneia. Minneapolis, Minn.: Fortress, 2001. Definitive and comprehensive, the first place to look with reference to 1 Enoch 1-36, 81-108.

1.03 Studies

Adler, William. "Enoch in Early Christian Literature." _SBLSP_ 13 (1978) 271-75.

Argall, Randall A. 1 Enoch _and Sirach: A Comparative Literary and Conceptual Analysis of the Themes of Revelation, Creation, and Judgment_. SBLEJL 8. Atlanta, Ga.: Scholars Press, 1995.

Boccaccini, Gabriele. _Beyond the Essene Hypothesis: The Parting of the Ways between Qumran and Enochic Judaism_. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1998.

Davidson, M. J. _Angels at Qumran: Comparative Study of 1 Enoch 1-36, 72-108 and Sectarian Writings from Qumran_. JSPSup 11. Sheffield: J.S.O.T., 1992.

Himmelfarb, Martha. "A Report on Enoch in Rabbinic Literature." _SBLSP_ 13 (1978) 259-69.

Knibb, Michael A. "Christian Adoption and Transmission of Jewish Pseudepigrapha: The Case of _1 Enoch_." _JSJ_ 22 (2001) 396-415.

Kraft, Robert A. "Philo (Josephus, Sirach and Wisdom of Solomon) on Enoch." _SBLSP_ 13 (1978) 253-57.

Nickelsburg, George W. E. "Enoch, Levi, and Peter: Recipients of Revelation in Upper Galilee." _JBL_ 100 (1981) 575-600.

__________. "_1 Enoch_ and Qumran Origins: The State of the Question and Some Prospects for Answers." _SBLSP_ 25 (1986) 341-60.

__________. "Two Enochic Manuscripts: Unstudied Evidence for Egyptian Christianity." In _Of Scribes and Scrolls: Studies on the Hebrew Bible, Intertestamental Judaism, and Christian Origins_, 251-60. Edited by Harold W. Attridge, John J. Collins, and Thomas H. Tobin, S.J. Resources in Religion 1. Lanham, Md.: University Press of America, 1990.

__________. "The Apocalyptic Construction of Reality in _1 Enoch_." In _Mysteries and Revelations: Apocalyptic Studies since the Uppsala Colloquium_, 51-64. Edited by John J. Collins & James H. Charlesworth. JSPSup 9. Sheffield: JSOT, 1991.

__________. "Scripture in _1 Enoch_ and _1 Enoch_ as Scripture." In _Texts and Contexts: Biblical Texts in their Textual and Situational Contexts. Essays in Honor of Lars Hartman_, 333-54. Edited by Tord Fornberg and David Hellholm et al. Oslo: Scandinavian University Press, 1995.

__________. "Enochic Wisdom: An Alternative to the Mosaic Torah?" In _Hesed Ve-Emet. Studies in Honor of Ernest S. Frerichs_, 123-32. Edited by Jodi Magness and Seymour Gittin. Atlanta, Ga.: Scholars Press, 1998.

__________. "'Enoch' as Scientist, Sage, and Prophet: Content, Function, and Authorship in 1 Enoch." _SBLSP_ 38 (1999) 203-30.

Reid, Stephen Breck. _Enoch and Daniel: A Form Critical and Sociological Study of Historical Apocalypses_. Berkeley, Calif.: BIBAL, 1988.

Stone, Michael E. "Enoch, Aramaic Levi and Sectarian Origins." _JSJ_ 19 (1988) 159-70.

Tigchelaar, Eibert J. C. "Eden and Paradise: The Garden Motif in Some Early Jewish Texts (1 Enoch and Other Texts Found at Qumran." In _Paradise Interpreted: Representations of Biblical Paradise in Judaism and Christianity_, 37-62. Edited by Gerard P. Luttikhuisen. Themes in Biblical Narrative Jewish and Christian Traditions 2. Leiden: Brill, 1999.

VanderKam, James C. "Enoch Traditions in Jubilees and Other Second-Century Sources." _SBLSP_ 13 (1978) 229-51.

__________. _Enoch and the Growth of an Apocalyptic Tradition_. CBQMS 16. Washington, D.C.: Catholic Biblical Association of America, 1984.

__________. _Enoch, a Man for All Generations_. Columbia, S.C: University of South Carolina Press, 1995.

__________. "Biblical Interpretation in 1 Enoch and Jubilees." In _The Pseudepigrapha and Early Biblical Interpretation_, 96-125. JSPSup 14. _SSEJC_ 2. Edited by James H. Charlesworth and Craig A. Evans. Sheffield: JSOT, 1993.

__________. "1 Enoch, Enochic Motifs, and Enoch in Early Christian Literature." In _The Jewish Apocalyptic Heritage in Early Christianity_, 33-101. Edited by James C. VanderKam and William Adler. CRINT 3.4. Minneapolis, Minn.: Fortress, 1996.

 

1.1 THE BOOK OF GIANTS

1.11 Translations

See also the editions and studies in section 1.12 and 1.13 below, many of which translate some or all of the fragments.

"The Book of Giants." In _The Dead Sea Scrolls Translated: The Qumran Texts in English_, 260-62. Edited by Florentino Garc<'i>a Mart<'i>nez. 2nd ed. Leiden: Brill, 1996. A few of the Aramaic fragments.

"The Book of Enoch (4Q201-2, 204-12) and the Book of Giants (1Q23-4, 2Q26, 4Q203, 530-33." In _The Complete Dead Sea Scrolls in English_, 513-16, esp. 515-16. Edited by Geza Vermes. London and New York: Penguin, 1997. A couple of the Aramaic fragments.

"The Book of Giants." In _The Dead Sea Scrolls: A New Translation_, 246-50. Edited by Michael Wise, Martin Abegg, Jr., and Edward Cook. San Francisco: HarperSanFrancisco, 1996. Some of the Aramaic fragments with an effort to order them and suggest some context.

Henning, W. B. "The Book of the Giants." _BSOAS_ 11 (1943-44) 52-74. The Manichean fragments in their various original languages and in English translation.

1.12 Editions and Commentaries

Beyer, Klaus. _Die aram<"i>schen Texte vom Toten Meer_, 258-68. G<"o>ttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1984. _Erg<"a>nzungband_, 119-24. G<"o>ttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1994.

Henning, W. B. "The Book of the Giants." _BSOAS_ 11 (1943-44) 52-74. The Manichean fragments in their various original languages and in English translation.

Milik, J. T. with the collaboration of Matthew Black. "The Book of Giants." In _The Books of Enoch: Aramaic Fragments of Qumran Cave 4_. Oxford: Clarendon, 1976. The _editio princeps_ of some of the Aramaic fragments from Cave Four.

Puech, <'E>mile. _Qumr<^a>n grotte 4 XXII Textes Aram<'e>ens Premi<\e>re Parte 4Q529-549_. DJD 31. Oxford: Clarendon, 2001. 9-115. The official edition of some of the Aramaic fragments from Cave Four.

Reeves, John C. _Jewish Lore in Manichaean Cosmogony: Studies in the Book of Giants Traditions_. HUCM 14. Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College Press, 1992. The Aramaic fragments published up to 1992 in the context of the relevant Manichaean fragments.

Stuckenbruck, Loren T. _The Book of Giants from Qumran: Texts, Translation and Commentary_. TSAJ 63. T<"u>bingen: Mohr Siebeck, 1997. An edition of all the Aramaic fragments.

Sundermann, Werner. "Ein weiteres Fragment aus Manis Gigantenbuch." In _OrientaliaJ. Duchesne-Guillemin emeito oblata_, 491-505. Acta Iranica 24-25. Leiden: Brill, 1984. An important additional fragment in Middle Persian.

1.13 Studies

Garc<'i>a Mart<'i>nez, Florentino. "The _Book of Giants_." In _Qumran and Apocalyptic: Studies on the Aramaic Texts from Qumran_, 97-115. STDJ 9. Leiden: Brill, 1992.

Huggins, Ronald V. "Noah and the Giants: A Response to John C. Reeves." _JBL_ 114 (1995) 103-110.

Orlov, Andrei A. "Overshadowed by Enoch's Greatness: 'Two Tablets' Traditions from the _Book of Giants_ to _Palaea Historica_. _JSJ_ 32 (2001) 137-58.

Puech, <'E>mile. "Les fragments 1 <\a> 3 du _Livre des G<'e>ants_ de la grotte 6 (_pap_6Q8)." _RevQ_ 19/74 (1999) 227-38.

Reeves, John C. "Utnapishtim in the Book of Giants?" _JBL_ 112 (1993) 110-15.

__________. "Giants, Book of." _EDSS_ 309-11.

Skjaervø, Prods Oktor. "Iranian Epic and the Manichean _Book of Giants_. Irano-Manichaica III." _Acta Orientalia Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae_ 48 (1995) 187-223.

Stuckenbruck, Loren T. "The Sequencing of Fragments Belonging to the Qumran _Book of Giants_: An Inquiry into the Structure and Purpose of an Early Jewish Composition." _JSP_ 16 (1997) 3-24.

__________. "The 'Angels' and 'Giants' of Genesis 6:1-4 in Second and Third Century BCE Jewish Interpretation: Reflections on the Posture of Early Apocalyptic Traditions." _DSD_ 7 (2000) 354-77.

 

1.2 THE BOOK OF THE WATCHERS

1.21 Translations

AOT 184-221

APOT 2:188-208

OTP 1:13-29

1.22 Editions and Commentaries

See above, 1.02 on 1 Enoch and related literature

1.23 Studies

Collins, John J. "Methodological Issues in the Study of I Enoch: Reflections of the Articles of P. D. Hanson and G. W. Nickelsburg." _SBLSP_ 13 (1978) 315-22.

Dimant, Devorah. "1 Enoch 6-11: A Methodological Perspective." _SBLSP_ 13 (1978) 323-39.

Hanson, Paul D. "Rebellion in Heaven, Azazel, and Euhemeristic Heroes in 1 Enoch 6-11." _JBL_ 96 (1977) 195-233.

__________. "A Response to John Collins' 'Methodological Issues in the Study of I Enoch.'" _SBLSP_ 13 (1978) 307-9.

Hartman, Lars. _Asking for a Meaning: A Study of 1 Enoch 1-5_. ConBNT 12. Lund: Gleerup, 1979.

__________. "An Example of Jewish Exegesis: 1 Enoch 10:16-11:2. _Neot_17 (1983) 16-27.

Himmelfarb, Martha. "From Prophecy to Apocalypse: The _Book of the Watchers_ and Tours of Heaven." In _Jewish Spirituality from the Bible through the Middle Ages_, 145-65. Edited by Arthur Green. World Spirituality 13. London: Routledge, 1986.

__________. "The Temple and the Garden of Eden in Ezekiel, the Book of the Watchers, and the Wisdom of Ben Sira." In _Sacred Places and Profane Spaces: Essays in the Geographics of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam_, 63-78. Edited by Jamie Scott & Paul Simpson-Housely. Contributions to the Study of Religion 30. New York: Greenwood, 1991.

Newsom, Carol A. "The Development of _1 Enoch_ 6-19: Cosmology and Judgment." _CBQ_ 42 (1980) 310-29.

Nickelsburg, George W. E. "Apocalyptic and Myth in 1 Enoch 6-11." _JBL_ 96 (1977) 383-405.

__________. "Reflections upon Reflections: A Response to John Collins' 'Methodological Issues in the Study of I Enoch.'" _SBLSP_ 13 (1978) 311-14.

Osborn, Carroll D. "The Christological Use of I Enoch I.9 in Jude 14, 15. _NTS_ 23 (1977) 334-41.

Roux, J. H. le. "The Use of Scripture in 1 Enoch 6-11." _Neot_ 17 (1983) 28-38

Thom, J. C. "Aspects of the Form, Meaning and Function of the Book of the Watchers." _Neot_ 17 (1983) 40-48.

Tigchelaar, Eibert J. C. _Prophets of Old and the Day of the End: Zechariah, the Book of Watchers and Apocalyptic_. OtSt. 35. Leiden: Brill, 1996.

VanderKam, J. "The Theophany of Enoch I 3b-7, 9." _VT_ 23 (1973) 129-50.

Suter, David. "Fallen Angel, Fallen Priest: The Problem of Family Purity in 1 Enoch." _HUCA_ 50 (1980) 115-135.

 

1.3 THE ANIMAL APOCALYPSE

1.31 Translations

AOT 274-91

APOT 2:248-60

OTP 1:61-72

1.32 Editions and Commentaries

Also see above, 1.02 on 1 Enoch and related literature

Tiller, Patrick A. _A Commentary on the Animal Apocalypse of_ I Enoch. SBLEJL 4. Atlanta, Ga.: Scholars Press, 1993.

1.33 Studies

Bryan, David. _Cosmos, Chaos and the Kosher Mentality_. JSPSup 12. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1995.

Ida Fr<"o>lich. "The Symbolical Language of the Animal Apocalypse of Enoch (_1 Enoch_ 85-90)." _RevQ_ 14/56 (1990) 629-36.

Klijn, A. F. J. "From Creation to Noah in the Second Dream-Vision of the Ethiopic Henoch." _Miscellanea Neotestamentica_, 147-59. Edited by T. Baarda et al. NovTSup 47. Leiden: Brill, 1978.

Lindars, Barnabas. "A Bull, a Lamb and a Word: I Enoch XC. 38." _NTS_ 22 (1976) 483-86.

Osborn, Carroll D. "_1 Enoch_ 80:2-8 (67:5-7) and Jude 12-13." _CBQ_ 47 (1985) 296-303.

Reid, S. B. "The Structure of the Ten Week Apocalypse and the Book of Dream Visions." _JSJ_ 16 (1985) 189-201.

 

1.4 THE EPISTLE OF ENOCH (INCLUDING THE APOCALYPSE OF WEEKS)

1.41 Translations

AOT 291-319

APOT 2:260-77

OTP 1:72-89

1.42 Editions and Commentaries

See above, 1.02 on 1 Enoch and related literature

1.43 Studies

Aalen, S. "St Luke's Gospel and the Last Chapters of I Enoch." _NTS_ 13 (1966) 1-13.

Olson, Daniel C. et al. "Recovering the Original Sequence of _I Enoch_ 91-93." _JSP_ 11 (1993) 69-91.

Nickelsburg, George W. E. "Riches, the Rich, and God's Judgment in 1 Enoch 92-105 and the Gospel according to Luke." _NTS_ 25 (1979) 324-44.

__________. "The Apocalyptic Message of _1 Enoch_ 92-105." _CBQ_ 39 (1977) 309-28.

__________. "The Epistle of Enoch and the Qumran Literature." _JJS_ 33 (1982) 333-48.

Reid, S. B. "The Structure of the Ten Week Apocalypse and the Book of Dream Visions." _JSJ_ 16 (1985) 189-201.

VanderKam, James C. "Studies in the Apocalypse of Weeks (_1 Enoch_ 93:1-10; 91:11-17)." _CBQ_ 46 (1984) 511-23.

 

2.0 THE PSALMS OF SOLOMON

2.1 Translations

AOT 649-82

APOT 2:625-52

OTP 2:639-70

2.2 Editions and Commentaries

See also Gray's commentary in APOT above.

Baars, W. "Psalms of Solomon." In _The Old Testament in Syriac According to the Peshi<.t><.t>a Version_ 4.6. Peshi<.t><.t>a Institute: Leiden, Brill, 1972). The Syriac Text.

von Gebhardt, O. _YALMOI SOLOMWNTOS: Die Psalmen Salomos_. TUGAL 13.B. Leipzig: Hinrichs, 1895. The Greek text.

Hann, Robert R. _The Manuscript History of the Psalms of Solomon_. SBLSCS 13. Chico, CA: Scholars Press, 1982. Includes a reconstruction of the Greek text.

Harris, Rendel and Alphonse Mingana. _The Odes and Psalms of Solomon_. 2 vols. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1916-1920. The Syriac text. Very little commentary on the Psalms of Solomon.

Jonge, M. de. "The Psalms of Solomon." In _Outside the Old Testament_, 159-77. Cambridge Commentaries on Writings of the Jewish and Christian World 200 BC to 200 AD 4. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985.

Ryle, Herbert Edward and Montague Rhodes James. _Psalmoi Solomontos: Psalms of the Pharisees, Commonly Called the Psalms of Solomon_. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1891.

Trafton, Joseph L. _The Syriac Version of the Psalms of Solomon: A Critical Evaluation_. SBLSCS 11. Atlanta, Ga.: Scholars Press, 1985. Includes a critical text of the Syriac version.

Wright, R. B. _The Psalms of Solomon: A Critical Edition of the Greek Text_. JSPSup 20. Sheffield, 1999. So DiTommaso's bibliography, but the book is not given in Sheffield Academic Press's online list of books in print.

2.3 Studies

Aberach, M. "The Historical Allusions of Chapters IV, XI, and XIII of the Psalms of Solomon." _JQR_ 41 (1950-51) 379-96.

Atkinson, Kenneth. "Herod the Great, Sosius, and the Siege of Jerusalem (37 B.C.E.) in Psalm of Solomon 17. _NovT_ 38 (1996) 313-22.

__________. "Toward a Redating of the Psalms of Solomon: Implications for Understanding the _Sitz im Leben_ of an Unknown Jewish Sect." _JSP_ 17 (1998) 95-112.

__________. _An Intertextual Study of the Psalms of Solomon_. Studies in the Bible and Early Christianity 49. Lewiston, N.Y: Mellen, 2001.

B<"u>chler, Adolph. "The Pious Man in the Psalms of Solomon." In _Types of Jewish-Palestinian Piety from 70 B.C.E. to 70 C.E.: The Ancient Pious Men_, 128-95. 1922. Rpt., New York: Ktav, 1968.

Davenport, Gene L. "The 'Anointed of the Lord in Psalms of Solomon 17." _Ideal Figures in Ancient Judaism: Profiles and Paradigms_, 67-92. Edited by John J. Collins and George W. E. Nickelsburg. SBLSCS 12. Chico, Calif.: Scholars Press, 1980.

Franklyn, P. N. "The Cultic and Pious Climax of Eschatology in the Psalms of Solomon." _JSJ_ 18 (1987) 1-17.

Hann, Robert R. _The Manuscript History of the Psalms of Solomon_. SBLSCS 13. Chico, CA: Scholars Press, 1982.

__________. "Christos Kyrios in PsSol 17:32: 'The Lord's Anointed' Reconsidered." _NTS_ 31 (1985) 620-27.

Jonge, M. de. "The Expectation of the Future in the Psalms of Solomon." _Neot_ 23 (1989) 93-117.

L<"u>hrmann, D. "Paul and the Pharisaic Tradition." _JSNT_ 36 (1989) 75-94.

O'Dell, Jerry. "The Religious Background of the Psalms of Solomon (Re-evaluated in the Light of the Qumran Texts)." _RevQ_ 3/10 (1961) 241-57.

Rosen, Deborah and Alison Salvesen. "A Note on the Qumran Temple Scroll 56:15-18 and Psalm of Solomon 17:33." _JJS_ 38 (1987) 99-101.

Trafton, Joseph L. _The Syriac Version of the Psalms of Solomon: A Critical Evaluation_. SBLSCS 11. Atlanta, Ga.: Scholars Press, 1985.

__________. "The Psalms of Solomon: New Light from the Syriac Version?" _JBL_ 105 (1986) 227-37

__________. "The _Psalms of Solomon_ in Recent Research." _JSP_ 12 (1994) 3-19.

Tromp, Johannes. "The Sinners and the Lawless in Psalm of Solomon 17." _NovT_ 35 (1993) 344-61.

Winninge, Mikael. _Sinners and the Righteous: A Comparative Study of the Psalms of Solomon and Paul's Letters_. ConBNT 26. Stockholm: Almqvist & Wiksell, 1995.

Wright, Robert. "The Psalms of Somolon, The Pharisees, and the Essenes." _1972 Proceedings for the International Organization for Septuagint and Cognate Studies and the Society of Biblical Literature Pseudepigrapha Seminar_, 136-47. Edited by Robert A. Kraft. SBLSCS 2. Missoula, Mont.: 1972.

 

3.0 4 EZRA (2 ESDRAS 3-14)

3.1 Translations

APOT 2:542-624

OTP 1:516-59

(Also in the editions of the Revised Standard Version of the Bible which include the Apocrypha)

3.2 Editions and Commentaries

See also Box's commentary in APOT above.

Bidawid, R. J. "4 Esdras." In _The Old Testament in Syriac according to the Peshi<.t><.t>a Version_. Vol. 4.3. Leiden: Brill, 1973.

Coggins, R. J. and M. A. Knibb. _The First and Second Books of Esdras_. The Cambridge Bible Commentary, New English Bible. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1979.

Drint, Adriana. _The Mount Sinai Arabic Version of IV Ezra _. CSCO 563-64, Scriptores Arabici 48-49. Leuven: Peeters, 1997.

Klijn, A. Frederik J. _Der lateinische Text der Apokalypse des Esra_. TUGAL 131. Berlin: Akademie-verlag, 1983.

Longenecker, Bruce W. _2 Esdras_. Guides to Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1995.

Myers, Jacob M. _I and II Esdras_. AB 42. Garden City, N.Y: Doubleday, 1974.

Oesterley, W. O. E. _II Esdras (The Ezra Apocalypse)_. WC. London: Methuen, 1933.

Stone, Michael E. _The Armenian Version of IV Ezra_. University of Pennsylvania Armenian Texts and Studies 1. Missoula, Mont: Scholars Press, 1978.

__________. _Fourth Ezra: A Commentary on the Book of Fourth Ezra_. Hermeneia. Minneapolis: Fortress, 1990. Massive and comprehensive, this is the place to start when studying 4 Ezra.

3.3 Studies

Bloch, Joshua. "Some Christological Interpolations in the Ezra Apocalypse." _HTR_ 51 (1958) 87-94.

Bergren, Theodore A. "Christian Influence on the Transmission History of 4, 5, and 6 Ezra." In _The Jewish Apocalyptic Heritage in Early Christianity_, 102-127. Edited byJames C. VanderKam and William Adler. CRINT 3.4. Minneapolis, Minn.: Fortress, 1996.

Breech, Earl. "These Fragments I Have Shored Against My Ruins: The Form and Function of 4 Ezra." _JBL_ 92 (1973) 267-74.

DiTommaso, Lorenzo. "Dating the Eagle Vision of _4 Ezra_: A New Look at an Old Theory." _JSP_ 20 (1999) 3-38.

Esler, Philip F. "The Social Function of _4 Ezra_." _JSNT_ 53 (1994) 99-123.

Hamilton, Alastair. _The Apocryphal Apocalypse: The Reception of the Second Book of Esdras (4 Ezra) from the Renaissance to the Enlightenment_. Oxford: Clarendon: Oxford University Press, 1999.

Hayman, A. P. "The Problem of Pseudonymity in the Ezra Apocalypse." _JSJ_ 6 (1974) 47-56.

Humphrey, Edith McEwan. _The Ladies and the Cities: Transformation and Apocalyptic Identity in Joseph and Aseneth, 4 Ezra, The Apocalypse and the Shepherd of Hermas_. JSPSup 17. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1995.

Kirschner, Robert. "Apocalyptic and Rabbinic Responses to the Destruction of 70." _HTR_ 78 (1985) 27-46.

Knibb, Michael A. "Apocalyptic and Wisdom in 4 Ezra." _JSJ_ 13 (1982) 56-74.

Knowles, Michael P. "Moses, the Law, and the Unity of 4 Ezra." _NovT_ 31 (1989) 257-74.

Kraft, Robert A. "'Ezra' Materials in Judaism and Christianity." _ANRW_ 19.1:119-36, Part 2, _Principat_ 19.1. Edited by Wolfgang Haase. New York: de Gruyter, 1979.

Longenecker, Bruce W. _Eschatology and the Covenant: A Comparison of 4 Ezra and Romans 1-11_. JSNTSup 57. Sheffield: JSOT, 1991. In my opinion, Longenecker presents the most persuasive global interpretation of 4 Ezra.

__________. "Locating 4 Ezra: A Consideration of its Social Setting and Functions." _JSJ_ 28 (1997) 271-93.

Merkur, Daniel. "The Visionary Practices of Jewish Apocalyptists." In _The Psychoanalytic Study of Society_ vol. 14 _Essays in Honor of Paul Parin_ 119-48. Edited by L. Bryce Boyer and Simon A. Grolnick. Hillsdale, N.J.: Analytic, 1989.

Mueller, James R. "A Prolegomenon to the Study of the Social Function of 4 Ezra." _SBLSP_ 20 (1981) 259-68.

Stone, Michael E. "On Reading an Apocalypse." In _Mysteries and Revelations: Apocalyptic Studies since the Uppsala Colloquium_, 65-78. Edited by John J. Collins and James H. Charlesworth. JSPSup 9. Sheffield: JSOT, 1991.

__________. "Some Remarks on the Textual Criticism of IV Ezra." In _Selected Studies in Pseudepigrapha and Apocrypha with Special Reference to the Armenian Tradition_, 273-81. SVTP 9. Leiden: Brill, 1991.

__________. "The Question of the Messiah in 4 Ezra." In _Selected Studies in Pseudepigrapha and Apocrypha_ 317-32.

__________. "Coherence and Inconsistency in the Apocalypses: The Case of 'the End' in 4 Ezra." In _Selected Studies in Pseudepigrapha and Apocrypha_ 333-47.

__________. "The Way of the Most High and the Injustice of God in 4 Ezra." In _Selected Studies in Pseudepigrapha and Apocrypha_ 348-58.

__________. "The Metamorphosis of Ezra: Jewish Apocalypse and Medieval Vision." In _Selected Studies in Pseudepigrapha and Apocrypha_ 359-76.

__________. "Lists of Revealed Things in the Apocalyptic Literature." In _Selected Studies in Pseudepigrapha and Apocrypha_ 379-418.

__________. "Apocalyptic--Vision or Hallucination?" In _Selected Studies in Pseudepigrapha and Apocrypha_ 419-28.

__________. "Reactions to Destructions of the Second Temple." In _Selected Studies in Pseudepigrapha and Apocrypha_ 429-38.

Thompson, Alden Lloyd. _Responsibility for Evil in the Theodicy of IV Ezra: A Study Illustrating the Significance of Form and Structure for the Meaning of the Book_. SBLDS 29. Missoula, Mont: Scholars Press, 1977.

Willett, Tom W. _Eschatology in the Theodicies of 2 Baruch and 4 Ezra_. JSPSup 4. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1989.

 

4.0 2 BARUCH

4.1 Translations

AOT 835-95

APOT 2:470-526

OTP 1:615-52

4.2 Editions and Commentaries

See also Charles's commentary in APOT above.

Dedering, S. "Apocalypse of Baruch." In _The Old Testament in Syriac according to the Peshi<.t><.t>a Version_. Vol. 4.3. Leiden: Brill, 1973.

Leemhuis, F., A. F. J. Klijn, and G. J. H. van Gelder. _The Arabic Text of the Apocalypse of Baruch_. Leiden: Brill, 1986.

4.3 Studies

Esler, Philip F. "God's Honour and Rome's Triumph: Responses to the Fall of Jerusalem in 70 CE in Three Jewish Apocalypses." In _Modelling Early Christianity: Social-Scientific Studies of the New Testament in its Context_, 239-58. London: Routledge, 1995.

Hobbins, J. F. "The Summing up of History in 2 Baruch." _JQR_ 89 (1998) 45-79.

Kirschner, Robert. "Apocalyptic and Rabbinic Responses to the Destruction of 70." _HTR_ 78 (1985) 27-46.

Klijn, A. F. J. "The Sources and the Redaction of the Syriac Apocalyse of Baruch." _JSJ_ 1 (1970) 65-76.

__________. "Recent Developments in the Study of the Syriac Apocalypse of Baruch." _JSP_ 4 (1989) 3-17.

Leemhuis, Fred. "The Arabic Version of the Apocalypse of Baruch: A Christian Text?" _JSP_ 4 (1989) 19-26.

Kolenkow, Anitra Bingham. "The Fall of the Temple and the Coming of the End: The Spectrum and Process of Apocalyptic Argument in 2 Baruch and Other Authors.' _SBLSP_ 21 (1982) 242-50.

Laato, Antti. "The Apocalyse of the Syriac Baruch and the Date of the End." _JSP_ 18 (1998) 39-46.

Licht, Jacob. "An Analysis of Baruch's Prayer (Syr. Bar. 21)." _JJS_ 33 (1982) 327-31.

Murphy, Frederick James. _The Structure and Meaning of Second Baruch_. SBLDS 78. Atlanta, Ga.: Scholars Press, 1985.

__________. "2 Baruch and the Romans." _JBL_ 104 (1985) 663-69.

Nickelsburg, George W. E. "Narrative Traditions in the Paralipomena of Jeremiah and 2 Baruch." _CBQ_ 35 (1973) 60-68.

Roddy, Nicolae. "'Two Parts: Weeks of Seven Weeks': The End of the Age as _Terminus ad Quem_ for _2 Baruch_." _JSP_ 14 (1996) 3-14.

Sayler, Gwendolyn B. "2 Baruch: A Story of Grief and Consolation." _SBLSP_ 21 (1982) 243-50.

__________. _Have the Promises Failed? A Literary Analysis of 2 Baruch_. Chico, Calif.: Scholars Press, 1984.

Stone, Michael E. "Lists of Revealed Things in the Apocalyptic Literature." In _Selected Studies in Pseudepigrapha and Apocrypha with Special Reference to the Armenian Tradition_, 379-418. SVTP 9. Leiden: Brill, 1991.

__________. "Apocalyptic--Vision or Hallucination?" In _Selected Studies in Pseudepigrapha and Apocrypha_ 419-28.

__________. "Reactions to Destructions of the Second Temple." In _Selected Studies in Pseudepigrapha and Apocrypha_ 429-38.

Willett, Tom W. _Eschatology in the Theodicies of 2 Baruch and 4 Ezra_. JSPSup 4. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1989.

Wright, J. Edward. "The Social Setting of the Syriac Apocalypse of Baruch." _JSP_ 16 (1997) 81-96.

5.0 THE STORY OF ZOSIMUS/HISTORY OF THE RECHABITES

5.1 Translations

OTP 2:443-61 (The Syriac Version) See also Charlesworth's edition and translation of the Greek version below.

5.2 Edition

Charlesworth, James H. _The History of the Rechabites_ vol. 1 _The Greek Recension_ SBLTT 17; SBLPS 10. Chico, Calif.: Scholars Press, 1982.

5.3 Studies

Derrett. J. Duncan M. "Jewish Brahmins and the Tale of Zosimus: A Theme Common to Three Religions." _Classica et mediaevalia_ 34 (1983) 75-90.

Martin, Elbert Garrett. "The Account of the Blessed Ones: A Study of the Development of an Apocryphon on the Rechabites and Zosimus (The Abode of the Rechabites)." Ph.D. diss., Duke University, 1979.

Knights, Chris H. "'The Story of Zosimus' or 'The History of the Rechabites?" _JSJ_ 24 (1993) 235-45.

__________. "Towards a Critical Introduction to 'The History of the Rechabites.'" _JSJ_ 26 (1995) 324-42.

__________. "_The History of the Rechabites_--An Initial Commentary." _JSJ_ 28 (1997) 413-36.

__________. "A Century of Research into the Story/Apocalypse of Zosimus and/or the History of the Rechabites." _JSP_ 15 (1997) 53-66.

__________. "The _Abode of the Blessed_: A Source of the _Story of Zosimus_?" _JSP_ 17 (1998) 79-93.

McNeil, Brian. "Asexuality and the Apocalypse of Zosimus." _HeyJ_ 22 (1981) 172-73.

__________. "The Narration of Zosimus." _JSJ_ 9 (1978) 68-82.

 

6.0 THE LIFE OF ADAM AND EVE/APOCALYPSE OF MOSES

6.1 Translations

AOT 141-67

APOT 2:123-54

OTP 2:249-95

6.2 Editions and Commentaries

See also Wells's commentary in APOT above.

Anderson, Gary A. and Michael E. Stone (eds). _A Synopsis of the Books of Adam and Eve_. SBLEJL 5. Atlanta, Ga: Scholars Press, 1994.

Bertrand, Daniel Alain. _La vie greque d'Adam et d'<\E>ve. Introduction, texte, traduction et commentaire_. Recherches intertestamentaires 1. Paris, 1987.

Various older editions of the Greek and Latin can also be found in DiTommaso's bibliography, as can editions of the work in languages other than Greek and Latin.

6.3 Studies

Anderson, Gary, Michael Stone, and Johannes Tromp (eds) _Literature on Adam and Eve: Collected Essays_. SVTP 15. Leiden: Brill, 2000.

Halford, M. E. B. "The Apocryphal _Vita Adae et Evae_: Some Comments on the Manuscript Tradition." _Neuphilologische Mitteilungen_ 82 (1981) 417-27.

Houten, Christiana de Groot van. "Will the Real Eve Please Stand?" _SBLSP_ 33 (1994) 301-11.

Jager, Eric. "Did Eve Invent Writing? Script and the Fall in 'The Adam Books.'" _Studies in Philology_ 113 (1996) 229-50.

Jonge, M. de and Johannes Tromp. _The Life of Adam and Eve and Related Literature_. Guides to Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1997.

Levison, John R. _Portraits of Adam in Early Judaism: from Sirach to 2 Baruch_. JSPSup 1. Sheffield: JSOT, 1987.

__________. "The Exoneration of Eve in the Apocalypse of Moses 15-30." _JSJ_ 20 (1989) 135-50.

__________. _Texts in Transition: The Greek_ Life of Adam and Eve. Atlanta, Ga.: Society of Biblical Literature, 2000.

Nickelsburg, George W. E. "Some Related Traditions in the Apocalypse of Adam, the Books of Adam and Eve, and 1 Enoch." In _The Rediscovery of Gnosticism: Proceedings of the International Conference on Gnosticism at Yale, New Haven, Connecticut, March 28-31, 1978_ vol. 2 _Sethian Gnosticism_, 515-39. Edited by Bentley Layton. SHR 41. Leiden: Brill, 1981.

Patton, Corrine L. "Adam as the Image of God: An Exploration of the Fall of Satan in the _Life of Adam and Eve_." _SBLSP_ 33 (1994) 294-300.

Pi<~n>ero, A. "Angels and Demons in the Greek _Life of Adam and Eve_." _JSJ_ 24 (1993) 191-214.

Sharpe, John L., III. "Prolegomenoa to the Establishment of the Critical Text of the Greek Apocalypse of Moses." Ph.D. diss., Duke University, 1969.

__________. "The Second Adam in the Apocalypse of Moses." _CBQ_ 35 (1973) 35-46.

Stone, Michael E. _A History of the Literature of Adam and Eve_. SBLEJL 3. Atlanta, Ga.: Scholars Press, 1992.

Trumbower, Jeffrey. "Traditions Common to the Primary Adam and Eve Books and _On the Origins of the World_ (NHC ii.5)." _JSP_ 14 (1996) 43-54.

 

7.0 THE APOCRYPHON OF EZEKIEL

7.1 Translations

OTP 1:487-95

7.2 Editions and Commentaries

James, M. R. "The Apocryphal Ezekiel." _JTS_ 15 (1913-14) 236-43.

Mueller, James R. _The Five Fragments of the Apocryphon Ezekiel: A Critical Study_. JSPSup 5. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1994.

7.3 Studies

Baker, Aelred. Justin's Agraphon in the Dialogue with Trypho." _JBL_ 87 (1968) 277-87.

Bauckham, Richard. "The Parable of the Royal Wedding Feast (Matthew 22:1-14) and the Parable of the Lame Man and the Blind Man (_Apocryphon of Ezekiel_)." _JBL_ 115 (1996) 471-88.

Bellinzoni, Arthur J. "The Source of the Agraphon in Justin Martyr's Dialogue with Trypho 47:5." _VC_ 17 (1963) 65-70.

Bregman, Marc. "The Parable of the Lame and the Blind: Epiphanius' Quotation from an Apocryphon of Ezekiel." _JTS_ 42 (1991) 125-38.

Stone, Michael E., Benjamin G. Wright, and David Satran. _The Apocryphal Ezekiel_. SBLEJL 18. Atlanta, Ga.: Society of Biblical Literature, 2000.

Wallach, Luitpold. "The Parable of the Blind and the Lame: A Study in Comparative Literature." _JBL_ 62 (1943) 333-39.

7.4 4QPseudo-Ezekiel

7.41 Translations

Florentino Garc<'i>a Mart<'i>nez, _The Dead Sea Scrolls Translated: The Qumran Texts in English_ (2nd ed.; Leiden: Brill, 1996) 286-87.

Florentino Garc<'i>a Mart<'i>nez and Eibert Tigchelaar, _The Dead Sea Scrolls Study Edition_ (Leiden: Brill, 1998) 766-71, 774-77, 778-79, 784-87.

Geza Vermes, _The Complete Dead Sea Scrolls in English_ (London and New York: Penguin, 1997) 571-72.

Michael Wise, Martin Abegg, Jr., and Edward Cook, _The Dead Sea Scrolls: A New Translation_ (San Francisco: HarperSanFrancisco, 1996) 349-56 (included with other fragments as "Prophetic Apocryphon").

7.42 Editions and Commentaries

Dimant, Devorah and John Strugnell. "Pseudo-Ezekiel." In _Qumran Cave 4 XXI Parabiblical Texts, Part 4: Pseudo-Prophetic Texts_, esp. pp. 7-88, plates 1-3. DJD 30. Oxford: Clarendon, 2001. The official edition of 4Q385, 4Q385b-c, 386, and 4Q388.

Smith, M. "391. 4QpapPseudo-Ezekielc." In _Qumran Cave 4 XIV Parabiblical Texts, Part 2_, . Edited by Magan Broshi et al. DJD 19. Oxford: Clarendon, 1995.

7.43 Studies

Bauckham, Richard. "A Quotation from _4Q Second Ezekiel_ in the _Apocalypse of Peter_." _RevQ_ 15/59 (1992) 437-45.

Brooke, George J. "Ezekiel in Some Qumran and New Testament Texts." In _The Madrid Qumran Congress: Proceedings of the International Congress on the Dead Sea Scrolls, Madrid 18-21 March 1991_, 317-37. Edited by Julio Trebolle Barrera & Luis Vegas Montaner. 2 vols. STDJ 11.1-2. Leiden: Brill, 1992.

Dimant, Devorah and John Strugnell. "The Merkabah Vision in _Second Ezekiel (4Q385 4)_." _RevQ_ 14/55 (1990) 331-48.

Kister, M. and E. Qimron. "Observations on _4QSecond Ezekiel_ (_4Q385_ 2-3)." _RevQ_ 15/60 (1992) 595-602.

Strugnell, John and Devorah Dimant. "4Q Second Ezekiel." _RevQ_ 13/49-52 (1988) 45-58.

Wright, Benjamin G. "Is 1 Clem. 50:4 a Citation of 4QPseudo-Ezekiel (4Q385)?" In _Pseudepigraphic Perspectives: The Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha in Light of the Dead Sea Scrolls_, 183-93. STDJ 31. Edited by Esther G. Chazon and Michael Stone. Leiden: Brill, 1999.

__________. "Notes on 4Q391 (papPseudo-Ezekielc) and Biblical Ezekiel." In _For a Later Generation: The Transformation of Tradition in Israel, Early Judaism, and Early Christianity_, 289-98. Edited by Randal A. Argall, Beverly A. Bow, and Rodney A. Werline. Harrisburg, Pa: Trinity Press International, 2000.


0.0 GENERAL BIBLIOGRAPHY

Charlesworth, James H. _The Pseudepigrapha and Modern Research: with a Supplement_. SBLSCS 7. Chico, Ca.: Scholars Press, 1981.

DiTommaso, Lorenzo. _A Bibliography of Pseudepigrapha Research 1850-1999_. JSPSup 39. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 2001. Now the standard bibliographic reference work in the field.

Freedman, David Noel (ed.). _The Anchor Bible Dictionary_. 6 vols. New York: Doubleday, 1992. Contains useful short articles on individual pseudepigrapha, although these are frequently by the same person who edited the particular work in the Charlesworth translation and often do not offer much that is new.

 

0.1 METHODOLOGY

Kraft, Robert A.

Contact details

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The School of Divinity
University of St Andrews
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