Skip navigation to content

Prof. Christopher Smith

Professor of Ancient History
On leave 2017-2020

cjs6@st-andrews.ac.uk

Research profile

Research Interests

The social and economic development of early Rome & Latium, particularly as evidenced through archaeology and comparative developments in the southern and eastern Mediterranean.  Within this, I have addressed general aspects of urbanization and state formation.

The evolution and legal and symbolic significance of republican political institutions, particularly the gens, and how these were characterised by contemporary sources  and interpreted in the modern historiography of the subject from Sigonio to Vico, Lewis Henry Morgan, Engels and Marx to the current day.

My interest in historiography, with a specific interest in fragmentary Roman historians, extends to Greek historiography and to writers such as Plutarch, Pliny the Elder and Aulus Gellius, who are our sources for much fragmentary literature, as well as the periods of the late Republic which generated the most substantial historical accounts. This in turn has led to work on Cicero.

My next project, funded by the Leverhulme Trust, uses Roman kingship as a point of departure for a broader study of power in archaic societies, and the legacy of Roman ideas about sovereignty in the modern day. https://anatomiesofpower.wordpress.com

Publications

Omnium annalium monumenta: historical writing and historical evidence in Republican Rome
Smith, C. J. (ed.) & Sandberg, K. (ed.) 7 Dec 2017 Leiden; Boston: Brill. 571 p. (Historiography of Rome and its empire; vol. 2)
Research output: ResearchBook

The age of Tarquinius Superbus: central Italy in the late 6th century; proceedings of the conference 'The age of Tarquinius Superbus, A Paradigm Shift?' Rome, 7-9 November 2013
Smith, C. J. (ed.) & Lulof, P. (ed.) 2017 Leuven: Peeters. 365 p. (BABESCH Supplements ; vol. 29 )
Research output: ResearchBook

Los etruscos: una breve introducción
Smith, C. J. 24 Mar 2016 Madrid: Alianza Editorial. 216 p. (El libro de bolsillo. Historia; vol. 63)
Research output: ResearchBook

Die Etrusker
Smith, C. J. & Rein, I. (Translator) 2016 Ditzingen: Reclam. 191 p. (Reclam Taschenbuch ; vol. 20403)
Research output: ResearchBook

The Etruscans: a very short introduction
Smith, C. J. 29 May 2014 Oxford: Oxford University Press. 168 p. (Very short introductions)
Research output: ResearchBook

The Cambridge Ancient History: Plates to Volumes VII, Part 2 and VIII : the rise of Rome to 133 BC
Smith, C. J. (ed.) 2013 2nd ed. Cambridge University Press. 310 p.
Research output: ResearchBook

The Fragments of the Roman Historians: in 3 volumes
Cornell, T. J. (ed.), Bispham, E. (ed.), Rich, J. W. (ed.) & Smith, C. J. (ed.) 2013 Oxford University Press.
Research output: ResearchBook

Imperialism, Cultural Politics, and Polybius
Smith, C. J. (ed.) & Yarrow, L. (ed.) 2012 Oxford: Oxford University Press. 368 p.
Research output: ResearchAnthology

Praise and Blame in Roman Republican Rhetoric
Smith, C. J. & Covino, R. 2011 Swansea: Classical Press of Wales. 248 p.
Research output: ResearchAnthology

The lost memoirs of Augustus: and the development of Roman autobiography
Smith, C. J. (ed.) & Powell, A. (ed.) 2009 Classical Press of Wales. 227 p.
Research output: ResearchBook

The Roman Clan: The Gens from Ancient Ideology to Modern Anthropology
Smith, C. J. 2006 Cambridge University Press. 393 p.
Research output: ResearchBook

Sicily from Aeneas to Augustus: New Approaches in Archaeology and History
Smith, C. J. & Serrati, J. 2000 Edinburgh University Press.
Research output: ResearchBook

Religion in Archaic and Republican Rome: Evidence and Experience
Smith, C. J. & Bispham, E. 2000 Edinburgh University Press.
Research output: ResearchBook

Trade and Traders in the Ancient World
Smith, C. J. & Parkins, H. 1998 Routledge.
Research output: ResearchBook

Modus Operandi: Essays in Honour of Professor G. E. Rickman
Smith, C. J., Austin, M. M. & Harries, J. D. 1998 BICS.
Research output: ResearchBook

Early Rome and Latium: Economy and Society c 1000-500 BC
Smith, C. J. 1996 Clarendon Press.
Research output: ResearchBook

 

The Social Imaginary and Political Change in Magna Graecia: Towards a Model
Smith, C. J. 22 Jan 2018 Ibridazione e integrazione in Magna Grecia: Forme modelli dinamiche: ATTI DEL CINQUANTAQUATTRESIMO CONVEGNO DI STUDI SULLA MAGNA GRECIA TARANTO 25 - 28 SETTEMBRE 2014. Taranto: Istituto per la Storia e l’Archeologia della Magna Grecia - Taranto, Vol. 54, p. 151-65
Research output: ResearchConference contribution

On the Edges of History
Smith, C. J. 6 Dec 2017 Omnium Annalium Monumenta: Historical Writing and Historical Evidence in Republican Rome. Brill, p. 113-36
Research output: ResearchChapter

Introduction
Smith, C. J. 6 Dec 2017 Omnium Annalium Monumenta: Historical Writing and Historical Evidence in Republican Rome. Brill, p. 1-13
Research output: ResearchChapter

The Aurunci and Sidicini
Smith, C. J. Nov 2017 The Peoples of Ancient Italy. Farney, G. D. & Bradley, G. (eds.). de Gruyter, p. 447-60 (De Gruyter Reference)
Research output: ResearchChapter

Thomas Ashby e la topografia della Campagna Romana
Smith, C. J. 2017 Dalla Camera Oscura alla Prima Fotografia: Architetti e Archeologi a Segni da Dodwell ad Ashby e Mackey. Cifarelli, F. & Colaiacomo, F. (eds.). Rome: Edizioni Quasar, p. 61-6
Research output: ResearchChapter

The age of Tarquinius Superbus: History and Archaeology
Smith, C. J. & Lulof, P. 2017 The Age of Tarquinius Superbus: Central Italy in the Late 6th Century : Proceedings of the Conference 'The Age of Tarquinius Superbus, A Paradigm Shift?' Rome, 7-9 November 2013. Smith, C. & Lulof, P. (eds.). Peeters, p. 3-13
Research output: Research - peer-reviewChapter (peer-reviewed)

Boni and British Scholarship
Smith, C. J. 2016 Tra Roma e Venezia: la cultura dell’antico nell’Italia dell’Unità. Giacomo Boni e i contesti, (Istituto Veneto di scienze, lettere ed arti - Venezia, 2016). Favaretto, I. & Pilutti Namer , M. (eds.). p. 213-25
Research output: ResearchChapter

The Pyrgi Tablets and the View from Rome
Smith, C. J. 2016 Le lamine di Pyrgi: Nuovi studi sulle iscrizioni in etrusco e in fenicio nel cinquantenario della scoperta. Xella, P. & Bellelli, V. (eds.). Verona, p. 203-21 (Studi epigrafici e lingustici sul Vicino Oriente antico; vol. 32-33)
Research output: ResearchChapter

Urbanization and memory
Smith, C. J. 2015 A Companion to the Archaeologyu of Religion in the Ancient World. Raja, R. & Ruepke, J. (eds.). Malden - Oxford, p. 362-75 (Blackwell Companions to the Ancient World)
Research output: ResearchChapter

The Sabines: historical perspective
Smith, C. J. 2014 Entre archéologies et histoire: dialogues sur divers peuples de l’Italie préromaine : Etudes Genevoises sur l’Antiquité . Aberson, M., Biella, M. C., di Fazio, M. & Wullschleger, M. (eds.). Berne, Vol. 2, p. 127-36
Research output: ResearchChapter

‘The Latins: historical perspective’
Smith, C. J. 2014 Entre archéologies et histoire: dialogues sur divers peuples de l’Italie préromaine : Etudes Genevoises sur l’Antiquité . Aberson, M., Biella, M. C., di Fazio, M. & Wullschleger, M. (eds.). Berne, Vol. 2, p. 21-30
Research output: ResearchChapter

Methodology and historiography in the study of early Rome
Smith, C. J. 2013 Mediterranean Archaeology: A GID-EMAN training course. Godart, L., La Rocca, E. & Sommella, P. (eds.). Rome: Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei, p. 23-38
Research output: ResearchChapter

Le ricerche della Scuola Britannica nell'agro Veientano
Smith, C. J. & Cascino, R. 2012 Il nuovo museo archeologico dell'Agro Veientano a Palazzo Chigi di Formello. von Kampen, I. (ed.). Rome: Edizioni Quasar, p. 175-9
Research output: ResearchChapter

Feriae Latinae
Smith, C. J. 2012 Greek and Roman Festivals: Content, Meaning and Practice. Brandt, J. R. & Iddeng, J. W. (eds.). Oxford: Oxford University Press, p. 267-88
Research output: ResearchChapter

Historical Introduction
Smith, C. J. 2012 Veii: The Historical Topography of the Ancient City.: A Restudy of John Ward-Perkins's Survey. Cascino, R., di Giuseppe, H. & Patterson, H. (eds.). London: British School at Rome, p. 1-8 (Archaeological Monographs of the British School at Rome; no. 19)
Research output: ResearchChapter

Introduction
Smith, C. J. & Yarrow, L. 2012 Imperialism, Cultural Politics and Polybius. Oxford: Oxford University Press, p. 1-14
Research output: ResearchChapter

The magistrates of the early Roman Republic
Smith, C. J. 2011 Consuls and Res Publica: Holding High Office in the Roman Republic . Beck, H., Dupla, A., Jehne, M. & Pina Polo, F. (eds.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, p. 19-40 21 p.
Research output: ResearchChapter

Introduction: Praise and Blame in Roman Oratory
Smith, C. J. & Dominik, W. 2011 Praise and Blame in Roman Republican Rhetoric. Smith, C. & Covino, R. (eds.). Swansea: Classical Press of Wales, p. 1-15 15 p.
Research output: ResearchChapter

Citizenship and Community: Inventing the Roman Republic
Smith, C. J. 2011 State Formation in Italy and Greece: Questioning the Neoevolutionist Paradigm. Terrenato, N. & Haggis, D. (eds.). Oxbow, p. 217-230
Research output: ResearchChapter

Rhetorical history: the struggle of the orders in Livy
Smith, C. J. 2010 Form and Function in Roman Oratory. Berry, D. H. & Erskine, A. (eds.). Cambridge University Press, p. 264-280
Research output: ResearchChapter

Caesar and the Early History of Rome
Smith, C. J. 2010 Cesare: Precursore o Visionario?: Atti del convegno internazionale Cividale del Friuli, 17-19 settembre 2009. Urso, G. (ed.). Edizione ETS, p. 249-264 ( I convegni della Fondazione Niccolò Canussio; vol. 9)
Research output: ResearchConference contribution

Sulla’s memoirs
Smith, C. J. 2009 The lost memoirs of Augustus and the development of Roman autobiography. Smith, C. & Powell, A. (eds.). Classical Press of Wales, p. 65-85
Research output: ResearchChapter

The Memoirs of Augustus: testimonia and fragments
Smith, C. J. (ed.) 2009 The lost memoirs of Augustus and the development of Roman autobiography. Smith, C. & Powell, A. (eds.). Classical Press of Wales, p. 1-13
Research output: ResearchChapter

The Hinterland of Rome
Smith, C. J. 2007 Ancient Italy: Regions without boundaries. Bradley, G., Isayev, E., . M. D. & Riva, C. (eds.). p. 161-78
Research output: ResearchChapter

The Religion of Archaic Rome
Smith, C. J. 2007 The Blackwell Companion to Roman Religion. Ruepke, J. (ed.). Blackwell, p. 31-42
Research output: ResearchChapter

Cult and Ritual: The Archaeology of Roman Religion
Smith, C. J. 2007 Blackwell Companion to Classical Archaeology. Alcock, S. & Osborne, R. G. (eds.). Blackwell, p. 263-85
Research output: ResearchChapter

Pliny the Elder on Early Rome
Smith, C. J. 2007 Vita vigilia est: essays in honour of Barbara Levick. Bispham, E. & Rowe, G. (eds.). p. 147-70
Research output: ResearchChapter

Adfectatio Regni in the Roman Republic
Smith, C. J. 2006 Ancient Tyranny. Lewis, S. (ed.). Edinburgh University Press, p. 49-64
Research output: ResearchChapter

Festivals of community in Rome and Latium
Smith, C. J. 2005 Papers in Italian Archaeology VI: Communities and Settlements from the Neolithic to the Early Medieval Period. Proceedings of the 6th Conference of Italian Archaeology (BAR International Series 1452). Attema, P. A. J. (ed.). Archaeopress, p. 1.76-83
Research output: ResearchChapter

The Beginnings of Urbanization in Rome
Smith, C. J. 2005 Mediterranean Urbanization 800-600 BC. Cunliffe, B. & Osborne, R. (eds.). Oxford University Press, p. 91-111
Research output: ResearchChapter

Medea in Italy: Trade and Contact between Greece and Italy in the Archaic Period
Smith, C. J. 1999 Ancient Greek West and East. Tsetskhladze, G. (ed.). Brill, p. 179-206
Research output: ResearchChapter

Early and Archaic Rome
Smith, C. J. 1998 Ancient Rome: The Archaeology of the Eternal City. Coulston, J. C. N. & Dodge, H. (eds.). Oxbow, p. 16-41
Research output: ResearchChapter

Onasander on How to be a General
Smith, C. J. 1998 Modus Operandi: Essays in Honour of Prof G E Rickman; BICS Supplementary Series, vol 71. Austin, M. M., Harries, J. D. & Smith, C. J. (eds.). BICS, p. 151-66
Research output: ResearchChapter

Trade, Traders and Artisans in Early Rome
Smith, C. J. 1998 Trade, Traders and the Ancient City. Parkins, H. & Smith, C. J. (eds.). Routledge, p. 31-51
Research output: ResearchChapter

The Development of the City-State at Rome
Smith, C. J. 1997 The Development of the Polis in Archaic Greece. Mitchell, L. & Rhodes, P. J. (eds.). Routledge
Research output: ResearchChapter

 

Cultural exchange in northern Italy
Smith, C. J. 2018 In : Aristonothos. Scritti per il Mediterraneo antico. 13, 2, p. 171-223 58 p.
Research output: ResearchArticle

Ager Romanus antiquus
Smith, C. J. Nov 2017 In : Archeologia Classica. 68, 2017, p. 1-26
Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

J.B. Ward-Perkins, the BSR and the landscape tradition in post-war Italian archaeology
Smith, C. J. 26 Oct 2017 In : Papers of the British School at Rome. In press, 22 p.
Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

The fifth-century crisis
Smith, C. J. 26 Oct 2017 In : Antichthon. 51, 2017, p. 227-250
Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Beyond metaphor: archaeology as a social and artistic practice
Smith, C. J. 26 Jan 2017 In : Journal of Visual Art Practice. 15 , 2-3, p. 270-85
Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Servius, Cato the Elder and Virgil
Smith, C. J. 2017 In : Mélanges de l’École française de Rome – Antiquité (MEFRA). 129, 1, p. 85-100
Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Archaeological research activity at Segni in 2013 (Comune di Segni, Provincia di Roma, Regione Lazio)
Cifarelli, F. M., Colaiacomo, . F., Kay, S., Smith, C. J., Ceccarelli, L., Panzieri, C. & Kosmopoulos, D. 2014 In : Papers of the British School at Rome. p. 346-52
Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Diritto augurale romano e concezione giuridico-religiosa delle mura
Smith, C. J. & Tassi Scandone, E. 2013 In : Scienze dell'Antichità . p. 455–74
Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

A Hundred Years of Roman History: Historiography and Intellectual Culture
Smith, C. J. Oct 2012 In : Papers of the British School at Rome. 80, p. 295-323
Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

The origins of the tribunate of the plebs
Smith, C. J. 2012 In : Antichthon. 46, p. 101-25
Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Thinking about Kings
Smith, C. J. Dec 2011 In : Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies. 54, 2, p. 21-42
Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

The Etruscans from Genoa to Ampurias. Proceedings from the XXIV conference of Etruscan and Italici studies, Marseille-Lattes, 26 September-1 October 2002
Smith, C. 2008 In : Classical Review. 58, p. 275-277 3 p.
Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Controversial history: Exempla Romana in the political discourse of the late Roman Republic
Smith, C. 2007 In : Journal of Roman Studies. 97, p. 307-309 3 p.
Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

The "princely burials" in the tombs of Latium between the end of the early Iron Age and the beginning of the age of Orientalisation.
Smith, C. 2006 In : Journal of Roman Studies. 96, p. 281-282 2 p.
Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Foods and banquets in ancient Rome.
Smith, C. 2006 In : Journal of Roman Studies. 96, p. 233-233 1 p.
Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

A critical history of early Rome from prehistory to the First Punic War.
Smith, C. 2006 In : Journal of Roman Studies. 96, p. 222-224 3 p.
Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Art implementation and art legitimation in the archaic and early classical Sparta.
Smith, C. Jul 2005 In : American Journal of Archaeology. 109, p. 581-582 2 p.
Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

The 'Origo Gentis Romanae': Facts and Fictions
Smith, C. J. Jan 2005 In : Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies. 48, 1, p. 97-136
Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

The origins of Rome.
Smith, C. 2005 In : Classical Review. 55, p. 361-362 2 p.
Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

The origins of the Etruscans.
Smith, C. 2005 In : Classical Review. 55, p. 361-362 2 p.
Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Excavations of the Palatine, vol I, The southwest area of the Palatine between the prehistoric period and the 4th century BC - Excavations and materials of the underground structure beneath the cella of the temple of Victory
Smith, C. 2003 In : Classical Review. 53, p. 228-229 2 p.
Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Italy and Cyprus in antiquity: 1500-450 BC - Proceedings of an international symposium held at the Italian Academy for Advanced Studies in America, Columbia University, November 16-18, 2000
Smith, C. 2003 In : Classical Review. 53, p. 216-218 3 p.
Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

The archaeology of ancient Greece
Smith, C. 2003 In : Classical Review. 53, p. 211-213 3 p.
Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

The world of the early Etruscans. Goteborgs-Universitet, the Felix Neubergh Lecture, 2000
Smith, C. 2003 In : Classical Review. 53, p. 495-495 1 p.
Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

The emergence of state identities in Italy in the First Millennium BC
Smith, C. 2003 In : Classical Review. 53, p. 409-411 3 p.
Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Ancient perceptions of Greek ethnicity
Smith, C. 2003 In : Classical Review. 53, p. 405-407 3 p.
Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Caesar and the mos-maiorum
Smith, C. 2003 In : Journal of Roman Studies. 93, p. 362-363 2 p.
Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

New light from ancient Cosa (Classical Mediterranean studies in honour of Cleo Rickman Fitch)
Smith, C. 2002 In : Classical Review. 52, p. 349-351 3 p.
Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Soothsayers, gods, and demons: Studies in ancient Etruscan religion
Smith, C. Jan 2000 In : American Journal of Archaeology. 104, p. 142-143 2 p.
Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

The Comitium at Rome from its origins to the Augustan Age
Smith, C. Jul 1999 In : American Journal of Archaeology. 103, p. 571-572 2 p.
Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Between 'house' and 'city': Ancient courts compared
Smith, C. 1999 In : Classical Review. 49, p. 297-298 2 p.
Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Thucydides, 'History III'
Smith, C. 1999 In : Classical Review. 49, p. 258-259 2 p.
Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

A commentary on Thucydides, vol II, Books-IV-V.24
Smith, C. 1999 In : Classical Review. 49, p. 18-20 3 p.
Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Italian unification: A study ancient and modern historiography
Smith, C. 1999 In : Journal of Roman Studies. 89, p. 227-227 1 p.
Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

The foundation of Rome: Myth and history
Smith, C. 1999 In : Journal of Roman Studies. 89, p. 226-227 2 p.
Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

From barbarians to new men; Greek, Roman and modern perceptions of peoples from the central Apennines
Smith, C. 1998 In : Hermathena. p. 131-137 7 p.
Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Ritual, Time and Power in Ancient Rome
Smith, C. J. & Lawrence, R. 1997 In : Accordia Research Papers. 6
Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

 

For further information on publications, please view my profile on the university's research portal.

Research students

I have supervised successful doctoral theses on Women in the 5th century Greek myth and tragedy, and Rome and Sicily during the Punic Wars; Roman provincial administration in Sicily in the time of Verres; and the language of popular politics in the late Republic

I have engaged my research students in publication and other research activity and I believe this is a very important part of my role as a supervisor. Two of my research students have edited conference proceedings with me for publication; and others have been involved in digitisation projects, running conferences, or in editorial assistance.

I am very interested in creating groups of students to work together. Areas where I think there could be exciting work for us include Roman historiography and oratory, and all aspects of Republican Roman history, but especially early Rome, and the politics of the middle and late republic. Roman religion in the Republic is an area where I have published and hope to continue to work.

I would welcome approaches from any student, including international students, to discuss their ideas for potential research topics.