Skip navigation to content

Hallvard Rübner Indgjerd

Settlement and contact on Late Roman and Byzantine Naxos

Supervised by: Professor Rebecca Sweetman

Few written sources from the millennium between the 3rd and the 13th century AD mention the Cyclades. Several of the centuries are completely 'blank'. Archaeological surface surveys have started to fill in some of the gaps, and with several ongoing projects on Naxos and the surrounding islands this area is set to provide data that will help understand the situation in larger parts of the Aegean. My thesis aims at improving the understanding of settlement and habitation patterns within the island communities of Naxos and the Lesser Cyclades during the Late Roman and Byzantine periods, and at examining local and regional contact networks.

The fortified hilltop of Kastro Apalirou on Naxos, Greece, is being investigated by the Apalirou Environs Project, a collaborative field project with participating members from the Univeristy of Oslo, the Ephorate of the Cyclades, the universities of Newcastle and Edinburgh, and myself from the University of St Andrews. Ceramics collected from the area of the settlement forms the material basis of my PhD project.

A main goal is to improve the understanding of the reasons behind the foundation and (continued) use of Kastro Apalirou. Why was it decided to settle a steep crag in the middle of the island, what changes on Naxos lead to the construction of a new major town, and what role did Kastro Apalirou come to play in the Naxian community? How was the relationship between the kastro and contemporary settlements on the island? How does Kastro Apalirou fit into Byzantine conceptions of urban centres, and how does it compare with other mainland and island settlements?

A further ambition is to shed light on Naxos' position at – or beyond – the frontier in the Early Byzantine period. In what way is the contested nature of the area between Byzantium and the Arab world reflected in the material?  Are there signs of isolation, or of strengthened contact as a result of increased strategic importance? 

Academic biography and research interests

My research interests are (at the moment) centered around Late Roman and Byzantine Archeology in the Aegean, with particular focus on the Cyclades.  I am fascinated by the possibilities found in field survey methodology for studying land use and settlement patterns, and by the amounts of information that can be extracted from survey pottery with the combination of traditional typological analysis , statistics and petrology. More fundamentally, I am interested in the use of theoretical approaches to pottery studies, including ANT and network analysis.

I did my undergraduate studies at the University of Oslo, with dual degrees in Archaeology and in Ancient Greek from 2010. After an MPhil in Classics at the University of Cambridge in 2012, I moved back to Oslo for to study for the MPhil in Archaeology (2014).  I have spent extended periods of study in Berlin (Humboldt), and at the Norwegian institutes in Rome and Athens, and have been working on excavations and surveys in Turkey, Greece, Cyprus and Italy.


Indgjerd, Hallvard: In press Whose images – images for whom: On the agency of late archaic sympotic pottery.  In To Atomo: Representations of the individual. Papers from the Work in Progress seminar, held at the Norwegian Institute at Athens, 31 May – 3 June 2012. Ed. Renate Storli. Bergen.

Brandt, J. Rasmus, et al: 2016  Liv og død i Hierapolis. Norske utgravninger i en hellenistisk–romersk–bysantinsk by i Lilleasia. Viking LXXIX. 

Cappelletto, Erika, and Hallvard Indgjerd: 2016  New acquisitions from the Hellenistic-Roman-Byzantine east necropolis of Hierapolis in Phrygia: the unguentaria. Rei Cretariæ Romanæ Favtorvm Acta 44: 681–690.