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Giuseppe Eugenio Rallo

Email: ger6@st-andrews.ac.uk

Women in the Latin Comedy in Roman dress (Comoedia Togata)

Supervised by: Dr. Giuseppe Pezzini (St Andrews) Prof. Costas Panayotakis (Glasgow)

My academic research goal is to study the presence of female theatrical typologies in the fragments of the Togata ('Roman comedy in Roman dress') considered in contrast with their (allegedly) Greek counterparts inthe Palliata ('Roman comedy in Greek dress'). The Roman features of the Togata of Titinius, Afranius, and Atta, single out this genre within Latin Republican literature of 2nd BCE and make it an important, neglected source for the study of women in Roman culture and society. Indeed, the Togata is specifically Roman, dramatizing Roman places, customs, mentality, institutions, and behaviours of Roman women and men in a Roman setting. Women in the Togata display conventional and stereotyped characteristics, and for this reason the project will draw a comparison with the depiction of women in other Latin comic traditions, in early Roman tragedy as well as Old Latin poets' mutilated plays. My research project will aim to produce a monograph on women in the Togata, based on a meticulous reading of fragments involving female characters on the comic stage: this will necessarily include a critical-textual work, which is requisite in a fragmentary and problematic corpus like that of the Togata. In doing so, my project will also contribute to a recent surge of interest in the representation of gender in the mid Republic (Dutsch 2008, Dutsch-James-Konstan 2015). The fragments of the Togata are crucial evidence for this period but so far have not been analysed with a scientific approach. By considering Latin literature within its multicultural Greek-Roman context, my research will substantiate recent scholarship (e.g. Feeney 2016) that has emphasised that the Romans, far from being merely imitators, were aiming at creating a new form of cultural identity. The Togata is an example of this attempt and my project will contribute to a better understanding of the relationship between Roman and Greek culture in 2nd century BCE.

Academic biography and research interests

During my years at the Liceo Classico in Marsala I received an excellent training in Ancient Greek and Latin Languages and Literatures and I won the “Best Student” award (2010). I decided to continue studying Classics at the University of Palermo, where I obtained a BA in 2013 and a MA in 2015, both 110/110 cum Laude and a very high GPA (respectively 29.3 and 30 out 30), for which I was awarded a series of scholarships from ERSU (2009-2015). A key role in my University training was played by Prof. Petrone and Dr. Bianco, two leading experts on Roman theatre who supervised my dissertations. Thanks to them, I have increasingly specialised in ancient Drama, and especially Republican Roman Comedy. I began to investigate this topic with my BA dissertation (a study on Plautus’ Bacchides and the metaphor of Baccantes) and continued in my MA thesis (a study on the fragments of the Togata). In the past years I have mastered thetechnical and philological skills that are required for the kind of work I plan to do during my PhD. At the same time, I have broad interests in the ancient world, especially Roman comedy, literature and culture; Roman popular drama; Classical Philology, Ancient Linguistics and Texual Criticism; Ancient Greek and Latin languages and literatures. From April 2015 to July 2017, I was a teacher of Letters in Palermo. In September 2017 I joined in the School of Classics of St Andrews for my PhD and I love it so much!

Publications

Articles

Rallo, G.E. (2018) Elementi di autoritratto al femminile nei frammenti della Togata, 'PAN' 7: 29-39

Rallo, G.E. (2011) Garibaldi e Spinelli. Due grandi Italiani per l’Europa, in ‘Studi Garibaldini’ 9: 49-51.

Books

Rallo, G.E. (2015) La Storia della Letteratura Latina, in Alagna, G. & Rallo, G.E. (eds.) Nino Bertolino. Umanista e uomo di fede (Marsala): 219-471.