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Careers Centre


About this sector

You can read information about role responsibilities, salary, working hours, what to expect, qualifications, skills, work experience, career prospects and related roles on the following Prospects Job Profiles:

You might also see other job profiles of interest in the Media and internet profiles page (which gives links to the 47 profiles in the sector).

The National Council for the training of journalists has lots of good advice on journalism careers.

How to gain experience/internships

Relevant work experience is essential for a career in journalism - employers will expect to see evidence on your application that you have undertaken work experience.

Opportunities in St Andrews

Work experience (not an exhaustive list)

Speculative applications

Many opportunities will not be advertised, so don't underestimate the value of making speculative applications.

Social media

Job search websites

Additional resources


How to find a (graduate) job

Entry routes

Depending on which area of journalism you are interested in, entry requirements can differ.  In general, entry paths to journalism can be direct entry or pre entry:


Typical employers of journalists

Freelance and portfolio careers have become increasingly common although they usually follow a considerable period as a staff journalist, building up experience and contacts.


Graduate schemes and traineeships

Places on formal journalism training schemes are limited and very competitive, eg


Press Agencies: journalism openings

Independent press agencies - also known as news wires - supply general interest or specialist news, features or pictures to news media. There are several leading press agencies, including Agence France Presse (based in Paris), Associated Press and United Press International (both based in the U.S.), Thomson Reuters and the British-based Press Association. See the National Association of Press Agencies for further details.


Job search websites


Making speculative applications


Additional resources


Applications, interviews and assessment centres

According to the National Union of Journalists (NUJ) In journalism, there is no "one size fits all" CV. It's all about what you can do, how to make yourself look interesting and why you are the right person for the job. It is, however, essential that you make sure that your spelling and grammar in both a CV and covering letter are perfect. Have them looked over by a careers adviser before sending them in.

Keep up-to-date with the industry and current affairs - you may be asked for your opinions on these at an interview.




Relevant Postgraduate Study - is it a requirement?

Depending on which area of journalism you are interested in, taking a postgraduate course, eg broadcast journalism, or a short course with the National Council for the Training of Journalists (NCTJ) or the National Union of Journalists (NUJ) can be advantagous.

If you are interested in taking a course - contact the institution or try to visit before making an application. Assess what you may gain from such a course before committing yourself to considerable expense and ask questions about how successful these courses have been in gaining jobs for their past students.

Check to see that those courses you are considering are recognised by the relevant training bodies. See the National Council for the Training of Journalists or Broadcast Journalism Training Council (BJTC) websites for a list of accredited degrees and postgraduate courses. You should check with colleges or universities for exact entry requirements.

People in the industry have sharply opposing views on the value of further study – while some view it as a very useful experience, others don’t. It is useful to talk to any contacts you know (or get to know) in the industry and seek their views.

Useful links

Key UK resources


Use CareerConnect, your central careers hub, to:

 General journalism/media careers information

Professional Bodies, Trade Organisations & Journals/Magazines


International resources


The Careers Centre subscribes to GoinGlobal, a specialist website with information and job vacancies worldwide.


The USA job market and recruitment timetables, for both internships and graduate jobs, for sectors of employment often differ from the UK.

The Careers Centre subscribes to the reputable independent USA careers information and vacancy provider Vault. The links below will take you directly to Vault subscription resources which cover this sector. You may find further useful and relevant resources linked from there as well.