Call numberms39022
TitleMM Holloway autograph collection
CollectionMM Holloway autograph collection
DescriptionMM Holloway Album 1, Historical, ms39022/1

Interim list of contents:
f.1 Elizabeth I to Lord Burgh, governor of Brill, ordering Burgh to restrain his garrison from attacks on Parma's army once notified of the cessation of hostilities. Dated from Greenwich. 26 April 1588 1
f.2. Warrant to Lord Treasurer Burghley to pay Henry Standley [Stanley], muster-master in the county of Lancaster, £30 for training and instruction of his men, and bearing original signatures of leading members of Privy Council, Date of 18th in different ink but in a contemporary secretary hand. Dated from Richmond, 18 October 1588. 2
f.5. Sir Walter Raleigh, to Sir John Gilbert, his nephew, about disposal of cargo and prizes from a captured ship. Water damaged. 3
f.6. François I to "Monsieur Pycart" (Nicolas [Le] Picart, Treasurer of the King's Buildings) ordering expenditure priorities for Fontainebleau palace and fortifications around Boulogne area. [?1546] 4
f.7. Henry de Bourbon, prince de Condé, to Frédéric Maurice de La Tour d'Auvergne, duc de Bouillon, on the mounting international and political difficulties over the Valtelline and Mantua, particularly regarding Venice; English ambassador being difficult in Paris, and danger the English marriage [Charles I to Henrietta Maria] negotiations would be broken off. [1624 to early 1625] 5
f.8. Queen Mother Marie (de' Medici) of France to Gaston, duc d'Orléans her son: about his health, but illustrates importance of his fidèle the duc de Bellegarde in their dealings; a few weeks before Gaston quits French court (of Louis XIII) for exile. 28 June 1629 6
f.9. Maximilien de Béthune, duc de Sully (former Surintendant des finances of the king) to Nicolas de Neufville, seigneur de Villeroy (secretary of state to the king): Sully seeking Villeroy's protection for his interests, and comments on Villeroy's recent recall to favour that year [Sully had been undone in 1611 in part owing to Villeroy]. 5 May 1617 7
f.10. Queen Henrietta Maria of England to her brother Gaston, duc d'Orléans, 13 May 1643 8
f.11. Charles I to Prince Rupert, regarding the need for Rupert's assistance so as to avoid the loss of either Oxford or the West, and urging him to avoid engagement in his northern designs so as to arrive in Oxford by the first week of June. 20 April 1644 9
f.12. Queen Anne of France (Ana of Austria) to Duke Bernhard of Saxe-Weimar (commander-in-chief of French and allied forces in Germany): on birth of future Louis XIV, and on Saxe-Weimar's successful campaign thus far in Rhineland in 1638. 8 October 1638 10
f.12. Louis XIII to Cardinal de La Valette (commander of the army of Flanders): agreeing to La Valette's patronage recommendations for promotions of army officers. 20 July 1637 11
f.13. Armand-Jean Duplessis, Cardinal de Richelieu to Claude Bouthiller, Surintendant des Finances of the king: on the political manoeuvrings of both the Duke of Lorraine and the duc de Chevreuse [also House of Lorraine], with Bouthillier's role alluded to. 30 June 1641 12
f.14. Jules, Cardinal Mazarin to Jean-Baptiste Colbert, from Calais: Mazarin, chief minister, expresses great anxiety and personal insecurity about Louis XIV's life-threatening illness (typhoid) at Calais. 4 July 1658 13
f.15. Jean-François Paul de Gondi, Cardinal de Retz to "Monsieur de La Fons" (administrator of his personal affairs and a magistrate in the Paris Chambre des comptes): on his personal affairs. 26 June 1670 14
f.16. Louis XIV to Emperor Leopold I (Holy Roman Emperor): Louis informs Leopold of death on previous day of his mother Queen Mother Anne; powerful emotions expressed by Louis. 21 January 1666 15
f.17. Françoise d'Aubigné, marquise de Maintenon (& second, morganatic wife of Louis XIV) to Nicolas Desmaretz (Louis XIV's last contrôleur général des finances, dismissed on Louis' death in September 1715): Maintenon explains that she needs to remain in retreat from world; expresses pleasure Desmaretz has found favour with the Regent, Philippe, duc d'Orléans. 2 August 1716 16
f.18. Françoise Athenaïs de Rochechouart, marquise de Montespan (mistress of Louis XIV) to unknown, no date 17
f.20. Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne, vîcomte de Turenne (maréchal général des camps et armées du Roi) to Eleonora van den Bergh, dowager duchesse de Bouillon [& Turenne's sister-in-law]: discusses very serious situation of La Tour d'Auvergne family at height of Fronde rebellions, and in light of death of her husband, Turenne's brother, only one month earlier. 11 September 1652 18
f.21. Louis II de Bourbon, prince de Condé, to Louis XIV: on the reasons for his rebellion, his regrets at the destruction in northern France; and reveals his attitudes towards both, and towards the king - this is a major and important letter from the Frondes civil wars. 2 June 1652 19
f.22. Thomas Fairfax at Bath, commander-in-chief of the New Model Army, to his father Lord Fairfax, reporting the substance of Charles I's correspondence offering to sign either the Uxbridge or other propositions and the king's dispatch of a warrant for the surrender of Oxford. 26 May 1646 20
f.23 John Selden to John Finch, saying that the lord another lord had spoken of was now in town but not going to court, no date 21
f.25. Lord Protector Oliver Cromwell to the commissioners of the admiralty and navy, an order to deliver swords and arms to Mardyke. 22 April 1658 22
f.26. John Churchill (later Duke of Marlborough) at Malines [Mechelen] to Richard "Bolstritt" [Bulstrode] (Resident [diplomat] for Charles II at Brussels at court of Spanish Netherlands Governor-General): on plans for evacuation of British troops from Low Countries at end of Franco-Dutch War. 29 September 1678 [i.e. NOT 1698] 23
f.27. Honoré Gabriel Riqueti, comte de Mirabeau to M. Michaud (procureur du roi & royal councillor at Pontarlier in Franche-Comté): on Mirabeau's desire to acquire books of military history, incl. Maizeroy's great work on tactics and strategy published 1775 (foundation of modern thinking on strategy) [Mirabeau then exiled in Château de Joux, 5km distant]. 2 September 1775 24
f.28. Lord Adam Gordon commission at Lieutenant-General, signed by George III, 1777 25
f.29. Nelson to Admiral Goodall with right hand, 12 March 1795. Later letter to Lady Hamilton written with left hand, 8 May 1801 26
f.30. Napoleon, signed Bonaparte, 25 September 1796, see Carlyle Vol 3 p230 27
f.31. Initials of Napoleon Bonaparte on official 'Rapport au Premier Consul' from the Ministry of War, signed by Marshal Berthier, 3 lines of instructions in hand of Napoleon, signed with initial N. 1802. 28
f.32. Duke of Wellington to Martin Serrano, 1834 29
f.33. Number not used
f.34. Elizabeth Fry, 1822 30
f.35v. James VI of Scotland to Lord Home, regarding the borders, 5 October 1597 31
f.37. Sir Edward Hyde, later earl of Clarendon, to ?, on the Scots' weariness of Argyll and their readiness to receive the prince [Charles], the memoir the prince gave to the Dutch states and his application for a warrant to see his father. 1648 32
f.38. Gilbert Burnet, bishop of Salisbury, to [Ralph] Thoresby, on Latin Bibles consulted by Thoresby and how to judge their antiquity. 6 June [no year] 33
f.39. Lord Palmerston, 1890 34
f.41. Benjamin Franklin at Paris to Revd Dr Richard Price (radical nonconformist & intellectual). 2 August 1784 35
f.42. Henry Lord Brougham to J Scott, 1816 36
f.43. Commission Guy Egerton Kidd, 1902 37

Album 2, Literary, ms39022/2

f3. Original autograph verse fable "Le Chesne et le Roseau" [The Oak and the Reed] by Jean de La Fontaine (in his own hand) 1
f4. John Locke to Anthony Collins, including comments about Locke's Paraphrase and Notes on Paul's Epistle to the Corinthians and Sherlock's 'Digression on Innate Ideas against Mr Locke'. This copy in Locke's hand; previously printed from Pierre Desmaizeaux's copy in Locke's Correspondence, ed. E. de Beer, letter 3565. 19 June 1704 2
f5. John Locke to Anthony Collins, with condolences on the death of Collins's first wife and thanks for sending books. This copy in Locke's hand; previously printed from Pierre Desmaizeaux's copy in Locke's Correspondence, ed. E. de Beer, letter 3278. 4 May 1703 3
f6. Number missed out
f7. Joseph Addison to Mr Montaigne/Montaigue, about a fire at Châteaudun. 23 July 1700 4
f8. Charles Dickens to Lyttleton. 8 November 1855 5
f.9. Voltaire to Antoine Augustin Calmet (OB), abbé de Sénones (historian of northern France, biblical scholar and occultist, and friend of Voltaire): regarding a prospective visit by Voltaire to Calmet. 1748 6
f.9v. 2 letters from M R Mitford to Mrs Holloway, 1852, one from M R Mitford to Mrs Dillon 7
f.10 Leigh Hunt to Miss Morris [later Mrs Holloway], 1837 8
f.11. Jean-Jacques Rousseau to Toussaint-Pierre Lenieps (Paris banker & exiled dissident from Geneva), 1758 9
f.12. Blank
f.13 Jonathan Swift to Edward Harley, second earl of Oxford, regarding the sending of a picture and ring, the prospective birth of a child to Oxford, and on Lord Carteret's sacking of a chaplain. 1 October 1725 10
f.14. James Thomson to David Mallet, with or on some lines of poetry. 6 September 1726 11
f.15. Thomas Gray to Rev Brown, Pembroke Hall, Cambridge. 1767 12
f.16. Alexander Pope to Samuel Buckley, on the question of advertising a matter enclosed and on his correspondence with a bishop. [1713?] 13
f.17. Henry St John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke, to Mr Dodsley, on the publication of a Series of Letters and his aborted plans to print an account of the most remarkable ceremonies in Paris. 14? December 1736 14
f.17v. Engraving of Horace Walpole, 19th c watercolour of Strawberry Hill House by Harding 15a
f.18. Horace Walpole, Berkeley Square, to John Pinkerton, 1794 15
f.19. Samuel Johnston, relating to Mr Gwyn the architect. 1775 16
f.20 2 poems by Shenstone for Mr Whistler, Winter 1746 and Song left after a visit at Barels, 1747-1748 17
f.21. Walter Scott to Miss Lydia White, 1810? 18
f.22. Robert Burns to Rev Dr Thomas Blacklock, with 2 poems, A Mother's Lament for the loss of her son, and The Lazy Mist to a tune in Oswald, 5 November 1788 19
f.23. William Cowper to Lady Hesketh, 1789 20
f.24. Thomas Campbell, note and poem, Lines on revisiting a Scottish River 21
f.25. Walter Scott to George Chalmers, referring to the publication of the "Border Minstrelsy", 17 February 1796 22
f.26. Robert Southey to the Editor of the Courier, long article attacking Lord Byron, 3 December 1824 23
f.27. William Wordsworth to Benjamin Dockray, on slavery, 25 April, no year 24
f.28. Samuel Taylor Coleridge, The Poet in the Clouds (or Fancy in Nubibus), composed by the sea, October 1817 25
f.29. Lord Byron to Canon Hodgson, former tutor at Eton, on the death of his mother, 22 August 1811 26
f.30. Charles Lamb, with note by H Crabb Robinson, 20 January 1826, 1827 27
f.31. Simondo Sismondi to Girolamo Nardini, 1839 28
f.32. H Hallam to Palgrave, 1824 29
f.32v. Pencil sketch by Charles Landseer, of Hazlitt 30
f.33. William Hazlitt to Knight Spencer, 1819 31
f.33v. Goethe to a lady on the subject of colour, 1811, with translation 32
f.34. Note by F G Schiller to Dr Korner, and engraving 33
f.35. Beethoven to Mr Broadwood, London, 3 February 1818, in French 34
f.36. Felix Mendelsohn to Charles Edward Horsley, 1845, in German 35
f.37. Rossini to Landa della Ripa, 1851; Louis Spohr, 1827 36

Extent2 albums
Creator nameMarseille Middleton Holloway (1809-1891)
Admin historyThe collection was built up by Marseille Middleton Holloway (1809-1897), a well-known London dealer in prints, engravings and autographs, with a shop in Bedford Street. He came from a Huguenot family that settled in Canterbury in Kent around 1685. He acted as agent for Lord Ovenstone and was friends with Dawson Turner and other 19th century collectors and antiquarians. Holloway began to collect autographs from 1845 as gifts for his wife Anna Morris, whom he had married in 1837. The fine albums were purchased from the sale of Mr Penn, an enthusiastic collector of the poet Thomas Gray. The tooling was done by Bedford in the de Rome style, a celebrated Parisian binder of the 18th century. Holloway bought one, and his friend Mr Young bought the other and presented it to Mrs Holloway.

Holloway explains how he built up the collection:
'First, that having had some valuable collections pass thro' my hands, it was easy to select a single letter to give to my wife. Secondly as I was in the habit of attending sales of autographs either in London or Paris or elsewhere, acquisitions were not difficult. Many of the French autographs were obtained from Messrs. Charon, Lavadee & at public sales & for many I am indebted as presents from private friends.'
Holloway considered the gem of the collection to be a letter from Charles Lamb for its rather sentimental views on friendship and loss.
He says, rather ruefully, that he did not add to the collection after 1870 as a friend whom he introduced to collecting was able to outbid him on all the best items. His descendants added a few more letters in the early 1900s, including Dickens, Mirabeau and Miss Mitford writing to Mrs Holloway.

The albums contain a fascinating collection of historical documents associated with some key figures in British and French political and literary history from the 16th to the 20th century. Highlights include correspondence from Elizabeth I, James VI and I, Charles I, Beethoven, Robert Burns, Lord Byron, Benjamin Franklin, prison reformer Elizabeth Fry, Sir Walter Raleigh, Admiral Lord Nelson, and a number of important French documents including Napoleon, Louis XIV, François I, Voltaire and Rousseau.

The Holloway family also have strong connections with the University of St Andrews. John William Williams, first professor of History here, and brother-in-law of Principal James Irvine, married one of Holloway's grand-daughters, Helen Marjorie Burton, and the albums were housed in St Andrews in the 1930s where interested academics were able to come and view them.
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