Professor Richard Whatmore

Professor Richard Whatmore

(PhD Cantab.) FRHist.S


Contact Details

Telephone - +44 (0)1334 462884
Fax - +44 (0)1334 462914



Teaching and Research Interests

I came to St Andrews in 2013 from the University of Sussex, where I was Professor of Intellectual History and the History of Political Thought. My research and teaching cover the following topics: Early Modern and Modern Intellectual History (including Politics, International Relations, Political Economy and Religion); Theories of Empire, Democracy and War; Enlightenment and Revolution; Republican Diaspora; Small States and Failed States; Relations between Britain and Europe; Political Cartoons.


Academic Administration

I am currently director of the St Andrews Institute of Intellectual History, convenor of the M Litt in Intellectual History, editor of the journal History of European Ideas (Taylor and Francis), a member of The Bentham Committee (UCL), and Subject Chair of the Arts and Humanities for SCOPUS (Elsevier). I also serve on the boards of several academic journals.


Main Publications

Books and edited books

  • Republicanism and the French Revolution: An Intellectual History of Jean-Baptiste Say’s Political Economy (Oxford University Press, 2000)
  • Against War and Empire: Geneva, Britain and France in the Eighteenth Century (Yale University Press, 2012)
  • What is Intellectual History? (Polity Press, 2015)
  • Economy, Polity, and Society: Essays in British Intellectual History, 1750-1950 (Cambridge University Press, 2000), edited with Stefan Collini and Brian Young
  • History, Religion, and Culture: Essays in British Intellectual History, 1750-1950 (Cambridge University Press, 2000), edited with Stefan Collini and Brian Young
  • Advances in Intellectual History (Palgrave Macmillan, 2006), edited with Brian Young
  • Genève lieu d’Angleterre, 1725-1814 (Editions Slatkine: Travaux sur la Suisse des Lumières, 2009), edited with Valérie Cossy and Béla Kapossy
  • Emer de Vattel, The Law of Nations, or Principles of the Law of Nature, Applied to the Conduct and Affairs of Nations and Sovereigns (Liberty Fund, Indianapolis, 2008), edited with Béla Kapossy
  • Micheli Du Crest’s Discours sur le gouvernement de Genève (1735) (Editions Slatkine: Travaux sur la Suisse des Lumières, 2011), edited with Gabriella Silvestrini, Kenneth Goodwin, and Guillaume Poisson
  • David Hume: International Library of Essays in the History of Social and Political Thought (Ashgate, 2013), edited with Knud Haakonssen
  • Intellectual History, Critical Concepts in Historical Studies Series (Taylor and Francis, 2015), 4 volumes
  • Companion to Intellectual History (Wiley-Blackwell, 2016), edited with Brian Young

Recent articles and chapters

  • ‘‘Neither masters nor slaves’. Small states and Empire in the Long Eighteenth Century’, in D. Kelly ed., Lineages of Empire. The Historical Roots of British Imperial Thought, (Oxford University Press and Proceedings of the British Academy no. 155, 2009), 53-81
  • ‘The French and American Revolutions in Comparative Perspective’ in M. Albertone & A. De Francesco eds., Rethinking the Atlantic World. Europe and America in the Age of Democratic Revolutions (Palgrave, 2009), 219-238
  • ‘Étienne Dumont et le Benthamisme: la démocratie dans les petits États’, in E. de Champs & J.-P. Cléro, eds. ‘Bentham et la France. Fortune et infortune de l’utilitarisme’, Studies of Voltaire and the Eighteenth Century (Oxford, 2009), 111-127
  • ‘Una tigre che non ruggisce più: politica e economia a Ginevra nel XVIII secolo’, in M. Albertone, ed. L’economia come linguaggio della politica nell’Europa del Settecento (Turin University Press, Annali Feltrinelli, 2009), 257-281
  • ‘Vattel, Britain and Peace in Europe’, Grotiana, 31/1 (2010), 85-107
  • ‘Enlightenment Political Philosophy’ in G. Klosko, ed., The Oxford Handbook of the History of Political Philosophy (Oxford University Press, 2011), 296-318
  • ‘Shelburne and Perpetual Peace: Small States, Commerce and International Relations within the Bowood Circle’ in An Enlightenment Statesman in Whig Britain: Lord Shelburne (1737-1805) in Context, eds., Nigel Aston and Clarissa Campbell Orr (Boydell & Brewer, 2011), 249-273
  • ‘War, trade and empire: the dilemmas of French liberal political economy, 1780-1816’, in French Liberalism. From Montesquieu to the Present, eds., Antoon Braeckman, Raf Geenens, and Helena Rosenblatt (Cambridge University Press, 2012), 169-191
  • ‘Burke’s Political Economy’ in The Cambridge Companion to Edmund Burke, eds. Christopher Insole and David Dwan (Cambridge University Press, 2012), 80-91
  • ‘The attempts to transfer the Genevan Academy to Ireland and to America, 1782-1795’, The Historical Journal, 56/2 (2013), 345-368, with Jennifer Powell-McNutt
  • ‘Luxury, commerce, and the rise of political economy' in James Harris, ed. The Oxford Handbook of British Philosophy in the Eighteenth Century (Oxford University Press, 2013), 575-595
  • ‘Shedding blood for ancient and glorious liberty: the Genevan context of Sismondi’s early politics’, in eds. Béla Kapossy and Pascal Bridel, Sismondi: Républicanisme modern et libéralisme critique (Slatkine, 2013), 1-23
  • ‘Thomas Paine’, in Constitutions and the Classics: A Collection of Essays on Selected Authors from Fortescue to Dicey, ed. Denis Galligan (Oxford University Press, 2015), 414-437
  • ‘Rousseau and Revolutions’ in Revolutionary Moments. Reading Revolutionary Texts, ed. Rachel Hammersley (Bloomsbury Academic, 2015), 55-63
  • A lover of peace more than liberty.’ The Genevan response to Rousseau’s politics’ in Avi Lifshitz, ed., Engaging with Rousseau: Reception and Interpretation from the Eighteenth Century to the Present (Cambridge University Press, 2016), 1-16
  • ‘Introduction’ to J. G. A. Pocock, The Machiavellian Moment (Princeton University Press, 2016), xii-xxii
  • ‘Geneva and Scotland: the Calvinist Legacy and After’, Intellectual History Review, 26/3 (2016), 391-410

Teaching Duties

I teach on the following Honours courses:
MO3214: The Decline and Fall of the French Old Regime, 1715-1789
MO3049: Political Thought From Machiavelli to Tocqueville
MO4970: Revolutions and Empires, 1776-1848

I also contribute to the following team-taught courses:
MO2008: Scotland, Britain and Empire, c.1500-2000
HI2001: History as a Discipline: Development & Key Concepts

And to the following postgraduate programmes:
M Litt in Intellectual History
M. Litt in Early Modern History
Postgraduate Courses in Scottish Historical Studies

PhD Students

P. Myles, ‘Thomas Paine and political thought in Lewes’
P. Moorhouse, ‘Joseph Townsend and an end to poverty’
D. Coates, ‘Edmund Burke and the Regicide Peace’
M. Johnson, ‘James Harrington and political thought in Europe’
M. Pollock, ‘Brougham and international relations’
M. Kim, 'Democracy and representation in the French Directory'
L. Long, 'Britain, France and cosmopolitan empire in the 1790s'

Completed PhD students

R. Hammerlsey, ‘The Political Thought of the Cordeliers Club’ 
C. Carpenter, ‘Polytheism in Benjamin Constant’s De la Religion’ 
A. Mansfield, ‘Chevalier Michael Ramsay’s Essai de politique (1719) and Jacobitism’ 
P. Robinson, ‘The meaning and reception of David Williams’ ‘Lessons to a Young Prince (1790)’ 
K. Grint, ‘James Mill’s Commonplace Books and their intellectual context’ 
P. Yigit, ‘John’s Brown’s political thought and the future of Europe’ 
P. Price, ‘Providence and political economy: Josiah Tucker’s providential argument for free trade’


Main Publications