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Guy Rowlands’ research interests lie principally in late seventeenth- and eighteenth-century military, naval, financial and French history.
His first book, The Dynastic State and the Army under Louis XIV. Royal Service and Private Interest, 1661 to 1701 (Cambridge University Press, 2002), used political, social, cultural and military approaches to examine how Louis XIV and his ministers were able to increase the size of the French army five-fold over a period of 30 years, and it stressed the importance of integrating the multiple private interests of noble families into calculations of how to organise the state. This book was co-winner of the Royal Historical Society’s Gladstone Prize in 2003.
His recent work has been on early eighteenth-century financial history. His second book, entitled The Financial Decline of a Great Power. War, Influence, and Money in Louis XIV's France (Oxford University Press, 2012), places military paymasters and suppliers at the centre of an explanation of how and why the French state’s financial situation deteriorated dramatically during the War of the Spanish Succession. Louis XIV bequeathed a legacy of debt generated in this war to his successors that made an ultimate breakdown of government much more likely. The book focusses, as no book on early modern state finances has done before, on the full range of state financial activity – taxation, borrowing, monetary policy, the appropriations system and expenditure – to explain how things went so badly wrong.
His third book, Dangerous and Dishonest Men: the International Bankers of Louis XIV’s France (Palgrave, 2014), follows up the previous study by looking at the extraordinary but damaging role played by foreign exchange and international bankers in France’s eighteenth-century troubles. At the start of the eighteenth century Louis XIV needed to remit huge sums of money abroad to support his armies during the War of the Spanish Succession. This book explains how international bankers moved French money across Europe, and how the foreign exchange system was so overloaded by the demands of war that a massive banking crash resulted.
Current and Future Research
Dr Rowlands is now planning a bid to funding councils for a major project on the emerging western European states, military power and the civilian contractors who serviced and supplied their armed forces in the period 1660-1730. In recent decades the defence establishments of the NATO powers have employed civilian contractors for logistical tasks on a very large scale once again, but there seems to be a real lack of appreciation that so many of these arrangements have been tried before, and particularly so once the state started to emerge in a recognisably modern form after the mid-seventeenth century. As part of this he is already working on another book on arms, artillery and absolute monarchy in Louis XIV’s France.
In the longer term he is working towards a comprehensive, international, single-volume study of the Nine Years War (1688-97); and a collaborative investigation of foreign mercenaries and auxiliaries in Europe between the Peace of Westphalia and the French Revolution.
Dr Rowlands also has extensive interests in European international and transnational relations between the 1660s and the outbreak of the French Revolution (1789), and he maintains an interest in Jacobitism on the continent between 1688 and 1720.
Dr Rowlands served as Secretary of the UK-wide Society for the Study of French History in 2005-08, and serves on the editorial board of that Society's journal French History. He was Director of the Centre for French History and Culture at St Andrews between 2005 and 2013. He is currently Deputy Director of the Institute for the Study of War and Strategy, which will be launched formally in 2015.
During the Academic Year 2007-2008 Dr Rowlands was a visiting scholar at the Albert-Ludwigs-Universitat Freiburg, Germany, as a Research Fellow of the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation.
During the Academic Year 2010-11 he was a British Academy/Leverhulme Trust Senior Research Fellow, and took up a Visiting Fellowship at the Centre Marc Bloch, Berlin.
Dr Rowlands is a Fellow of the Royal Historical Society, and sits on the editorial board of its “Studies in History” monograph series. He is also a member of the Money, Power and Print association, of the Contractor State Group, of the Williamite Universe community, and of the Society for Court Studies.
Articles and Essays
Chair of the Department of Modern History (2013-16)
At undergradate level, participates in the teaching of First Level Modern History courses and offers the following Honours courses:
Current Research Students
Former Research Students
Dr Rowlands welcomes enquiries for Masters or doctoral research in any of his areas of teaching and research interest (see above).