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Prof. Greg Woolf

Professor of Ancient History

gdw2@st-andrews.ac.uk

Research profile

Research Interests

The cultural, social, religious and economic history of the Roman world, broadly understood. Much of my work involves applying ideas from the social sciences to the material, documentary and literary evidence from antiquity. Currently most of my work is on religious history, but I maintain interests in European prehistory, in ancient literacy, in ethnographic writing and in the comparative history of imperialism.

Current research projects

My main current project is a study of the origins of religious pluralism in the Roman empire. I am also engaged in editing various collections, some arising from the recent Leverhulme sponsored project School of Classics co-directed with Jason König. Future projects include a short book on diasporas and colonization in classical antiquity.

Publications

Encyclopaedia of Global Human Migration
Ness, I. (ed.) & Woolf, G. D. (ed.) 2013 Wiley-Blackwell .
ISBN: 9781444334890.
Research output : Book/Report Book

Women and the Roman City in the Latin West
Hemelrijk, E. (ed.) & Woolf, G. (ed.) 2013 Leiden: Brill . (Mnemosyne Supplements).
ISBN: 978-90-04-25594-4.
Research output : Book/Report Book

Religious Dimensions of the Self in the Second Century CE
Rüpke, J. (ed.) & Woolf, G. D. (ed.) 2013 Stuttgart: Mohr Siebeck . (Studien und Texte zu Antike und Christentum; 76).
ISBN: 978-3-16-152243-7.
Research output : Book/Report Book

Encyclopaedism from Antiquity to the Renaissance
König, J. P. (ed.) & Woolf, G. (ed.) 2013 Cambridge University Press .
ISBN: 978-1-107-03823-3.
Research output : Book/Report Book

Ancient Libraries
König, J. P. (ed.) , Oikonomopoulou, K. (ed.) & Woolf, G. (ed.) 2013 Cambridge University Press . 499 p.
ISBN: 978-1-107-01256-1.
Research output : Book/Report Book

Rome: An Empire's Story
Woolf, G. D. 2012 New York: Oxford University Press . 366 p.
ISBN: 978-0-19-960308-4.
Research output : Book/Report Book

Tales of the Barbarians: Ethnography and Empire in the Roman West
Woolf, G. 2011 Wiley-Blackwell . 175 p. (Blackwell Bristol Lectures on Greece, Rome and the Classical Tradition).
ISBN: 978-1-4051-6073-5.
Research output : Book/Report Book

Et tu Bruté? The murder of Caesar and political assassination.
Woolf, G. D. 2006 Profile Books .
ISBN: 1861977417.
Research output : Book/Report Book

Ancient Civilizations. The Illustrated Guide to Belief, Mythology and Art
Woolf, G. D. (ed.) 2005 London: Duncan Baird Publications .
ISBN: 978-1844831555.
Research output : Book/Report Book

Rome the Cosmopolis
Edwards, C. & Woolf, G. D. 2003 Cambridge University Press . 266 p.
ISBN: 0-521-03011-0.
Research output : Book/Report Book

Cambridge Illustrated History of the Roman World
Woolf, G. D. (ed.) 2003 Cambridge University Press .
ISBN: 0521827752.
Research output : Book/Report Book

Becoming Roman. The Origins of Provincial Civilization in Gaul
Woolf, G. D. 1998 Cambridge University Press .
ISBN: 0-521-41445-8.
Research output : Book/Report Book

Literacy and Power in the Ancient World
Woolf, G. D. (ed.) & Bowman, A. (ed.) 1994 Cambridge: Cambridge University Press .
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2277/0521587360
ISBN: 9780521587365.
Research output : Book/Report Book

 

Isis and the evolution of religions
Woolf, G. 2014 Power, Politics, and the Cults of Isis: Proceedings of the Vth International Conference of Isis Studies, Boulogne-sur-Mer, October 13-15 2011. Bricault, L. & Versluys, M. J. (eds.). Leiden: E. J. Brill, Leiden , Vol. 180 , p. 62-92 (Religions of the Graeco-Roman World).
Research output : Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding Chapter

Literacy: Writing Materials and Practice in the Hellenistic and Roman Period
Woolf, G. 2013 Oxford Encyclopaedia of the Bible and Archaeology. Master, D. (ed.). Oxford University Press
Research output : Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding Chapter

Female Mobility in the Latin West
Woolf, G. 2013 Women and the Roman City in the Latin West. Hemelrijk, E. & Woolf, G. (eds.). Leiden: EJ Brill Publishers , p. 351-368 (Mnemosyne, Supplements, History and Archaeology of Classical Antiquity).
Research output : Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding Chapter

Ethnography and the Gods in Tacitus' Germania.
Woolf, G. D. 2013 Ancient Ethnography. New Approaches. Almagor, E. & Skinner, J. (eds.). London: Bloomsbury Academic , p. 133 152 p.
Research output : Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding Other contribution

Chapter X Gaul
Woolf, G. D. 2013 Cambridge Ancient History: Plates for volumes VII.2 & VIII. Smith, C. (ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press , p. 270-282
Research output : Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding Other contribution

Ritual and the Individual in Roman Religion
Woolf, G. D. 2013 The Individual in the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean. Rüpke, J. (ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press , p. 136-160
Research output : Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding Other contribution

Reading and Religion in Rome
Woolf, G. D. 2012 Reflections on Religious Individuality: Greco-Roman and Judaeo-Christian Texts and Practices. Rüpke, J. & Spickermann, W. (eds.). Berlin: De Gruyter , p. 193-208 (Religionsgeschichtliche Versuche und Vorarbeiten).
Research output : Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding Other contribution

Europe: Roman and Post-Roman Europe
Woolf, G. 2012 Oxford Companion to Archaeology. Second Edition. Silberman, N. (ed.). New York: Oxford University Press
Research output : Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding Other contribution

Provincial Revolts in the early Roman Empire
Woolf, G. D. 2011 The Jewish Revolt against Rome. Interdisciplinary Perspectives. Popovic, M. (ed.). Leiden & Boston: EJ Brill Publishers , Vol. 154 , p. 27-44 (Journal for the Study of Judaism Supplements).
Research output : Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding Other contribution

Saving the Barbarian
Woolf, G. D. 2011 Cultural Identity in the Ancient Mediterranean. Gruen, E. (ed.). Los Angeles: Getty Research Institute , p. 255-271
Research output : Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding Other contribution

Catastrophe and Aftermath
Woolf, G. D. 2011 Roman Colonies in the first century of their foundation.: Proceedings of the conference held in St Andrews, September 2007. Sweetman, R. (ed.). Oxford and Oakville: Oxbow Books , p. 150-159
Research output : Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding Other contribution

Afterword: the local and the global in the Graeco-Roman east
Woolf, G. D. 2010 Local Knowledge and Microidentities in the Imperial Greek World. Whitmarsh, T. (ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press , p. 189-200 (Greek Culture in the Roman World).
Research output : Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding Other contribution

Found in Translation. The Religion of the Roman Diaspora.
Woolf, G. D. 2009 Ritual Dynamics and Religious Change in the Roman Empire Proceedings of the Eighth Workshop of the International Network Impact of Empire (Heidelberg, July 5-7, 2007). Hekster, O., Schmidt-Hofner, S. & Witschel, C. (eds.). E. J. Brill, Leiden , p. 239-52
Research output : Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding Chapter

World Religion and World Empire in the Ancient Mediterranean
Woolf, G. D. 2009 Die Religion des Imperium Romanum. Cancik, H. & Rüpke, J. (eds.). Mohr Siebeck , p. 19-35
Research output : Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding Chapter

Literacy or Literacies in Rome?
Woolf, G. 2009 Ancient Literacies: The Culture of Reading in Greece and Rome.. Johnson, W. A. & Parker, H. (eds.). Oxford University Press , p. 46-68
Research output : Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding Chapter

Cruptorix and his kind. Talking ethnicity on the middle ground.
Woolf, G. D. 2009 Ethnic Constructs in Antiquity: The role of power and tradition. . Derks, T. & Roymans, N. (eds.). Amsterdam University Press , Vol. 13 , p. 207-217 (Amsterdam Archaeological Studies).
Research output : Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding Chapter

Divinity and Power in Ancient Rome
Woolf, G. D. 2008 Religion and Power. Divine Kingship in the Ancient World and Beyond, Oriental Institute Seminars (OIS 4). Brisch, N. (ed.). Oriental Institute, University of Chicago , p. 235-251
Research output : Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding Chapter

A Distant Mirror: Britain and Rome in the representation of empire
Woolf, G. D. 2007 Revisiones de Historia Antiqua V, Laudes Provinciarum, Rétorica y política en la representación del imperio romano, Acts of the colloquium at Vitoria, vol 17 - 18. Santos Yanguas, J. & Torregaray Pagola, E. (eds.). p. 135-147
Research output : Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding Chapter

Pliny's Province
Woolf, G. D. 2006 Rome and the Black Sea Region. Domination, Romanisation, Resistance (Black Sea Studies 5). Bekker-Nielsen, T. (ed.). Aarhus University Press , p. 93-108
Research output : Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding Chapter

The end of “the end of the Iron Age”?
Woolf, G. D. 2006 Les mutations de la fin de l’âge du Fer. Actes de la table ronde de Cambridge, 7-8 juillet 2005, = Celtes et Gaulois l’Archéologie face à l’Histoire (Bibracte 12) volume 4,. Haselgrove, C. (ed.). p. 267-276
Research output : Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding Chapter

Playing Games with Greeks: One Roman on Greekness
Woolf, G. D. 2006 Greeks on Greekness: Viewing the Greek Past Under the Roman Empire. Konstan, D. & Said, S. (eds.). Cambridge University Press , p. 162-178
Research output : Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding Chapter

Writing Poverty in Rome
Woolf, G. D. 2006 Poverty in the Roman World. Atkins, M. & Osborne, R. (eds.). Cambridge University Press , p. 83-99
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2277/0521862116
Research output : Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding Chapter

Provincial Perspectives
Woolf, G. D. 2005 Cambridge Companion to the Age of Augustus. Galinsky, K. (ed.). New York and Cambridge: Cambridge University Press , p. 106-129
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2277/0521003938
Research output : Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding Other contribution

Family History in the Roman North-West
Woolf, G. D. 2005 The Roman Family in the Empire: Rome, Italy and Beyond. George, M. (ed.). Oxford University Press , p. 231-54
Research output : Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding Chapter

Local Cult in Imperial Context: the Matronae revisited
Woolf, G. D. 2003 Romanisation und Resistenz in Plastik, Architektur und Inschriften der Provinzen des Imperium Romanum Neue Funde und Forschungen: Akten des VII Internationalen Colloquiums über Probleme des Provinzialrömischen Kunstschaffen. Noelke, P., Schneider, B. & Naumann-Steckner, F. (eds.). Mainz: Philip Von Zabern , p. 131-138
Research output : Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding Chapter

Seeing Apollo in Roman Gaul and Germany
Woolf, G. D. 2003 Roman Imperialism and Provincial Art. Scott, S. & Webster, J. (eds.). Cambridge University Press , p. 139-152
Research output : Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding Chapter

Afterword: How the Latin West was won
Woolf, G. D. 2002 Writing Latin, Becoming Roman? Literacy and Epigraphy in the Roman West. Cooley, A. (ed.). Journal of Roman Archaeology , Vol. supplementary 48 , p. 181-188 (Journal of Roman Archaeology Supplements).
Research output : Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding Chapter

The Roman Cultural Revolution in Gaul
Woolf, G. D. 2001 Italy and the West. Comparative Issues in Romanization: Comparative Issues in Romanization.. Keay, S. & Terrenato, N. (eds.). Oxford: Oxbow , p. 173-86
Research output : Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding Other contribution

Representation as Cult: The Case of the Jupiter Columns
Woolf, G. D. 2001 Religion in den germanischen Provinzen Roms. Spickermann, W., Cancik, H. & Rüpke, J. (eds.). Mohr Siebeck , p. 117-134
Research output : Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding Chapter

Inventing empire in ancient Rome
Woolf, G. D. 2001 Empires Perspectives from archaeology and history. Alcock, S. E., Mor, K. D. & DÕAltroy, T. N. (eds.). Cambridge University Press , p. 311-322
Research output : Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding Chapter

Regional Productions in early Roman Gaul
Woolf, G. D. 2001 Economies beyond Agriculture in the classical world. Mattingly, D. & Salmon, J. (eds.). London: Routledge , p. 49-65 (Leicester-Nottingham studies in ancient society).
Research output : Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding Chapter

Urbanization and its discontents in early Roman Gaul
Woolf, G. D. 2000 Romanization and the City: creation, transformations, and failures.: Papers of a conference held at the American Academy in Rome ... 14-16 May, 1998 . Fentress, E. (ed.). Portsmouth, RI: Journal of Roman Archaeology , p. 115-132 (Journal of Roman Archaeology. Supplementary series).
Research output : Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding Other contribution

Literacy
Woolf, G. D. 2000 Cambridge Ancient History. Bowman, A., Garnsey, P. & Rathbone, D. (eds.). 2nd Edition ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press , Vol. XI , p. 875-897
Research output : Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding Other contribution

The Roman urbanization of the East
Woolf, G. D. 1997 The Early Roman Empire in the East. Alcock, S. E. (ed.). Oxbow , p. 1-14 (Oxbow Monographs).
Research output : Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding Other contribution

Polis-religion and its alternatives in the Roman provinces
Woolf, G. D. 1997 Römische Reichsreligion und Provinzialreligion, Tübingen. Cancik, H. & Rüpke, J. (eds.). p. 71-84
Research output : Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding Chapter

The uses of forgetfulness in Roman Gaul
Woolf, G. D. 1996 Vergangenheit und Lebenswelt.: Soziale Kommunikation, Traditionsbildung und historisches Bewußtsein. Gehrke, H-J. & Möller, A. (eds.). Tübingen: Gunter Narr Verlag , p. 361-383 (ScriptOralia; 90).
Research output : Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding Other contribution

The Formation of Roman Provincial Cultures
Woolf, G. D. 1995 Integration in the early Roman west: the role of culture and ideology : Papers arising from the international conference at the Titelberg (Luxembourg) 12-13 November 1993. Metzler, J., Millett, M., Roymans, N. & Slofstra, J. (eds.). Luxembourg: Musée National d'Histoire et d'Art , p. 9-18 (Dossiers d'archéologie du Musée national d'histoire et d'art).
Research output : Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding Other contribution

Power and the spread of writing in the West
Woolf, G. D. 1994 Literacy and Power in the Ancient World. Bowman, A. K. & Woolf, G. D. (eds.). Cambridge University Press , p. 84-98
Research output : Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding Chapter

European Social Development and Roman Imperialism
Woolf, G. D. 1993 Frontières d'Empire. Nature et signification des frontières romaine: actes de la Table ronde internationale de Nemours, 21-22-23 mai 1992. Brun, P., van der Leeuw, S. & Whittaker, C. R. (eds.). Nemours: Editions A.P.R.A.I.F , p. 13-20 (Mémoires du Musée de préhistoire d'Ile-de-France).
Research output : Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding Other contribution

The Social Significance of Trade in Late Iron Age Europe
Woolf, G. D. 1993 Trade and Exchange in Prehistoric Europe: Proceedings of a conference held at the University of Bristol, April 1992. Scarre, C. & Healy, F. (eds.). Oxford: Oxbow , p. 211-218 (Oxbow Monographs).
Research output : Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding Other contribution

Roman Peace
Woolf, G. D. 1993 War and Society in the Roman World. Rich, J. & Shipley, G. (eds.). London: Routledge , p. 171-194 (Leicester-Nottingham Studies in Ancient Society).
Research output : Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding Other contribution

Patronage of the rural poor in the Roman world
Woolf, G. D. & Garnsey, P. 1989 Patronage in Ancient Society. Wallace-Hadrill, A. (ed.). Routledge , p. 153-170 (Leicester-Nottingham studies in ancient society).
Research output : Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding Other contribution

 

Romanization 2.0 and its alternatives
Woolf, G. Jun 2014 In : Archaeological Dialogues . 21 , 1 , p. 45-50
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1380203814000087
Research output : Contribution to journal Article

Cultural change in Roman Antiquity: observations on agency.
Woolf, G. D. 2007 In : Kodai Journal of Ancient History . 13/14 , p. 157-167
Research output : Contribution to journal Article

The present state and future scope of Roman Archaeology: a comment
Woolf, G. D. Jul 2004 In : American Journal of Archaeology . 108 , 3 , p. 417-428 12 p.
Research output : Contribution to journal Article

A Sea of faith?
Woolf, G. D. 2004 In : Mediterranean Historical Review . 18 , 2 , p. 126-143
Research output : Contribution to journal Article

Generations of Aristocracy. Continuities and discontinuities in the societies of Interior Gaul
Woolf, G. D. 2002 In : Archaeological Dialogues . 9 , 1 , p. 2-15, 39-65
Research output : Contribution to journal Article

Beyond Romans and natives
Woolf, G. Feb 1997 In : World Archaeology . 28 , 3 , p. 339-350 12 p.
Research output : Contribution to journal Article

Monumental Writing and the expansion of Roman Society in the Early Empire
Woolf, G. D. 1996 In : Journal of Roman Studies . 86 , p. 22-39 18 p.
Research output : Contribution to journal Article

Becoming Roman, Staying Greek: Culture, Identity and the Civilizing Process in the Roman East
Woolf, G. D. 1994 In : Proceedings of the Cambridge Philological Society . 40 , p. 116-43 28 p.
Research output : Contribution to journal Article

Les prospections ACO en vallée de Somme.: Rapport préliminaire (campagnes de 1991 et 1992)
Woolf, G. D. & Cadoux, J-L. 1993 In : Revue archéologique de Picardie . 3/4 , p. 113 120 p.
Research output : Contribution to journal Article

Rethinking the oppida
Woolf, G. D. 1993 In : Oxford Journal of Archaeology . 12 , 2 , p. 223 234 p.
Research output : Contribution to journal Article

Imperialism, empire and the integration of the Roman economy
WOOLF, G. Feb 1992 In : World Archaeology . 23 , 3 , p. 283-293 11 p.
Research output : Contribution to journal Article

World systems analysis and the Roman empire
Woolf, G. D. 1990 In : Journal of Roman Archaeology . 3 , p. 44-58
Research output : Contribution to journal Article

Food, poverty and patronage: The significance of the epigraphy of the Roman Alimentary Schemes in early Imperial Italy
Woolf, G. D. 1990 In : Papers of the British School at Rome . 58 , p. 197-228
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S006824620001165X
Research output : Contribution to journal Article

 

For further information on publications, please view my profile on the university's research portal.

Research students

I am glad to supervise students working in any of the above fields, and in many other areas. Former students have written theses on the North Italian Gauls, epigraphy and society in Roman Italy, on Velleius Paterculus, Roman Narbonensis, Cyprian of Carthage, Culture and Identity in Lycia, the economy of Roman Britain and various topics in Roman Religion and Roman Culture.

Teaching

I am currently on research leave until the end of academic year 2013-14.

Otherwise I teach on a range of ancient history, classical studies and archaeology modules. At St Andrews I have taught Honours modules on the Roman Economy, on Roman Leisure, on Greece under Roman Rule, on Roman Religion, on Ancient Slavery and on Archaic Greece. I have taught on a postgraduate taught courses, in St Andrews and abroad.

Academic career

After graduating from Oxford in 1985 I wrote a doctorate in Cambridge where I was fortunate to be supervised by Peter Garnsey and Keith Hopkins in ancient history, and Ian Hodder and Sander van der Leeuw in archaeology. I also spent some time as a CNRS chercheur at the Laboratoire d'Archéologie of the École Normale Supérieure in the rue d'Ulm in Paris, taught part-time at the University of Leicester for three years and was a research fellow of Christ's College. In 1990 I returned to Oxford to teach ancient history and archaeology as a fellow of first Magdalen and then Brasenose Colleges before being elected in 1998 to a chair at St. Andrews.

I have served on the Councils of the Roman Society, the Classical Association and the Classical Association of Scotland. I have chaired the HEA subject centre advisory committee for Classics and served on various national and international committees, including RAE 2008 subpanel 59. I currently chair the CUCD ( the Council for University Classics Departments) and am a member of the AHRC Advisory Board and the Research Awards Advisory Committee of the Leverhulme Trust.

I have contributed to various reference works including the Cambridge Ancient History, the Barrington Classical Atlas, the Neue Pauly and the Oxford Classical Dictionary. I have held visiting appointments in Rome, Paris, Erfurt and Campinas and have also been lucky enough to give a number of invited lectures around the world.

I have been a member of the editorial boards of the Journal of Roman Studies and the American Journal of Archaeology. I am a member of the editorial boards of Classica et Mediaevalia, of Gallia, of the International Journal of Euro-Mediterranean Studies, and New Voices in Classical Reception Studies.