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Prof. Christopher Smith

Professor of Ancient History
On secondment as Director of the British School at Rome, 2009-17

cjs6@st-andrews.ac.uk

Research profile

Research Interests

The social and economic development of early Rome & Latium, particularly as evidenced through archaeology and comparative developments in the southern and eastern Mediterranean.  Within this, I have addressed general aspects of urbanization and state formation.

The evolution and legal and symbolic significance of republican political institutions, particularly the gens,  and how these were characterised by contemporary sources  and interpreted in the modern historiography of the subject from Sigonio to Vico, Lewis Henry Morgan, Engels and Marx to the current day.

My interest in historiography, with a specific interest in fragmentary Roman historians, extends to Greek historiography and to writers such as Plutarch, Pliny the Elder and Aulus Gellius, who are our sources for much fragmentary literature, as well as the periods of the late Republic which generated the most substantial historical accounts. This in turn has led to work on Cicero.

Currently I am completing a general account of the place of history in Roman society, looking at the use of inscriptions, monuments and texts and using concepts such as lieux de memoire and social memory to understand more clearly the development of Roman historiography.

Publications

The Cambridge Ancient History: Plates to Volumes VII, Part 2 and VIII : the rise of Rome to 133 BC
Smith, C. J. (ed.) 2013 2nd ed. Cambridge University Press . 310 p.
ISBN: 9780521252553.
Research output : Book/Report Book

The Fragments of the Roman Historians: in 3 volumes
Cornell, T. J. (ed.), Bispham, E. (ed.), Rich, J. W. (ed.) & Smith, C. J. (ed.) 2013 Oxford University Press .
ISBN: 978-0-19-927705-6.
Research output : Book/Report Book

Imperialism, Cultural Politics, and Polybius
Smith, C. J. (ed.) & Yarrow, L. (ed.) 2012 Oxford: Oxford University Press . 368 p.
ISBN: 978-0199600755.
Research output : Book/Report Anthology

Praise and Blame in Roman Republican Rhetoric
Smith, C. J. & Covino, R. 2011 Swansea: Classical Press of Wales .
ISBN: 9781905125463.
Research output : Book/Report Anthology

The lost memoirs of Augustus: and the development of Roman autobiography
Smith, C. J. (ed.) & Powell, A. (ed.) 2009 Classical Press of Wales . 227 p.
ISBN: 978-1-905125-25-8.
Research output : Book/Report Book

The Roman Clan: The Gens from Ancient Ideology to Modern Anthropology
Smith, C. J. 2006 Cambridge University Press . 393 p.
ISBN: 0-521-85692-2.
Research output : Book/Report Book

Sicily from Aeneas to Augustus: New Approaches in Archaeology and History
Smith, C. J. & Serrati, J. 2000 Edinburgh University Press .
Research output : Book/Report Book

Religion in Archaic and Republican Rome: Evidence and Experience
Smith, C. J. & Bispham, E. 2000 Edinburgh University Press .
Research output : Book/Report Book

Trade and Traders in the Ancient World
Smith, C. J. & Parkins, H. 1998 Routledge .
Research output : Book/Report Book

Modus Operandi: Essays in Honour of Professor G. E. Rickman
Smith, C. J. , Austin, M. M. & Harries, J. D. 1998 BICS .
Research output : Book/Report Book

Early Rome and Latium: Economy and Society c 1000-500 BC
Smith, C. J. 1996 Clarendon Press .
ISBN: 0-19-815031-8.
Research output : Book/Report Book

 

Methodology and historiography in the study of early Rome
Smith, C. J. 2013 Mediterranean Archaeology: A GID-EMAN training course. Godart, L., La Rocca, E. & Sommella, P. (eds.). Rome: Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei , p. 23-38
Research output : Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding Chapter

Le ricerche della Scuola Britannica nell'agro Veientano
Smith, C. J. & Cascino, R. 2012 Il nuovo museo archeologico dell'Agro Veientano a Palazzo Chigi di Formello. von Kampen, I. (ed.). Rome: Edizioni Quasar , p. 175-9
Research output : Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding Chapter

Feriae Latinae
Smith, C. J. 2012 Greek and Roman Festivals: Content, Meaning and Practice. Brandt, J. R. & Iddeng, J. W. (eds.). Oxford: Oxford University Press , p. 267-88
Research output : Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding Chapter

Historical Introduction
Smith, C. J. 2012 Veii: The Historical Topography of the Ancient City.: A Restudy of John Ward-Perkins's Survey. Cascino, R., di Giuseppe, H. & Patterson, H. (eds.). London: British School at Rome , p. 1-8 (Archaeological Monographs of the British School at Rome; 19).
Research output : Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding Chapter

Introduction
Smith, C. J. & Yarrow, L. 2012 Imperialism, Cultural Politics and Polybius. Oxford: Oxford University Press , p. 1-14
Research output : Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding Chapter

The magistrates of the early Roman Republic
Smith, C. J. 2011 Consuls and Res Publica : Holding High Office in the Roman Republic . Beck, H., Dupla, A., Jehne, M. & Pina Polo, F. (eds.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press , p. 19-40 21 p.
Research output : Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding Chapter

Introduction: Praise and Blame in Roman Oratory
Smith, C. J. & Dominik, W. 2011 Praise and Blame in Roman Republican Rhetoric. Smith, C. & Covino, R. (eds.). Swansea: Classical Press of Wales , p. 1-15 15 p.
Research output : Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding Chapter

Citizenship and Community: Inventing the Roman Republic
Smith, C. J. 2011 State Formation in Italy and Greece: Questioning the Neoevolutionist Paradigm. Terrenato, N. & Haggis, D. (eds.). Oxbow , p. 217-230
Research output : Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding Chapter

Rhetorical history: the struggle of the orders in Livy
Smith, C. J. 2010 Form and Function in Roman Oratory. Berry, D. H. & Erskine, A. (eds.). Cambridge University Press , p. 264-280
Research output : Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding Chapter

Caesar and the Early History of Rome
Smith, C. J. 2010 Cesare: Precursore o Visionario?: Atti del convegno internazionale Cividale del Friuli, 17-19 settembre 2009. Urso, G. (ed.). Edizione ETS , p. 249-264 ( I convegni della Fondazione Niccolò Canussio).
Research output : Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding Conference contribution

Sulla’s memoirs
Smith, C. J. 2009 The lost memoirs of Augustus and the development of Roman autobiography. Smith, C. & Powell, A. (eds.). Classical Press of Wales , p. 65-85
Research output : Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding Chapter

The Memoirs of Augustus: testimonia and fragments
Smith, C. J. (ed.) 2009 The lost memoirs of Augustus and the development of Roman autobiography. Smith, C. & Powell, A. (eds.). Classical Press of Wales , p. 1-13
Research output : Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding Chapter

The Hinterland of Rome
Smith, C. J. 2007 Ancient Italy: Regions without boundaries. Bradley, G., Isayev, E., . M. D. & Riva, C. (eds.). p. 161-78
Research output : Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding Chapter

The Religion of Archaic Rome
Smith, C. J. 2007 The Blackwell Companion to Roman Religion. Ruepke, J. (ed.). Blackwell Publishing , p. 31-42
Research output : Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding Chapter

Cult and Ritual: The Archaeology of Roman Religion
Smith, C. J. 2007 Blackwell Companion to Classical Archaeology. Alcock, S. & Osborne, R. G. (eds.). Blackwell Publishing , p. 263-85
Research output : Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding Chapter

Pliny the Elder on Early Rome
Smith, C. J. 2007 Vita vigilia est: essays in honour of Barbara Levick. Bispham, E. & Rowe, G. (eds.). p. 147-70
Research output : Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding Chapter

Adfectatio Regni in the Roman Republic
Smith, C. J. 2006 Ancient Tyranny. Lewis, S. (ed.). Edinburgh University Press , p. 49-64
Research output : Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding Chapter

Festivals of community in Rome and Latium
Smith, C. J. 2005 Papers in Italian Archaeology VI: Communities and Settlements from the Neolithic to the Early Medieval Period. Proceedings of the 6th Conference of Italian Archaeology (BAR International Series 1452). Attema, P. A. J. (ed.). Archaeopress , p. 1.76-83
Research output : Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding Chapter

The Beginnings of Urbanization in Rome
Smith, C. J. 2005 Mediterranean Urbanization 800-600 BC. Cunliffe, B. & Osborne, R. (eds.). Oxford University Press , p. 91-111
Research output : Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding Chapter

Medea in Italy: Trade and Contact between Greece and Italy in the Archaic Period
Smith, C. J. 1999 Ancient Greek West and East. Tsetskhladze, G. (ed.). EJ Brill Publishers , p. 179-206
Research output : Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding Chapter

Early and Archaic Rome
Smith, C. J. 1998 Ancient Rome: The Archaeology of the Eternal City. Coulston, J. C. N. & Dodge, H. (eds.). Oxbow , p. 16-41
Research output : Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding Chapter

Onasander on How to be a General
Smith, C. J. 1998 Modus Operandi: Essays in Honour of Prof G E Rickman; BICS Supplementary Series, vol 71. Austin, M. M., Harries, J. D. & Smith, C. J. (eds.). BICS , p. 151-66
Research output : Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding Chapter

Trade, Traders and Artisans in Early Rome
Smith, C. J. 1998 Trade, Traders and the Ancient City. Parkins, H. & Smith, C. J. (eds.). Routledge , p. 31-51
Research output : Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding Chapter

The Development of the City-State at Rome
Smith, C. J. 1997 The Development of the Polis in Archaic Greece. Mitchell, L. & Rhodes, P. J. (eds.). Routledge
Research output : Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding Chapter

 

A Hundred Years of Roman History: Historiography and Intellectual Culture
Smith, C. J. Oct 2012 In : Papers of the British School at Rome . 80 , p. 295-323
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S006824621200013X
Research output : Contribution to journal Article

The origins of the tribunate of the plebs
Smith, C. J. 2012 In : Antichthon . 46 , p. 101-25
Research output : Contribution to journal Article

Thinking about Kings
Smith, C. J. Dec 2011 In : Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies . 54 , 2 , p. 21-42
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.2041-5370.2011.00022.x
Research output : Contribution to journal Article

The Etruscans from Genoa to Ampurias. Proceedings from the XXIV conference of Etruscan and Italici studies, Marseille-Lattes, 26 September-1 October 2002
Smith, C. 2008 In : Classical Review . 58 , p. 275-277 3 p.
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0009840X07002867
Research output : Contribution to journal Article

Controversial history: Exempla Romana in the political discourse of the late Roman Republic
Smith, C. 2007 In : Journal of Roman Studies . 97 , p. 307-309 3 p.
Research output : Contribution to journal Article

The "princely burials" in the tombs of Latium between the end of the early Iron Age and the beginning of the age of Orientalisation.
Smith, C. 2006 In : Journal of Roman Studies . 96 , p. 281-282 2 p.
Research output : Contribution to journal Article

Foods and banquets in ancient Rome.
Smith, C. 2006 In : Journal of Roman Studies . 96 , p. 233-233 1 p.
Research output : Contribution to journal Article

A critical history of early Rome from prehistory to the First Punic War.
Smith, C. 2006 In : Journal of Roman Studies . 96 , p. 222-224 3 p.
Research output : Contribution to journal Article

Art implementation and art legitimation in the archaic and early classical Sparta.
Smith, C. Jul 2005 In : American Journal of Archaeology . 109 , p. 581-582 2 p.
Research output : Contribution to journal Article

The 'Origo Gentis Romanae': Facts and Fictions
Smith, C. J. Jan 2005 In : Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies . 48 , 1 , p. 97-136
Research output : Contribution to journal Article

The origins of Rome.
Smith, C. 2005 In : Classical Review . 55 , p. 361-362 2 p.
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/clrevj/bni205
Research output : Contribution to journal Article

The origins of the Etruscans.
Smith, C. 2005 In : Classical Review . 55 , p. 361-362 2 p.
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/bni205
Research output : Contribution to journal Article

Excavations of the Palatine, vol I, The southwest area of the Palatine between the prehistoric period and the 4th century BC - Excavations and materials of the underground structure beneath the cella of the temple of Victory
Smith, C. 2003 In : Classical Review . 53 , p. 228-229 2 p.
Research output : Contribution to journal Article

Italy and Cyprus in antiquity: 1500-450 BC - Proceedings of an international symposium held at the Italian Academy for Advanced Studies in America, Columbia University, November 16-18, 2000
Smith, C. 2003 In : Classical Review . 53 , p. 216-218 3 p.
Research output : Contribution to journal Article

The archaeology of ancient Greece
Smith, C. 2003 In : Classical Review . 53 , p. 211-213 3 p.
Research output : Contribution to journal Article

The world of the early Etruscans. Goteborgs-Universitet, the Felix Neubergh Lecture, 2000
Smith, C. 2003 In : Classical Review . 53 , p. 495-495 1 p.
Research output : Contribution to journal Article

The emergence of state identities in Italy in the First Millennium BC
Smith, C. 2003 In : Classical Review . 53 , p. 409-411 3 p.
Research output : Contribution to journal Article

Ancient perceptions of Greek ethnicity
Smith, C. 2003 In : Classical Review . 53 , p. 405-407 3 p.
Research output : Contribution to journal Article

Caesar and the mos-maiorum
Smith, C. 2003 In : Journal of Roman Studies . 93 , p. 362-363 2 p.
Research output : Contribution to journal Article

New light from ancient Cosa (Classical Mediterranean studies in honour of Cleo Rickman Fitch)
Smith, C. 2002 In : Classical Review . 52 , p. 349-351 3 p.
Research output : Contribution to journal Article

Soothsayers, gods, and demons: Studies in ancient Etruscan religion
Smith, C. Jan 2000 In : American Journal of Archaeology . 104 , p. 142-143 2 p.
Research output : Contribution to journal Article

The Comitium at Rome from its origins to the Augustan Age
Smith, C. Jul 1999 In : American Journal of Archaeology . 103 , p. 571-572 2 p.
Research output : Contribution to journal Article

Between 'house' and 'city': Ancient courts compared
Smith, C. 1999 In : Classical Review . 49 , p. 297-298 2 p.
Research output : Contribution to journal Article

Thucydides, 'History III'
Smith, C. 1999 In : Classical Review . 49 , p. 258-259 2 p.
Research output : Contribution to journal Article

A commentary on Thucydides, vol II, Books-IV-V.24
Smith, C. 1999 In : Classical Review . 49 , p. 18-20 3 p.
Research output : Contribution to journal Article

Italian unification: A study ancient and modern historiography
Smith, C. 1999 In : Journal of Roman Studies . 89 , p. 227-227 1 p.
Research output : Contribution to journal Article

The foundation of Rome: Myth and history
Smith, C. 1999 In : Journal of Roman Studies . 89 , p. 226-227 2 p.
Research output : Contribution to journal Article

From barbarians to new men; Greek, Roman and modern perceptions of peoples from the central Apennines
Smith, C. 1998 In : Hermathena . p. 131-137 7 p.
Research output : Contribution to journal Article

Ritual, Time and Power in Ancient Rome
Smith, C. J. & Lawrence, R. 1997 In : Accordia Research Papers . 6
Research output : Contribution to journal Article

 

For further information on publications, please view my profile on the university's research portal.

Research students

I have supervised successful doctoral theses on Women in the 5th century Greek myth and tragedy, and Rome and Sicily during the Punic Wars; Roman provincial administration in Sicily in the time of Verres; and the language of popular politics in the late Republic

I have engaged my research students in publication and other research activity and I believe this is a very important part of my role as a supervisor.  Two of my research students have edited conference proceedings with me for publication; and others have been involved in digitisation projects, running conferences, or in editorial assistance (JRS reviews and CAH Plates).  Of my former PhD students, one is employed as a classics teacher, and two have academic positions in American or Canadian higher education institutions.  I regularly attend and speak at the American Philological Association. 

I am very interested in creating groups of students to work together.  Areas where I think there could be exciting work for us include Roman historiography and oratory, and all aspects of Republican Roman history, but especially early Rome, and the politics of the middle and late republic.  Roman religion in the Republic is an area where I have published and hope to continue to work and a recent stay at the British School at Rome reminded me how many opportunities there are still to work on archaic Italic society and microhistories of individual communities. 

I would welcome approaches from any student, including international students, to discuss their ideas for potential research topics.

Teaching

My predominant interests are in Roman Republican history and political theory.  I co-ordinated the taught masters course in Ancient History, and collaborate with colleagues in International Relations on the Masters in International Political Thought.

http://www.st-andrews.ac.uk/intrel/pgcourses/IPT.html

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