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Vagueness Bibliography

(Please note: This bibliography was produced as part of the Arche Vagueness project, whose final conference took place in June 2007. The bibliography is no longer being updated)

 


The following are bibliographies on topics in Vagueness.

 

Fuzzy semantics

Lukasiewicz, Jan and Tarski, Alfred [1930] 'Untersuchungen ueber den Aussagenkalkuel', Comptes rendus des séances de la Societe des Sciences et des Lettres de Varsovie, cl. 3, 23, pp. 1-21, 30-50, translated into English by J.H. Woodger as 'Investigations into the Sentential Calculus', in Corcoran, J (ed), Logic, Semantics, Metamathematics, 2nd ed., Indianapolis: Hackett, 1983.

Zadeh, Lotfi [1965] 'Fuzzy Sets', Information and Control 8, pp. 338-53.

Vagueness-related discussion:

Waismann, Friedrich [1945/6] 'Are There Alternative Logics?', Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 46, pp. 77-104.

Halldén, S [1949] The Logic of Nonsense, Uppsala: Uppsala Universitets Arsskrift.

Åqvist, L [1962] 'Reflections on the Logic of Nonsense', Theoria 28, pp. 138-57.

Segerberg, K [1965] 'A Contribution to Nonsense-Logics', Theoria 31, pp. 199-217.

Odegard, D [1965] 'Excluding the Middle from Loose Concepts', Theoria 31, pp. 138-44.

Goguen, J A [1969] 'The Logic of Inexact Concepts', Synthèse 19, pp. 325-73.

Cleave, J P [1970] 'The Notion of Validity in Logical Systems With Inexact Predicates', British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 21, pp. 269-74.

Verma, R R [1970] 'Vagueness and the Principle of Excluded Middle', Mind 79, pp. .

Sanford, David H [1975] 'Borderline Logic', American Philosophical Quarterly 12, pp. 29-40.

Sanford, David H [1976] 'Competing Semantics of Vagueness: Many Values Versus Super-Truth', Synthèse 33, pp. 195-210.

Machina, Kenton [1976] 'Truth, Belief and Vagueness', Journal of Philosophical Logic 5, pp. 47-78.

Morgan, C G & Pelletier, J F [1977] 'Some Notes Concerning Fuzzy Logics', Linguistics and Philosophy 1, pp. 79-97.

Haack, Susan [1979] 'Do we need "fuzzy logic"?', International Journal of Man-Machine Studies 11, pp. 437-45.

Rolf, Bertil [1980] 'A Theory of Vagueness', Journal of Philosophical Logic 9, pp. 315-325.

Peacocke, Christopher [1981] 'Are Vague Predicates Incoherent?', Synthese 46, pp. 121-141.

Forbes, Graeme [1983] 'Thisness and Vagueness', Synthese 54, pp. 235-259.

Rolf, Bertil [1984] 'Sorites', Synthese 58, pp. 219-250.

Sainsbury, Mark [1988-9] 'Tolerating Vagueness', Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 89, pp. 33-48.

Rea, G [1989] 'Degrees of Truth Versus Intuitionism', Analysis 49, pp. 31-2.

Schwartz, Stephen P [1990] 'Intuitionism Versus Degrees of Truth', Analysis 50, pp. 43-7.

Kosko, Bart [1993] Fuzzy Thinking: The New Science of Fuzzy Logic, London: HarperCollinsPublishers.

Tye, Michael [1994] Sorites Paradoxes and the Semantics of Vagueness, in Tomberlin, J (ed.), Philosophical Perspectives: Logic and Language. Atascadero, California: Ridgeview; reprinted in Keefe & Smith [1996].

Williamson, Timothy [1994] Vagueness, ch. 4, London: Routledge.

Copeland, Jack [1994] 'Vagueness and Bivalence: A Discussion of Williamson and
Simons', Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 68, pp. 193-200.

Simons, Peter [1995] 'Multivalence and Vagueness: A Reply to Copeland', Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 95, pp. 201.

Copeland, Jack [1995] 'On Vague Objects, Fuzzy Logic and Fractal Boundaries', Southern Journal of Philosophy 33, pp. 83-96.

Haack, Susan [1996] Deviant Logic, Fuzzy Logic: Beyond the Formalism, Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Copeland, Jack [1997] 'Fuzzy Logic and Vague Identity', Journal of Philosophy 94, pp. 514-34. [abstract]

Tzouvaras, A [1998] 'Modeling Vagueness by Nonstandardness', Fuzzy Sets and Systems 94, pp. 385.

Keefe, Rosanna [1998] 'Vagueness by Numbers', Mind 107, pp. 565-80. [abstract]

Fisher, Pete [2000] 'Sorites paradox and vague geographies', Fuzzy Sets and Systems 113, pp. 7-18. [abstract]

Keefe, Rosanna [2000] Theories of Vagueness, ch. 4, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. [abstract]

Weatherson, Brian [2002] 'True, Truer, Truest', , pp. . [abstract]
 
Cook, Roy [2002] 'Vagueness and Mathematical Precision', Mind 111, pp. 225-48. [abstract]

Paoli, Francesco [2003] 'A Really Fuzzy Approach to the Sorites Paradox', Synthèse 134, pp. 363-87.

Smith, Nicholas J.J. [2003] 'Vagueness by Numbers? No Worries', Mind 112, pp. .

Keefe, Rosanna [2003] 'Unsolved Problems with Numbers: Reply to Smith', Mind 112, pp. .

 

Dialetheism and subvaluationism

Van Bendegem, Jean Paul [2001] 'Paraconsistency And Dialogue Logic: Critical Examination And Further Explorations', Synthèse 127, pp. 35-55. [abstract]

Subvaluationism (general):

Jaskowski, Stanislaw [1969] 'Propositional Calculus for Contradictory Deductive Systems', Studia Logica 24, pp. 143-157, originally published in 1948 in Polish as 'Rachunek zda'n dla systemov dedukcyjnych sprzecznych' in Studia Societatis Scientiarum Torunensis, sec. A, vol. 1, no. 5, pp. 55-77.

(Vagueness-related discussion:)

Hyde, Dominic [1997] 'From Heaps and Gaps to Heaps of Gluts', Mind 106, pp. 641-60. [abstract]

Sypniewska, J O [1999] 'Heaps and gluts: paraconsistent logic applied to vagueness', Logic and Logical Philosophy 7, pp. 179-93.

Akiba, Ken [1999] 'On super- and subvaluationism: A classicist's reply to Hyde', Mind 108, pp. 727-732.

Hyde, Dominic [2001] 'A Reply to Beall and Colyvan', Mind 110, pp. 409-11.

Beall, J C & Colyvan, Mark [2001] 'Heaps of Gluts and Hyde-ing the Sorites', Mind 110, pp. 401-8.

Beall, J C & Colyvan, Mark [2001] 'Looking for Contradictions', Australasian Journal of Philosophy 79, pp. 564-9. [abstract]

 

Contextualism

Kamp, Hans [1981] The Paradox of the Heap, in Mönnich, U (ed.) Aspects of Philosophical Logic, Dordrecht: Reidel, pp. 225-77.

Bosch, P [1983] "Vagueness" is Context-Dependent, in Ballmer & Pinkal [1983].

Ballweg, Joachim [1983] Vagueness or context-dependence? Supervaluation revisited in a semantics based on scales, in Thomas T. Ballmer and Manfred
Pinkal (eds), Approaching Vagueness, North-Holland, Amsterdam, pp. 59-78.

Pinkal, Manfred [1984] Consistency and Context Change: The Sorites Paradox, in Landman, F & Veltman, F (eds.) Varieties of Formal Semantics, Dordrecht: Foris Publications.

Tappenden, Jamie [1993] 'The Liar and Sorites Paradoxes; Toward a Unified Treatment', Journal of Philosophy 90, pp. 551.

Raffman, Diana [1994] 'Vagueness Without Paradox', Philosophical Review 103, pp. 41-74.

van Deemter, Kees [1996] The Sorites Fallacy and the Context-Dependence of Vague Predicates, in Quantifiers, Deduction, and Context, ed. Makoto Kanazawa, Christopher Piñon, and Henriëttede Swart.

Raffman, Diana [1996] 'Vagueness and Context-Relativity', Philosophical Studies 81, pp. 175-92.

Sorensen, Roy A [1998] 'Ambiguity, Discretion and the Sorites', Monist 81, pp. 217-35.

Soames, Scott [1999] Understanding Truth, New York: Oxford University Press. [abstract]

Kyburg, Alice & Morreau, Michael [2000] 'Fitting Words: vague language in context', Linguistics and Philosophy 23, pp. 577-97.

Robertson, Teresa [2000] 'On Soames's solution to the sorites paradox', Analysis 60, pp. 328-34.

Gross, Steven A [2000] Vagueness in Context, in Proceedings of the Twenty-Second Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Scociety, eds. Lila Gleitman and Avarind Joshi (Lawrence Erlbaum, 2000).

Gross, Steven A [2001] Essays on Linguistic Context-Sensitivity and its Philosophical Significance, Routledge. [abstract]

Graff, Delia [2002] 'Shifting Sands: An Interest-Relative Theory of Vagueness', Philosophical Topics 28, pp. 45-81. [abstract]

Williamson, Timothy [2002] 'Soames on Vagueness', Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 65, pp. 422-8.

Gross, Steven A [2003?] 'A Pragmatic, Context-Sensitive Approach to Vagueness', (in progress) , pp. .

Gross, Steven A [2003?] Vagueness, Indirect Speech, and the World, in Protosociology: Special Issue on Indirect Speech and Radical Interpretation, ed. Gerhard Preyer (forthcoming).

Stanley, Jason [2003] 'Context, Interest-Relativity, and the Sorites', Analysis (forthcoming) , pp. .

 

Vagueness and propositional attitudes

Sorensen, Roy A [1987] 'The Vagueness of Knowledge', Canadian Journal of Philosophy 17, pp. 767-804.

Sorensen, Roy A [1991] 'Vagueness Within the Language of Thought', Philosophical Quarterly 41, pp. 389-413.

Schiffer, Stephen [1998] 'Two Issues of Vagueness', Monist 81, pp. 193-214.

Schiffer, Stephen [2000] Vagueness and Partial Belief, in Ernest Sosa, ed., Skepticism: Philosophical Issues, 10 Sosa, Ernest (ed), Cambridge, Blackwell.

Field, Hartry [2000] 'Indeterminacy, Degree of Belief, and Excluded Middle', Noûs 34, pp. 1-30.

Schiffer, Stephen [2003] 'Vagueness and Indeterminacy' in The Things We Mean, Oxford University Press, pp.178-238

Dorr, Cian [2003] `Vagueness Without Ignorance', in Philosophical Perspectives 17: Language and Philosophical Linguistics, ed. John Hawthorne and Dean Zimmerman, Blackwell, pp. 83-114.

Hawthorne, John [2005] `Vagueness and the Mind of God', in Philosophical Studies 122, pp. 1-25

 

Vagueness and Ignorance

Cargile, James [1969] 'The Sorites Paradox', British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 20, pp. 193-202.

Campbell, Richmond [1974] 'The Sorites Paradox', Philosophical Studies 26, pp. 175-91.

Scheffler, Israel [1979] Beyond the Letter: A Philosophical Inquiry Into Ambiguity, Vagueness and Metaphor in Language, London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.

Rolf, Bertil [1984] 'Sorites', Synthèse 58, pp. 219-50.

Sorensen, Roy A [1988] Blindspots, Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Sorensen, Roy A [1988] 'Vagueness, Blurriness, and Measurement', Synthèse 75, pp. 45-82.

Heller, Mark [1990] The Ontology of Physical Objects: Four-Dimensional Hunks of Matter, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Simons, Peter [1992] 'Vagueness and Ignorance', Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Supplementary Volume 63, pp. 163-77.

Williamson, Timothy [1992] 'Vagueness and Ignorance', Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Supplementary Volume 66, pp. 145-62.

Williamson, Timothy [1994] Vagueness, London: Routledge.

Copeland, Jack [1994] 'Vagueness and Bivalence: A Discussion of Williamson and Simons', Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 68, pp. 193-200.

Sorensen, Roy A [1994] 'A Thousand Clones', Mind 103, pp. 47-54.

Williamson, Timothy [1995] 'Definiteness and Knowability', Southern Journal of Philosophy (Supplement) 33, pp. .

Hyde, Dominic [1995] 'Review of T Williamson: Vagueness', Mind 104, pp. 919-25.

Wright, Crispin [1995] 'The Epistemic Conception of Vagueness', Southern Journal of Philosophy (Supplement) 33, pp. 133-59.

Sorensen, Roy A [1995] 'The Epistemic Conception of Vagueness: Comments on Wright', Southern Journal of Philosophy (Supplement) 33, pp. 161-70.

Sainsbury, Mark [1995] 'Vagueness, Ignorance and Margin for Error (Critical Notice of Timothy Williamson: Vagueness)', British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 46, pp. 589-601.

Simons, Peter [1996] 'Critical Notice of Timothy Williamson, Vagueness', International Journal of Philosophical Studies , pp. 321-7.

Williamson, Timothy [1996] 'What Makes it a Heap?', Erkenntnis 44, pp. 327-39.

Williamson, Timothy [1996] 'Wright on the Epistemic Conception of Vagueness', Analysis 56, pp. 39.

Horgan, Terence [1997] 'Brute Supervenience, Deep Ignorance, and the Problem of the Many', Philosophical Issues 8, pp. 229-36.

Williamson, Timothy [1997] Imagination, Stipulation and Vagueness, in Villanueva, E (ed.) Philosophical Issues: Truth, Atascadero: Ridgeview.

Sorensen, Roy A [1997] 'Sharp Boundaries for Blobs', Philosophical Studies 91, pp. 275-95.

Horwich, Paul [1997] 'The Nature of Vagueness', Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 57, pp. 929-36.

Gomez-Torrente, Mario [1997] Two Problems for an Epistemicist View of Vagueness, in E. Villanueva (ed.), Philosophical Issues VIII: Truth, Ridgeview, Atascadero (California), 1997.

Mott, Peter L [1998] 'Margins for Error and the Sorites Paradox', Philosophical Quarterly 48, pp. 494-504.

Williamson, Timothy [1999] 'Andjelkoviæ on Bivalence: A Reply', Acta Analytica 14, pp.

Williamson, Timothy [1999] Schiffer on the Epistemic Theory of Vagueness, in J Tomberlin (ed.), Philosophical Perspectives 13: Epistemology, Oxford and Boston, MA: Blackwell.

Schiffer, Stephen [1999] The Epistemic Theory of Vagueness (with reply by Williamson), in J Tomberlin (ed.), Philosophical Perspectives 13: Epistemology, Oxford and Boston, MA: Blackwell.

Andjelkovic, Miroslava [1999] 'Williamson on Bivalence', Acta Analytica 14, pp.

Sorensen, Roy A [2000] 'A Vague Demonstration', Linguistics and Philosophy 23, pp. 507-22.

Elder, Crawford L [2000] 'Familiar Objects and the Sorites of Decomposition', American Philosophical Quarterly 37, pp. 79-89.

Field, Hartry [2000] 'Indeterminacy, Degree of Belief, and Excluded Middle', Noûs 34, pp. 1-30.

Williamson, Timothy [2000] Knowledge and Its Limits, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Williamson, Timothy [2000] 'Margins for Error: A Reply to Mott', Philosophical Quarterly 50, pp. 76-81.

Keefe, Rosanna [2000] Theories of Vagueness, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Wright, Crispin [2001] 'On being in a quandary. Relativism vagueness logical revisionism', Mind 110, pp. 45-98.

Sorensen, Roy A [2001] Vagueness and Contradiction, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Burgess, John Alexander [2001] 'Vagueness, Epistemicism and Response-Dependence', Australasian Journal of Philosophy 79, pp. 507-24.

Williamson, Timothy [2001] 'Vagueness, indeterminacy and social meaning', Critical Studies 16, pp. 61-76.

Ebbs, Gary [2001] 'Vagueness, Sharp Boundaries, and Supervenience Conditions', Synthèse 127, pp. 303-23.

Graff, Delia [2002] 'An Anti-Epistemicist Consequence of Margin for Error Semantics for Knowledge', Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 64, pp. 127-42.

Bobzien, Susanne [2002] 'Chrysippus and the Epistemic Theory of Vagueness', Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 102, pp. 217-38.

Williamson, Timothy [2002] 'Epistemicist models: Comments on Gómez-Torrente and Graff', Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 64, pp. 143-50.

Jackson, Frank [2002] 'Language, Thought and the Epistemic Theory of Vagueness', Language and Communication 22, pp. 269-79.

Beall, J C [2002] 'Review of Roy Sorensen, Vagueness and Contradiction', Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 8

Gomez-Torrente, Mario [2002] 'Vagueness and Margin for Error Principles', Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 64, pp. 107-26.

Ludwig, Kirk & Ray, Greg [2002] 'Vagueness and the Sorites Paradox', Philosophical Perspectives (Nous) 16, pp. 419-61.

Dorr, Cian [2003] 'Vagueness Without Ignorance' Philosophical Perspectives 17, pp. 83-114

Ray, Greg [2003] 'Williamson's Master Argument on Vagueness', Synthèse (forthcoming) , pp. . [abstract]

Weatherson, Brian [2003] 'Epistemicism, Parasites and Vague Names', Australasian Journal of Philosophy 81, pp. 276-79.

Weatherson, Brian [2003] 'Review of Vagueness and Contradiction, by Roy Sorensen', Australasian Journal of Philosophy 81, pp. 290-2.

Wright, Crispin [2003] 'Rosenkranz on Quandary, Vagueness and Intuitionism', Mind 112, pp. 465-74.

Greenough, Patrick [2003] 'Vagueness: A Minimal Theory', Mind 112, pp. 235-81.

Rosenkranz, Sven [2003] 'Wright on Vagueness and Agnosticism', Mind 112, pp. 449-64.

Alter, Torin & Rachels, Stuart [2004] 'Epistemicism and the Combined Spectrum Argument', Ratio 17, pp.

Mahtani, Anna [2004] `The Instability of Vague Terms', The Philosophical Quarterly 54, pp.570-576

Rosenkranz, Sven [2005] "Knowledge in borderline cases", Analysis 65, pp.49-65

 

Semantic Indeterminacy

Field, Hartry [1973] 'Theory Change and the Indeterminacy of Reference', Journal of Philosophy 70, pp. 462-81

Field, Hartry [1974] `Quine and the correspondence theory',  Philosophical Review  83 , pp. 200-228

Field, Hartry [1994] 'Disquotational truth and factually defective discourse', Philosophical Review 103, pp. 405-52.

Field, Hartry [1998] 'Some Thoughts on Radical Indeterminacy',  Monist  81, pp. 253-273

Burgess, John Alexander [1998] 'In Defense of an Indeterminist Theory of Vagueness', Monist 81, pp. 233-52.

Field, Hartry [2000] 'Indeterminacy, Degree of Belief, and Excluded Middle', Noûs 34, pp. 1-30.

Eklund, Matti [2001] 'Supervaluationism, Vagueifiers and Semantic Overdetermination', Dialectica 55, pp. 363-78.

Eklund, Matti [2002] 'Inconsistent Languages', Philosophical and Phenomenological Research 64, pp.251-275

Akiba, Ken [2002] 'A deflationist approach to indeterminacy and vagueness', Philosophical Studies 107, pp. 69-86.

Akiba, Ken [2002] 'Can deflationism allow for hidden indeterminacy?', Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 83, pp. 223-34.

Field, Hartry [2003] The Semantic Paradoxes and the Paradoxes of Vagueness, in Beall and Glanzberg, eds., Liars and Heaps, Oxford University Press

Field, Hartry [2003] 'No Fact of the Matter', Australasian Journal of Philosophy , pp. 457-480

Weatherson, Brian [2005] 'True, Truer, Truest', Philosophical Studies, forthcoming

Eklund, Matti [2005] `What Vagueness Consists in', Philosophical Studies, forthcoming.

 

Supervaluations

Mehlberg, Henryk (1958): The Reach of Science, Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

van Fraassen, Bas C.  (1969): ‘Presuppositions, Supervaluations and Free Logic’, in K. Lambert (ed.) The Logical Way of Doing Things, pp. 67-91, New Haven: Yale University Press.

Lewis, David (1970): ‘General Semantics’, Synthese 22, pp. 18–67.

Fine, Kit (1975): 'Vagueness, Truth and Logic', Synthese 30, pp. 265-300.

Kamp, Hans (1975): ‘Two Theories About Adjectives’, in Keenan, E L (ed.) Formal Semantics of Natural Language, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Lewis, David (1975): ‘Language and Languages’, in Lewis (1983), pp. 163-88.

Przelecki, Marian (1969): The Logic of Empirical Theories, London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.

Przelecki, Marian (1976): ‘Fuzziness as Multiplicity’, Erkenntnis 10, pp. 371–80.

Lewis, David (1979): ‘Scorekeeping in a Language Game’, in Lewis (1983); reprinted from Journal of Philosophical Logic 8, pp. 339-59.

Lewis, David (1983): Philosophical Papers 1, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

McGee, Vann (1991): Truth, Vagueness and Paradox, Indianapolis: Hackett.

Mills, Andrew P. (1995): 'Unsettled Problems with Vague Truth', Canadian Journal of Philosophy 25, pp. 103–18.

Ujvári, Márta (1999): 'Multi-criteria Predicates and Supervaluation', Acta Analytica 14, pp. 67-77.

Akiba, Ken (2000): 'Vagueness as a modality', Philosophical Quarterly 50, pp. 359-70.

Keefe, Rosanna (2000): Theories of Vagueness, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Smith, Barry and Brogaard, Berit (2000): ‘A Unified Theory of Truth and Reference’, Logique et Analyse 43, pp. 49-93.

Varzi, Achille (2001): 'Vagueness, Logic, and Ontology', The Dialogue 1, pp. 135-54.

Varzi, Achille and Collins, John (2002): 'Unsharpenable Vagueness', Philosophical Topics 28, pp. 1-10.

Heck Jr., Richard G. (2003): ‘Semantic Accounts of Vagueness’, in Liars and Heaps: New Essays on the Semantics of Paradox, J.C. Beall (editor), Oxford University Press.

 

Supervaluations and Logic

Burgess, John A. and Humberstone, Lloyd (1987): ‘Natural Deduction Rules for a logic of vagueness’, Erkenntnis 27, pp. 197–229.

Lewis, David (1988): ‘Vague Identity: Evans Misunderstood’, Analysis 48, pp. 128–30.

Sayward, C. (1989): ‘Does the Law of Excluded Middle Require Bivalence?’, Erkenntnis 31, pp. 129–37.

Tye, Michael (1989): 'Supervaluationism and the Law of Excluded Middle', Analysis 49, pp. 141-3.

Rasmussen, Stig A. (1990): ‘Supervaluational Antirealism and Logic’, Synthese 84, pp.97–138.

Day, T.J. (1992): ‘Excluded Middle and Bivalence’, Erkenntnis 37, pp. 93–7.

Keefe, Rosanna (2002): ‘Supervaluationism and Validity’, Philosophical Topics 28, pp. 93-106.

Graff, Delia (2003): ‘Gap Principles, Penumbral Consequence, and Infinitely Higher-Order Vagueness’, in Liars and Heaps: New Essays on the Semantics of Paradox, J.C. Beall (editor), Oxford University Press.

 

Truth and Super-Truth

Heller, Mark (1988): ‘Vagueness and the Standard Ontology’, Nous 22, pp. 109–31.

Field, Hartry (1994): 'Disquotational truth and factually defective discourse', Philosophical Review 103, pp. 405–52.

McGee, Van and McLaughlin, Brian P (1994): ‘Distinctions Without a Difference’, Southern Journal of Philosophy (Supplement) 33, pp. 203-51.

Williamson, Timothy (1995): 'Definiteness and Knowability', Southern Journal of Philosophy (Supplement) 33, pp. 171–91.

Morreau, Michael (1999): ‘Supervaluation can leave truth-value gaps after all’, Journal of Philosophy 96, pp. 148-56.

Keefe, Rosanna (2000): Theories of Vagueness, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Williamson, Timothy and Andjelkovic Miroslava (2000): ‘Truth, falsity and borderline cases’, Philosophical Topics 28, pp. 211–44.

Akiba, Ken (2002): 'A deflationist approach to indeterminacy and vagueness', Philosophical Studies 107, pp. 69-86.

Keefe, Rosanna (2002): ‘Supervaluationism and Validity’, Philosophical Topics 28, pp. 93-106.

Dorr, C. (2003): ‘Vagueness without Ignorance’, Philosophical Issues17, pp. 83–113.

McGee, Vann & McLaughlin, Brian P. (2004): ‘Logical Commitment and Semantic Indeterminacy: A Reply to Williamson’, Linguistics and Philosophy 27, pp. 123-36.

Williamson, Timothy (2004): ‘Reply to McGee and McLaughlin’, Linguistics and Philosophy 27, pp. 113–22.

Sider, Theodore and Braun, David (2005): 'Vague, So Untrue', (forthcoming).

 

Many-Valued Supervaluationism

Sanford, David (1975): ‘Borderline Logic’, American Philosophical Quarterly 12, pp. 29–39.

Edgington, Dorothy (1992): ‘Validity, Uncertainty and Vagueness’, Analysis 52, pp. 193–204.

Sanford, David (1993): ‘The Problem of the Many Many Composition Questions, and Naïve Mereology’, Nous 27, pp. 219–28.

Edgington, Dorothy (1997): ‘Vagueness by Degrees’, in Keefe, R. and Smith, B. (eds.): Vagueness: A Reader, Cambridge MA: MIT Press.

 

Subvaluations

Hyde, Dominic (1997): 'From Heaps and Gaps to Heaps of Gluts', Mind 106, pp. 641-60.

Akiba, Ken (1999): 'On super- and subvaluationism: a classicist's reply to Hyde', Mind 108, pp. 727-732.

Beall, JC and Colyvan, Mark (2001): ‘Heaps of Gluts and Hyde-ing the Sorites’, Mind 110, pp. 401–8.

Varzi, Achille (2000): ‘Supervaluationism and Paraconsistency’, in Diderik Batens, Chris Mortensen, Graham Priest, and Jean Paul Van Bendegem (eds.), Frontiers in Paraconsistent Logic, Baldock: Research Studies Press, pp. 279-297.

Hyde, Dominic (2001): ‘A Reply to Beall and Colyvan’, Mind 110, pp. 409–11.

 

Supervaluational Approaches to the Problem of the Many

Lewis, David (1993): ‘Many, but almost one’, in K. Campbell, J. Bacon and L. Reinhardt (eds.) Ontology, Causality, and Mind: Essays on the Philosophy of D. M. Armstrong, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 23-38.

Sanford, David (1993): ‘The Problem of the Many Many Composition Questions, and Naïve Mereology’, Nous 27, pp. 219–28.

McGee, Van and McLaughlin, Brian P (2002): 'The Lessons of the Many', Philosophical Topics 28, pp. 129-51.

McKinnon, Neil (2002): ‘Supervaluations and the Problem of the Many’, Philosophical Quarterly 52, pp. 320-39.

 

Supervaluating Propositional-Attitude Contexts

Schiffer, Stephen (1998): ‘Two Issues of Vagueness’, The Monist 81, pp. 193–214.

Schiffer, Stephen (2000): ‘Vagueness and Partial Belief’, in Ernest Sosa, ed., Skepticism: Philosophical Issues, 10 Sosa, Ernest (ed), Cambridge, Blackwell.

McGee, Van and McLaughlin, Brian P (2002): 'The Lessons of the Many', Philosophical Topics 28, pp. 129-51.

Schiffer, Stephen (2003): The Things We Mean, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Weatherson, Brian (2003): 'Many Many Problems', Philosophical Quarterly 53, pp. 481–501.

Wright, Crispin (2003): ‘Vagueness: A Fifth Column Approach’, in Liars and Heaps: New Essays on the Semantics of Paradox, J.C. Beall (editor), Oxford University Press.

 

Supervaluations and Context

Ballweg, Joachim (1983): ‘Vagueness or context-dependence? Supervaluation revisited in a semantics based on scales’, in Thomas T. Ballmer and Manfred Pinkal (eds), Approaching Vagueness, North-Holland, Amsterdam, pp. 59–78.

Kyburg, Alice and Morreau, Michael (2000): ‘Fitting Words: Vague Language in Context’, Linguistics and Philosophy 23, pp. 577–97.

Shapiro, Stewart (2005): Vagueness in Context, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

 

Nihilism

Wheeler, Samuel C. III (1975): ‘Reference and Vagueness’, Synthese 30, pp. 367-379.

Sanford, David H. (1979): 'Nostalgia for the Ordinary: Comments on Papers By Unger and Wheeler', Synthese 41, pp. 175-84.

Unger, Peter (1979a): ‘I Do Not Exist’, in MacDonald, Graham F. (ed.): Perception and Identity, London: Macmillan, pp. 235-51.

Unger, Peter (1979b): 'There Are No Ordinary Things', Synthese 41, pp. 117-54.

Unger, Peter (1979c): ‘Why There are No People’, Midwest Studies in Philosophy 4, pp. 177–222.

Wheeler, Samuel C. III (1979): 'On That Which Is Not', Synthese 41, pp. 155-94.

Williamson, Timothy (1994): Vagueness, London: Routledge.

Sorensen, Roy A. (2001): Vagueness and Contradiction, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

 

Incoherentism

Dummett, Michael (1975): ‘Wang's Paradox’, in Truth and Other Enigmas, London: Duckworth, 1978, pp. 248-68; and Keefe, R. and Smith, B. (eds.): Vagueness: A Reader, Cambridge MA: MIT Press, reprinted from Synthese 30, pp. 301-24.

Wright, Crispin (1975): 'On the Coherence of Vague Predicates', Synthese 30, pp. 325-63.

Wright, Crispin (1976): ‘Language Mastery and the Sorites Paradox’, in Evans and McDowell (eds.) (1976): Truth and Meaning: Essays in Semantics, Oxford: Clarendon Press, pp. 223-47.

Peacocke, Christopher (1981): 'Are Vague Predicates Incoherent?', Synthese 46, pp. 121-41.

Quine, Willard V. O. (1981): 'What Price Bivalence?', Journal of Philosophy 78, pp. 90-5.

Rolf, Bertil (1984): 'Sorites', Synthese 58, pp. 219-50.

Burns, Lynda C. (1986): 'Vagueness and Coherence', Synthese 68, pp. 487-513.

Wright, Crispin (1987): 'Further Reflections on the Sorites Paradox', Philosophical Topics 15, pp. 227-90.

Schwartz, Stephen P. (1989): 'Vagueness and Incoherence: A Reply to Burns', Synthese 80, pp. 395-406.

Burns, Lynda C. (1991): Vagueness: an Investigation Into Natural Language and the Sorites Paradox, Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Wright, Crispin (1991): ‘The Sorites Paradox and Its Significance for the Interpretation of Semantic Theory’, in Cooper and Engel (1991), pp. 135-62.

Sanford, David H. (1993): 'Review of Linda Burns: Vagueness: An Investigation Into Natural Languages and the Sorites Paradox', Mind 102, pp. 357-60.

Williamson, Timothy (1994): Vagueness, London: Routledge.

Varzi, Achille (1995): 'Vagueness, Indiscernibility, and Pragmatics: Comments on Burns', Southern Journal of Philosophy (Supplement) 33, pp. 49-62.

Horgan, Terence (1998): 'The Transvaluationist Conception of Vagueness', The Monist 81, pp. 316-33.

Eklund, Matti (2002): ‘Inconsistent Languages’, Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 64, pp. 251–75.

Sider, Theodore and Braun, David (2005): 'Vague, So Untrue', (forthcoming).

 

Foundational Issues in Higher Order Vagueness

Sainsbury, Mark (1990): ‘Concepts without Boundaries’, in Keefe, R. and Smith, B. (eds.): Vagueness: A Reader, Cambridge MA: MIT Press.

Sainsbury, Mark (1995): Paradoxes (2nd Edition), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Williamson, Timothy (1997a): ‘Higher-Order Vagueness’, in T. Honderich (ed.), The Oxford Companion to Philosophy, Oxford University Press.  

Greenough, Patrick (2003): 'Vagueness: A Minimal Theory', Mind 112, pp. 235-81.

 

Paradoxes of Higher-Order Vagueness

Wright, Crispin (1987): ‘Further Reflections on the Sorites Paradox’, Philosophical Topics 15, pp. 227–90.

Sainsbury, Mark (1991): 'Is There Higher-Order Vagueness?', Philosophical Quarterly 41, pp. 167-82.

Wright, Crispin (1992): 'Is Higher-Order Vagueness Coherent?', Analysis 52, pp. 129-39.

Edgington, Dorothy (1993): 'Wright and Sainsbury on Higher-Order Vagueness', Analysis 53, pp. 193-200.

Heck Jr., Richard G. (1993): 'A Note on the Logic of (Higher-Order) Vagueness', Analysis 53, pp. 201–8.

Gómez-Torrente, Mario (1997): ‘Two Problems for an Epistemicist View of Vagueness’, Philosophical Issues 8, pp. 237–45.

Williamson, Timothy (1997b): ‘Replies to Commentators', Philosophical Issues 8, pp. 255–65.

Wright, Crispin (2001): ‘On Being in a Quandary. Relativism, Vagueness, Logical Revisionism’, Mind 110, pp. 45–98.

Gómez-Torrente, Mario (2002): ‘Vagueness and Margin for Error Principles’, Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 64, pp. 107–25.

Graff, Delia (2002): ‘An Anti-Epistemicist Consequence of Margin for Error Semantics for Knowledge’, Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 64, pp. 127–42.

Williamson, Timothy (2002): ‘Epistemicist Models: Comments on Gómez-Torrente and

Graff', Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 64, pp. 143–50.

Graff, Delia (2003): Gap Principles, Penumbral Consequence, and Infinitely Higher-Order Vagueness, in Liars and Heaps: New Essays on the Semantics of Paradox, J.C. Beall (editor), Oxford University Press.

Wright, Crispin (2003): ‘Vagueness: A Fifth Column Approach’, in Liars and Heaps: New Essays on the Semantics of Paradox, J.C. Beall (editor), Oxford University Press.

 

Higher-Order Vagueness and the Vagueness of ‘Vague’

Sorensen, Roy A. (1985): 'An Argument for the Vagueness of "vague"', Analysis 45, pp. 134-7.

Deas, R (1989): 'Sorensen's Sorites', Analysis 49, pp. 26-31.

Hyde, Dominic (1994): 'Why Higher-Order Vagueness is a Pseudo-Problem', Mind 103, pp. 35-40.

Tye, Michael (1994): 'Why the Vague Need Not be Higher-Order Vague', Mind 103, pp. 43-5.

Hyde, Dominic (2003): ‘Higher-Orders of Vagueness Reinstated’, Mind 112, pp. 301-5.

Varzi, Achille (2003): 'Higher-Order Vagueness and the Vagueness of 'Vague'', Mind 112, pp. 295-8.

 

Supervaluational and Epistemicist Theories of Higher-Order Vagueness

Fine, K. 1975, ‘Vagueness, Truth and Logic’, Synthese 30, pp. 265–300.

Pelletier, F. J. (1985): ‘The Not-So-Strange Modal Logic of Indeterminacy’, Logique et Analyse, pp. 415–22.

Simons, Peter (1992): ‘Vagueness and Ignorance’, Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society Suppl. Vol. 66, pp. 163–77.

Koons, Robert C. (1994): ‘A New Solution to the Sorites Problem’, Mind 103, pp. 439–49.

McGee, Vann and McLaughlin, Brian (1994): ‘Distinctions Without a Difference’, in The Southern Journal of Philosophy Vol. 33, Supplement, pp. 203–51.

Williamson, Timothy (1994): Vagueness, London: Routledge.

Heck Jr., Richard G. (1998): ‘That There Might Be Vague Objects (So Far as Concerns Logic), The Monist 81, pp. 274–96.

Williamson, Timothy (1999): 'On the structure of higher-order vagueness', Mind 108, pp. 127-142.

Keefe, Rosanna (2000): Theories of Vagueness, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Sorensen, Roy A. (2001): Vagueness and Contradiction, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Sorensen, Roy A. (2002): ‘Direct Reference and Vague Identity’, Philosophical Topics 28, pp. 177–92.

Heck Jr., Richard G. (2003): ‘Semantic Accounts of Vagueness’, in Liars and Heaps: New Essays on the Semantics of Paradox, J.C. Beall (editor), Oxford University Press.

 

Many-Valued Theories of Higher-Order Vagueness

Sanford, David (1975): ‘Borderline Logic’, American Philosophical Quarterly 12, pp. 29–39.

Machina, K.F. (1976): ‘Truth, Belief and Vagueness’, Journal of Philosophical Logic 5, pp. 47–78.

Tye, Michael (1990): ‘Vague Objects’, Mind 99, pp. 535–57.

Tye, Michael (1994): ‘Sorites Paradoxes and the Semantics of Vagueness’, Philosophical Perspectives 8, pp. 189–206.

Contextualist Theories of Higher-Order Vagueness

Soames, Scott (1999): Understanding Truth, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Glanzberg, Michael (2003): ‘Against Truth-Value Gaps’, in Liars and Heaps: New Essays on the Semantics of Paradox, J.C. Beall (editor), Oxford University Press.

Soames, Scott (2003): ‘Higher-Order Vagueness for Partially Defined Predicates’, in Liars and Heaps: New Essays on the Semantics of Paradox, J.C. Beall (editor), Oxford University Press.

Greenough, Patrick (2005): ‘Contextualism about vagueness and higher-order vagueness’, Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society Suppl. Vol. (forthcoming).

Shapiro, Stewart (2005a): ‘Context, conversation, and so-called ‘higher-order vagueness’’, Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society Suppl. Vol. (forthcoming).

Shapiro, Stewart (2005b): Vagueness in Context, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

 

Higher-Order Vagueness and Response-Dependence

Burgess, John Alexander (1990): 'The Sorites Paradox and Higher-Order Vagueness', Synthese 85, pp. 417-74.

Burgess, John Alexander (1998): 'In Defense of an Indeterminist Theory of Vagueness', Monist 81, pp. 233-52.

 

Applications of Higher Order Vagueness

Heller, Mark (1996): ‘Against Metaphysical Vagueness’, Philosophical Perspectives 10, pp. 177–85.

Sorensen, Roy A. (1998): ‘Ambiguity, Discretion and the Sorites’, The Monist 81, pp. 215–32.

Sorensen, Roy A. (2003): ‘A Definite No-No’, in Liars and Heaps: New Essays on the Semantics of Paradox, J.C. Beall (editor), Oxford University Press.

 

Ontic Vagueness (General)

Howard-Snyder, F (1991): 'De re modality Entails de re Vagueness', Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 72, pp. 101-12.

Sainsbury, Mark (1995): 'Why the World Could Not be Vague', Southern Journal of Philosophy (Supplement): 33, pp. 63-81.

Prinz, Jesse (1998): 'Vagueness, Language, and Ontology', Electronic Journal of Analytic Philosophy 6, pp.

Akiba, Ken (2000): 'Vagueness as a modality', Philosophical Quarterly 50, pp. 359-70.

Varzi, Achille (2001): 'Vagueness, Logic, and Ontology', The Dialogue 1, pp. 135-54.

Merricks, Trenton (2001): 'Varieties of Vagueness', Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 62, pp. 145-57.

Hawley, Katherine (2001): ‘Vagueness’ chp. 4 of How Things Persist, Oxford: OUP, pp. 100-37.

Akiba, Ken (2002): 'A deflationist approach to indeterminacy and vagueness', Philosophical Studies 107, pp. 69-86. (abstract)

Hawley, Katherine (2002): 'Vagueness and Existence', Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 102, pp. 125-40. (abstract)

Tye, Michael (2002): 'Vagueness and Reality', Philosophical Topics 28, pp. 195-210.

Sider, Theodore (2003): 'Against Vague Existence', Philosophical Studies 114, pp. 135-46.

Koslicki, Kathrin (2003): 'The Crooked Path from Vagueness to Four-Dimensionalism', Philosophical Studies 114, pp. 107-34.

Rosen, G & Smith, Nicholas J J (2004): 'Worldly Indeterminacy: A Rough Guide', Australasian Journal of Philosophy 82, pp. 185-98.

Akiba, Ken (2004): ‘Vagueness in the World’, Nous 38, pp. 407-29.

Nolan, Daniel (2005): ‘Vagueness, Multiplicity, and Parts’, Nous (forthcoming)

Barnes, Elizabeth (2005): ‘Vagueness and Sparseness: A Study in Property Ontology’, Analysis (forthcoming)

 

Vague Identity

Evans, Gareth (1978): ‘Can There be Vague Objects?’, in Evans (1985):, pp. 176-7; reprinted from Analysis 38, p. 208.

Noonan, Harold (1980): ‘Objects and Identity’, Martinus Nijhoff.

Thomason, Richmond (1982): 'Identity and Vagueness', Philosophical Studies 43, pp.329-32.

Zemach, Eddy (1983): 'Identity and Open Texture', Philosophia 13, pp. .

Noonan, Harold (1984): 'Indefinite Identity: A Reply to Broome', Analysis 44, pp. 117-21.

Broome, John (1984): 'Indefiniteness in Identity', Analysis 44, pp. 6-12.

Linsky, B (1984): 'The Identity of Indistinguishables', Synthèse 59, pp. 363-80.

Ward, D (1984): 'The Indeterminacy of Identity Conditions', Southern Journal of Philosophy 22, pp. .

Cook, Monte (1986): 'Indeterminacy of Identity', Analysis 46, pp. 179-86.

Wiggins, David (1986): On Singling Out an Object Determinately, in Pettit, P &

McDowell, J H (eds.): Subject, Thought and Context, Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Rasmussen, Stig A (1986): 'Vague Identity', Mind 95, pp. 81-91.

Parsons, Terence (1987): 'Entities Without Identity', Philosophical Perspectives 1, pp. 1-19.

Stalnaker, Robert (1988): ‘Vague Identity’, in Austin, D F (ed.): Philosophical Analysis: A Defence by Examples, Dordrecht: Kluwer.

Lewis, David (1988): 'Vague Identity: Evans Misunderstood', Analysis 48, pp. 128-30.

Garrett, Brian J (1988): 'Vagueness and Identity', Analysis 48, pp. 130-4.

Johnsen, B (1989): 'Is Vague Identity Incoherent', Analysis 49, pp. 103-12.

Burgess, John Alexander (1989): 'Vague Identity: Evans Misrepresented', Analysis 49, pp. 112-9.

Over, D E (1989): 'Vague Objects and Identity', Analysis 49, pp. 97-9.

Noonan, Harold (1990): 'Vague Identity Yet Again', Analysis 50, pp. 157-62.

Burgess, John Alexander (1990): 'Vague Objects and Indefinite Identity', Philosophical Studies 59, pp. 263-87.

Priest, Graham (1991): 'Sorites and Identity', Logique et Analyse 135, pp. 293.

Garrett, Brian J (1991): 'Vague Identity and Vague Objects', Noûs 25, pp. 341-51.

Garrett, Brian J (1991): 'Vagueness, Identity, and the World', Logique et analyse 135, pp. 349.

Lowe, E J (1994): 'Vague Identity and Quantum Indeterminacy', Analysis 54, pp. 110-4.

Williamson, Timothy (1994): Vagueness, London: Routledge.

Keefe, Rosanna (1995): 'Contingent Identity and Vague Identity', Analysis 55, pp.183-90.

Noonan, Harold (1995): 'E J Lowe on Vague Identity and Quantum Indeterminacy', Analysis 55, pp. .

Copeland, Jack (1995): 'On Vague Objects, Fuzzy Logic and Fractal Boundaries', Southern Journal of Philosophy 33, pp. 83-96.

French, S & Krause, D (1995): 'Vague identity and quantum indeterminacy', Analysis 55, pp. 20-6.

Parsons, Terence & Woodruff, Peter (1995): 'Worldly Indeterminacy of Identity', Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 95, pp. 171-91; reprinted in Keefe & Smith (1996):.

Parsons, Terence & Woodruff, Peter (1996): 'Indeterminacy of Identity of Objects and Sets', Philosophical Perspectives , pp. .

Copeland, Jack (1997): 'Fuzzy Logic and Vague Identity', Journal of Philosophy 94, pp. 514-34.

Priest, Graham (1998): 'Fuzzy Identity and Local Validity', Monist 81, pp. .

Heck Jr., Richard G (1998): 'That There Might be Vague Objects (So Far As Concerns Logic):', Monist 81, pp. .

Torrago, Loretta (1999): Vagueness and Identity, in Proceedings of the Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy, Volume II: Metaphysics, ed. Tom Rockmore.

Parsons, Terence (2000): Indeterminate Identity: Metaphysics and Semantics, Oxford University Press, forthcoming. (abstract)

Markosian, Ned (2000): 'Sorensen's Argument Against Vague Identities', Philosophical Studies 97, pp. 1-9.

Sypniewska, J O (2001): 'Quantum indiscernibility without vague identity', Analysis 61, pp. 65-8.

Williamson, Timothy (2001): Vagueness, identity and Leibniz’s Law, in P. Giaretta,

A. Bottani and M. Carrara, eds., Individuals, Essence and Identity: Themes of Analytic Metaphysics, Dordrecht: Kluwer (Topoi Library):.

Sorensen, Roy A (2002): 'Direct Reference and Vague Identity', Philosophical Topics 28, pp. 177-92.

Edgington, Dorothy (2002): 'Indeterminacy de re', Philosophical Topics 28, pp. 27-44.

Copeland, Jack (2002): 'Indeterminate Identity, Contingent Identity, and Property Identity, Aristotelian-Style', Philosophical Topics 28, pp. 11-23.

Akiba, Ken (2002): 'Review of Terence Parsons, Indeterminate Identity', Philosophical Quarterly 52, pp. 262-5.

Keefe, Rosanna (2002): 'Review of Terence Parsons, Indeterminate Identity: Metaphysics and Semantics', Mind 111, pp. 466-70.

Torrago, Loretta (2003?): 'Vague Identity and Vague Composition', (in progress): pp. .

Pinillos, Ángel (2003): 'Counting and Indeterminate Identity', Mind 112, pp. 35-50.

Varzi, Achille (2003): 'Indeterminate Identities and Semantic Indeterminacy', written for the conference The Philosophy of Terence Parsons: Logic, Metaphysics, and Natural Language (The Ernan McMullin Perspectives Lectures in Philosophy 2003):, University of Notre Dame , pp. .

French, S & Krause, D (2003): 'Quantum vagueness', Erkenntnis 59, pp. 97-124. 

 

Vague Objects

Noonan, Harold (1982): 'Vague Objects', Analysis 42, pp. 3-6.

Inwagen, Peter van (1988): 'How to Reason About Vague Objects', Philosophical Topics 16, pp. 255-84.

Pelletier, F J (1989): 'Another Argument Against Vague Objects', Journal of Philosophy 86, pp. 481-92.
Over, D E (1989): 'Vague Objects and Identity', Analysis 49, pp. 97-9.

Sainsbury, Mark (1989): 'What is a Vague Object?', Analysis 49, pp. 99-103.

Tye, Michael (1990): 'Vague Objects', Mind 99, pp. 535-57.

Burgess, John Alexander (1990): 'Vague Objects and Indefinite Identity', Philosophical Studies 59, pp. 263-87.

Zemach, Eddy (1991): 'Vague Objects', Noûs 25, pp. 323-40.

Garrett, Brian J (1991): 'Vague Identity and Vague Objects', Noûs 25, pp. 341-51.

Cowles, D W & White, M J (1991): 'Vague Objects for Those Who Want Them', Philosophical Studies 63, pp. 203-16.

Cowles, D W (1994): ‘On van Inwagen's Defense of Vague Identity’, in Philosophical Perspectives 8: Logic and Language, ed. J E Tomberlin, Atascadero: Ridgeview.

Copeland, Jack (1995): 'On Vague Objects, Fuzzy Logic and Fractal Boundaries', Southern Journal of Philosophy 33, pp. 83-96.

Heck Jr., Richard G (1998): 'That There Might be Vague Objects (So Far As Concerns Logic):', Monist 81, pp. .

Simons, Peter (1999): ‘Does the Sun Exist? The Problem of Vague Objects’, in Proceedings of the Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy, Volume II: Metaphysics, ed. Tom Rockmore..

Akiba, Ken (2000): 'Indefiniteness of mathematical objects', Philosophia Mathematica 8, pp. 26-46.

Fisher, Pete (2000): 'Sorites paradox and vague geographies', Fuzzy Sets and Systems 113, pp. 7-18.

Varzi, Achille (2001): 'Vagueness in Geography', Philosophy & Geography 4, pp. 49-65.

Morreau, Michael (2002): 'What Vague Objects Are Like', Journal of Philosophy 99, pp. 333-61.

McKinnon, Neil (2003): 'Vague simples', Pacific Philosophical Quarterly (forthcoming): , pp. . 

Elder, Crawford L (2004): Real Natures and Familiar Objects, M.I.T. Press

 

The Problem of the Many

Geach, P.T. (1980): Reference and Generality (third edition), Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

Unger, Peter (1980): ‘The Problem of the Many’, Midwest Studies in Philosophy 5, pp. 411-67, reprinted in Peter Unger, An American Skeptic Collects His Wits, vol. 2, Oxford University Press, forthcoming.

Lowe, E. J. (1982): ‘The Paradox of the 1,001 Cats’, Analysis 42, pp. 27?]30.

van Inwagen, Peter (1990): Material Beings. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

Johnston, Mark (1992): ‘Constitution is Not Identity’, Mind 101, pp. 89-105.

Lewis, David (1993): ‘Many, but almost one’, in Campbell, K., Bacon, J. and Reinhardt, L. (eds), Ontology, Causality, and Mind: Essays on the Philosophy of D. M. Armstrong, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; reprinted in Lewis, David (1999): Papers in Metaphysics an d Epistemology, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Sanford, David H. (1993): ‘The Problem of the Many, Many Composition Questions, and Naive Mereology’, Noûs 27, pp. 219-28.

van Inwagen, Peter (1993): ‘Naive Mereology, Admissible Valuations, and Other Matters’, Noûs 27, pp. 229-34.

Lowe, E. J. (1995): ‘The Problem of the Many and the Vagueness of Constitution’, Analysis 55, pp. 179-82.

Horgan, Terry (1997): ‘Deep Ignorance, Brute Supervenience, and the Problem of the Many’, Philosophical Issues 8, pp. 229-36.

Hudson, Hud (2001): A Materialist Metaphysics of the Human Person, Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

McGee, Vann & McLaughlin, Brian P. (2002): ‘The Lessons of the Many', Philosophical Topics 28, pp. 129-51.

McKinnon, Neil (2002): ‘Supervaluations and the Problem of the Many’, Philosophical Quarterly 52, pp. 320-39.

Weatherson, Brian (2003a): ‘Many Many Problems,’ Philosophical Quarterly 53, pp. 481-501.

Weatherson, Brian (2003b): ‘The Problem of the Many,’ in Edward N. Zalta (ed), The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, at http://plato.stanford.edu.

Carter, W.R. (2004): ‘A ‘Patrist’ Resistance to the Many’, Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 68, pp. 713-23.

Unger, Peter (2004): ‘The Mental Problems of the Many’, in Oxford Studies in Metaphysics, Oxford: Clarendon Press, reprinted in Peter Unger, An American Skeptic Collects His Wits, vol. 2, Oxford University Press, forthcoming.

Unger, Peter (2005): All the Power in the World, Oxford Univesity Press, forthcoming.

 

Vagueness in Ethics

Levin, D. S. (1985) ‘Abortion, Personhood and Vagueness’, Journal of Value Inquiry 19, pp. 196-207.

Sorensen, Roy A. (1990): ‘Moral dilemmas, thought experiments, and conflict vagueness’, Philosophical Studies 63, pp. 291-308.

Shafer-Landau, Russ (1995): ‘Vagueness, Borderline Cases and Moral Realism’, American Philosophical Quarterly 101, pp. 83-96.

Kerckhove, Lee F & Waller, Sara (1998) ‘Fetal Personhood and the Sorites Paradox’, Journal of Value Inquiry 32, pp. 175-89.

Schwartz, Stephen P (1999) ‘Why it is Impossible to be Moral’, American Philosophical Quarterly 36, pp. 351-60.

Nobis, Nathan (2000) ‘Vagueness, Borderline Cases and Moral Realism: Where's the Incompatibility?!?’, Philosophical Writings 14, pp. 29-39.

Woods, J (2000) ‘Slippery Slopes and Collapsing Taboos’, Argumentation 14, pp. 107-34.

Schiffer, Stephen (2002): ‘Moral Realism and Indeterminacy’, Noûs 36 (suppl.), p. 286.

Sider, Theodore (2002) ‘Hell and Vagueness’, Faith and Philosophy 19, pp. 58-68.

Prijic-Samarzija, Snjezana (2004): ‘Embryo Experimentation and Sorites Paradoxes’, Etica & Politica 2, http://www.univ.trieste.it/~etica/2004_2

 

Vagueness and Law

Sorensen, Roy A. (1986): ‘Nozick, Justice and the Sorites’, Analysis 46, pp. 102-6.

Fischer, John Martin (1992): ‘The Trolley and the Sorites’, Yale Journal of Law and the Humanities 4, pp. 105-126

Cooter, Robert D. (1994): ‘Introduction: Symposium: Void for Vagueness’, California Law Review 82, pp. 487-90

Hadfield, Gillian K. (1994): ‘Weighing the Value of Vagueness: An Economic Perspective On Precision in the Law’, California Law Review 82, pp. 541.

Post, Robert C (1994): ‘Reconceptualizing Vagueness: Legal Rules And Social Orders’, California Law Review 82, pp. 491.

Waldron, Jeremy (1994): ‘Vagueness in Law And Language: Some Philosophical Issues’, California Law Review 82, pp. 509.

Batey, Robert (1997):‘Vagueness and the Construction of Criminal Statutes - Balancing Acts’, Virginia Journal of Social Policy & the Law 5, pp. 1.

Endicott, Timothy (1997): ‘Vagueness and Legal Theory’, Legal Theory 3, pp. 37.

Endicott, Timothy (2000): Vagueness in Law, Oxford University Press.

Edgington, Dorothy (2001): ‘The Philosophical Problem of Vagueness’, Legal Theory 7, pp. 371-78.

Endicott, Timothy (2001): ‘Law is Necessarily Vague’, Legal Theory 7, pp. 377-83.

Raz, Joseph (2001): ‘Sorensen: Vagueness has no Function in Law’, Legal Theory  7, pp. 417-19.

Shiffer, Stephen (2001), ‘A Little Help From Your Friends?’, Legal Theory 7, pp. 421-431.

Sorensen, Roy A. (2001): ‘Vagueness has no function in law’, Legal Theory 7, pp. 385-415.

Stoljar, Natalie (2001): ‘Vagueness, Counterfactual Intentions, and Legal Interpretation’, Legal Theory 7, pp. 447-65.

Golding M.P (2003): ‘The Legal Analog of the Principle of Bivalence’, Ratio Juris 16, pp. 450-68.

Culver, Keith C. (2004): ‘Varieties of Vagueness’, University of Toronto Law Journal 54, pp. 109-27.