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Vagueness Bibliography

 


The following are bibliographies on topics in Vagueness.

 

Fuzzy semantics

Lukasiewicz, Jan and Tarski, Alfred [1930] 'Untersuchungen ueber den Aussagenkalkuel', Comptes rendus des séances de la Societe des Sciences et des Lettres de Varsovie, cl. 3, 23, pp. 1-21, 30-50, translated into English by J.H. Woodger as 'Investigations into the Sentential Calculus', in Corcoran, J (ed), Logic, Semantics, Metamathematics, 2nd ed., Indianapolis: Hackett, 1983.

Zadeh, Lotfi [1965] 'Fuzzy Sets', Information and Control 8, pp. 338-53.

Vagueness-related discussion:

Waismann, Friedrich [1945/6] 'Are There Alternative Logics?', Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 46, pp. 77-104.

Halldén, S [1949] The Logic of Nonsense, Uppsala: Uppsala Universitets Arsskrift.

Åqvist, L [1962] 'Reflections on the Logic of Nonsense', Theoria 28, pp. 138-57.

Segerberg, K [1965] 'A Contribution to Nonsense-Logics', Theoria 31, pp. 199-217.

Odegard, D [1965] 'Excluding the Middle from Loose Concepts', Theoria 31, pp. 138-44.

Goguen, J A [1969] 'The Logic of Inexact Concepts', Synthèse 19, pp. 325-73.

Cleave, J P [1970] 'The Notion of Validity in Logical Systems With Inexact Predicates', British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 21, pp. 269-74.

Verma, R R [1970] 'Vagueness and the Principle of Excluded Middle', Mind 79, pp. .

Sanford, David H [1975] 'Borderline Logic', American Philosophical Quarterly 12, pp. 29-40.

Sanford, David H [1976] 'Competing Semantics of Vagueness: Many Values Versus Super-Truth', Synthèse 33, pp. 195-210.

Machina, Kenton [1976] 'Truth, Belief and Vagueness', Journal of Philosophical Logic 5, pp. 47-78.

Morgan, C G & Pelletier, J F [1977] 'Some Notes Concerning Fuzzy Logics', Linguistics and Philosophy 1, pp. 79-97.

Haack, Susan [1979] 'Do we need "fuzzy logic"?', International Journal of Man-Machine Studies 11, pp. 437-45.

Rolf, Bertil [1980] 'A Theory of Vagueness', Journal of Philosophical Logic 9, pp. 315-325.

Peacocke, Christopher [1981] 'Are Vague Predicates Incoherent?', Synthese 46, pp. 121-141.

Forbes, Graeme [1983] 'Thisness and Vagueness', Synthese 54, pp. 235-259.

Rolf, Bertil [1984] 'Sorites', Synthese 58, pp. 219-250.

Sainsbury, Mark [1988-9] 'Tolerating Vagueness', Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 89, pp. 33-48.

Rea, G [1989] 'Degrees of Truth Versus Intuitionism', Analysis 49, pp. 31-2.

Schwartz, Stephen P [1990] 'Intuitionism Versus Degrees of Truth', Analysis 50, pp. 43-7.

Kosko, Bart [1993] Fuzzy Thinking: The New Science of Fuzzy Logic, London: HarperCollinsPublishers.

Tye, Michael [1994] Sorites Paradoxes and the Semantics of Vagueness, in Tomberlin, J (ed.), Philosophical Perspectives: Logic and Language. Atascadero, California: Ridgeview; reprinted in Keefe & Smith [1996].

Williamson, Timothy [1994] Vagueness, ch. 4, London: Routledge.

Copeland, Jack [1994] 'Vagueness and Bivalence: A Discussion of Williamson and
Simons', Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 68, pp. 193-200.

Simons, Peter [1995] 'Multivalence and Vagueness: A Reply to Copeland', Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 95, pp. 201.

Copeland, Jack [1995] 'On Vague Objects, Fuzzy Logic and Fractal Boundaries', Southern Journal of Philosophy 33, pp. 83-96.

Haack, Susan [1996] Deviant Logic, Fuzzy Logic: Beyond the Formalism, Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Copeland, Jack [1997] 'Fuzzy Logic and Vague Identity', Journal of Philosophy 94, pp. 514-34. [abstract]

Tzouvaras, A [1998] 'Modeling Vagueness by Nonstandardness', Fuzzy Sets and Systems 94, pp. 385.

Keefe, Rosanna [1998] 'Vagueness by Numbers', Mind 107, pp. 565-80. [abstract]

Fisher, Pete [2000] 'Sorites paradox and vague geographies', Fuzzy Sets and Systems 113, pp. 7-18. [abstract]

Keefe, Rosanna [2000] Theories of Vagueness, ch. 4, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. [abstract]

Weatherson, Brian [2002] 'True, Truer, Truest', , pp. . [abstract]
 
Cook, Roy [2002] 'Vagueness and Mathematical Precision', Mind 111, pp. 225-48. [abstract]

Paoli, Francesco [2003] 'A Really Fuzzy Approach to the Sorites Paradox', Synthèse 134, pp. 363-87.

Smith, Nicholas J.J. [2003] 'Vagueness by Numbers? No Worries', Mind 112, pp. .

Keefe, Rosanna [2003] 'Unsolved Problems with Numbers: Reply to Smith', Mind 112, pp. .

 

Dialetheism and subvaluationism

Van Bendegem, Jean Paul [2001] 'Paraconsistency And Dialogue Logic: Critical Examination And Further Explorations', Synthèse 127, pp. 35-55. [abstract]

Subvaluationism (general):

Jaskowski, Stanislaw [1969] 'Propositional Calculus for Contradictory Deductive Systems', Studia Logica 24, pp. 143-157, originally published in 1948 in Polish as 'Rachunek zda'n dla systemov dedukcyjnych sprzecznych' in Studia Societatis Scientiarum Torunensis, sec. A, vol. 1, no. 5, pp. 55-77.

(Vagueness-related discussion:)

Hyde, Dominic [1997] 'From Heaps and Gaps to Heaps of Gluts', Mind 106, pp. 641-60. [abstract]

Sypniewska, J O [1999] 'Heaps and gluts: paraconsistent logic applied to vagueness', Logic and Logical Philosophy 7, pp. 179-93.

Akiba, Ken [1999] 'On super- and subvaluationism: A classicist's reply to Hyde', Mind 108, pp. 727-732.

Hyde, Dominic [2001] 'A Reply to Beall and Colyvan', Mind 110, pp. 409-11.

Beall, J C & Colyvan, Mark [2001] 'Heaps of Gluts and Hyde-ing the Sorites', Mind 110, pp. 401-8.

Beall, J C & Colyvan, Mark [2001] 'Looking for Contradictions', Australasian Journal of Philosophy 79, pp. 564-9. [abstract]

 

Contextualism

Kamp, Hans [1981] The Paradox of the Heap, in Mönnich, U (ed.) Aspects of Philosophical Logic, Dordrecht: Reidel, pp. 225-77.

Bosch, P [1983] "Vagueness" is Context-Dependent, in Ballmer & Pinkal [1983].

Ballweg, Joachim [1983] Vagueness or context-dependence? Supervaluation revisited in a semantics based on scales, in Thomas T. Ballmer and Manfred
Pinkal (eds), Approaching Vagueness, North-Holland, Amsterdam, pp. 59-78.

Pinkal, Manfred [1984] Consistency and Context Change: The Sorites Paradox, in Landman, F & Veltman, F (eds.) Varieties of Formal Semantics, Dordrecht: Foris Publications.

Tappenden, Jamie [1993] 'The Liar and Sorites Paradoxes; Toward a Unified Treatment', Journal of Philosophy 90, pp. 551.

Raffman, Diana [1994] 'Vagueness Without Paradox', Philosophical Review 103, pp. 41-74.

van Deemter, Kees [1996] The Sorites Fallacy and the Context-Dependence of Vague Predicates, in Quantifiers, Deduction, and Context, ed. Makoto Kanazawa, Christopher Piñon, and Henriëttede Swart.

Raffman, Diana [1996] 'Vagueness and Context-Relativity', Philosophical Studies 81, pp. 175-92.

Sorensen, Roy A [1998] 'Ambiguity, Discretion and the Sorites', Monist 81, pp. 217-35.

Soames, Scott [1999] Understanding Truth, New York: Oxford University Press. [abstract]

Kyburg, Alice & Morreau, Michael [2000] 'Fitting Words: vague language in context', Linguistics and Philosophy 23, pp. 577-97.

Robertson, Teresa [2000] 'On Soames's solution to the sorites paradox', Analysis 60, pp. 328-34.

Gross, Steven A [2000] Vagueness in Context, in Proceedings of the Twenty-Second Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Scociety, eds. Lila Gleitman and Avarind Joshi (Lawrence Erlbaum, 2000).

Gross, Steven A [2001] Essays on Linguistic Context-Sensitivity and its Philosophical Significance, Routledge. [abstract]

Graff, Delia [2002] 'Shifting Sands: An Interest-Relative Theory of Vagueness', Philosophical Topics 28, pp. 45-81. [abstract]

Williamson, Timothy [2002] 'Soames on Vagueness', Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 65, pp. 422-8.

Gross, Steven A [2003?] 'A Pragmatic, Context-Sensitive Approach to Vagueness', (in progress) , pp. .

Gross, Steven A [2003?] Vagueness, Indirect Speech, and the World, in Protosociology: Special Issue on Indirect Speech and Radical Interpretation, ed. Gerhard Preyer (forthcoming).

Stanley, Jason [2003] 'Context, Interest-Relativity, and the Sorites', Analysis (forthcoming) , pp. .

 

Vagueness and propositional attitudes

Sorensen, Roy A [1987] 'The Vagueness of Knowledge', Canadian Journal of Philosophy 17, pp. 767-804.

Sorensen, Roy A [1991] 'Vagueness Within the Language of Thought', Philosophical Quarterly 41, pp. 389-413.

Schiffer, Stephen [1998] 'Two Issues of Vagueness', Monist 81, pp. 193-214.

Schiffer, Stephen [2000] Vagueness and Partial Belief, in Ernest Sosa, ed., Skepticism: Philosophical Issues, 10 Sosa, Ernest (ed), Cambridge, Blackwell.

Field, Hartry [2000] 'Indeterminacy, Degree of Belief, and Excluded Middle', Noûs 34, pp. 1-30.

Schiffer, Stephen [2003] 'Vagueness and Indeterminacy' in The Things We Mean, Oxford University Press, pp.178-238

Dorr, Cian [2003] `Vagueness Without Ignorance', in Philosophical Perspectives 17: Language and Philosophical Linguistics, ed. John Hawthorne and Dean Zimmerman, Blackwell, pp. 83-114.

Hawthorne, John [2005] `Vagueness and the Mind of God', in Philosophical Studies 122, pp. 1-25

 

Vagueness and Ignorance

Cargile, James [1969] 'The Sorites Paradox', British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 20, pp. 193-202.

Campbell, Richmond [1974] 'The Sorites Paradox', Philosophical Studies 26, pp. 175-91.

Scheffler, Israel [1979] Beyond the Letter: A Philosophical Inquiry Into Ambiguity, Vagueness and Metaphor in Language, London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.

Rolf, Bertil [1984] 'Sorites', Synthèse 58, pp. 219-50.

Sorensen, Roy A [1988] Blindspots, Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Sorensen, Roy A [1988] 'Vagueness, Blurriness, and Measurement', Synthèse 75, pp. 45-82.

Heller, Mark [1990] The Ontology of Physical Objects: Four-Dimensional Hunks of Matter, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Simons, Peter [1992] 'Vagueness and Ignorance', Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Supplementary Volume 63, pp. 163-77.

Williamson, Timothy [1992] 'Vagueness and Ignorance', Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Supplementary Volume 66, pp. 145-62.

Williamson, Timothy [1994] Vagueness, London: Routledge.

Copeland, Jack [1994] 'Vagueness and Bivalence: A Discussion of Williamson and Simons', Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 68, pp. 193-200.

Sorensen, Roy A [1994] 'A Thousand Clones', Mind 103, pp. 47-54.

Williamson, Timothy [1995] 'Definiteness and Knowability', Southern Journal of Philosophy (Supplement) 33, pp. .

Hyde, Dominic [1995] 'Review of T Williamson: Vagueness', Mind 104, pp. 919-25.

Wright, Crispin [1995] 'The Epistemic Conception of Vagueness', Southern Journal of Philosophy (Supplement) 33, pp. 133-59.

Sorensen, Roy A [1995] 'The Epistemic Conception of Vagueness: Comments on Wright', Southern Journal of Philosophy (Supplement) 33, pp. 161-70.

Sainsbury, Mark [1995] 'Vagueness, Ignorance and Margin for Error (Critical Notice of Timothy Williamson: Vagueness)', British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 46, pp. 589-601.

Simons, Peter [1996] 'Critical Notice of Timothy Williamson, Vagueness', International Journal of Philosophical Studies , pp. 321-7.

Williamson, Timothy [1996] 'What Makes it a Heap?', Erkenntnis 44, pp. 327-39.

Williamson, Timothy [1996] 'Wright on the Epistemic Conception of Vagueness', Analysis 56, pp. 39.

Horgan, Terence [1997] 'Brute Supervenience, Deep Ignorance, and the Problem of the Many', Philosophical Issues 8, pp. 229-36.

Williamson, Timothy [1997] Imagination, Stipulation and Vagueness, in Villanueva, E (ed.) Philosophical Issues: Truth, Atascadero: Ridgeview.

Sorensen, Roy A [1997] 'Sharp Boundaries for Blobs', Philosophical Studies 91, pp. 275-95.

Horwich, Paul [1997] 'The Nature of Vagueness', Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 57, pp. 929-36.

Gomez-Torrente, Mario [1997] Two Problems for an Epistemicist View of Vagueness, in E. Villanueva (ed.), Philosophical Issues VIII: Truth, Ridgeview, Atascadero (California), 1997.

Mott, Peter L [1998] 'Margins for Error and the Sorites Paradox', Philosophical Quarterly 48, pp. 494-504.

Williamson, Timothy [1999] 'Andjelkoviæ on Bivalence: A Reply', Acta Analytica 14, pp.

Williamson, Timothy [1999] Schiffer on the Epistemic Theory of Vagueness, in J Tomberlin (ed.), Philosophical Perspectives 13: Epistemology, Oxford and Boston, MA: Blackwell.

Schiffer, Stephen [1999] The Epistemic Theory of Vagueness (with reply by Williamson), in J Tomberlin (ed.), Philosophical Perspectives 13: Epistemology, Oxford and Boston, MA: Blackwell.

Andjelkovic, Miroslava [1999] 'Williamson on Bivalence', Acta Analytica 14, pp.

Sorensen, Roy A [2000] 'A Vague Demonstration', Linguistics and Philosophy 23, pp. 507-22.

Elder, Crawford L [2000] 'Familiar Objects and the Sorites of Decomposition', American Philosophical Quarterly 37, pp. 79-89.

Field, Hartry [2000] 'Indeterminacy, Degree of Belief, and Excluded Middle', Noûs 34, pp. 1-30.

Williamson, Timothy [2000] Knowledge and Its Limits, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Williamson, Timothy [2000] 'Margins for Error: A Reply to Mott', Philosophical Quarterly 50, pp. 76-81.

Keefe, Rosanna [2000] Theories of Vagueness, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Wright, Crispin [2001] 'On being in a quandary. Relativism vagueness logical revisionism', Mind 110, pp. 45-98.

Sorensen, Roy A [2001] Vagueness and Contradiction, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Burgess, John Alexander [2001] 'Vagueness, Epistemicism and Response-Dependence', Australasian Journal of Philosophy 79, pp. 507-24.

Williamson, Timothy [2001] 'Vagueness, indeterminacy and social meaning', Critical Studies 16, pp. 61-76.

Ebbs, Gary [2001] 'Vagueness, Sharp Boundaries, and Supervenience Conditions', Synthèse 127, pp. 303-23.

Graff, Delia [2002] 'An Anti-Epistemicist Consequence of Margin for Error Semantics for Knowledge', Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 64, pp. 127-42.

Bobzien, Susanne [2002] 'Chrysippus and the Epistemic Theory of Vagueness', Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 102, pp. 217-38.

Williamson, Timothy [2002] 'Epistemicist models: Comments on Gómez-Torrente and Graff', Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 64, pp. 143-50.

Jackson, Frank [2002] 'Language, Thought and the Epistemic Theory of Vagueness', Language and Communication 22, pp. 269-79.

Beall, J C [2002] 'Review of Roy Sorensen, Vagueness and Contradiction', Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 8

Gomez-Torrente, Mario [2002] 'Vagueness and Margin for Error Principles', Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 64, pp. 107-26.

Ludwig, Kirk & Ray, Greg [2002] 'Vagueness and the Sorites Paradox', Philosophical Perspectives (Nous) 16, pp. 419-61.

Dorr, Cian [2003] 'Vagueness Without Ignorance' Philosophical Perspectives 17, pp. 83-114

Ray, Greg [2003] 'Williamson's Master Argument on Vagueness', Synthèse (forthcoming) , pp. . [abstract]

Weatherson, Brian [2003] 'Epistemicism, Parasites and Vague Names', Australasian Journal of Philosophy 81, pp. 276-79.

Weatherson, Brian [2003] 'Review of Vagueness and Contradiction, by Roy Sorensen', Australasian Journal of Philosophy 81, pp. 290-2.

Wright, Crispin [2003] 'Rosenkranz on Quandary, Vagueness and Intuitionism', Mind 112, pp. 465-74.

Greenough, Patrick [2003] 'Vagueness: A Minimal Theory', Mind 112, pp. 235-81.

Rosenkranz, Sven [2003] 'Wright on Vagueness and Agnosticism', Mind 112, pp. 449-64.

Alter, Torin & Rachels, Stuart [2004] 'Epistemicism and the Combined Spectrum Argument', Ratio 17, pp.

Mahtani, Anna [2004] `The Instability of Vague Terms', The Philosophical Quarterly 54, pp.570-576

Rosenkranz, Sven [2005] "Knowledge in borderline cases", Analysis 65, pp.49-65

 

Semantic Indeterminacy

Field, Hartry [1973] 'Theory Change and the Indeterminacy of Reference', Journal of Philosophy 70, pp. 462-81

Field, Hartry [1974] `Quine and the correspondence theory',  Philosophical Review  83 , pp. 200-228

Field, Hartry [1994] 'Disquotational truth and factually defective discourse', Philosophical Review 103, pp. 405-52.

Field, Hartry [1998] 'Some Thoughts on Radical Indeterminacy',  Monist  81, pp. 253-273

Burgess, John Alexander [1998] 'In Defense of an Indeterminist Theory of Vagueness', Monist 81, pp. 233-52.

Field, Hartry [2000] 'Indeterminacy, Degree of Belief, and Excluded Middle', Noûs 34, pp. 1-30.

Eklund, Matti [2001] 'Supervaluationism, Vagueifiers and Semantic Overdetermination', Dialectica 55, pp. 363-78.

Eklund, Matti [2002] 'Inconsistent Languages', Philosophical and Phenomenological Research 64, pp.251-275

Akiba, Ken [2002] 'A deflationist approach to indeterminacy and vagueness', Philosophical Studies 107, pp. 69-86.

Akiba, Ken [2002] 'Can deflationism allow for hidden indeterminacy?', Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 83, pp. 223-34.

Field, Hartry [2003] The Semantic Paradoxes and the Paradoxes of Vagueness, in Beall and Glanzberg, eds., Liars and Heaps, Oxford University Press

Field, Hartry [2003] 'No Fact of the Matter', Australasian Journal of Philosophy , pp. 457-480

Weatherson, Brian [2005] 'True, Truer, Truest', Philosophical Studies, forthcoming

Eklund, Matti [2005] `What Vagueness Consists in', Philosophical Studies, forthcoming.

 

Supervaluations

Mehlberg, Henryk (1958): The Reach of Science, Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

van Fraassen, Bas C.  (1969): ‘Presuppositions, Supervaluations and Free Logic’, in K. Lambert (ed.) The Logical Way of Doing Things, pp. 67-91, New Haven: Yale University Press.

Lewis, David (1970): ‘General Semantics’, Synthese 22, pp. 18–67.

Fine, Kit (1975): 'Vagueness, Truth and Logic', Synthese 30, pp. 265-300.

Kamp, Hans (1975): ‘Two Theories About Adjectives’, in Keenan, E L (ed.) Formal Semantics of Natural Language, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Lewis, David (1975): ‘Language and Languages’, in Lewis (1983), pp. 163-88.

Przelecki, Marian (1969): The Logic of Empirical Theories, London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.

Przelecki, Marian (1976): ‘Fuzziness as Multiplicity’, Erkenntnis 10, pp. 371–80.

Lewis, David (1979): ‘Scorekeeping in a Language Game’, in Lewis (1983); reprinted from Journal of Philosophical Logic 8, pp. 339-59.

Lewis, David (1983): Philosophical Papers 1, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

McGee, Vann (1991): Truth, Vagueness and Paradox, Indianapolis: Hackett.

Mills, Andrew P. (1995): 'Unsettled Problems with Vague Truth', Canadian Journal of Philosophy 25, pp. 103–18.

Ujvári, Márta (1999): 'Multi-criteria Predicates and Supervaluation', Acta Analytica 14, pp. 67-77.

Akiba, Ken (2000): 'Vagueness as a modality', Philosophical Quarterly 50, pp. 359-70.

Keefe, Rosanna (2000): Theories of Vagueness, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Smith, Barry and Brogaard, Berit (2000): ‘A Unified Theory of Truth and Reference’, Logique et Analyse 43, pp. 49-93.

Varzi, Achille (2001): 'Vagueness, Logic, and Ontology', The Dialogue 1, pp. 135-54.

Varzi, Achille and Collins, John (2002): 'Unsharpenable Vagueness', Philosophical Topics 28, pp. 1-10.

Heck Jr., Richard G. (2003): ‘Semantic Accounts of Vagueness’, in Liars and Heaps: New Essays on the Semantics of Paradox, J.C. Beall (editor), Oxford University Press.

 

Supervaluations and Logic

Burgess, John A. and Humberstone, Lloyd (1987): ‘Natural Deduction Rules for a logic of vagueness’, Erkenntnis 27, pp. 197–229.

Lewis, David (1988): ‘Vague Identity: Evans Misunderstood’, Analysis 48, pp. 128–30.

Sayward, C. (1989): ‘Does the Law of Excluded Middle Require Bivalence?’, Erkenntnis 31, pp. 129–37.

Tye, Michael (1989): 'Supervaluationism and the Law of Excluded Middle', Analysis 49, pp. 141-3.

Rasmussen, Stig A. (1990): ‘Supervaluational Antirealism and Logic’, Synthese 84, pp.97–138.

Day, T.J. (1992): ‘Excluded Middle and Bivalence’, Erkenntnis 37, pp. 93–7.

Keefe, Rosanna (2002): ‘Supervaluationism and Validity’, Philosophical Topics 28, pp. 93-106.

Graff, Delia (2003): ‘Gap Principles, Penumbral Consequence, and Infinitely Higher-Order Vagueness’, in Liars and Heaps: New Essays on the Semantics of Paradox, J.C. Beall (editor), Oxford University Press.

 

Truth and Super-Truth

Heller, Mark (1988): ‘Vagueness and the Standard Ontology’, Nous 22, pp. 109–31.

Field, Hartry (1994): 'Disquotational truth and factually defective discourse', Philosophical Review 103, pp. 405–52.

McGee, Van and McLaughlin, Brian P (1994): ‘Distinctions Without a Difference’, Southern Journal of Philosophy (Supplement) 33, pp. 203-51.

Williamson, Timothy (1995): 'Definiteness and Knowability', Southern Journal of Philosophy (Supplement) 33, pp. 171–91.

Morreau, Michael (1999): ‘Supervaluation can leave truth-value gaps after all’, Journal of Philosophy 96, pp. 148-56.

Keefe, Rosanna (2000): Theories of Vagueness, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Williamson, Timothy and Andjelkovic Miroslava (2000): ‘Truth, falsity and borderline cases’, Philosophical Topics 28, pp. 211–44.

Akiba, Ken (2002): 'A deflationist approach to indeterminacy and vagueness', Philosophical Studies 107, pp. 69-86.

Keefe, Rosanna (2002): ‘Supervaluationism and Validity’, Philosophical Topics 28, pp. 93-106.

Dorr, C. (2003): ‘Vagueness without Ignorance’, Philosophical Issues17, pp. 83–113.

McGee, Vann & McLaughlin, Brian P. (2004): ‘Logical Commitment and Semantic Indeterminacy: A Reply to Williamson’, Linguistics and Philosophy 27, pp. 123-36.

Williamson, Timothy (2004): ‘Reply to McGee and McLaughlin’, Linguistics and Philosophy 27, pp. 113–22.

Sider, Theodore and Braun, David (2005): 'Vague, So Untrue', (forthcoming).

 

Many-Valued Supervaluationism

Sanford, David (1975): ‘Borderline Logic’, American Philosophical Quarterly 12, pp. 29–39.

Edgington, Dorothy (1992): ‘Validity, Uncertainty and Vagueness’, Analysis 52, pp. 193–204.

Sanford, David (1993): ‘The Problem of the Many Many Composition Questions, and Naïve Mereology’, Nous 27, pp. 219–28.

Edgington, Dorothy (1997): ‘Vagueness by Degrees’, in Keefe, R. and Smith, B. (eds.): Vagueness: A Reader, Cambridge MA: MIT Press.

 

Subvaluations

Hyde, Dominic (1997): 'From Heaps and Gaps to Heaps of Gluts', Mind 106, pp. 641-60.

Akiba, Ken (1999): 'On super- and subvaluationism: a classicist's reply to Hyde', Mind 108, pp. 727-732.

Beall, JC and Colyvan, Mark (2001): ‘Heaps of Gluts and Hyde-ing the Sorites’, Mind 110, pp. 401–8.

Varzi, Achille (2000): ‘Supervaluationism and Paraconsistency’, in Diderik Batens, Chris Mortensen, Graham Priest, and Jean Paul Van Bendegem (eds.), Frontiers in Paraconsistent Logic, Baldock: Research Studies Press, pp. 279-297.

Hyde, Dominic (2001): ‘A Reply to Beall and Colyvan’, Mind 110, pp. 409–11.

 

Supervaluational Approaches to the Problem of the Many

Lewis, David (1993): ‘Many, but almost one’, in K. Campbell, J. Bacon and L. Reinhardt (eds.) Ontology, Causality, and Mind: Essays on the Philosophy of D. M. Armstrong, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 23-38.

Sanford, David (1993): ‘The Problem of the Many Many Composition Questions, and Naïve Mereology’, Nous 27, pp. 219–28.

McGee, Van and McLaughlin, Brian P (2002): 'The Lessons of the Many', Philosophical Topics 28, pp. 129-51.

McKinnon, Neil (2002): ‘Supervaluations and the Problem of the Many’, Philosophical Quarterly 52, pp. 320-39.

 

Supervaluating Propositional-Attitude Contexts

Schiffer, Stephen (1998): ‘Two Issues of Vagueness’, The Monist 81, pp. 193–214.

Schiffer, Stephen (2000): ‘Vagueness and Partial Belief’, in Ernest Sosa, ed., Skepticism: Philosophical Issues, 10 Sosa, Ernest (ed), Cambridge, Blackwell.

McGee, Van and McLaughlin, Brian P (2002): 'The Lessons of the Many', Philosophical Topics 28, pp. 129-51.

Schiffer, Stephen (2003): The Things We Mean, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Weatherson, Brian (2003): 'Many Many Problems', Philosophical Quarterly 53, pp. 481–501.

Wright, Crispin (2003): ‘Vagueness: A Fifth Column Approach’, in Liars and Heaps: New Essays on the Semantics of Paradox, J.C. Beall (editor), Oxford University Press.

 

Supervaluations and Context

Ballweg, Joachim (1983): ‘Vagueness or context-dependence? Supervaluation revisited in a semantics based on scales’, in Thomas T. Ballmer and Manfred Pinkal (eds), Approaching Vagueness, North-Holland, Amsterdam, pp. 59–78.

Kyburg, Alice and Morreau, Michael (2000): ‘Fitting Words: Vague Language in Context’, Linguistics and Philosophy 23, pp. 577–97.

Shapiro, Stewart (2005): Vagueness in Context, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

 

Nihilism

Wheeler, Samuel C. III (1975): ‘Reference and Vagueness’, Synthese 30, pp. 367-379.

Sanford, David H. (1979): 'Nostalgia for the Ordinary: Comments on Papers By Unger and Wheeler', Synthese 41, pp. 175-84.

Unger, Peter (1979a): ‘I Do Not Exist’, in MacDonald, Graham F. (ed.): Perception and Identity, London: Macmillan, pp. 235-51.

Unger, Peter (1979b): 'There Are No Ordinary Things', Synthese 41, pp. 117-54.

Unger, Peter (1979c): ‘Why There are No People’, Midwest Studies in Philosophy 4, pp. 177–222.

Wheeler, Samuel C. III (1979): 'On That Which Is Not', Synthese 41, pp. 155-94.

Williamson, Timothy (1994): Vagueness, London: Routledge.

Sorensen, Roy A. (2001): Vagueness and Contradiction, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

 

Incoherentism

Dummett, Michael (1975): ‘Wang's Paradox’, in Truth and Other Enigmas, London: Duckworth, 1978, pp. 248-68; and Keefe, R. and Smith, B. (eds.): Vagueness: A Reader, Cambridge MA: MIT Press, reprinted from Synthese 30, pp. 301-24.

Wright, Crispin (1975): 'On the Coherence of Vague Predicates', Synthese 30, pp. 325-63.

Wright, Crispin (1976): ‘Language Mastery and the Sorites Paradox’, in Evans and McDowell (eds.) (1976): Truth and Meaning: Essays in Semantics, Oxford: Clarendon Press, pp. 223-47.

Peacocke, Christopher (1981): 'Are Vague Predicates Incoherent?', Synthese 46, pp. 121-41.

Quine, Willard V. O. (1981): 'What Price Bivalence?', Journal of Philosophy 78, pp. 90-5.

Rolf, Bertil (1984): 'Sorites', Synthese 58, pp. 219-50.

Burns, Lynda C. (1986): 'Vagueness and Coherence', Synthese 68, pp. 487-513.

Wright, Crispin (1987): 'Further Reflections on the Sorites Paradox', Philosophical Topics 15, pp. 227-90.

Schwartz, Stephen P. (1989): 'Vagueness and Incoherence: A Reply to Burns', Synthese 80, pp. 395-406.

Burns, Lynda C. (1991): Vagueness: an Investigation Into Natural Language and the Sorites Paradox, Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Wright, Crispin (1991): ‘The Sorites Paradox and Its Significance for the Interpretation of Semantic Theory’, in Cooper and Engel (1991), pp. 135-62.

Sanford, David H. (1993): 'Review of Linda Burns: Vagueness: An Investigation Into Natural Languages and the Sorites Paradox', Mind 102, pp. 357-60.

Williamson, Timothy (1994): Vagueness, London: Routledge.

Varzi, Achille (1995): 'Vagueness, Indiscernibility, and Pragmatics: Comments on Burns', Southern Journal of Philosophy (Supplement) 33, pp. 49-62.

Horgan, Terence (1998): 'The Transvaluationist Conception of Vagueness', The Monist 81, pp. 316-33.

Eklund, Matti (2002): ‘Inconsistent Languages’, Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 64, pp. 251–75.

Sider, Theodore and Braun, David (2005): 'Vague, So Untrue', (forthcoming).

 

Foundational Issues in Higher Order Vagueness

Sainsbury, Mark (1990): ‘Concepts without Boundaries’, in Keefe, R. and Smith, B. (eds.): Vagueness: A Reader, Cambridge MA: MIT Press.

Sainsbury, Mark (1995): Paradoxes (2nd Edition), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Williamson, Timothy (1997a): ‘Higher-Order Vagueness’, in T. Honderich (ed.), The Oxford Companion to Philosophy, Oxford University Press.  

Greenough, Patrick (2003): 'Vagueness: A Minimal Theory', Mind 112, pp. 235-81.

 

Paradoxes of Higher-Order Vagueness

Wright, Crispin (1987): ‘Further Reflections on the Sorites Paradox’, Philosophical Topics 15, pp. 227–90.

Sainsbury, Mark (1991): 'Is There Higher-Order Vagueness?', Philosophical Quarterly 41, pp. 167-82.

Wright, Crispin (1992): 'Is Higher-Order Vagueness Coherent?', Analysis 52, pp. 129-39.

Edgington, Dorothy (1993): 'Wright and Sainsbury on Higher-Order Vagueness', Analysis 53, pp. 193-200.

Heck Jr., Richard G. (1993): 'A Note on the Logic of (Higher-Order) Vagueness', Analysis 53, pp. 201–8.

Gómez-Torrente, Mario (1997): ‘Two Problems for an Epistemicist View of Vagueness’, Philosophical Issues 8, pp. 237–45.

Williamson, Timothy (1997b): ‘Replies to Commentators', Philosophical Issues 8, pp. 255–65.

Wright, Crispin (2001): ‘On Being in a Quandary. Relativism, Vagueness, Logical Revisionism’, Mind 110, pp. 45–98.

Gómez-Torrente, Mario (2002): ‘Vagueness and Margin for Error Principles’, Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 64, pp. 107–25.

Graff, Delia (2002): ‘An Anti-Epistemicist Consequence of Margin for Error Semantics for Knowledge’, Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 64, pp. 127–42.

Williamson, Timothy (2002): ‘Epistemicist Models: Comments on Gómez-Torrente and

Graff', Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 64, pp. 143–50.

Graff, Delia (2003): Gap Principles, Penumbral Consequence, and Infinitely Higher-Order Vagueness, in Liars and Heaps: New Essays on the Semantics of Paradox, J.C. Beall (editor), Oxford University Press.

Wright, Crispin (2003): ‘Vagueness: A Fifth Column Approach’, in Liars and Heaps: New Essays on the Semantics of Paradox, J.C. Beall (editor), Oxford University Press.

 

Higher-Order Vagueness and the Vagueness of ‘Vague’

Sorensen, Roy A. (1985): 'An Argument for the Vagueness of "vague"', Analysis 45, pp. 134-7.

Deas, R (1989): 'Sorensen's Sorites', Analysis 49, pp. 26-31.

Hyde, Dominic (1994): 'Why Higher-Order Vagueness is a Pseudo-Problem', Mind 103, pp. 35-40.

Tye, Michael (1994): 'Why the Vague Need Not be Higher-Order Vague', Mind 103, pp. 43-5.

Hyde, Dominic (2003): ‘Higher-Orders of Vagueness Reinstated’, Mind 112, pp. 301-5.

Varzi, Achille (2003): 'Higher-Order Vagueness and the Vagueness of 'Vague'', Mind 112, pp. 295-8.

 

Supervaluational and Epistemicist Theories of Higher-Order Vagueness

Fine, K. 1975, ‘Vagueness, Truth and Logic’, Synthese 30, pp. 265–300.

Pelletier, F. J. (1985): ‘The Not-So-Strange Modal Logic of Indeterminacy’, Logique et Analyse, pp. 415–22.

Simons, Peter (1992): ‘Vagueness and Ignorance’, Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society Suppl. Vol. 66, pp. 163–77.

Koons, Robert C. (1994): ‘A New Solution to the Sorites Problem’, Mind 103, pp. 439–49.

McGee, Vann and McLaughlin, Brian (1994): ‘Distinctions Without a Difference’, in The Southern Journal of Philosophy Vol. 33, Supplement, pp. 203–51.

Williamson, Timothy (1994): Vagueness, London: Routledge.

Heck Jr., Richard G. (1998): ‘That There Might Be Vague Objects (So Far as Concerns Logic), The Monist 81, pp. 274–96.

Williamson, Timothy (1999): 'On the structure of higher-order vagueness', Mind 108, pp. 127-142.

Keefe, Rosanna (2000): Theories of Vagueness, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Sorensen, Roy A. (2001): Vagueness and Contradiction, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Sorensen, Roy A. (2002): ‘Direct Reference and Vague Identity’, Philosophical Topics 28, pp. 177–92.

Heck Jr., Richard G. (2003): ‘Semantic Accounts of Vagueness’, in Liars and Heaps: New Essays on the Semantics of Paradox, J.C. Beall (editor), Oxford University Press.

 

Many-Valued Theories of Higher-Order Vagueness

Sanford, David (1975): ‘Borderline Logic’, American Philosophical Quarterly 12, pp. 29–39.

Machina, K.F. (1976): ‘Truth, Belief and Vagueness’, Journal of Philosophical Logic 5, pp. 47–78.

Tye, Michael (1990): ‘Vague Objects’, Mind 99, pp. 535–57.

Tye, Michael (1994): ‘Sorites Paradoxes and the Semantics of Vagueness’, Philosophical Perspectives 8, pp. 189–206.

Contextualist Theories of Higher-Order Vagueness

Soames, Scott (1999): Understanding Truth, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Glanzberg, Michael (2003): ‘Against Truth-Value Gaps’, in Liars and Heaps: New Essays on the Semantics of Paradox, J.C. Beall (editor), Oxford University Press.

Soames, Scott (2003): ‘Higher-Order Vagueness for Partially Defined Predicates’, in Liars and Heaps: New Essays on the Semantics of Paradox, J.C. Beall (editor), Oxford University Press.

Greenough, Patrick (2005): ‘Contextualism about vagueness and higher-order vagueness’, Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society Suppl. Vol. (forthcoming).

Shapiro, Stewart (2005a): ‘Context, conversation, and so-called ‘higher-order vagueness’’, Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society Suppl. Vol. (forthcoming).

Shapiro, Stewart (2005b): Vagueness in Context, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

 

Higher-Order Vagueness and Response-Dependence

Burgess, John Alexander (1990): 'The Sorites Paradox and Higher-Order Vagueness', Synthese 85, pp. 417-74.

Burgess, John Alexander (1998): 'In Defense of an Indeterminist Theory of Vagueness', Monist 81, pp. 233-52.

 

Applications of Higher Order Vagueness

Heller, Mark (1996): ‘Against Metaphysical Vagueness’, Philosophical Perspectives 10, pp. 177–85.

Sorensen, Roy A. (1998): ‘Ambiguity, Discretion and the Sorites’, The Monist 81, pp. 215–32.

Sorensen, Roy A. (2003): ‘A Definite No-No’, in Liars and Heaps: New Essays on the Semantics of Paradox, J.C. Beall (editor), Oxford University Press.

 

Ontic Vagueness (General)

Howard-Snyder, F (1991): 'De re modality Entails de re Vagueness', Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 72, pp. 101-12.

Sainsbury, Mark (1995): 'Why the World Could Not be Vague', Southern Journal of Philosophy (Supplement): 33, pp. 63-81.

Prinz, Jesse (1998): 'Vagueness, Language, and Ontology', Electronic Journal of Analytic Philosophy 6, pp.

Akiba, Ken (2000): 'Vagueness as a modality', Philosophical Quarterly 50, pp. 359-70.

Varzi, Achille (2001): 'Vagueness, Logic, and Ontology', The Dialogue 1, pp. 135-54.

Merricks, Trenton (2001): 'Varieties of Vagueness', Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 62, pp. 145-57.

Hawley, Katherine (2001): ‘Vagueness’ chp. 4 of How Things Persist, Oxford: OUP, pp. 100-37.

Akiba, Ken (2002): 'A deflationist approach to indeterminacy and vagueness', Philosophical Studies 107, pp. 69-86. (abstract)

Hawley, Katherine (2002): 'Vagueness and Existence', Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 102, pp. 125-40. (abstract)

Tye, Michael (2002): 'Vagueness and Reality', Philosophical Topics 28, pp. 195-210.

Sider, Theodore (2003): 'Against Vague Existence', Philosophical Studies 114, pp. 135-46.

Koslicki, Kathrin (2003): 'The Crooked Path from Vagueness to Four-Dimensionalism', Philosophical Studies 114, pp. 107-34.

Rosen, G & Smith, Nicholas J J (2004): 'Worldly Indeterminacy: A Rough Guide', Australasian Journal of Philosophy 82, pp. 185-98.

Akiba, Ken (2004): ‘Vagueness in the World’, Nous 38, pp. 407-29.

Nolan, Daniel (2005): ‘Vagueness, Multiplicity, and Parts’, Nous (forthcoming)

Barnes, Elizabeth (2005): ‘Vagueness and Sparseness: A Study in Property Ontology’, Analysis (forthcoming)

 

Vague Identity

Evans, Gareth (1978): ‘Can There be Vague Objects?’, in Evans (1985):, pp. 176-7; reprinted from Analysis 38, p. 208.

Noonan, Harold (1980): ‘Objects and Identity’, Martinus Nijhoff.

Thomason, Richmond (1982): 'Identity and Vagueness', Philosophical Studies 43, pp.329-32.

Zemach, Eddy (1983): 'Identity and Open Texture', Philosophia 13, pp. .

Noonan, Harold (1984): 'Indefinite Identity: A Reply to Broome', Analysis 44, pp. 117-21.

Broome, John (1984): 'Indefiniteness in Identity', Analysis 44, pp. 6-12.

Linsky, B (1984): 'The Identity of Indistinguishables', Synthèse 59, pp. 363-80.

Ward, D (1984): 'The Indeterminacy of Identity Conditions', Southern Journal of Philosophy 22, pp. .

Cook, Monte (1986): 'Indeterminacy of Identity', Analysis 46, pp. 179-86.

Wiggins, David (1986): On Singling Out an Object Determinately, in Pettit, P &

McDowell, J H (eds.): Subject, Thought and Context, Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Rasmussen, Stig A (1986): 'Vague Identity', Mind 95, pp. 81-91.

Parsons, Terence (1987): 'Entities Without Identity', Philosophical Perspectives 1, pp. 1-19.

Stalnaker, Robert (1988): ‘Vague Identity’, in Austin, D F (ed.): Philosophical Analysis: A Defence by Examples, Dordrecht: Kluwer.

Lewis, David (1988): 'Vague Identity: Evans Misunderstood', Analysis 48, pp. 128-30.

Garrett, Brian J (1988): 'Vagueness and Identity', Analysis 48, pp. 130-4.

Johnsen, B (1989): 'Is Vague Identity Incoherent', Analysis 49, pp. 103-12.

Burgess, John Alexander (1989): 'Vague Identity: Evans Misrepresented', Analysis 49, pp. 112-9.

Over, D E (1989): 'Vague Objects and Identity', Analysis 49, pp. 97-9.

Noonan, Harold (1990): 'Vague Identity Yet Again', Analysis 50, pp. 157-62.

Burgess, John Alexander (1990): 'Vague Objects and Indefinite Identity', Philosophical Studies 59, pp. 263-87.

Priest, Graham (1991): 'Sorites and Identity', Logique et Analyse 135, pp. 293.

Garrett, Brian J (1991): 'Vague Identity and Vague Objects', Noûs 25, pp. 341-51.

Garrett, Brian J (1991): 'Vagueness, Identity, and the World', Logique et analyse 135, pp. 349.

Lowe, E J (1994): 'Vague Identity and Quantum Indeterminacy', Analysis 54, pp. 110-4.

Williamson, Timothy (1994): Vagueness, London: Routledge.

Keefe, Rosanna (1995): 'Contingent Identity and Vague Identity', Analysis 55, pp.183-90.

Noonan, Harold (1995): 'E J Lowe on Vague Identity and Quantum Indeterminacy', Analysis 55, pp. .

Copeland, Jack (1995): 'On Vague Objects, Fuzzy Logic and Fractal Boundaries', Southern Journal of Philosophy 33, pp. 83-96.

French, S & Krause, D (1995): 'Vague identity and quantum indeterminacy', Analysis 55, pp. 20-6.

Parsons, Terence & Woodruff, Peter (1995): 'Worldly Indeterminacy of Identity', Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 95, pp. 171-91; reprinted in Keefe & Smith (1996):.

Parsons, Terence & Woodruff, Peter (1996): 'Indeterminacy of Identity of Objects and Sets', Philosophical Perspectives , pp. .

Copeland, Jack (1997): 'Fuzzy Logic and Vague Identity', Journal of Philosophy 94, pp. 514-34.

Priest, Graham (1998): 'Fuzzy Identity and Local Validity', Monist 81, pp. .

Heck Jr., Richard G (1998): 'That There Might be Vague Objects (So Far As Concerns Logic):', Monist 81, pp. .

Torrago, Loretta (1999): Vagueness and Identity, in Proceedings of the Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy, Volume II: Metaphysics, ed. Tom Rockmore.

Parsons, Terence (2000): Indeterminate Identity: Metaphysics and Semantics, Oxford University Press, forthcoming. (abstract)

Markosian, Ned (2000): 'Sorensen's Argument Against Vague Identities', Philosophical Studies 97, pp. 1-9.

Sypniewska, J O (2001): 'Quantum indiscernibility without vague identity', Analysis 61, pp. 65-8.

Williamson, Timothy (2001): Vagueness, identity and Leibniz’s Law, in P. Giaretta,

A. Bottani and M. Carrara, eds., Individuals, Essence and Identity: Themes of Analytic Metaphysics, Dordrecht: Kluwer (Topoi Library):.

Sorensen, Roy A (2002): 'Direct Reference and Vague Identity', Philosophical Topics 28, pp. 177-92.

Edgington, Dorothy (2002): 'Indeterminacy de re', Philosophical Topics 28, pp. 27-44.

Copeland, Jack (2002): 'Indeterminate Identity, Contingent Identity, and Property Identity, Aristotelian-Style', Philosophical Topics 28, pp. 11-23.

Akiba, Ken (2002): 'Review of Terence Parsons, Indeterminate Identity', Philosophical Quarterly 52, pp. 262-5.

Keefe, Rosanna (2002): 'Review of Terence Parsons, Indeterminate Identity: Metaphysics and Semantics', Mind 111, pp. 466-70.

Torrago, Loretta (2003?): 'Vague Identity and Vague Composition', (in progress): pp. .

Pinillos, Ángel (2003): 'Counting and Indeterminate Identity', Mind 112, pp. 35-50.

Varzi, Achille (2003): 'Indeterminate Identities and Semantic Indeterminacy', written for the conference The Philosophy of Terence Parsons: Logic, Metaphysics, and Natural Language (The Ernan McMullin Perspectives Lectures in Philosophy 2003):, University of Notre Dame , pp. .

French, S & Krause, D (2003): 'Quantum vagueness', Erkenntnis 59, pp. 97-124. 

 

Vague Objects

Noonan, Harold (1982): 'Vague Objects', Analysis 42, pp. 3-6.

Inwagen, Peter van (1988): 'How to Reason About Vague Objects', Philosophical Topics 16, pp. 255-84.

Pelletier, F J (1989): 'Another Argument Against Vague Objects', Journal of Philosophy 86, pp. 481-92.
Over, D E (1989): 'Vague Objects and Identity', Analysis 49, pp. 97-9.

Sainsbury, Mark (1989): 'What is a Vague Object?', Analysis 49, pp. 99-103.

Tye, Michael (1990): 'Vague Objects', Mind 99, pp. 535-57.

Burgess, John Alexander (1990): 'Vague Objects and Indefinite Identity', Philosophical Studies 59, pp. 263-87.

Zemach, Eddy (1991): 'Vague Objects', Noûs 25, pp. 323-40.

Garrett, Brian J (1991): 'Vague Identity and Vague Objects', Noûs 25, pp. 341-51.

Cowles, D W & White, M J (1991): 'Vague Objects for Those Who Want Them', Philosophical Studies 63, pp. 203-16.

Cowles, D W (1994): ‘On van Inwagen's Defense of Vague Identity’, in Philosophical Perspectives 8: Logic and Language, ed. J E Tomberlin, Atascadero: Ridgeview.

Copeland, Jack (1995): 'On Vague Objects, Fuzzy Logic and Fractal Boundaries', Southern Journal of Philosophy 33, pp. 83-96.

Heck Jr., Richard G (1998): 'That There Might be Vague Objects (So Far As Concerns Logic):', Monist 81, pp. .

Simons, Peter (1999): ‘Does the Sun Exist? The Problem of Vague Objects’, in Proceedings of the Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy, Volume II: Metaphysics, ed. Tom Rockmore..

Akiba, Ken (2000): 'Indefiniteness of mathematical objects', Philosophia Mathematica 8, pp. 26-46.

Fisher, Pete (2000): 'Sorites paradox and vague geographies', Fuzzy Sets and Systems 113, pp. 7-18.

Varzi, Achille (2001): 'Vagueness in Geography', Philosophy & Geography 4, pp. 49-65.

Morreau, Michael (2002): 'What Vague Objects Are Like', Journal of Philosophy 99, pp. 333-61.

McKinnon, Neil (2003): 'Vague simples', Pacific Philosophical Quarterly (forthcoming): , pp. . 

Elder, Crawford L (2004): Real Natures and Familiar Objects, M.I.T. Press

 

The Problem of the Many

Geach, P.T. (1980): Reference and Generality (third edition), Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

Unger, Peter (1980): ‘The Problem of the Many’, Midwest Studies in Philosophy 5, pp. 411-67, reprinted in Peter Unger, An American Skeptic Collects His Wits, vol. 2, Oxford University Press, forthcoming.

Lowe, E. J. (1982): ‘The Paradox of the 1,001 Cats’, Analysis 42, pp. 27?]30.

van Inwagen, Peter (1990): Material Beings. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

Johnston, Mark (1992): ‘Constitution is Not Identity’, Mind 101, pp. 89-105.

Lewis, David (1993): ‘Many, but almost one’, in Campbell, K., Bacon, J. and Reinhardt, L. (eds), Ontology, Causality, and Mind: Essays on the Philosophy of D. M. Armstrong, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; reprinted in Lewis, David (1999): Papers in Metaphysics an d Epistemology, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Sanford, David H. (1993): ‘The Problem of the Many, Many Composition Questions, and Naive Mereology’, Noûs 27, pp. 219-28.

van Inwagen, Peter (1993): ‘Naive Mereology, Admissible Valuations, and Other Matters’, Noûs 27, pp. 229-34.

Lowe, E. J. (1995): ‘The Problem of the Many and the Vagueness of Constitution’, Analysis 55, pp. 179-82.

Horgan, Terry (1997): ‘Deep Ignorance, Brute Supervenience, and the Problem of the Many’, Philosophical Issues 8, pp. 229-36.

Hudson, Hud (2001): A Materialist Metaphysics of the Human Person, Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

McGee, Vann & McLaughlin, Brian P. (2002): ‘The Lessons of the Many', Philosophical Topics 28, pp. 129-51.

McKinnon, Neil (2002): ‘Supervaluations and the Problem of the Many’, Philosophical Quarterly 52, pp. 320-39.

Weatherson, Brian (2003a): ‘Many Many Problems,’ Philosophical Quarterly 53, pp. 481-501.

Weatherson, Brian (2003b): ‘The Problem of the Many,’ in Edward N. Zalta (ed), The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, at http://plato.stanford.edu.

Carter, W.R. (2004): ‘A ‘Patrist’ Resistance to the Many’, Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 68, pp. 713-23.

Unger, Peter (2004): ‘The Mental Problems of the Many’, in Oxford Studies in Metaphysics, Oxford: Clarendon Press, reprinted in Peter Unger, An American Skeptic Collects His Wits, vol. 2, Oxford University Press, forthcoming.

Unger, Peter (2005): All the Power in the World, Oxford Univesity Press, forthcoming.

 

Vagueness in Ethics

Levin, D. S. (1985) ‘Abortion, Personhood and Vagueness’, Journal of Value Inquiry 19, pp. 196-207.

Sorensen, Roy A. (1990): ‘Moral dilemmas, thought experiments, and conflict vagueness’, Philosophical Studies 63, pp. 291-308.

Shafer-Landau, Russ (1995): ‘Vagueness, Borderline Cases and Moral Realism’, American Philosophical Quarterly 101, pp. 83-96.

Kerckhove, Lee F & Waller, Sara (1998) ‘Fetal Personhood and the Sorites Paradox’, Journal of Value Inquiry 32, pp. 175-89.

Schwartz, Stephen P (1999) ‘Why it is Impossible to be Moral’, American Philosophical Quarterly 36, pp. 351-60.

Nobis, Nathan (2000) ‘Vagueness, Borderline Cases and Moral Realism: Where's the Incompatibility?!?’, Philosophical Writings 14, pp. 29-39.

Woods, J (2000) ‘Slippery Slopes and Collapsing Taboos’, Argumentation 14, pp. 107-34.

Schiffer, Stephen (2002): ‘Moral Realism and Indeterminacy’, Noûs 36 (suppl.), p. 286.

Sider, Theodore (2002) ‘Hell and Vagueness’, Faith and Philosophy 19, pp. 58-68.

Prijic-Samarzija, Snjezana (2004): ‘Embryo Experimentation and Sorites Paradoxes’, Etica & Politica 2, http://www.univ.trieste.it/~etica/2004_2

 

Vagueness and Law

Sorensen, Roy A. (1986): ‘Nozick, Justice and the Sorites’, Analysis 46, pp. 102-6.

Fischer, John Martin (1992): ‘The Trolley and the Sorites’, Yale Journal of Law and the Humanities 4, pp. 105-126

Cooter, Robert D. (1994): ‘Introduction: Symposium: Void for Vagueness’, California Law Review 82, pp. 487-90

Hadfield, Gillian K. (1994): ‘Weighing the Value of Vagueness: An Economic Perspective On Precision in the Law’, California Law Review 82, pp. 541.

Post, Robert C (1994): ‘Reconceptualizing Vagueness: Legal Rules And Social Orders’, California Law Review 82, pp. 491.

Waldron, Jeremy (1994): ‘Vagueness in Law And Language: Some Philosophical Issues’, California Law Review 82, pp. 509.

Batey, Robert (1997):‘Vagueness and the Construction of Criminal Statutes - Balancing Acts’, Virginia Journal of Social Policy & the Law 5, pp. 1.

Endicott, Timothy (1997): ‘Vagueness and Legal Theory’, Legal Theory 3, pp. 37.

Endicott, Timothy (2000): Vagueness in Law, Oxford University Press.

Edgington, Dorothy (2001): ‘The Philosophical Problem of Vagueness’, Legal Theory 7, pp. 371-78.

Endicott, Timothy (2001): ‘Law is Necessarily Vague’, Legal Theory 7, pp. 377-83.

Raz, Joseph (2001): ‘Sorensen: Vagueness has no Function in Law’, Legal Theory  7, pp. 417-19.

Shiffer, Stephen (2001), ‘A Little Help From Your Friends?’, Legal Theory 7, pp. 421-431.

Sorensen, Roy A. (2001): ‘Vagueness has no function in law’, Legal Theory 7, pp. 385-415.

Stoljar, Natalie (2001): ‘Vagueness, Counterfactual Intentions, and Legal Interpretation’, Legal Theory 7, pp. 447-65.

Golding M.P (2003): ‘The Legal Analog of the Principle of Bivalence’, Ratio Juris 16, pp. 450-68.

Culver, Keith C. (2004): ‘Varieties of Vagueness’, University of Toronto Law Journal 54, pp. 109-27.